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Radiation Oncology Study Guide

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40722
Celine Bicquart Ord, Eric K. Hansen, Charles R. Thomas, Jr., editors. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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Radiation Oncology Study Guide is a comprehensive study aid for radiation oncology residents preparing for the American Board of Radiology Radiation Oncology Initial Certification board exam. Presenting the fundamental principles of radiation oncology, the book covers the most salient and commonly tested facts on the exam. Organized by specific disease sites, each chapter presents a series of questions and answers that present clinical features, staging, principles of treatment, and evidence-ba…
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Other Authors
Ord, Celine Bicquart
Hansen, Eric K
Thomas, Jr., Charles R
Responsibility
Celine Bicquart Ord, Eric K. Hansen, Charles R. Thomas, Jr., editors
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xii, 434 p.)
ISBN
9781461464006
9781461463993 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Neoplasms - radiotherapy
Radiation Oncology - methods
Abstract
Radiation Oncology Study Guide is a comprehensive study aid for radiation oncology residents preparing for the American Board of Radiology Radiation Oncology Initial Certification board exam. Presenting the fundamental principles of radiation oncology, the book covers the most salient and commonly tested facts on the exam. Organized by specific disease sites, each chapter presents a series of questions and answers that present clinical features, staging, principles of treatment, and evidence-based studies that guide treatment recommendations, with an emphasis on radiotherapy studies. The book offers over 1,000 multiple-choice questions with detailed answers and rationales.
Contents
Central Nervous System Tumors: Adult and Pediatric -- Skin Cancer -- Head and Neck Cancer -- Lung Cancer -- Tumors of the Mediastinum -- Breast Cancer -- Upper Gastrointestinal Cancers -- Lower Gastrointestinal Cancers -- Urinary System Cancers -- Male Genitourinary Cancer -- Gynecologic Malignancies -- Hematologic Malignancies -- Sarcoma -- Pediatric Non-Central Nervous System Cancers -- Benign and Metastatic Disease.
Format
e-Book
Publication Type
Examination Questions
Location
Online
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Making the DSM-5 : Concepts and Controversies

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40723
Joel Paris, James Phillips, editors. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association published the 5th edition of its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Often referred to as the "bible" of psychiatry, the manual only classifies mental disorders and does not explain them or guide their treatment. While science should be the basis of any diagnostic system, to date, there is no knowledge on whether most conditions listed in the manual are true diseases. Moreover, in DSM-5 the overall definition of mental dis…
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Other Authors
Paris, Joel
Phillips, James
Responsibility
Joel Paris, James Phillips, editors
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (ix, 180 p. : ill.)
ISBN
9781461465041
9781461465034 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed.
Mental Disorders - classification
Abstract
In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association published the 5th edition of its Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Often referred to as the "bible" of psychiatry, the manual only classifies mental disorders and does not explain them or guide their treatment. While science should be the basis of any diagnostic system, to date, there is no knowledge on whether most conditions listed in the manual are true diseases. Moreover, in DSM-5 the overall definition of mental disorder is weak, failing to distinguish psychopathology from normality. In spite of all the progress that has been made in neuroscience over the last few decades, the psychiatric community is no closer to understanding the etiology and pathogenesis of mental disorders than it was fifty years ago. In Making the DSM-5, prominent experts delve into the debate about psychiatric nosology and examine the conceptual and pragmatic issues underlying the new manual. While retracing the historic controversy over DSM, considering the political context and economic impact of the manual, and focusing on what was revised or left unchanged in the new edition, this timely volume addresses the main concerns of the future of psychiatry and questions whether the DSM legacy can truly improve the specialty and advance its goals.
Contents
Part I. Historical/Ideological Perspectives -- The History of DSM -- Considering the Economy of DSM Alternatives -- The Ideology behind DSM-5 -- Part II. Ideological and Conceptual Perspectives -- The Biopolitics of Defining "Mental Disorder" -- Establishing Normative Validity for Scientific Psychiatric Nosology: The Significance of Integrating Patient Perspectives -- The Paradox of Professional Success: Grand Ambition, Furious Resistance, and the Derailment of the DSM-5 Revision -- Part III. Conceptual Perspectives -- DSM in Philosophyland: Curiouser and Curiouser -- Overdiagnosis, Underdiagnosis, Synthesis: A Dialectic for Psychiatry and the DSM -- What does Phenomenology Contribute to the Debate about DSM-5 -- The Conceptual Status of DSM-5 Diagnoses -- Conclusion.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Neuromuscular Imaging

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40724
Mike P. Wattjes, Dirk Fischer, editors. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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Neuromuscular imaging has increasingly become an important tool in the detection and diagnosis of inherited and acquired neuromuscular disease. This book is a groundbreaking radiological and neurological overview of current methods and applications of imaging--including aspects of neuroimaging and musculoskeletal imaging--in patients with inherited, metabolic, and inflammatory muscle diseases. Imaging features are discussed in the context of clincial presentation, histopathology, therapeutic op…
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Other Authors
Wattjes, Mike P
Fischer, Dirk
Responsibility
Mike P. Wattjes, Dirk Fischer, editors
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxvii, 424 p. : 330 illus., 157 illus. in color)
ISBN
9781461465522
9781461465515 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Neuromuscular Diseases - diagnosis
Neuromuscular diseases - diagnostic imaging
Abstract
Neuromuscular imaging has increasingly become an important tool in the detection and diagnosis of inherited and acquired neuromuscular disease. This book is a groundbreaking radiological and neurological overview of current methods and applications of imaging--including aspects of neuroimaging and musculoskeletal imaging--in patients with inherited, metabolic, and inflammatory muscle diseases. Imaging features are discussed in the context of clincial presentation, histopathology, therapeutic options and differential diagnosis. World leading expert contributors give a comprehensive and didactic review of neuromuscular disorders and available imaging modalities, each illustrated with numerous figures. Topics discussed include: Modalities such as ultrasound, CT and MRI; Muscle anatomy and physiology; Clinical applications in hereditary and acquired myopathies; Clinical applications in motor neuron disorders and peripheral nerve imaging.
Contents
Part I. Imaging Modalities -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Ultrasonography -- 3. Computed Tomography -- 4. Conventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- 5. Advanced and Quantitative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Techniques -- 6. Nuclear Medicine Methods -- 7. Peripheral Nerve Imaging -- Part II. Muscle Anatomy and Physiology -- 8. Introduction -- 9. Morphology of Skeletal Muscle -- 10. Atlas of Topographical Muscle Anatomy -- 11. Normal Aging Muscle Tissue -- Part III. Clinical Applications in Hereditary Myopathies -- 12. Introduction -- 13. Skeletal Muscle Channelopathies -- 14. Metabolic Myopathies -- 15. Congenital Myopathies -- 16. Congenital Muscular Dystrophies -- 17. Dystrophinopathies -- 18. Emerinopathies and Laminopathies -- 19. Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophies -- 20. Myofibrillar Myopathies -- 21. Distal Myopathies -- 22. Myotonic Dystrophies -- 23. Facioscapulohumeral Dystrophy -- 24. Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy -- 25. Diagnostic Algorithms and Differential Diagnosis -- Part IV. Clinical Applications in Acquired Myopathies -- 26. Inflammatory Myopathies -- 27. Toxic and Drug-Induced Myopathies -- 28. Muscle Neoplasms -- Part V. Clinical Applications in Motor Neuron Disorders and Peripheral Nerve Imaging -- 29. Motor Neuron Diseases -- 30. Imaging of the Peripheral Nerves: Clinical Applications and Diagnostic Relevance.
Format
e-Book
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Online
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Pediatric Anxiety Disorders : A Clinical Guide

