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Application of systems thinking to health policy & public health ethics : public health and private illness

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat33661
Michele Battle-Fisher. Springer , c2015.
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Introduction -- The Justice League of Health: Flexing Policy's Muscle -- Health Systems and Policy as the "Price is Right" -- Public versus Private: Stop Stepping on My Toes -- The Sting of Public Health -- Is it Yours, Mine and Ours? -- Building on What We've Started -- Conclusion.
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Author
Battle-Fisher, Michele
Responsibility
Michele Battle-Fisher
Place of Publication
Cham, Switzerland
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
c2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (xi, 100 pages)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319122021
9783319122038 (electronic bk.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Health Communication - ethics
Health policy
Healthcare disparities
Models, theoretical
Public health - ethics
Systems theory
Subjects (LCSH)
Medical policy - Moral and ethical aspects
Public health - Moral and ethical aspects
System theory
Abstract
Introduction -- The Justice League of Health: Flexing Policy's Muscle -- Health Systems and Policy as the "Price is Right" -- Public versus Private: Stop Stepping on My Toes -- The Sting of Public Health -- Is it Yours, Mine and Ours? -- Building on What We've Started -- Conclusion.
Contents
Part I. Systems Within Health Policy and Ethics -- 1. Framing and Revisiting Ethical Policy with a Systems -- 2. The Public, Private, and “Stepping on Toes” in Healthcare -- 3. The Menagerie of Social Agents: People and Their Connections -- 4. Communication and Politics in Healthcare -- 5. Health Systems and Policymaking as the “Price Is Right” -- 6. Ethical and Systematic Approaches to Health Policy -- 7. Health Disparities in Public Health -- Part II. Applications of Modeling to Health Policy -- 8. Mental and Simulated Models in Health Policy Making -- Part III. A Brief Exploration of the Complexity of Health Disparities (As Humanistically as Possible) -- 9. Social Disparity, Policy, and Sharing in Public Health -- 10. The Concentric Model of Health-Bound Networks.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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A Systematic Review of Rural Development Research : Characteristics, Design Quality and Engagement with Sustainability

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat39275
Neus Evans, Michelle Lasen, Komla Tsey. Springer , 2015.
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Rapid urbanisation, inequalities in income and service levels within and between communities, and population and economic decline are challenging the viability of rural communities worldwide. Achieving healthy and viable rural communities in the face of rapidly changing social, ecological and economic conditions is a declared global priority. As a result, governments all over the world, in both developed and developing countries, are now prioritizing rural and regional development through polic…
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Author
Evans, Neus
Other Authors
Lasen, Michelle
Tsey, Komla
Responsibility
Neus Evans, Michelle Lasen, Komla Tsey
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 63 p., 3 illus.)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319172835 (print ed.)
9783319172842
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Conservation of natural resources
Public Health
Rural population
Social change
Social planning
Other Subjects
; Medicine & Public Health
Pharmacoeconomics and Health Outcomes
Abstract
Rapid urbanisation, inequalities in income and service levels within and between communities, and population and economic decline are challenging the viability of rural communities worldwide. Achieving healthy and viable rural communities in the face of rapidly changing social, ecological and economic conditions is a declared global priority. As a result, governments all over the world, in both developed and developing countries, are now prioritizing rural and regional development through policies and programs aimed at enhancing the livelihoods of people living in rural regions. In recognition of the important roles that research can play in rural development, a range of systematic literature reviews have rightly examined key priorities in rural development including education, gender, economic development (especially agriculture), and health and nutrition (see Department for International Development [DFID], 2011). However, none of these works has systematically examined the extent to which rural development as a field of research is progressing towards facilitating sustainable change. This book evaluates trends in rural development research across the five continental regions of the world. Specifically, it assesses the total publication output relating to rural development, the types of publications, their quality and impact over the last three decades. Additionally, it evaluates the continental origins of the publications as well as the extent to which such publications engage with issues of sustainability. The aim is to determine whether the rural development field is growing in a manner that reflects research and policy priorities and broader social trends such as sustainability. Development policy makers, practitioners, those teaching research methods and systematic literature reviews to undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers in general will find the book both topical and highly relevant.
Contents
1. Introduction and Background -- 1.1 Rural Development -- 1.2 Sustainability -- 1.3 Evidence-Based Policy -- 1.4 Research Quality -- 2. Research Method -- 2.1 Research Output: Type, Region and Engagement with Sustainability -- 2.1.1 Data Sources -- 2.1.2 Classification of Publications -- 2.1.3 Research Type -- 2.1.4 Continental Region -- 2.1.5 Engagement with Sustainability -- 2.2 Research Approaches, Characteristics and Quality -- 2.2.1 Data Sources -- 2.2.2 Classification and Appraisal of Publications -- 2.2.3 Research Characteristics -- 2.2.4 Research Quality -- 3. Results -- 3.1 Research Output: Type, Region and Engagement with Sustainability -- 3.1.1 Number and Type of Publications -- 3.1.2 Continental Region -- 3.3 Research Quality -- 4. Discussion and Conclusion -- 4.1 Trends Relating to Quantity, Region and Engagement with Sustainability -- 4.2 Trends Relating to Research Approaches, Characteristics and Quality -- 4.3 Learnings from the Systematic Literature Review Process -- 4.4 Conclusion -- Appendix A: Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP) Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies -- Appendix B: Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) Qualitative Research Checklist.
Format
e-Book
Publication Type
Review
Location
Online
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HIV and Young People : Risk and Resilience in the Urban Slum

