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A Systematic Review of Rural Development Research : Characteristics, Design Quality and Engagement with Sustainability

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat39275
Neus Evans, Michelle Lasen, Komla Tsey. Springer , c2015.
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Rapid urbanisation, inequalities in income and service levels within and between communities, and population and economic decline are challenging the viability of rural communities worldwide. Achieving healthy and viable rural communities in the face of rapidly changing social, ecological and economic conditions is a declared global priority. As a result, governments all over the world, in both developed and developing countries, are now prioritizing rural and regional development through polic…
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Author
Evans, Neus
Other Authors
Lasen, Michelle
Tsey, Komla
Responsibility
Neus Evans, Michelle Lasen, Komla Tsey
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
c2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 63 p. : 3 illus.)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319172835 (print ed.)
9783319172842
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Conservation of Natural Resources
Public Health
Rural Population
Social Change
Social Planning
Abstract
Rapid urbanisation, inequalities in income and service levels within and between communities, and population and economic decline are challenging the viability of rural communities worldwide. Achieving healthy and viable rural communities in the face of rapidly changing social, ecological and economic conditions is a declared global priority. As a result, governments all over the world, in both developed and developing countries, are now prioritizing rural and regional development through policies and programs aimed at enhancing the livelihoods of people living in rural regions. In recognition of the important roles that research can play in rural development, a range of systematic literature reviews have rightly examined key priorities in rural development including education, gender, economic development (especially agriculture), and health and nutrition (see Department for International Development [DFID], 2011). However, none of these works has systematically examined the extent to which rural development as a field of research is progressing towards facilitating sustainable change. This book evaluates trends in rural development research across the five continental regions of the world. Specifically, it assesses the total publication output relating to rural development, the types of publications, their quality and impact over the last three decades. Additionally, it evaluates the continental origins of the publications as well as the extent to which such publications engage with issues of sustainability. The aim is to determine whether the rural development field is growing in a manner that reflects research and policy priorities and broader social trends such as sustainability. Development policy makers, practitioners, those teaching research methods and systematic literature reviews to undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers in general will find the book both topical and highly relevant.
Contents
1. Introduction and Background -- 1.1 Rural Development -- 1.2 Sustainability -- 1.3 Evidence-Based Policy -- 1.4 Research Quality -- 2. Research Method -- 2.1 Research Output: Type, Region and Engagement with Sustainability -- 2.1.1 Data Sources -- 2.1.2 Classification of Publications -- 2.1.3 Research Type -- 2.1.4 Continental Region -- 2.1.5 Engagement with Sustainability -- 2.2 Research Approaches, Characteristics and Quality -- 2.2.1 Data Sources -- 2.2.2 Classification and Appraisal of Publications -- 2.2.3 Research Characteristics -- 2.2.4 Research Quality -- 3. Results -- 3.1 Research Output: Type, Region and Engagement with Sustainability -- 3.1.1 Number and Type of Publications -- 3.1.2 Continental Region -- 3.3 Research Quality -- 4. Discussion and Conclusion -- 4.1 Trends Relating to Quantity, Region and Engagement with Sustainability -- 4.2 Trends Relating to Research Approaches, Characteristics and Quality -- 4.3 Learnings from the Systematic Literature Review Process -- 4.4 Conclusion -- Appendix A: Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP) Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies -- Appendix B: Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) Qualitative Research Checklist.
Format
e-Book
Publication Type
Review
Location
Online
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The Economics of Obesity : Poverty, Income Inequality and Health

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat41970
Tahereh Alavi Hojjat, Rata Hojjat. Springer , 2017.
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This book offers a new perspective about the relationship of obesity to poverty and inequality providing a fascinating insight into the factors that influence individual choices regarding eating habits, diet and other behavioral patterns relevant to obesity. The authors explore a unique socioeconomic model that helps build the framework to understand the causes of obesity and its relation to health, science, and economics. An essential read for policy makers who are seeking a framework to addre…
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Author
Alavi Hojjat, Tahereh
Other Authors
Hojjat, Rata
Responsibility
Tahereh Alavi Hojjat, Rata Hojjat
Place of Publication
Singapore
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
2017
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxviii, 84 pages) : 5 illus., 2 illus. in color
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9789811029103 (print ed.)
9789811029110
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Diet - adverse effects
Health Status Disparities
Obesity - economics
Obesity - epidemiology
Poverty
Socioeconomic Factors
Other Subjects
United States
Abstract
This book offers a new perspective about the relationship of obesity to poverty and inequality providing a fascinating insight into the factors that influence individual choices regarding eating habits, diet and other behavioral patterns relevant to obesity. The authors explore a unique socioeconomic model that helps build the framework to understand the causes of obesity and its relation to health, science, and economics. An essential read for policy makers who are seeking a framework to address this problem.
Contents
1. Different Perspectives on Causes of Obesity -- 2. Consequences of Obesity -- 3. Economic Analysis: Behavioral Patterns and Diet Choice -- 4. Socioeconomic Factors: Poverty and Obesity -- 5. Income Inequality and Obesity -- 6. Data and Methodology: Empirical Investigation of the Relationship Among Obesity, Income Inequality, and Poverty -- 7. Food Policy Interventions -- 8. Concluding Comments.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Workplace Environmental Design in Architecture for Public Health : Impacts on Occupant Space Use and Physical Activity