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40725
Roma A. Vasa, Amy Krain Roy, editors. --New York, NY: Humana Press , c2013.
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Over the past decade, significant advances in research methodology have stimulated dramatic progress in the field of child psychiatry in general, and in pediatric anxiety disorders, more specifically. Pediatric Anxiety Disorders: A Clinical Guide is a comprehensive and vital addition to the literature at an exciting time in the field of psychiatry. This state-of-the-art reference aims to bridge the most up-to-date research findings with relevant clinical perspectives, making it a unique and ess…
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Other Authors
Vasa, Roma A
Roy, Amy Krain
Responsibility
Roma A. Vasa, Amy Krain Roy, editors
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Humana Press
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 387 p. : 8 illus.)
Series Title
Current clinical psychiatry
ISBN
9781461465997
9781461465980 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Anxiety Disorders
Abstract
Over the past decade, significant advances in research methodology have stimulated dramatic progress in the field of child psychiatry in general, and in pediatric anxiety disorders, more specifically. Pediatric Anxiety Disorders: A Clinical Guide is a comprehensive and vital addition to the literature at an exciting time in the field of psychiatry. This state-of-the-art reference aims to bridge the most up-to-date research findings with relevant clinical perspectives, making it a unique and essential resource for established clinicians and researchers, as well as for students and trainees. The book is organized into four sections, each of which includes chapters on a specific area of interest. The first section reviews the current research regarding etiological mechanisms of pediatric anxiety. The second section provides in-depth descriptions of the anxiety disorders that affect children and adolescents. The third section summarizes the literature on empirically supported assessment tools and evidence based cognitive-behavioral and pharmacological interventions. Of special practical note, the authors of these chapters have included comprehensive summary tables that can serve as quick reference tools. The final section of the text is dedicated to understanding how anxiety manifests in two special populations, children with chronic medical illnesses and those with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatric Anxiety Disorders: A Clinical Guide is an authoritative new volume developed by a renowned collection of clinicians and researchers in the field of childhood anxiety disorders.
Contents
Part I. Neurobiology and Temperament -- Fear Models in Animals and Humans -- Neurobiology of Pediatric Anxiety Disorders -- Temperamental Risk Factors for Pediatric Anxiety Disorders -- Part II. Anxiety Disorders -- Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Children and Adolescents -- Pediatric Social Phobia -- Specific Phobias -- Separation Anxiety Disorder -- Panic Disorder -- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents -- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Children and Adolescents -- Selective Mutism -- Part III. Assessment and Treatment -- Assessment of Anxiety Disorders: Categorical and Dimensional Perspectives -- Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment for Pediatric Anxiety Disorders -- Psychopharmacology of Pediatric Anxiety Disorders -- Part IV. Special Topics -- Anxiety in Children with Chronic Medical Illness -- Anxiety in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Human Gametes and Preimplantation Embryos : Assessment and Diagnosis

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40726
David K. Gardner, Denny Sakkas, Emre Seli, Dagan Wells, editors. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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In recent years, the advancing science and increasing availability of assisted reproduction have given new hope to infertile couples. However, the use of IVF and ART has also led to marked increases in the number of multiple-infant live births. This poses a public health concern, as these neonates have a higher rate of pre-term delivery, compromising their survival chances and increasing their risk of lifelong disability. By optimizing the selection of gametes and embryos with high probabilitie…
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Gardner, David K
Sakkas, Denny
Seli, Emre
Wells, Dagan
Responsibility
David K. Gardner, Denny Sakkas, Emre Seli, Dagan Wells, editors
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xv, 306 p. : 64 illus., 48 illus. in color)
ISBN
9781461466512
9781461466505 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Blastocyst
Cell Survival
Embryo Transfer
Fertilization in Vitro
Germ Cells - growth & development
Preimplantation Diagnosis
Reproductive Techniques, Assisted
Abstract
In recent years, the advancing science and increasing availability of assisted reproduction have given new hope to infertile couples. However, the use of IVF and ART has also led to marked increases in the number of multiple-infant live births. This poses a public health concern, as these neonates have a higher rate of pre-term delivery, compromising their survival chances and increasing their risk of lifelong disability. By optimizing the selection of gametes and embryos with high probabilities of implantation, it is possible to reduce the number of embryos transferred and, by extension, the number of high-risk multiple gestations, while maintaining or increasing pregnancy rates. Human Gametes and Preimplantation Embryos: Assessment and Diagnosis provides a broad yet concise overview of established and developing methodologies for assessment of gamete and embryo viability in assisted reproduction. This book elucidates the best practices for precisely selecting viable specimens based on morphology and cleavage rate and covers the spectrum of emerging adjunctive technologies for predicting reproductive potential. The authors present their extensive knowledge of "omics" approaches (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics), with unbiased delineation of the associated advantages and potential pitfalls. This valuable clinical resource is well suited to infertility specialists, Ob/Gyn physicians, IVF laboratory technicians, and researchers in the fields of embryology and reproductive medicine.
Contents
Current Practices and Regulations for Embryo Transfer Worldwide: Implications on IVF Outcome -- Analysis of the Zona Pellucida as an Indicator of Oocyte Developmental Potential -- Morphological Assessment of Oocytes, Pronuclear and Cleavage Stage Embryos -- Morphological Assessment of Blastocyst Stage Embryos: Types of Grading Systems and Their Reported Outcomes -- Real Time Imaging Strategies to Improve Morphological Assessment -- Limitations and Benefits of Morphologic Embryo Assessment Strategies: How Far Can Morphological Assessment Go in the Identification of Viable Embryos? -- Sperm Morphologic Characteristics and Their Impact on Embryo Quality and Pregnancy Outcome -- Objective Biomarkers of Sperm Development and Fertility: Assessment of Sperm-Zona Pellucida Binding Ability and Hyaluronic Acid Mediated Selection of Sperm for ICSI Fertilization -- Selecting the Best Sperm and Its Implications in Clinical Practice -- The Origins of Aneuploidy in Human Embryos -- Preimplantation Genetic Screening and Diagnosis Using Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization (FISH) -- Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms and Next Generation Sequencing -- Use of Comparative Genomic Hybridization (CGH) and Microarray-CGH for Preimplantation Genetic Screening -- Quantitative SNP Array and Real-Time PCR Based Human Preimplantation Embryo Aneuploidy Screening -- Regulation of Gene Expression in the Oocyte and Early Embryo: Implications for Transcriptomic and Proteomic Embryo Assessment -- Transcriptomics Technology: Promise and Potential Pitfalls -- Transcriptomic Analysis of Cumulus and Granulosa Cells as a Marker of Embryo Viability -- Mass Spectrometry, Proteomics and the Study of Sperm Cell Biology -- Proteomic Analysis of Embryo Viability -- Metabolism of the Viable Human Embryo -- Analysis of Respiration as an Indicator of Oocyte and Embryo Developmental Potential -- Mitochondrial Activity as a Biomarker of Gamete and Embryo Health -- Carbohydrate Analysis and Embryo Viability -- Identification of Viable Embryos by Non-invasive Measurement of Amino Acids in Culture Media -- Metabolomic Profiling of Embryos Using Spectroscopy -- Microfluidic Devices for the Analysis of Gamete and Embryo Physiology.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Reciprocity and Dependency in Old Age : Indian and UK Perspectives

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40727
Sue Thompson. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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It's the standard picture, and a depressing one: older adults receiving formal care as passive and alienated. Overlooked in this equation is the capacity of dependent elders for giving back - doing for others - and their need to continue finding meaning to their existence which is an essential aspect of improving their lives and care. Reciprocity and Dependency in Old Age presents an empowering new paradigm for reframing our conception of the lives of elders who are in need of care. Elegantly r…
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Author
Thompson, Sue
Responsibility
Sue Thompson
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxiii, 229 p. : ill.)
Series Vol.
v. 8
Series Title
International Perspectives on Aging
ISBN
9781461466871
9781461466864 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Aged - psychology
Codependency (Psychology)
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Dependency (Psychology)
Role
Social Support
Other Subjects
India
United Kingdom
Abstract
It's the standard picture, and a depressing one: older adults receiving formal care as passive and alienated. Overlooked in this equation is the capacity of dependent elders for giving back - doing for others - and their need to continue finding meaning to their existence which is an essential aspect of improving their lives and care. Reciprocity and Dependency in Old Age presents an empowering new paradigm for reframing our conception of the lives of elders who are in need of care. Elegantly reasoned and meticulously researched, the book explores the importance of connectedness in later years, and argues that facilitating reciprocity benefits all parties involved - elders, caregivers, and society at large. Reframing dependent care in a more positive light is highlighted as a crucial step toward recognizing older adults' value, thereby improving their self-esteem and promoting their dignity. The importance of promoting change in care systems in order to facilitate the building up of social capital is also addressed. This important volume: Presents the findings of an extensive research study on reciprocity in later life. Provides phenomenologically and sociologically grounded frameworks for understanding reciprocity in the lives of elders. Gives voice to frequently neglected perspectives on elders' well-being. Relates the study findings to elders' spiritual dimension and aspirations for a future as well as a present and a past. Offers a means of transforming deficit models of old age. Examines the potential for improving the future of eldercare. With its powerful vision, Reciprocity and Dependency in Old Age is certain to be read and discussed by practitioners, educators and students in a range of fields, including gerontology, sociology, social policy, social work, health and social care, psychology, pastoral care, and by others committed to improving quality of life for older adults.
Contents
Part I. Foundations of Understanding -- A Matter of Dignity -- Setting the context -- Reciprocity and old age -- Part II. Hearing Their Voices -- Research Design and Methods -- Findings -- Part III. The Implications -- The Significance of the Findings for the Spiritual Well-being of Older People Dependent on Formal Care -- The Significance of the Findings for the Theorising of Old Age -- The Significance of the Findings for Eldercare Practice -- Their Journeys and Mine.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Essential Cardiology : Principles and Practice

