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A Systematic Review of Rural Development Research : Characteristics, Design Quality and Engagement with Sustainability

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat39275
Neus Evans, Michelle Lasen, Komla Tsey. Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer , 2015.
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Rapid urbanisation, inequalities in income and service levels within and between communities, and population and economic decline are challenging the viability of rural communities worldwide. Achieving healthy and viable rural communities in the face of rapidly changing social, ecological and economic conditions is a declared global priority. As a result, governments all over the world, in both developed and developing countries, are now prioritizing rural and regional development through polic…
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Author
Evans, Neus
Other Authors
Lasen, Michelle
Tsey, Komla
Responsibility
Neus Evans, Michelle Lasen, Komla Tsey
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Date Published
2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 63 p., 3 illus.)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319172835 (print ed.)
9783319172842
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Conservation of natural resources
Public Health
Rural population
Social change
Social planning
Other Subjects
; Medicine & Public Health
Pharmacoeconomics and Health Outcomes
Abstract
Rapid urbanisation, inequalities in income and service levels within and between communities, and population and economic decline are challenging the viability of rural communities worldwide. Achieving healthy and viable rural communities in the face of rapidly changing social, ecological and economic conditions is a declared global priority. As a result, governments all over the world, in both developed and developing countries, are now prioritizing rural and regional development through policies and programs aimed at enhancing the livelihoods of people living in rural regions. In recognition of the important roles that research can play in rural development, a range of systematic literature reviews have rightly examined key priorities in rural development including education, gender, economic development (especially agriculture), and health and nutrition (see Department for International Development [DFID], 2011). However, none of these works has systematically examined the extent to which rural development as a field of research is progressing towards facilitating sustainable change. This book evaluates trends in rural development research across the five continental regions of the world. Specifically, it assesses the total publication output relating to rural development, the types of publications, their quality and impact over the last three decades. Additionally, it evaluates the continental origins of the publications as well as the extent to which such publications engage with issues of sustainability. The aim is to determine whether the rural development field is growing in a manner that reflects research and policy priorities and broader social trends such as sustainability. Development policy makers, practitioners, those teaching research methods and systematic literature reviews to undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers in general will find the book both topical and highly relevant.
Contents
1. Introduction and Background -- 1.1 Rural Development -- 1.2 Sustainability -- 1.3 Evidence-Based Policy -- 1.4 Research Quality -- 2. Research Method -- 2.1 Research Output: Type, Region and Engagement with Sustainability -- 2.1.1 Data Sources -- 2.1.2 Classification of Publications -- 2.1.3 Research Type -- 2.1.4 Continental Region -- 2.1.5 Engagement with Sustainability -- 2.2 Research Approaches, Characteristics and Quality -- 2.2.1 Data Sources -- 2.2.2 Classification and Appraisal of Publications -- 2.2.3 Research Characteristics -- 2.2.4 Research Quality -- 3. Results -- 3.1 Research Output: Type, Region and Engagement with Sustainability -- 3.1.1 Number and Type of Publications -- 3.1.2 Continental Region -- 3.3 Research Quality -- 4. Discussion and Conclusion -- 4.1 Trends Relating to Quantity, Region and Engagement with Sustainability -- 4.2 Trends Relating to Research Approaches, Characteristics and Quality -- 4.3 Learnings from the Systematic Literature Review Process -- 4.4 Conclusion -- Appendix A: Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP) Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies -- Appendix B: Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) Qualitative Research Checklist.
Format
e-Book
Publication Type
Review
Location
Online
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HIV and Young People : Risk and Resilience in the Urban Slum

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat40018
Gary Jones. (1st ed.) Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer , 2016.
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Revisiting the thinking on vulnerability to HIV and risk of infection, this book provides better understanding by considering the risk of HIV infection alongside notions of personal and collective resilience, dignity and humiliation. The work shows that young people in the urban slum dignify their world and, in doing so, establish priorities and draw on a set of references oftentimes intelligible to them alone. Moreover, humiliation, as an interpersonal event, adds to a sense of vulnerability a…
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Author
Jones, Gary
Responsibility
Gary Jones
Edition
1st ed.
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Date Published
2016
Physical Description
1 online resource (xii, 120 p.)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319268132 (print ed.)
9783319268149
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Adolescent
Health behavior
HIV infections - epidemiology
Risk factors
Urban health
Young Adult
Other Subjects
; Medicine & Public Health
Infectious Diseases
Social Structure, Social Inequality
Abstract
Revisiting the thinking on vulnerability to HIV and risk of infection, this book provides better understanding by considering the risk of HIV infection alongside notions of personal and collective resilience, dignity and humiliation. The work shows that young people in the urban slum dignify their world and, in doing so, establish priorities and draw on a set of references oftentimes intelligible to them alone. Moreover, humiliation, as an interpersonal event, adds to a sense of vulnerability and lies closely behind choices directly affecting personal health and livelihood. Thus, dignity and humiliation are shown for the first time to have a critical role in health seeking and risky behavior related to HIV, and this is an area in great need of further research. The crucial focus of this work is further emphasized by the rapid growth of urban slums, and high rates of HIV among both slum dwellers and young people, who continue to bear the brunt of the AIDS epidemic, thirty years on. This comprehensive literature review provides a compelling argument that the time is right to further explore the nexus of risk and resilience from a people-centered perspective. Fresh insight is critical to reach the goal of ending AIDS by 2030.
Contents
1. Introduction -- 2. Vulnerability and Risk: health and well being in the slum -- 3. HIV as an urban epidemic -- 4. Young people: vulnerability, risk and HIV in the urban slum -- 5. Migration, young people and vulnerability in the urban slum -- 6. Discussion and conclusion.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Building a Culture of Health : A New Imperative for Business