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat40018
Gary Jones. (1st ed.) Springer , 2016.
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Revisiting the thinking on vulnerability to HIV and risk of infection, this book provides better understanding by considering the risk of HIV infection alongside notions of personal and collective resilience, dignity and humiliation. The work shows that young people in the urban slum dignify their world and, in doing so, establish priorities and draw on a set of references oftentimes intelligible to them alone. Moreover, humiliation, as an interpersonal event, adds to a sense of vulnerability a…
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Author
Jones, Gary
Responsibility
Gary Jones
Edition
1st ed.
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
2016
Physical Description
1 online resource (xii, 120 p.)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319268132 (print ed.)
9783319268149
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Adolescent
Health behavior
HIV infections - epidemiology
Risk factors
Urban health
Young Adult
Other Subjects
; Medicine & Public Health
Infectious Diseases
Social Structure, Social Inequality
Abstract
Revisiting the thinking on vulnerability to HIV and risk of infection, this book provides better understanding by considering the risk of HIV infection alongside notions of personal and collective resilience, dignity and humiliation. The work shows that young people in the urban slum dignify their world and, in doing so, establish priorities and draw on a set of references oftentimes intelligible to them alone. Moreover, humiliation, as an interpersonal event, adds to a sense of vulnerability and lies closely behind choices directly affecting personal health and livelihood. Thus, dignity and humiliation are shown for the first time to have a critical role in health seeking and risky behavior related to HIV, and this is an area in great need of further research. The crucial focus of this work is further emphasized by the rapid growth of urban slums, and high rates of HIV among both slum dwellers and young people, who continue to bear the brunt of the AIDS epidemic, thirty years on. This comprehensive literature review provides a compelling argument that the time is right to further explore the nexus of risk and resilience from a people-centered perspective. Fresh insight is critical to reach the goal of ending AIDS by 2030.
Contents
1. Introduction -- 2. Vulnerability and Risk: health and well being in the slum -- 3. HIV as an urban epidemic -- 4. Young people: vulnerability, risk and HIV in the urban slum -- 5. Migration, young people and vulnerability in the urban slum -- 6. Discussion and conclusion.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Culture and health disparities : evaluation of interventions and outcomes in the U.S.-Mexico border region