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40728
Clive Rosendorff, editor. (Third edition) --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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Essential Cardiology: Principles and Practice, 3rd Edition, blends molecular, cellular, and physiologic concepts with current clinical practice and provides up-to-date information on all major aspects of cardiovascular disease. Fully revised by an international panel of leading authorities in the field, it is an authoritative resource for cardiologists, internists, residents, and students. The book presents the clinical examination of the patient, including diagnostic testing and cutting-edge r…
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Other Authors
Rosendorff, Clive
Responsibility
Clive Rosendorff, editor
Edition
Third edition
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xviii, 823 p. : 306 illus., 119 illus. in color)
ISBN
9781461467052
9781461467045 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena
Abstract
Essential Cardiology: Principles and Practice, 3rd Edition, blends molecular, cellular, and physiologic concepts with current clinical practice and provides up-to-date information on all major aspects of cardiovascular disease. Fully revised by an international panel of leading authorities in the field, it is an authoritative resource for cardiologists, internists, residents, and students. The book presents the clinical examination of the patient, including diagnostic testing and cutting-edge radiologic imaging; pathogenesis and treatment of various types of cardiac abnormalities; the needs of special populations, including pregnant, elderly, and renal-compromised patients; cardiovascular gene and cell therapy; and preventive cardiology. It includes new chapters on cardiovascular disease in women; diabetes and the cardiovascular system; and cancer therapy-induced cardiomyopathy. The Third Edition also focuses on the substantial advances in anti-platelet and anticoagulant therapy; new modalities of cardiac imaging; new anti-arrhythmic drugs; and a sophisticated understanding of vascular biology and atherogenesis.
Contents
Multivariable Evaluation of Candidates for Cardiovascular Disease -- Molecular and Cellular Basis of Myocardial Contractility -- Ventricular Function -- Vascular Function -- Thrombosis -- The History and Physical Examination of the Cardiovascular System -- Electrocardiography -- Echocardiography -- Exercise Testing -- Radiology Of The Heart -- Cardiac Catheterization -- Nuclear Imaging in Cardiovascular Medicine -- Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance and Multidetector Computed Tomography -- Choosing Appropriate Imaging Techniques -- Electrophysiology of Cardiac Arrhythmias -- Treatment of Cardiac Arrhythmias -- Syncope -- Pathophysiology of Heart Failure -- Treatment of Congestive Heart failure -- Congenital Heart Disease -- Pathogenesis of Atherosclerosis -- Coronary Blood Flow and Myocardial Ischemia -- Risk Factors and Prevention, Including Hyperlipidemia -- Stable Angina -- Unstable Angina And Non-St Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (Acute Coronary Syndromes) -- ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction -- Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation -- Cardiac Rehabilitation and Secondary Prevention After Acute MI -- Rheumatic Fever and Valvular Heart Disease -- Infective Endocarditis -- Hypertension - Mechanisms and Diagnosis -- Hypertension Therapy -- Cardiomyopathies and Myocarditis -- Pericardial Disease -- Pulmonary Vascular Disease -- Diseases of the Aorta -- Cardiovascular Disease in Women -- Essential cardiology: Pregnancy and heart disease -- Heart Disease in the Elderly -- Cardiovascular Complications in Patients with Renal Disease -- Diabetes and the Cardiovascular System -- Cancer Therapy-induced Cardiomyopathy -- Assessment of patients with heart disease for fitness for noncardiac surgery -- Cardiovascular Gene Therapy -- Cardiovascular Cell Therapy -- Preventive Cardiology -- Peripheral Arterial Disease.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Clinical Uncertainty in Primary Care : The Challenge of Collaborative Engagement

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40729
Lucia Siegel Sommers, John Launer, editors. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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This is a book about primary care clinicians and the clinical uncertainty endemic to their work. Even when seemingly straightforward, each patient raises unique questions regarding how best to listen to their complaints, empathize with their suffering, or respond to their silences. This book is also about addressing uncertainty in primary care practice and engaging it. Engagement requires knowledge, explicit and tacit, placed in the service of a single patient's problem. It also requires carefu…
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Sommers, Lucia Siegel
Launer, John
Responsibility
Lucia Siegel Sommers, John Launer, editors
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xiv, 306 p. : 41 illus., 18 illus. in color)
ISBN
9781461468127
9781461468110 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Cooperative Behavior
Primary Health Care
Uncertainty
Abstract
This is a book about primary care clinicians and the clinical uncertainty endemic to their work. Even when seemingly straightforward, each patient raises unique questions regarding how best to listen to their complaints, empathize with their suffering, or respond to their silences. This book is also about addressing uncertainty in primary care practice and engaging it. Engagement requires knowledge, explicit and tacit, placed in the service of a single patient's problem. It also requires carefully managed communication, facilitating dialogue with the patient and encouraging shared problem-solving. Most importantly, this book is about collaborative engagement with case-based uncertainty in the setting of small groups of clinicians. Sommers and Launer contend that the medical profession's tradition of working independently should be augmented with an explicitly shared, collegial one of jointly creating wisdom through practice-based learning. An international panel of expert clinicians and educators provides: Perspectives on clinical uncertainty in the medical literature; A taxonomy of clinical uncertainty with patient examples; Analysis of the educator role to support clinicians in engaging uncertainty; A compendium of small group methods for collaborative engagement with clinical scenarios; Analysis of the special challenges of collaborative engagement. A mind-opening manifesto, Clinical Uncertainty in Primary Care will equip primary care clinicians, educators, public health and behavioral health professionals with resources for infusing practice with meaning through collegial collaboration. From the Foreword: "Lucia Sommers and John Launer, with the accompanying input of their contributing authors, have done a deeply insightful and close to exhaustive job of defining clinical uncertainty. They identify its origins, components, and subtypes; demonstrate the ways in which and the extent to which it is intrinsic to medicine--and present a cogent case for its special relationship to primary care practice--Clinical Uncertainty in Primary Care not only presents a model of collegial collaboration and support, it also implicitly legitimates it." Renee Fox, Annenberg Professor Emerita of the Social Sciences, University of Pennsylvania.
Contents
Part I. Clinical Uncertainty in Primary Care -- 1.Introduction -- 2. Uncertainty and Clinical Method -- 3. Learning about Uncertainty in Professional Practice -- Part II. The Challenge of Engagement -- 4. Balint Groups and Peer Supervision -- 5. Research on Balint groups -- 6. The Thistle and the Maple Leaf: PBSGL in Canada and Scotland -- 7. Narrative-Based Supervision -- 8.Training in Narrative-based supervision: Conversations inviting change -- 9. Practice Inquiry: Uncertainty Learning in Primary Care Practice -- 10. Using Practice Inquiry to Engage Uncertainty in Residency Education -- 11. "We're all in the same boat": Potentials and Tensions When Learning Through Sharing Uncertainty in Peer Supervision Groups -- 12. Case-Based Learning in Swedish Primary Health Care: Strengths and Challenges -- 13. Afterword.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Social Neuroscience and Public Health : Foundations for the Science of Chronic Disease Prevention