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat40324
John A. Quelch, Emily C. Boudreau. Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer , 2016.
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This ambitious volume sets out to understand how every company impacts public health and introduces a robust model, rooted in organizational and scientific knowledge, for companies committed to making positive contributions to health and wellness. Focusing on four interconnected areas of corporate impact, it not only discusses the business imperative of promoting a healthier society and improved living conditions worldwide, but also provides guidelines for measuring a company's population healt…
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Author
Quelch, John A
Other Authors
Boudreau, Emily C
Responsibility
John A. Quelch, Emily C. Boudreau
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Date Published
2016
Physical Description
1 online resource (xi, 174 p., 22 illus. in color)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319437224 (print ed.)
9783319437231
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Environmental health
Health promotion - methods
Occupational Health
Organizational Culture
Preventive Health Services - organization & administration
Public health practice
Other Subjects
; Business and Management
Corporate Environmental Management
Health Care Management
Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
Abstract
This ambitious volume sets out to understand how every company impacts public health and introduces a robust model, rooted in organizational and scientific knowledge, for companies committed to making positive contributions to health and wellness. Focusing on four interconnected areas of corporate impact, it not only discusses the business imperative of promoting a healthier society and improved living conditions worldwide, but also provides guidelines for measuring a company's population health footprint. Examples, statistics and visuals showcase emerging corporate involvement in public health and underscore the business opportunities available to companies that invest in health. The authors offer a detailed roadmap for optimizing health-promoting actions in a rapidly evolving business and social climate across these core areas: Planning and building a culture of health. Consumer health: How organizations affect the safety, integrity, and healthfulness of the products and services they offer to their customers and end consumers. Employee health: How organizations affect the health of their employees (e.g., provision of employer-sponsored health insurance, workplace practices and wellness programs). Community health: How organizations affect the health of the communities in which they operate and do business. Environmental Health: How organizations' environmental policies (or lack thereof) affect individual and population health. Implementing and sustaining a culture of health. Building a Culture of Health clarifies both a mission and a vision for use by MPH and MBA students in health management, professors in schools of public health and business schools, and business leaders and chief medical officers in health care and non-health care businesses.
Contents
1. Building a Culture of Health -- 2. Consumer Health -- 3. Employee Health -- 4. Community Health -- 5. Environmental Health -- 6. Implementing a Culture of Health.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Food Democracy : From consumer to food citizen

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat39555
Sue Booth, John Coveney. Springer , 2015.
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This book explores the links between food and democracy. It addresses how democratic principles can be used to shape our food system and takes a practical "how-to" approach to using democratic processes to regain control of the food we eat. It also highlights what food democracy looks like on the ground and how individuals, communities and societies can be empowered to access, cook and eat healthy food in ways that are sustainable. Food democracy, as a concept, is a social movement based on the…
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Author
Booth, Sue
Other Authors
Coveney, John
Responsibility
Sue Booth, John Coveney
Place of Publication
Singapore
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (xii, 57 p., 5 illus.)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9789812874221 (print ed.)
9789812874238
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Community Participation
Democracy
Food Industry - trends
Food Supply
Nutrition policy
Other Subjects
; Medicine & Public Health
Australia
Public Health
Abstract
This book explores the links between food and democracy. It addresses how democratic principles can be used to shape our food system and takes a practical "how-to" approach to using democratic processes to regain control of the food we eat. It also highlights what food democracy looks like on the ground and how individuals, communities and societies can be empowered to access, cook and eat healthy food in ways that are sustainable. Food democracy, as a concept, is a social movement based on the idea that people can and should be able to actively participate in shaping the food system rather than being passive spectators. The book is useful for university and advanced TAFE courses that cover topics examining food in health sciences, social sciences and other areas of study. It is also relevant to health practitioners, nutritionists, food advocates, policy makers and others with a keen interest in exploring an alternative to the industrial food system known as "Big Food".
Contents
1. Introduction -- 2. "Big Food": The Industrial Food System -- 3. Foundations of food democracy -- 4. Home-made Food Democracy--Exerting control over the food supply from home -- 5. Neighbourhood and community food democracy -- 6. Democracy at Work--From consumers to food citizens -- 7. Food Democracy in reflection.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Integrative Health Services : Ethics, Law, and Policy for the New Public Health Workforce