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat33455
John G Bruhn. Springer , c2014.
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The sister cities of the southwestern United States border are challenged by widespread environmental and health issues and limited access to help. And while different initiatives have been set up to improve health outcomes and lessen inequities in the border region, evaluation data are scarce. Culture and Health Disparities provides a perspective on U.S.-Mexico border health with an evidence-based guide for conceptualizing, implementing, and evaluating health interventions. Taking into account…
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Author
Bruhn, John G
Responsibility
John G Bruhn
Place of Publication
Cham, Switzerland
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (ix, 83 pages)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319064611
9783319064628 (electronic bk.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Healthcare disparities
Mexico
Public Health
Social conditions
United States
Subjects (LCSH)
Medical care - Regional disparities
Migration
Public Health
Public health - Mexican-American Border Region
Abstract
The sister cities of the southwestern United States border are challenged by widespread environmental and health issues and limited access to help. And while different initiatives have been set up to improve health outcomes and lessen inequities in the border region, evaluation data are scarce. Culture and Health Disparities provides a perspective on U.S.-Mexico border health with an evidence-based guide for conceptualizing, implementing, and evaluating health interventions. Taking into account the unique qualities of border life and their influence on general wellbeing, this important volume offers detailed criteria for creating public health programs that are medically, culturally, and ethically sound. The book identifies gaps in intervention research on major health concerns in the area, relating them to disparity-reduction efforts in the rest of the U.S. and arguing for more relevant means of data gathering and analysis. The author also asserts that progress can be made on both sides of the border despite concurrent social and political problems in the region. Included in the coverage: The border region as a social system. The development of health disparities: a life-course model. A social systems approach to understanding health disparities. A critique of U.S.-Mexico border health interventions. Evaluating interventions to reduce healthcare disparities. Ethical issues in health interventions across cultures and contexts. A text for researchers and practitioners working to promote border health and reduce service inequalities, Culture and Health Disparities asks pertinent questions and provides workable, meaningful answers.
Contents
1. The Border Region: Its Culture and Health Disparities -- 2. Understanding Health Disparities -- 3. A Critique of U.S.-Mexico Border Health Interventions -- 4. Ethical Issues in Health Interventions Across Contexts and Cultures.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Building a Culture of Health : A New Imperative for Business

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat40324
John A. Quelch, Emily C. Boudreau. Springer , 2016.
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This ambitious volume sets out to understand how every company impacts public health and introduces a robust model, rooted in organizational and scientific knowledge, for companies committed to making positive contributions to health and wellness. Focusing on four interconnected areas of corporate impact, it not only discusses the business imperative of promoting a healthier society and improved living conditions worldwide, but also provides guidelines for measuring a company's population healt…
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Author
Quelch, John A
Other Authors
Boudreau, Emily C
Responsibility
John A. Quelch, Emily C. Boudreau
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
2016
Physical Description
1 online resource (xi, 174 p., 22 illus. in color)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319437224 (print ed.)
9783319437231
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Environmental health
Health promotion - methods
Occupational Health
Organizational Culture
Preventive Health Services - organization & administration
Public health practice
Other Subjects
; Business and Management
Corporate Environmental Management
Health Care Management
Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
Abstract
This ambitious volume sets out to understand how every company impacts public health and introduces a robust model, rooted in organizational and scientific knowledge, for companies committed to making positive contributions to health and wellness. Focusing on four interconnected areas of corporate impact, it not only discusses the business imperative of promoting a healthier society and improved living conditions worldwide, but also provides guidelines for measuring a company's population health footprint. Examples, statistics and visuals showcase emerging corporate involvement in public health and underscore the business opportunities available to companies that invest in health. The authors offer a detailed roadmap for optimizing health-promoting actions in a rapidly evolving business and social climate across these core areas: Planning and building a culture of health. Consumer health: How organizations affect the safety, integrity, and healthfulness of the products and services they offer to their customers and end consumers. Employee health: How organizations affect the health of their employees (e.g., provision of employer-sponsored health insurance, workplace practices and wellness programs). Community health: How organizations affect the health of the communities in which they operate and do business. Environmental Health: How organizations' environmental policies (or lack thereof) affect individual and population health. Implementing and sustaining a culture of health. Building a Culture of Health clarifies both a mission and a vision for use by MPH and MBA students in health management, professors in schools of public health and business schools, and business leaders and chief medical officers in health care and non-health care businesses.
Contents
1. Building a Culture of Health -- 2. Consumer Health -- 3. Employee Health -- 4. Community Health -- 5. Environmental Health -- 6. Implementing a Culture of Health.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Autoimmune Disease : Pathogenesis, Genetics, Immunotherapy, Prophylaxis and Principles for Organ Transplantation