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat41721
Stamatina Th. Rassia. Springer , 2017.
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This concise volume analyzes the potential for the workplace environment--where so many people spend so much of their day--to improve workers' capacity for health and wellness. It pinpoints the link between sedentary lifestyles and poor health, and explores the role of office spatial design in encouraging physical activity to promote physical activity, health and prevent disease. The featured research study tracks workers' movement in a variety of office layouts, addressing possible ways moveme…
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Author
Rassia, Stamatina Th.
Responsibility
Stamatina Th. Rassia
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
2017
Physical Description
1 online resource (xviii, 94 pages) : 15 illus.
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319534435 (print ed.)
9783319534442
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Environment Design
Health Promotion
Occupational Health
Research - methods
Workplace
Abstract
This concise volume analyzes the potential for the workplace environment--where so many people spend so much of their day--to improve workers' capacity for health and wellness. It pinpoints the link between sedentary lifestyles and poor health, and explores the role of office spatial design in encouraging physical activity to promote physical activity, health and prevent disease. The featured research study tracks workers' movement in a variety of office layouts, addressing possible ways movement-friendly design can co-exist with wireless communication, paperless offices, and new corporate concepts of productivity. From these findings, the author's conclusions extend public health concepts to recognize that influencing population-wide levels of activity through office architectural design alone may be possible.
Contents
Part I. Physical Activity and Disease: Theory and Practice -- 1. Physical Activity and Health Promotion -- Part II. Space-Use and the History of the Office Building -- 2. Office Building: A Brief Historical Overview -- 3. Current Office Design, User Activity and Occupancy Evaluation -- Part III. Research Methods -- 4. Introduction to Methods for Measuring Activity -- 5. Selected Research Methods of Data Collection -- 6. Research Data Collection -- Part IV. Identifying Influential Office Architectural Design Factors of Movement -- 7. Data Collection Results -- 8. Statistical Analysis -- 9. KINESIS Model -- 10. Discussion.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Indoor Air Quality in Healthcare Facilities

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat41614
Stefano Capolongo, Gaetano Settimo, Marco Gola, editors. Springer , 2017.
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This interdisciplinary guide offers background, research findings, and practical strategies for assessing and improving air quality in hospitals and other healthcare settings. Positing good air quality as critical to patient and staff well-being, it identifies disease-carrying microbes, pollutants, and other airborne toxins and their health risks, and provides localized interventions for reducing transmission of pathogens. Effective large-scale approaches to air quality control are also outline…
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Other Authors
Capolongo, Stefano
Gola, Marco
Settimo, Gaetano
Responsibility
Stefano Capolongo, Gaetano Settimo, Marco Gola, editors
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
2017
Physical Description
1 online resource (xvii, 132 pages) : 10 illus., 8 illus. in color
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319491592 (print ed.)
9783319491608
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Air Pollutants - adverse effects
Air Pollution, Indoor
Environmental Monitoring - methods
Health Facilities
Patient Safety
Abstract
This interdisciplinary guide offers background, research findings, and practical strategies for assessing and improving air quality in hospitals and other healthcare settings. Positing good air quality as critical to patient and staff well-being, it identifies disease-carrying microbes, pollutants, and other airborne toxins and their health risks, and provides localized interventions for reducing transmission of pathogens. Effective large-scale approaches to air quality control are also outlined, from green building materials to hygienic HVAC and air treatment practices. Its thoroughness of coverage makes this book a vital resource for professionals involved in every aspect of health service facilities, from planning and construction to maintenance and management. Among the topics covered: Existing guidelines in indoor air quality: the case study of hospital environments Hospital environments and epidemiology of healthcare-associated infections Analysis of microorganisms in hospital environments and potential risks Legionella indoor air contamination in healthcare environments HVAC system design in healthcare facilities and control of aerosol contaminants Assessment of indoor air quality in inpatient wards Indoor Air Quality in Healthcare Facilities imparts up-to-date expertise to a variety of professional readers, including hospitals' technical and management departments, healthcare facilities' chief medical officers, hospital planners, sport and thermal building designers, public health departments, and students of universities and schools of hygiene.
Contents
Foreword: Improving the Hospital's Indoor Air Quality -- Indoor Air Quality in Healing Environments: Impacts of Physical, Chemical, and Biological Environmental Factors on Users -- Existing Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality: The Case Study of Hospital Environments -- Applications of IAQ Monitoring in International Healthcare Systems -- Hospital Environments and Epidemiology of Healthcare-Associated Infections -- Analysis of Microorganisms in Hospital Environments and Potential Risks -- Legionella Indoor Air Contamination in Healthcare Environments -- Environmentally Friendly and Low-Emissivity Construction Materials and Furniture -- HVAC System Design in Healthcare Facilities and Control of Aerosol Contaminants: Issues, Tools, and Experiments -- HVAC Management in Health Facilities -- Assessment of Indoor Air Quality in Inpatient Wards -- Perspectives of Air Quality Control in Healthcare Facilities: Conclusions -- Index.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Public Health Ethics and the Social Determinants of Health