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40731
Peter A. Hall, editor. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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Traditionally, neuroscience and public health have been considered strange bedfellows. Now a new collection of studies shows the two fields as logical collaborators with major potential for the evolution of both fields. Social Neuroscience and Public Health assembles current theoretical viewpoints, research findings in familiar and emerging areas, and updates on assessment methods to give readers a unique in-depth guide to the social brain and its central role in health promotion. This stimulat…
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Other Authors
Hall, Peter A (Peter Anthony) 1972-
Responsibility
Peter A. Hall, editor
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xvi, 318 p. : ill.)
ISBN
9781461468523
9781461468516 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Chronic Disease - prevention & control
Health Behavior
Neurosciences - methods
Public Health
Social Behavior
Abstract
Traditionally, neuroscience and public health have been considered strange bedfellows. Now a new collection of studies shows the two fields as logical collaborators with major potential for the evolution of both fields. Social Neuroscience and Public Health assembles current theoretical viewpoints, research findings in familiar and emerging areas, and updates on assessment methods to give readers a unique in-depth guide to the social brain and its central role in health promotion. This stimulating reference spans the intersection of two disciplines, offering new insights into the mechanics of risks, rewards, and willpower, revisiting the developmental effects of adversity and the impact of exercise on brain health, and applying epidemiology to cognitive science. Accessibly written for researchers and professionals within and outside both fields, the chapters include bullet-point and policy implication features for ease of retention. The book's innovative ideas lend themselves to a variety of applications, from fine-tuning disease prevention strategies to deeper understanding of addictions. Included in the coverage: Latest theoretical perspectives on health behavior (e.g., picoeconomics, MCII, and temporal self-regulation theory) Updates on health communications and their effects on the brain. New research on cognitive resources and health behavior execution. Leading-edge studies on the brain, the social world, and stress. Findings from the forefront of exercise neuroscience. A concise introduction to neuroscience methods for the non-technical reader. A rich resource pointing to a promising future in research and prevention efforts, Social Neuroscience and Public Health benefits professionals and researchers in public health, medicine, cognitive neuroscience, health psychology, epidemiology, sociology and affiliated fields. "This bridge-builder of a book comes exactly at the right time. With the field of public health rapidly expanding, public health professionals, neuroscientists, social psychologists, and policymakers alike will profit from this immensely integrative achievement. Social Neuroscience and Public Health connects two fast-developing fields that can learn and profit immensely from each other." -- Wilhelm Hofmann, PhD, University of Chicago, Booth School of Business. "In this book you will find a number of intriguing possibilities for changing behaviour that arise out of a scientific base hitherto little known beyond the field. Bringing this together has immense potential not just for strengthening public health but also for strengthening behavioral and neuro-sciences." -- Theresa Marteau, PhD, Institute of Public Health, Unviersity of Cambridge.
Contents
Part I. Theoretical Perspectives -- 1. Picoeconomics in Neural and Evolutionary Contexts -- 2. Neurophysiological Correlates of the Self-Regulation of Goal Pursuit -- 3. Temporal Self-regulation Theory: Integrating Biological, Psychological and Ecological Determinants of Health Behavior Performance -- Part II. Health Communication -- 4. Health Communications: Predicting Behavior Change From the Brain -- 5. Neurobiological Bases of Self-reference and Deliberate Processing in Tailored Health Communication -- Part III. Health Behaviors -- 6. Neurocognition and Medication Adherence in HIV Infected Adults -- 7. Alcohol Consumption and Self-Regulation -- 8. The Strength Model of Self-Control: Recent Advances and Implications for Public Health -- 9. Incentive-Based Interventions: Historical Context and New Directions -- Part IV. Social Connections, Socioeconomic Status and Stress -- 10. Social Relationships and Public Health -- 11. Brain Functions Modulating Redistribution of Natural Killer Cells Accompanying Cognitive Appraisal of Acute Stress -- 12. Alzheimer's Dementia and Lifestyle: Towards a Primary Prevention -- 13. Social Determinants of Self-regulation Development -- Part V. Exercise Neuroscience -- 14. Physical Activity, Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Cognition across the Lifespan -- 15. Brain Glycogen Decrease and Supercompensation with Prolonged Exhaustive Exercise -- 16. Resistance Training and Cognitive and Cortical Plasticity in Older Adults -- Part VI. Methods Primer -- 17. Brain Imaging: A Primer -- 18. Survival Analysis in Social Neuroscience and Public Health: A Research Exemplar from the Field of Cognitive Epidemiology -- 19. Neurobiological Facets of Food Craving and Consumption: Evidence from Neuropsychological and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) Studies.
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e-Book
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Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care : Evaluating the Evidence, Identifying the Essentials

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40732
Mary R. Talen, Aimee Burke Valeras, editors. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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Healthcare reform is a pressing social issue for some, and a political rallying cry for others. But for many in the medical and mental health professions, healthcare reform means weaving together both domains to provide patients with quality care that is holistic and patient-centered. As desirable as this goal is, challenges from cultural differences to resource inequities threaten the dream. Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care provides professionals with a consumer's guide for impleme…
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Other Authors
Talen, Mary R
Burke Valeras, Aimee
Responsibility
Mary R. Talen, Aimee Burke Valeras, editors
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxiii, 354 p. : 24 illus.)
ISBN
9781461468899
9781461468882 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Behavioral Medicine - organization & administration
Delivery of Health Care, Integrated - methods
Patient-Centered Care - methods
Primary Health Care - organization & administration
Abstract
Healthcare reform is a pressing social issue for some, and a political rallying cry for others. But for many in the medical and mental health professions, healthcare reform means weaving together both domains to provide patients with quality care that is holistic and patient-centered. As desirable as this goal is, challenges from cultural differences to resource inequities threaten the dream. Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care provides professionals with a consumer's guide for implementing integrated behavioral healthcare at the macro, meso and micro levels of care. Extensive evidence is reviewed, describing the types of behavioral health approaches that are essential in re-designed healthcare systems. Behavioral health has broad implications for systems-based changes in patient-centered models of care, including team-based care, evidence-based clinical practices, and quality improvement projects. Introductory chapters decipher the cacophony of terms to provide a common language for integrated behavioral health. Later chapters propose the best practices of collaborative medicine for healthcare procedures--from screening through implementation, while also addressing the problem of territorial disputes in healthcare practice. Included in the coverage: Community-based participatory research: advancing integrated behavioral healthcare through novel partnerships. Integrated behavioral health in public healthcare contexts. The historical context of financial, organizational, and policy issues that shape the future of integrated behavioral healthcare. Identification of behavioral health needs in primary care settings. Implementing clinical interventions in integrated behavioral healthcare settings. Working with complexity in integrated behavioral healthcare settings. The blueprint offered in Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care clarifies roles and opportunities for professionals across the primary healthcare and mental health fields, including health policy planners, administrators, researchers, and clinicians employed by private and public healthcare organizations, health psychologists, primary care physicians, professional and consumer advocacy organizations.
Contents
Part I. Essentials of Integrated Behavioral Health Care -- 1. Introduction and Overview of Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care -- 2. Integrated Behavioral Health and Primary Care: A Common Language -- 3. Integrated Behavioral Health and the Patient-Centered Medical Home -- 4. Advancing Integrated Behavioral Health and Primary Care: The Critical Importance of Behavioral Health in Healthcare Policy -- Part II. Review of Integrated Systems of Care Initiatives -- 5. The State of Evidence for Integrated Behavioral Health Care -- 6. Community-Based Participatory Research: Advancing Integrated Behavioral Health Care through Novel Partnerships -- 7. Integrated Behavioral Health in Public Healthcare Contexts: Community Health and Mental Health Safety Net Systems -- 8. The Financial History and Near Future of Integrated Behavioral Health Care -- 9. Department of Defense Integrated Behavioral Health in the Patient-Centered Medical Home -- Part III. Review of Collaborative Behavioral Health Clinical Services -- 10. Collaborative Partnerships within Integrated Behavioral Health and Primary Care -- 11. Identification of Behavioral Health Needs in Integrated Behavioral Health and Primary Care Settings -- 12. Screening Measures in Integrated Behavioral Health and Primary Care Settings -- 13. Implementing Clinical Interventions in Integrated Behavioral Health Settings: Best Practices and Essential Elements -- 14. Working with Complexity in Integrated Behavioral Health Care Settings -- Part IV. Connecting Concepts, Research and Practice -- 15. Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care: Summarizing the Lay of the Land, Marking the Best Practices, Identifying Barriers and Mapping New Territory.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Pediatric Urology : Evidence for Optimal Patient Management