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat40853
Duncan Dartrey Adams, Christopher Dartrey Adams. Springer , 2013.
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This book describes how the Jerne-Burnet Forbidden Clone Theory and the Adams-Knight H Gene Theory, solved the pathogenesis and genetics of the autoimmune diseases showing how specific immunotherapy and prophylaxis can be developed. Furthermore, Ebringer's discovery of two microbial triggers of autoimmune diseases is described and the conclusion drawn that all autoimmune diseases have microbial triggers, so will be preventable by the finding of the triggers and vaccination against them.
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Author
Adams, Duncan Dartrey
Other Authors
Adams, Christopher Dartrey
Responsibility
Duncan Dartrey Adams, Christopher Dartrey Adams
Place of Publication
Dordrecht
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xiii, 58 p. : 21 illus., 10 illus. in color)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9789400769366 (print ed.)
9789400769373
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Autoimmune Diseases - etiology
Autoimmune Diseases - history
Other Subjects
; Biomedicine
Biomedicine general
Medicine/Public Health, general
Abstract
This book describes how the Jerne-Burnet Forbidden Clone Theory and the Adams-Knight H Gene Theory, solved the pathogenesis and genetics of the autoimmune diseases showing how specific immunotherapy and prophylaxis can be developed. Furthermore, Ebringer's discovery of two microbial triggers of autoimmune diseases is described and the conclusion drawn that all autoimmune diseases have microbial triggers, so will be preventable by the finding of the triggers and vaccination against them.
Contents
Discovery -- Pathogenesis -- Genetics -- Microbial Triggers -- Immunotherapy -- Prophylaxis -- Transplantation.
Format
e-Book
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Integrative Health Services : Ethics, Law, and Policy for the New Public Health Workforce

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat40142
Heather Mullins-Owens. Springer , 2016.
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This readable overview offers a public health framework for integrating medical and alternative care to improve health outcomes in patients with chronic illnesses. It details the promise, potential, and challenges of holistic services as patients seek diverse treatment options and health care systems address the demand for more affordable, accessible, and effective care. The book's integrative model describes the process in theory and practice, from cost and reimbursement issues and turf wars b…
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Author
Mullins-Owens, Heather
Responsibility
Heather Mullins-Owens
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
2016
Physical Description
1 online resource (vii, 63 p., 6 illus., 2 illus. in color)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319298559 (print ed.)
9783319298573
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Ethics, medical
Health policy
Holistic health
Integrative medicine
Public health practice
Other Subjects
; Medicine & Public Health
Complementary & Alternative Medicine
Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
Theory of Medicine/Bioethics
United States
Abstract
This readable overview offers a public health framework for integrating medical and alternative care to improve health outcomes in patients with chronic illnesses. It details the promise, potential, and challenges of holistic services as patients seek diverse treatment options and health care systems address the demand for more affordable, accessible, and effective care. The book's integrative model describes the process in theory and practice, from cost and reimbursement issues and turf wars between providers to expanding on traditional concepts of illness and wellness. Learning objectives, case studies, discussion questions, and other helpful features make this a vital student text. The book's concentrated coverage: Introduces concepts of integrative health services. Applies integrative health concepts to public health areas, e.g., prevention. Contrasts integrative models of health with the traditional biomedical model. Describes health care systems, use, and disparities in integrative health services. Outlines the scope of integrative health practice. Reviews implications for the public health workforce. Integrative Health Services benefits public health students, pre-med students, and those with an interest in health policy and health trends. Additionally, public health educators, practitioners, and scholars who may not be familiar with integrative health services and conflicts related to their increased use in health care will find it a helpful tool to quickly bring them up to date.
Contents
1. Introduction to Concepts of Integrative Health Services -- 2. Application to Public Health -- 3. Models of Health and Health Theory: Focus on Integrative Models -- 4. Health Care System Use and Disparities in Integrative Health Services -- 5. Scope of Integrative Health Practice -- 6. Public Health Workforce Implications.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Toward a Small Family Ethic : How Overpopulation and Climate Change Are Affecting the Morality of Procreation