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat40142
Heather Mullins-Owens. Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer , 2016.
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This readable overview offers a public health framework for integrating medical and alternative care to improve health outcomes in patients with chronic illnesses. It details the promise, potential, and challenges of holistic services as patients seek diverse treatment options and health care systems address the demand for more affordable, accessible, and effective care. The book's integrative model describes the process in theory and practice, from cost and reimbursement issues and turf wars b…
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Author
Mullins-Owens, Heather
Responsibility
Heather Mullins-Owens
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Date Published
2016
Physical Description
1 online resource (vii, 63 p., 6 illus., 2 illus. in color)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319298559 (print ed.)
9783319298573
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Ethics, medical
Health policy
Holistic health
Integrative medicine
Public health practice
Other Subjects
; Medicine & Public Health
Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
Theory of Medicine/Bioethics
United States
Abstract
This readable overview offers a public health framework for integrating medical and alternative care to improve health outcomes in patients with chronic illnesses. It details the promise, potential, and challenges of holistic services as patients seek diverse treatment options and health care systems address the demand for more affordable, accessible, and effective care. The book's integrative model describes the process in theory and practice, from cost and reimbursement issues and turf wars between providers to expanding on traditional concepts of illness and wellness. Learning objectives, case studies, discussion questions, and other helpful features make this a vital student text. The book's concentrated coverage: Introduces concepts of integrative health services. Applies integrative health concepts to public health areas, e.g., prevention. Contrasts integrative models of health with the traditional biomedical model. Describes health care systems, use, and disparities in integrative health services. Outlines the scope of integrative health practice. Reviews implications for the public health workforce. Integrative Health Services benefits public health students, pre-med students, and those with an interest in health policy and health trends. Additionally, public health educators, practitioners, and scholars who may not be familiar with integrative health services and conflicts related to their increased use in health care will find it a helpful tool to quickly bring them up to date.
Contents
1. Introduction to Concepts of Integrative Health Services -- 2. Application to Public Health -- 3. Models of Health and Health Theory: Focus on Integrative Models -- 4. Health Care System Use and Disparities in Integrative Health Services -- 5. Scope of Integrative Health Practice -- 6. Public Health Workforce Implications.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Toward a Small Family Ethic : How Overpopulation and Climate Change Are Affecting the Morality of Procreation

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat40251
Travis N. Rieder. Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer , 2016.
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This thought-provoking treatise argues that current human fertility rates are fueling a public health crisis that is at once local and global. Its analysis and data summarize the ecological costs of having children, presenting ethical dilemmas for prospective parents in an era of competition for scarce resources, huge disparities of wealth and poverty, and unsustainable practices putting irreparable stress on the planet. Questions of individual responsibility and integrity as well as personal m…
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Author
Rieder, Travis N
Responsibility
Travis N. Rieder
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Date Published
2016
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 68 p.)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319338699 (print ed.)
9783319338712
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Climate change
Family characteristics
Population Density
Reproduction - ethics
Reproductive Rights
Other Subjects
; Medicine & Public Health
Demography
Ethics
Public Health
Theory of Medicine/Bioethics
Abstract
This thought-provoking treatise argues that current human fertility rates are fueling a public health crisis that is at once local and global. Its analysis and data summarize the ecological costs of having children, presenting ethical dilemmas for prospective parents in an era of competition for scarce resources, huge disparities of wealth and poverty, and unsustainable practices putting irreparable stress on the planet. Questions of individual responsibility and integrity as well as personal moral and procreative issues are examined carefully against larger and more long-range concerns. The author's assertion that even modest efforts toward reducing global fertility rates would help curb carbon emissions, slow rising global temperatures, and forestall large-scale climate disaster is well reasoned and more than plausible. Among the topics covered: The multiplier effect: food, water, energy, and climate. The role of population in mitigating climate change. The carbon legacy of procreation. Obligations to our possible children. Rights, what is right, and the right to do wrong. The moral burden to have small families. Toward a Small Family Ethic sounds a clarion call for bioethics students and working bioethicists. This brief, thought-rich volume steers readers toward challenges that need to be met, and consequences that will need to be addressed if they are not.
Contents
1. Global Population and Public Health -- 2. What Can I Do? Small Effects and the Collective Action Worry -- 3. Individual Obligation -- 4. Challenges to Procreative Obligation -- 5. Toward a Small Family Ethic.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Tuberculosis in Adults and Children