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40733
Warren T. Snodgrass, editor. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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Pediatric Urology: Evidence for Optimal Patient Management provides pediatric urologists the information needed for state-of-the-art patient care. Chapters are organized around pertinent clinical questions within major areas of pediatric urology, answered using the best available data while also reporting areas for which there is poor evidence. The text includes randomized controlled trials and prospective observational studies, tables that summarize important studies, and figures that illustra…
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Other Authors
Snodgrass, Warren T
Responsibility
Warren T. Snodgrass, editor
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xi, 286 p. : 5 illus.)
ISBN
9781461469100
9781461469094 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Urologic Diseases
Abstract
Pediatric Urology: Evidence for Optimal Patient Management provides pediatric urologists the information needed for state-of-the-art patient care. Chapters are organized around pertinent clinical questions within major areas of pediatric urology, answered using the best available data while also reporting areas for which there is poor evidence. The text includes randomized controlled trials and prospective observational studies, tables that summarize important studies, and figures that illustrate algorithms with best options for management and their expected results. With an easy to use format not found in other volumes, Pediatric Urology: Evidence for Optimal Patient Management is an indispensible and unique resource for experienced pediatric urologists, pediatric surgeons, general urologists with an interest in pediatric urology, as well as fellows and residents in training.
Contents
Urinary Tract Infection -- Vesicoureteral Reflux -- Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction -- Nocturnal Enuresis -- Undescended Testes -- Hernias and Hydroceles -- Testicular Torsion -- Varicocele -- Hypospadias -- Phimosis, Meatal Stenosis, and BXO -- Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction -- Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney -- Ureteroceles and Ectopic Ureters -- Non-Refluxing Megaureter -- Posterior Urethral Valves and Ureterovesicojunction Obstruction -- Neurogenic Bladder -- Urolithiasis.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Surgical Treatment for Advanced Heart Failure

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40734
Jeffrey A. Morgan, Yoshifumi Naka, editors. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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The treatment of end-stage heart failure with advanced surgical therapies has evolved significantly over the last several years and is a dynamic subspecialty within cardiac surgery. Surgical Treatment of Advanced Heart Failure describes the surgical management of advanced heart failure, including coronary artery revascularization, mitral valve repair, aortic valve replacement, ventricular remodeling, cardiac resynchronization, mechanical circulatory support with short-term devices for acute sta…
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Other Authors
Morgan, Jeffrey A
Naka, Yoshifumi
Responsibility
Jeffrey A. Morgan, Yoshifumi Naka, editors
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xi, 199 p. : 119 illus., 85 illus. in color)
ISBN
9781461469193
9781461469186 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures - methods
Heart Failure - surgery
Abstract
The treatment of end-stage heart failure with advanced surgical therapies has evolved significantly over the last several years and is a dynamic subspecialty within cardiac surgery. Surgical Treatment of Advanced Heart Failure describes the surgical management of advanced heart failure, including coronary artery revascularization, mitral valve repair, aortic valve replacement, ventricular remodeling, cardiac resynchronization, mechanical circulatory support with short-term devices for acute stabilization, long-term mechanical support as a bridge to transplant and for destination therapy, left ventricular assist devices, complete cardiac replacement with the total artificial heart, and cardiac transplantation. With contributions from a distinguished group of heart failure cardiologists and transplant surgeons, it is an authoritative resource for cardiac surgeons, cardiologists, and surgeons.
Contents
Principles of Heart Failure -- Algorithm for Treatment of Advanced Heart Failure -- Surgical Coronary Artery Revascularization in Patients with Advanced Ischemic Cardiomyopathy -- Mitral Valve Repair for Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation with Advanced Cardiomyopathy -- Aortic Valve Replacement for Severe Aortic Stenosis or Aortic Insufficiency with Advanced Left Ventricular Dysfunction -- Ventricular Remodeling for Ischemic Cardiomyopathy and Ventricular Asynergy Post Myocardial Infarction -- Cardiac Resynchronization in Advanced Heart Failure: Bi-ventricular Pacing -- Triage VADs: TandemHeart, Impella, and CentriMag -- Cardiac Transplantation -- Mechanical Circulatory Support as a Bridge to Transplantation -- Ventricular Assist Devices for Destination Therapy -- Newer-Generation Rotary Blood Pumps -- Total Artificial Heart -- Right Ventricular Dysfunction in Patients Undergoing Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation: Predictors, Management, and Device Utilization -- Ventricular Assist Devices and Transplantation for Adults with Congenital Heart Disease.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Surgical Management of Urolithiasis : Percutaneous, Shockwave and Ureteroscopy

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40735
Stephen Y. Nakada, Margaret S. Pearle, editors. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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Written entirely by surgical urologists, Surgical Management of Urolithiasis: Percutaneous, Shockwave and Ureteroscopy presents a comprehensive overview of the past, present, and future of surgical techniques, with a focus on educating urologists on the full spectrum of stone procedures. In addition to the technical issues, detailed complications are described. Basic as well as advanced techniques are presented in both a didactic and visual mode with representative endoscopic images and radiogr…
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Other Authors
Nakada, Stephen Y
Pearle, Margaret S
Responsibility
Stephen Y. Nakada, Margaret S. Pearle, editors
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 197 p. : 93 illus., 45 illus. in color)
ISBN
9781461469377
9781461469360 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Ureteroscopy - methods
Urolithiasis - surgery
Abstract
Written entirely by surgical urologists, Surgical Management of Urolithiasis: Percutaneous, Shockwave and Ureteroscopy presents a comprehensive overview of the past, present, and future of surgical techniques, with a focus on educating urologists on the full spectrum of stone procedures. In addition to the technical issues, detailed complications are described. Basic as well as advanced techniques are presented in both a didactic and visual mode with representative endoscopic images and radiographs. Recent advancements which are not routinely a core component of surgical training programs are also covered in detail. Compact and extensively illustrated, Surgical Management of Urolithiasis: Percutaneous, Shockwave and Ureteroscopy is a unique and valuable resource in the field of surgical urolithiasis, essential both for those currently in training and for those already in clinical practice.
Contents
Prone Percutaneous Access: Case Discussion--Caliceal Diverticular Calculi -- PCNL: Supine Technique -- Percutaneous Access to the Kidney: Endoscopic -- Percutaneous Stone Removal: Case Discussion on Stones in a Horseshoe Kidney -- Post Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Drainage -- Complications of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy -- Ureteroscopic Access: Sheaths, Balloons, and Wireless Approaches -- Ureteroscopy for Ureteral Stones: Case Discussion of Impacted Stone -- Ureteroscopy for Renal Stones with Case Discussion of Lower Pole Stones -- Ureteroscopy: Stents and Other Adjuncts -- Complications of Ureteroscopy -- ESWL Principles -- Improving Shockwave Lithotripsy Outcomes -- Complications of Shock Wave Lithotripsy.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Handbook of Methadone Prescribing and Buprenorphine Therapy