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat41665
Daniel S. Goldberg. Springer , 2017.
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This progressive resource places concepts of social determinants of health in the larger contexts of contemporary health ethics and the evolution of social reform. It provides needed analysis of the larger causes behind the immediate causes of illness and epidemics, particularly injustice, systemic inequities, and the cumulative effect of compound disadvantages. This moral approach to collective and individual responsibilities--on the part of practitioners as well as the public--supports a soun…
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Author
Goldberg, Daniel S
Responsibility
Daniel S. Goldberg
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
2017
Physical Description
1 online resource (v, 56 pages) : 1 illus. in color
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319513454 (print ed.)
9783319513478
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Health Policy
Public Health Pactice - ethics
Sociological Factors
Abstract
This progressive resource places concepts of social determinants of health in the larger contexts of contemporary health ethics and the evolution of social reform. It provides needed analysis of the larger causes behind the immediate causes of illness and epidemics, particularly injustice, systemic inequities, and the cumulative effect of compound disadvantages. This moral approach to collective and individual responsibilities--on the part of practitioners as well as the public--supports a sound blueprint for finding answers to longstanding global and local concerns. Readers are challenged to recognize the critical role of social determinants to their perception of health issues, controversies, and possibilities as the book: Details the epidemiologic evidence regarding social determinants of health; Presents key ethical implications of the evidence regarding social determinants of health; Considers the role of risky health behaviors in determining population health outcomes; Addresses ethical questions of priority-setting at the policy and practice levels; Translates social determinants of health into health policy goals. Half textbook, half monograph, Public Health Ethics and the Social Determinants of Health Is geared toward students in MPH programs as well as public health professionals in diverse contexts such as local health departments and non-profit organizations. It informs public health scientists and scholars, and can also serve as an introductory text for students in public health ethics, or as part of a general applied ethics course.
Contents
Introduction -- The Epidemiologic Evidence Regarding the Social Determinants of Health -- Justice, Compound Disadvantage, and Health Inequities -- Ethics, Responsibility, and Social Patterning of Risky Health Behaviors -- The Unbearable Oughtness of Public Health Policy -- The Social Determinants of Health and Public Health Practice -- Conclusion.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Strategic Thinking in a Hospital Setting

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat41727
A. L. Hamdan. Springer , 2017.
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Translating the realities of healthcare reform and healthcare costs into competitive hospital practice is the goal of this accessible, jargon-free guide. Taking its cue from Michael Porter's highly-regarded business strategies, it offers a sound framework for hospitals looking to develop efficient, patient-centered service delivery, identifying keys to clinical, administrative, and marketing success. The book organizes business and clinical priorities where they intersect so that physicians thr…
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Author
Hamdan, A. L. (Abdul Latif)
Responsibility
A. L. Hamdan
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
2017
Physical Description
1 online resource (xv, 86 pages) : 2 illus.
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319535968 (print ed.)
9783319535975
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Hospital Administration
Strategic Planning
Abstract
Translating the realities of healthcare reform and healthcare costs into competitive hospital practice is the goal of this accessible, jargon-free guide. Taking its cue from Michael Porter's highly-regarded business strategies, it offers a sound framework for hospitals looking to develop efficient, patient-centered service delivery, identifying keys to clinical, administrative, and marketing success. The book organizes business and clinical priorities where they intersect so that physicians throughout healthcare systems can understand their role in building and sustaining innovation, and leverage their strengths and system resources toward meeting patient needs. In addition, chapters review eight core strategic tools, describe possibilities for their implementation, and provide in-depth findings on Porter's methods as used in a diverse group of hospitals across Lebanon. Included in the coverage: Porter's strategies in health care; Cost leadership versus differentiation strategy; Sources of competitive advantage; How to prepare an organization for innovation; Strategic framework in a hospital setting; Application of Porter's strategies in Lebanese hospitals; Correlation between type of strategy and performance. A well-designed blueprint for enhancing patient satisfaction and system cost-effectiveness, Strategic Thinking in a Hospital Setting is aimed at both frontline physicians in practice and those assuming administrative positions in healthcare facilities and in hospital settings in particular.
Contents
Introduction -- Strategic directions and views -- Porter's strategies in health care -- Sources of competitive advantage -- Innovation in a hospital setting -- Strategic framework in a hospital setting -- Eight strategic tactics to improve hospital performance -- The application of Porter's strategies in Lebanese hospitals -- Correlation between types of strategy and hospital performance -- Conclusion.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Application of systems thinking to health policy & public health ethics : public health and private illness