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat39333
Dorothee Heemskerk, Maxine Caws, Ben Marais, Jeremy Farrar. Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer , 2015.
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This work contains updated and clinically relevant information about tuberculosis. It is aimed at providing a succinct overview of history and disease epidemiology, clinical presentation and the most recent scientific developments in the field of tuberculosis research, with an emphasis on diagnosis and treatment. It may serve as a practical resource for students, clinicians and researchers who work in the field of infectious diseases.
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Author
Heemskerk, Dorothee
Other Authors
Caws, Maxine
Farrar, Jeremy
Marais, Ben
Responsibility
Dorothee Heemskerk, Maxine Caws, Ben Marais, Jeremy Farrar
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Date Published
2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (viii, 66 p., 15 illus., 13 illus. in color)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319191317 (print ed.)
9783319191324
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Tuberculosis
Other Subjects
; Medicine & Public Health
Epidemiology
Infectious Diseases
Pneumology/Respiratory System
Public Health
Tropical Medicine
Abstract
This work contains updated and clinically relevant information about tuberculosis. It is aimed at providing a succinct overview of history and disease epidemiology, clinical presentation and the most recent scientific developments in the field of tuberculosis research, with an emphasis on diagnosis and treatment. It may serve as a practical resource for students, clinicians and researchers who work in the field of infectious diseases.
Contents
1. Epidemiology -- 2. Pathogenesis -- 3. Clinical manifestations -- 4. Diagnosis -- 5. Treatment -- 6. Prevention.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Place and Health as Complex Systems : A Case Study and Empirical Test

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat39105
Brian Castellani, Rajeev Rajaram, J. Galen Buckwalter, Michael Ball, Frederic Hafferty. Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer , 2015.
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Location
Online
The history of public health has focused on direct relationships between problems and solutions: vaccinations against diseases, ad campaigns targeting risky behaviors. But the accelerating pace and mounting intricacies of our lives are challenging the field to find new scientific methods for studying community health. The complexities of place (COP) approach is emerging as one such promising method. Place and Health as Complex Systems demonstrates how COP works, making an empirical case for its…
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Author
Castellani, Brian
Other Authors
Ball, Michael
Buckwalter, J. Galen
Hafferty, Frederic
Rajaram, Rajeev
Responsibility
Brian Castellani, Rajeev Rajaram, J. Galen Buckwalter, Michael Ball, Frederic Hafferty
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer
Date Published
2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (xi, 82 p., 8 illus.)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319097336 (print ed.)
9783319097343
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Environment
Epidemiology
Geography, Medical
Public Health
Social medicine
Spatio-Temporal Analysis
Systems analysis
Other Subjects
Complexity
Human Geography
Medicine & Public Health
Public Health
Statistical Physics, Dynamical Systems and Complexity
Abstract
The history of public health has focused on direct relationships between problems and solutions: vaccinations against diseases, ad campaigns targeting risky behaviors. But the accelerating pace and mounting intricacies of our lives are challenging the field to find new scientific methods for studying community health. The complexities of place (COP) approach is emerging as one such promising method. Place and Health as Complex Systems demonstrates how COP works, making an empirical case for its use in designing and implementing interventions. This brief resource reviews the defining characteristics of places as dynamic and evolving social systems, rigorously testing them as well as the COP approach itself. The study, of twenty communities within one county in the Midwest, combines case-based methods and complexity science to determine whether COP improves upon traditional statistical methods of public health research. Its conclusions reveal strengths and limitations of the approach, immediate possibilities for its use, and challenges regarding future research. Included in the coverage: Characteristics of places and the complexities of place approach. The Definitional Test of Complex Systems. Case-based modeling using the SACS toolkit. Methods, maps, and measures used in the study. Places as nodes within larger networks. Places as power-based conflicted negotiations. Place and Health as Complex Systems brings COP into greater prominence in public health research, and is also valuable to researchers in related fields such as demography, health geography, community health, urban planning, and epidemiology.
Contents
1. The Complexities of Place Approach -- 2. Definitional Test of Complex Systems -- 3. Case-Based Modeling and the SACS Toolkit -- 4. Methods -- 5. Places Are Complex -- 6. Places Are Emergent and Self-Organizing -- 7. Places Are Nodes within Larger Networks -- 8. Places Are Dynamic and Evolving -- 9. Places Are Nonlinear -- 10. Places Are Subjective and Historical -- 11. Places Are Open-Ended with Fuzzy Boundaries -- 12. Places Are Power-Based Conflicted Negotiations -- 13. Places Are Agent-Based -- 14. Conclusion.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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