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40736
Ricardo A. Cruciani, Helena Knotkova, editors. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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Online
Methadone and buprenorphine are the only two opioids that are indicated for the management of both pain and opioid-related drug addiction. Both present unique challenges to the general practitioner and pain specialist, requiring a separate analysis from the rest of the drugs in the same family. Handbook of Methadone Prescribing and Buprenorphine Therapy is an invaluable guide to the safe use of these opioids. Authored by clinical and academic leaders from a variety of settings and backgrounds, …
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Other Authors
Cruciani, Ricardo A
Knotkova, Helena
Responsibility
Ricardo A. Cruciani, Helena Knotkova, editors
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xvii, 298 p. : 17 illus., 5 illus. in color)
ISBN
9781461469742
9781461469735 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Analgesics, Opioid - administration & dosage
Buprenorphine - therapeutic use
Methadone - therapeutic use
Opiate Substitution Treatment
Opioid-Related Disorders - drug therapy
Pain - drug therapy
Abstract
Methadone and buprenorphine are the only two opioids that are indicated for the management of both pain and opioid-related drug addiction. Both present unique challenges to the general practitioner and pain specialist, requiring a separate analysis from the rest of the drugs in the same family. Handbook of Methadone Prescribing and Buprenorphine Therapy is an invaluable guide to the safe use of these opioids. Authored by clinical and academic leaders from a variety of settings and backgrounds, this book includes chapters on pharmacology, adverse effects, safe rotation from other opioids, cardiac toxicity, prescribing, pharmacokinetics, equianalgesic dose, and replacement therapy. This comprehensive text provides clinicians, researchers, policy-makers and academicians a resource for all the relevant points in methadone prescribing and buprenorphine therapy.
Contents
1. Prescribing Methadone Safely -- 2. Use of Methadone in Opioid Maintenance Treatment -- 3. Treating Pain in Patients Receiving Methadone Maintenance for Opioid Dependence -- 4. Methadone Side Effects: Constipation, Respiratory Depression, Sedation, Sleep- Disordered Breathing, and the Endocrine System -- 5. Cardiovascular Effects of Methadone -- 6. Methadone Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetics -- 7. Methadone and Opioid Rotation -- 8. Intravenous Use of Methadone: Efficacy and Safety -- 9. Methadone Hyperalgesia -- 10. Buprenorphine Analgesia in Chronic Pain -- 11. Buprenorphine in Maintenance Therapy -- 12. Buprenorphine Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetics -- 13. Buprenorphine Metabolism and Drug–Drug Interactions -- 14. Buprenorphine: Side Effects and Tolerability -- 15. Buprenorphine and Opioid Rotation -- 16. Methadone and Buprenorphine Use During the Perinatal Period -- 17. Methadone and Buprenorphine Prescribing in the Palliative Care Population -- 18. Methadone Prescribing in the Sickle Cell Patient -- 19. Methadone and Buprenorphine Analgesia in Older Patients.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Radiation Therapy for Skin Cancer

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40737
Armand B. Cognetta Jr., William M. Mendenhall, editors. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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Superficial radiation has been utilized by dermatologists for skin cancer and inflammatory diseases since the early 1900s. This textbook is the progeny of multiple previous editors from 1926 on dedicated to its safe and effective usage of radiation therapy. The rapid advancements in the field of Radiation Oncology, including electron beam therapy and tomotherapy, alongside the introduction of corticosteroids for dermatologic disorders and advancement in cutaneous surgery, have until recently ec…
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Other Authors
Cognetta Jr., Armand B
Mendenhall, William M
Responsibility
Armand B. Cognetta Jr., William M. Mendenhall, editors
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xii, 251 p. : 50 illus., 38 illus. in color)
ISBN
9781461469865
9781461469858 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Radiotherapy - methods
Skin Neoplasms - radiotherapy
Abstract
Superficial radiation has been utilized by dermatologists for skin cancer and inflammatory diseases since the early 1900s. This textbook is the progeny of multiple previous editors from 1926 on dedicated to its safe and effective usage of radiation therapy. The rapid advancements in the field of Radiation Oncology, including electron beam therapy and tomotherapy, alongside the introduction of corticosteroids for dermatologic disorders and advancement in cutaneous surgery, have until recently eclipsed the utilization of this safe and effective modality. Dermatologists look to our Radiation Oncology colleagues for help with many complex cancer scenarios, such as deeply invasive head and neck squamous cell carcinomas with or without perineural invasion, Merkel Cell Carcinoma, various sarcomas, and certain melanomas ranging from lentigo maligna to metastatic melanoma. This textbook has a greatly expanded section that will serve as a vital reference for all cutaneous oncologists.
Contents
1. Physical Aspects of Dermatological Radiotherapy -- 2. Radiobiology -- 3. Radiation and Cell Kinetics -- 4. Radiation Safety and Protection -- 5. Adverse Sequelae of Cutaneous Radiation and Radio Dermatitis -- 6. Treatment Planning -- 7. Current Use of Dermatologic Radiotherapy in the United States and Canada -- 8. Radiation Therapy of Cutaneous Malignancies -- 9. Electron Beam in Dermatology -- 10. Brachioradiotherapy in Dermatology -- 11. Radiation of Benign Dermatoses -- 12. Ultrasoft Radiation (Grenz Ray) -- 13. Radiation Treatment of Skin Lymphomas -- 14. Radiation Therapy for Perineural Invasion -- 15. Radiation For Kaposi's Sarcoma -- 16. Equipment and Financial Aspects of Radiation in a Dermatologic Office Setting (Getting Started).
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40738
Rachel E. Golden, Charles B. Collins, Shayna D. Cunningham, Emily N. Newman, Josefina J. Card. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention Rachel E. Golden, Charles B. Collins, Shayna D. Cunningham, Emily N. Newman, and Josefina J. Card In the fourth decade of the HIV epidemic, the signs are both encouraging and alarming: fewer people are dying, and more people are living longer with the help of powerful antivirals, yet many areas of the world are seeing new cases on the rise. Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention reports on successful HIV prevention ini…
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Author
Golden, Rachel E
Other Authors
Collins, Charles B
Cunningham, Shayna D
Newman, Emily N
Card, Josefina J
Responsibility
Rachel E. Golden, Charles B. Collins, Shayna D. Cunningham, Emily N. Newman, Josefina J. Card
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (viii, 352 p. : ill.)
ISBN
9781461470137
9781461470120 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Evidence-Based Medicine
Harm Reduction
Health Policy
Health Promotion
HIV Infections - prevention & control
Public Health
Safe Sex
Abstract
Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention Rachel E. Golden, Charles B. Collins, Shayna D. Cunningham, Emily N. Newman, and Josefina J. Card In the fourth decade of the HIV epidemic, the signs are both encouraging and alarming: fewer people are dying, and more people are living longer with the help of powerful antivirals, yet many areas of the world are seeing new cases on the rise. Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention reports on successful HIV prevention initiatives from across the globe, representing countries in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas at diverse stages of the epidemic. Spotlighting major worldwide objectives--decreasing risks in IV drug use, commercial sex work, and non-commercial sexual activity and promoting HIV screening, voluntary counseling and testing (VCT), and antiretroviral therapy--these rigorously evaluated interventions are analyzed at individual and community levels. Chapters discuss issues regarding availability and accessibility of resources and populations' receptivity to change. And the authors examine related ethical challenges, including whether interventions should also target larger problems fueling the epidemic such as poverty and inequality. Among the programs featured: U.S.: Legal access to needles and syringes; China: Needle social marketing; Tanzania: Go with the Times, a radio soap opera; Dominican Republic: Compromiso Collectivo for female sex workers; France: Prenatal HIV screening; South Africa: Drama-based intervention to promote VCT. These life-saving initiatives are worthy of wider recognition, making Best Evidence Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention a superior reference for graduate students and researchers in public health, HIV/AIDS prevention, and health policy. Policymakers and planners will also find these ideas of great importance.
Contents
1. Introduction -- 2. Overview of Structural Interventions to Decrease Injection Drug-Use Risk -- Case Study 1: Legalization of Needle and Syringe Sale and Possession: Effect on Connecticut Injection Drug Users’ Injection Practices -- Case Study 2: The SHAKTI Intervention in Bangladesh: (Stopping HIV/AIDS through Knowledge and Training Initiatives) A Needle Exchange Program’s Effect on Injection Drug Users’ Injection -- Case Study 3: Providing a Safer Injection Facility to Injection Drug Users: InSite: A Safer Injection Facility in Vancouver, British Columbia -- Case Study 4: Needle Social Marketing Strategy in China: Effect on Chinese Injection Drug Users’ Injection Practices -- Case Study 5: The Vietnam and China Cross-Border Project: Effect on HIV Risk Behaviors of Injection Drug Users -- 3. Overview of Structural Interventions to Decrease Noncommercial Sex Risk -- Case Study 6: Louisiana’s Condom Social Marketing Program: Effect of Improved Availability and Access on Use -- Case Study 7: Promoting Sexual Responsibility Among Youth in Zimbabwe: Effect of an Extensive Multimedia Campaign on Indicators of Safer Sex -- Case Study 8: The 100% Jeune Social Marketing Campaign: Effect on Condom Use Among Youth in Cameroon -- Case Study 9: Twenda na Wakati (Lets Go with the Times): Effects of a Radio Soap Opera on HIV/AIDS Prevention in Tanzania -- Case Study 10: A Safer Sex Media Campaign in Lexington, Kentucky: Using Public Service Announcements to Promote Condom Use -- 4. Overview of Structural Interventions to Decrease Commercial Sex Risk -- Case Study 11: Mandatory Condom Law in Nevada Brothels: Using Policy to Change Condom Use Practices -- Case Study 12: Compromiso Collectivo: Reducing HIV Risk Among Female Sex Workers in the Dominican Republic -- Case Study 13: A Social and Structural Intervention in the Philippines: Effect on Condom Use of Establishment- Based Female Sex Workers -- Case Study 14: The 100 % Condom Program in Thailand: Using Public Policy Change to Increase Condom Use in Brothels -- Case Study 15: The Sonagachi Project: Empowering Sex Workers in the Songagchi District of Calcutta, India -- 5. Overview of Structural Interventions to Increase Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) and Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) -- Case Study 16: Mandatory Offering of HIV Screening During Prenatal Visits: The Experience of Southeastern France in Response to National Policy -- Case Study 17: Free Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy in Taiwan: Effect of a Country-Wide Policy on HIV Transmission -- Case Study 18: A Drama-Based HIV Intervention in South Africa: Effect on Voluntary Counseling and Testing -- 6. Conclusion.
Format
e-Book
Publication Type
Case Reports
Location
Online
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Atlas of Soft Tissue Tumor Pathology