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat33661
Michele Battle-Fisher. Springer , c2015.
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Introduction -- The Justice League of Health: Flexing Policy's Muscle -- Health Systems and Policy as the "Price is Right" -- Public versus Private: Stop Stepping on My Toes -- The Sting of Public Health -- Is it Yours, Mine and Ours? -- Building on What We've Started -- Conclusion.
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Author
Battle-Fisher, Michele
Responsibility
Michele Battle-Fisher
Place of Publication
Cham, Switzerland
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
c2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (xi, 100 pages)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319122021
9783319122038 (electronic bk.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Health Communication - ethics
Health Policy
Healthcare Disparities
Models, Theoretical
Public Health - ethics
Systems theory
Subjects (LCSH)
Medical policy - Moral and ethical aspects
Public health - Moral and ethical aspects
System theory
Abstract
Introduction -- The Justice League of Health: Flexing Policy's Muscle -- Health Systems and Policy as the "Price is Right" -- Public versus Private: Stop Stepping on My Toes -- The Sting of Public Health -- Is it Yours, Mine and Ours? -- Building on What We've Started -- Conclusion.
Contents
Part I. Systems Within Health Policy and Ethics -- 1. Framing and Revisiting Ethical Policy with a Systems -- 2. The Public, Private, and “Stepping on Toes” in Healthcare -- 3. The Menagerie of Social Agents: People and Their Connections -- 4. Communication and Politics in Healthcare -- 5. Health Systems and Policymaking as the “Price Is Right” -- 6. Ethical and Systematic Approaches to Health Policy -- 7. Health Disparities in Public Health -- Part II. Applications of Modeling to Health Policy -- 8. Mental and Simulated Models in Health Policy Making -- Part III. A Brief Exploration of the Complexity of Health Disparities (As Humanistically as Possible) -- 9. Social Disparity, Policy, and Sharing in Public Health -- 10. The Concentric Model of Health-Bound Networks.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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The Bright Side and the Dark Side of Patient Empowerment : Co-creation and Co-destruction of Value in the Healthcare Environment

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat41831
Rocco Palumbo. Springer , 2017.
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Patient empowerment as a key component in the future of healthcare systems is the focus of this concise in-depth analysis. It begins by defining patient empowerment as a collaborative partnership linking patients, providers, and systems, and examines the roles of health literacy, provider-patient and system-patient communication, and patient-centered care in the empowerment process. Models of positive and negative empowerment identify optimum conditions when patient and provider participate in …
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Author
Palumbo, Rocco
Responsibility
Rocco Palumbo
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
2017
Physical Description
1 online resource (xix, 85 pages) : 11 illus.
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319583433 (print ed.)
9783319583440
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Health Literacy
Patients - psychology
Physician-Patient Relations
Abstract
Patient empowerment as a key component in the future of healthcare systems is the focus of this concise in-depth analysis. It begins by defining patient empowerment as a collaborative partnership linking patients, providers, and systems, and examines the roles of health literacy, provider-patient and system-patient communication, and patient-centered care in the empowerment process. Models of positive and negative empowerment identify optimum conditions when patient and provider participate in service design and delivery as well as pitfalls and risks to patient and system when goals and input are mismatched. The book also translates concepts into practice with guidelines for empowerment strategies at the provider and organization levels to improve patient outcomes and system sustainability. Included in the coverage: Empowering healthcare organizations to empower patients; A re-design of the patient-provider partnership; Patient empowerment: a requisite for sustainability; The risks of value co-destruction in service systems; The need for enlightening and managing the dark side of patient empowerment; Disentangling the relationship between individual health literacy and patient empowerment. Straightforwardly written as a call for proactive change, The Bright Side and the Dark Side of Patient Empowerment is an illuminating text for scholars interested in patient empowerment and patient engagement, policymakers and managers operating in the healthcare field, and healthcare and social care providers.
Contents
1. Contextualizing Patient Empowerment -- 2. The Bright Side of Patient Empowerment -- 3. The Dark Side of Patient Empowerment -- 4. The Role of Health Literacy in Empowering Patients.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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