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat40251
Travis N. Rieder. Springer , 2016.
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This thought-provoking treatise argues that current human fertility rates are fueling a public health crisis that is at once local and global. Its analysis and data summarize the ecological costs of having children, presenting ethical dilemmas for prospective parents in an era of competition for scarce resources, huge disparities of wealth and poverty, and unsustainable practices putting irreparable stress on the planet. Questions of individual responsibility and integrity as well as personal m…
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Author
Rieder, Travis N
Responsibility
Travis N. Rieder
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
2016
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 68 p.)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319338699 (print ed.)
9783319338712
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Climate change
Family characteristics
Population Density
Reproduction - ethics
Reproductive Rights
Other Subjects
; Medicine & Public Health
Demography
Ethics
Public Health
Theory of Medicine/Bioethics
Abstract
This thought-provoking treatise argues that current human fertility rates are fueling a public health crisis that is at once local and global. Its analysis and data summarize the ecological costs of having children, presenting ethical dilemmas for prospective parents in an era of competition for scarce resources, huge disparities of wealth and poverty, and unsustainable practices putting irreparable stress on the planet. Questions of individual responsibility and integrity as well as personal moral and procreative issues are examined carefully against larger and more long-range concerns. The author's assertion that even modest efforts toward reducing global fertility rates would help curb carbon emissions, slow rising global temperatures, and forestall large-scale climate disaster is well reasoned and more than plausible. Among the topics covered: The multiplier effect: food, water, energy, and climate. The role of population in mitigating climate change. The carbon legacy of procreation. Obligations to our possible children. Rights, what is right, and the right to do wrong. The moral burden to have small families. Toward a Small Family Ethic sounds a clarion call for bioethics students and working bioethicists. This brief, thought-rich volume steers readers toward challenges that need to be met, and consequences that will need to be addressed if they are not.
Contents
1. Global Population and Public Health -- 2. What Can I Do? Small Effects and the Collective Action Worry -- 3. Individual Obligation -- 4. Challenges to Procreative Obligation -- 5. Toward a Small Family Ethic.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Tuberculosis in Adults and Children

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat39333
Dorothee Heemskerk, Maxine Caws, Ben Marais, Jeremy Farrar. Springer , 2015.
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Location
Online
This work contains updated and clinically relevant information about tuberculosis. It is aimed at providing a succinct overview of history and disease epidemiology, clinical presentation and the most recent scientific developments in the field of tuberculosis research, with an emphasis on diagnosis and treatment. It may serve as a practical resource for students, clinicians and researchers who work in the field of infectious diseases.
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Author
Heemskerk, Dorothee
Other Authors
Caws, Maxine
Farrar, Jeremy
Marais, Ben
Responsibility
Dorothee Heemskerk, Maxine Caws, Ben Marais, Jeremy Farrar
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (viii, 66 p., 15 illus., 13 illus. in color)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319191317 (print ed.)
9783319191324
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Tuberculosis
Other Subjects
; Medicine & Public Health
Epidemiology
Infectious Diseases
Pneumology/Respiratory System
Public Health
Tropical Medicine
Abstract
This work contains updated and clinically relevant information about tuberculosis. It is aimed at providing a succinct overview of history and disease epidemiology, clinical presentation and the most recent scientific developments in the field of tuberculosis research, with an emphasis on diagnosis and treatment. It may serve as a practical resource for students, clinicians and researchers who work in the field of infectious diseases.
Contents
1. Epidemiology -- 2. Pathogenesis -- 3. Clinical manifestations -- 4. Diagnosis -- 5. Treatment -- 6. Prevention.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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The Economics of Epidemiology

http://libcat.nshealth.ca/permalink/provcat40811
Troy Tassier. Springer , 2013.
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The book presents a basic introduction to epidemiology from the perspective of economics, using economic modeling to better understand and describe how infectious disease spreads. Three main elements are introduced: epidemiology, social network analysis, and the economics needed to model the behavior of individuals in the presence of infectious disease. The book aims to provide a starting point for discussion between medical professionals, social scientists and public health officials, the thre…
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Author
Tassier, Troy
Responsibility
Troy Tassier
Place of Publication
Berlin, Heidelberg
Publisher
Springer
Date Published
2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 94 p. : 20 illus.)
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783642381195 (print ed.)
9783642381201
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Epidemiology - economics
Other Subjects
; Economics
Epidemiology
Health Economics
Public Health
Abstract
The book presents a basic introduction to epidemiology from the perspective of economics, using economic modeling to better understand and describe how infectious disease spreads. Three main elements are introduced: epidemiology, social network analysis, and the economics needed to model the behavior of individuals in the presence of infectious disease. The book aims to provide a starting point for discussion between medical professionals, social scientists and public health officials, the three groups interested in the spread of disease.
Contents
Part I. Epidemic Modeling -- 1. An Introduction to Epidemic Modeling -- 2. Simple Epidemics and SIS Models -- 3. SIR -- Part II. Merging Economics and Epidemiology -- 4. Economic Modeling and Epidemiology -- 5. Econometrics and Epidemiology -- Part III. An Introduction to Social Interactions -- 6. Interaction Networks: An Introduction -- Part IV. Strategic Decision Making -- 7. Strategic Public Health Interventions -- 8. Strategic Individual Decision Making -- 9. Conclusion.
Format
e-Book
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