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40739
Cyril Fisher. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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Soft tissue tumors are a large and heterogeneous group of tumors and pseudotumors with a spectrum of behavior from benign to frankly malignant. This Atlas of Soft Tissue Tumor Pathology provides an overview of reactive, pseudoneoplastic, benign and intermediate neoplasms, sarcomas and related conditions arising in subcutaneous and deep soft tissues. Emphasis is placed on microscopic appearances with correlation with gross diagnostic findings where relevant. In addition, the immunohistochemical …
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Author
Fisher, Cyril
Responsibility
Cyril Fisher
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 184 p. : 566 illus. in color)
Series Title
Atlas of anatomic pathology
ISBN
9781461470250
9781461470243 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Soft tissue neoplasms - pathology
Abstract
Soft tissue tumors are a large and heterogeneous group of tumors and pseudotumors with a spectrum of behavior from benign to frankly malignant. This Atlas of Soft Tissue Tumor Pathology provides an overview of reactive, pseudoneoplastic, benign and intermediate neoplasms, sarcomas and related conditions arising in subcutaneous and deep soft tissues. Emphasis is placed on microscopic appearances with correlation with gross diagnostic findings where relevant. In addition, the immunohistochemical and molecular genetic features of the major soft tissue tumor subtypes are presented. This compendium of soft tissue tumors illustrates the vast majority of diseases you are likely to encounter in surgical pathology.
Contents
1. Tumors of Adipose Tissue -- 2. Chondroid and Osseous Tumors of Soft Tissue -- 3. Benign Fibroblastic and Myofibroblastic Lesions -- 4. Intermediate and Malignant Fibroblastic and Myofibroblastic Tumors -- 5. Fibrohistiocytic Lesions -- 6. Genital Stromal Tumors -- 7. Mesothelial Lesions -- 8. Myoepithelial Tumors -- 9. Nerve Sheath Tumors -- 10. Neuroectodermal and Neural Tumors -- 11. Tumors of Pericytes -- 12. Skeletal Muscle Tumors -- 13. Smooth Muscle Tumors -- 14. Vascular Lesions -- 15. Tumors of Uncertain Differentiation -- 16. Other Lesions.
Format
e-Book
Publication Type
Atlas
Location
Online
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Quick Hits in Emergency Medicine

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40740
Brandon Allen, Latha Ganti, Bobby Desai. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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Location
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For important information you need to know, but can't remember, turn to QUICK HITS IN EMERGENCY MEDICINE. This practical, short compendium contains the key decision-rules, clinical values, mnemonics, and dosages that you need at your finger tips in the ED. It covers everything from acute coronary syndrome and ACLS, to electrolyte equations and hyperkalemia, to ventilator settings by disease to Wellen's syndrome. Information on each topic is limited to a single page and presented in easily diges…
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Author
Allen, Brandon
Other Authors
Ganti, Latha
Desai, Bobby
Responsibility
Brandon Allen, Latha Ganti, Bobby Desai
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 133 p. : 37 illus., 26 illus. in color)
ISBN
9781461470373
9781461470366 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Emergency Medicine
Abstract
For important information you need to know, but can't remember, turn to QUICK HITS IN EMERGENCY MEDICINE. This practical, short compendium contains the key decision-rules, clinical values, mnemonics, and dosages that you need at your finger tips in the ED. It covers everything from acute coronary syndrome and ACLS, to electrolyte equations and hyperkalemia, to ventilator settings by disease to Wellen's syndrome. Information on each topic is limited to a single page and presented in easily digested formats such as tables, algorithms, bulleted lists, and clinical illustrations.
Contents
1. ACLS -- 2. Intubation, Airway, and Mechanical Ventilation -- 3. Sepsis and Resuscitation -- 4. Pulmonary Decision Rules and COPD -- 5. Fluid and Electrolytes -- 6. Neurology -- 7. Trauma and ATLS -- 8. Head CT Decision Rules and Intracranial Hemorrhage -- 9. Cervical Spine Injury and Decision Rules -- 10. CXR Interpretation -- 11. Orthopedics and Decision Rules -- 12. Cardiology -- 13. GI Bleeding/Hemorrhage -- 14. Hematology -- 15. Toxicology -- 16. Ultrasound and Pregnancy -- 17. The Red Eye -- 18. Pediatrics -- 19. Head and Neck -- 20. Statistics -- 21. Infusions, Pressors, and RSI.
Format
e-Book
Publication Type
Handbook
Location
Online
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Near Misses in Pediatric Anesthesia

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40741
John G. Brock-Utne. (Second edition) --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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Authored by a superb clinician and award-winning teacher, Near Misses in Pediatric Anesthesiology, Second Edition is a thorough updating and significant expansion of this popular case book in the newest anesthesiology subspecialty to be approved by the American Board of Medical Specialties. The book comprises 87 true-story clinical "near misses", including 40 cases that are brand new. Recommendations, references, and discussion accompany each case. The cases provide an ideal basis for problem-c…
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Author
Brock-Utne, John G
Responsibility
John G. Brock-Utne
Edition
Second edition
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xvi, 274 p. : 17 illus., 10 illus. in color)
ISBN
9781461470403
9781461470397 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Anesthesia
Anesthesia - adverse effects
Abstract
Authored by a superb clinician and award-winning teacher, Near Misses in Pediatric Anesthesiology, Second Edition is a thorough updating and significant expansion of this popular case book in the newest anesthesiology subspecialty to be approved by the American Board of Medical Specialties. The book comprises 87 true-story clinical "near misses", including 40 cases that are brand new. Recommendations, references, and discussion accompany each case. The cases provide an ideal basis for problem-centered learning and also model how to learn from experience and to maintain professionalism during the lifelong development of clinical expertise. Dr. Brock-Utne's latest case book provides a pediatric complement to his bestselling Case Studies of Near Misses in Clinical Anesthesia (Springer, 2012) and Clinical Anesthesia: Near Misses and Lessons Learned (Springer, 2008).--Jay B. Brodsky, MD, from the Foreword.
Contents
1. Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy under General Anesthesia -- 2. Sudden Anesthesia System Failure -- 3. Broviac Catheter Placement in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit -- 4. Occluded Reinforced (Armored) Endotracheal Tube -- 5. The Too-Small Rigid Bronchoscope -- 6. Anaphylaxis, Anaphylactoid Reaction, Or What Was It? -- 7. Generalized Convulsions after Regional Anesthesia -- 8. Hypotension during Microdiscectomy -- 9. Intraoperative Hypotension in a Patient Receiving Chronic Steroids -- 10.: Changing a Nasotracheal Tube for an Oral Tube in the Intensive Care Unit -- 11. Blocked Intravenous Line during Rapid-Sequence Induction -- 12. Postinduction Difficult Intubation -- 13. Blunt Upper Airway Trauma in a Patient with Recent Polysubstance Abuse -- 14. The Stuck Elevator -- 15. Postoperative Upper Airway Obstruction -- 16. Postoperative Respiratory Complications in a Neonate -- 17. Pregnant Teenager with a Bad Outcome -- 18. Tension Pneumoperitoneum -- 19. A Patient with Status Asthmaticus -- 20. Intraoperative Decrease in Electrocardiogram Amplitude: Cause for Concern? -- 21. Potential Disaster: An Intravenous Line That Stops Working in the Perioperative Phase -- 22. Ventilatory Management in Major Thoracic Incisional Injury -- 23. Airway Leak in a Prone Patient -- 24. Difficulty in Extubation -- 25. Tonsillectomy -- 26. An Unusual Cause of a Serious Cardiac Arrhythmia -- 27. A Patient with Supraglottic Mass -- 28. Pressurized Intravenous Hetastarch -- 29. Intraoperative Hypotension -- 30. Hematuria -- 31. Congenital Complete Heart Block -- 32. Neonatal Respiratory Distress -- 33. Respiratory Distress in the Intensive Care Unit -- 34. The Butterfly Needle (Abbott) -- 35. Hypotension on Induction of Anesthesia in a Trauma Patient -- 36. Delayed Postoperative Respiratory Obstruction -- 37. An Abnormal Capnogram -- 38. Retropharyngeal Abscess -- 39. Rising End-Tidal Carbon Dioxide -- 40. Acute Abdomen -- 41. Difficulty in Ventilation in the Postinduction Period -- 42. Unexplained Low Oxygen Saturation -- 43. Occlusion of an Endotracheal Tube in a Neonate -- 44. Surgical Emphysema after a Motor Vehicle Accident -- 45. Postoperative Respiratory Arrest -- 46. Rapid Increase in Body Temperature after Induction of General Anesthesia -- 47. Intraoperative "Oozing" -- 48. A Tip for Nasotracheal Intubation -- 49. Aof Anisocoria Following General Anesthesia -- 50. A Routine Tonsil- and Adenoidectomy -- 51. Drug Overdose -- 52. Cardiac Arrest in a Neonate -- 53. Bilateral Tourniquets. Beware -- 54. Neurofibromatosis. A Warning -- 55. A Machine Failure -- 56. A Severe Case of Bronchospasm -- 57. A Peanut in the Airway -- 58. A Sprinkler Spike Lodged in a Patient's Head -- 59. Infusion of Cold Blood. Should We Worry? -- 60. Respiratory Arrest after Extubation -- 61. Sudden Increase in End-Tidal CO2 -- 62. A Case of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) -- 63. Intraoperative Airway Obstruction -- 64. An Anterior Mediastinal Mass. What Will You Do? -- 65. A "Routine" MRI-- 66. A Serious Problem during Neurosurgery -- 67. A Case of Severe Intra-abdominal Pressure -- 68. A Case of Severe Laryngospasm -- 69. An ETT Suction Problem -- 70. A Child Refusing an Operation -- 71. Why So Sleepy? -- 72. Check Your Facts -- 73. A Strange Capnogram -- 74. Relying on Others -- 75. Monitored Anesthesia Care.á Watch Out -- 76. An Intermittently Worrisome Capnography Trace -- 77. Cardiac Arrest at the Conclusion of Neurosurgery -- 78. Watch Out -- 79. A Complication of Central Venous Cannulation? -- 80. An Example of Murphy's Law -- 81. A Tragic Case -- 82. Hemoptysis from a 2-Month Tracheostomy -- 83. A Potentially Serious Incident -- 84. Rusty Material in an Oxygen Flow Meter -- 85. A Surprising Solution to an Airway Emergency -- 86. An Airway Leak in the ICU -- 87. Pediatric Dental Anesthesia.
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Smoking Prevention and Cessation

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40742
Giuseppe La Torre. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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The cravings, the compulsive behaviors, the potential fatal health consequences--once considered relatively harmless, tobacco use is now understood to have addictive properties similar to those of hard drugs. Dependence on tobacco and nicotine from smoking, chewing, or other means affects millions around the world, and for countless people it remains resistant to efforts to quit despite the level of intervention or number of attempts. Smoking Prevention and Cessation addresses this longstanding…
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Author
La Torre, Giuseppe
Responsibility
Giuseppe La Torre
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (viii, 478 p. : ill.)
ISBN
9781461470465
9781461470458 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Smoking Cessation
Smoking Prevention
Tobacco Smoking - adverse effects
Tobacco Use Disorder - therapy
Abstract
The cravings, the compulsive behaviors, the potential fatal health consequences--once considered relatively harmless, tobacco use is now understood to have addictive properties similar to those of hard drugs. Dependence on tobacco and nicotine from smoking, chewing, or other means affects millions around the world, and for countless people it remains resistant to efforts to quit despite the level of intervention or number of attempts. Smoking Prevention and Cessation addresses this longstanding problem on various biological, societal, and psychological fronts. This extensively researched volume traces the mechanics of smoking initiation, nicotine dependence and withdrawal, and motivation to quit. Chapters analyze smoking as a global public health issue, review the epidemiology of smoking-related disease, and evaluate prevention and cessation interventions (pharmacology included) as applied to different settings and populations. The detailed, data-rich presentation gives readers a rounded, realistic understanding of smoking on a worldwide level as the book: Introduces measurement tools for gauging nicotine dependence; Examines the media in tobacco advertising and smoking prevention messages; Analyzes "what works" in prevention approaches; Compares the efficacy of cessation interventions; Pinpoints issues specific to smoking among health professionals and youth; Reviews economic, bioethics, and policy issues related to smoking. Researchers and graduate students in public health, health promotion, behavioral medicine, and smoking cessation will find Smoking Prevention and Cessation a unique reference packed with evidence-based insights and practical, workable ideas.
Contents
1. From nicotine dependence to motivation to stop smoking -- 1.1 Introduction: Denial and Delay -- 1.2 Tobacco and nicotine -- 1.2.1 What is Nicotine? -- 1.3 Addiction and Nicotine addiction -- 1.4 Nicotine withdrawal -- 1.5 How to measure nicotine dependence -- 1.5.1 Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire -- 1.5.2 Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence -- 1.6 Motivation to stop smoking -- 2. State of the art of smoking habits in the world -- 2.1 Introduction: the tobacco epidemic -- 2.2 Data on incidence, prevalence, by gender, age-groups, ethnic groups -- 2.2.1 Tobacco consumption by gender and adults in the six major regions of the world -- 2.2.2 Tobacco consumption by adolescents in the six major regions of the world -- 2.2.3 Ethnic groups -- 2.3 Passive smoking -- 2.3.1 Secondhand smoking -- 2.3.2 Thirdhand smoking -- 3. Smoking-related diseases epidemiology -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Cardiovascular diseases -- 3.2.1 Coronary Heart Disease -- 3.2.2 Hypertension -- 3.2.3 Cerebro-Vascular Disease -- 3.2.4 Aortic Aneurism -- 3.3 Respiratory diseases -- 3.3.1 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) -- 3.3.2 Chronic Bronchitis -- 3.3.3 Emphysema -- 3.3.4 Asthma -- 3.4 Cancers: main smoking-related cancers -- 3.4.1 Lung Cancer -- 3.4.2 Cancer of the Larynx -- 3.4.3 Cancer of the Oesophagus -- 3.4.4 Lower urinary tract -- 3.4.5 Pancreatic Cancer -- 3.4.6 Stomach Cancer -- 3.4.7 Breast Cancer -- 3.4 Other diseases -- 3.4.1 Acne -- 3.4.2 Low Birth Weight -- 3.4.3 Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) -- 3.4.4. Maculophaty -- 3.4.5 Smoking related allergy -- 3.4.6 Early Menopause -- 4. Smoking-related cancer epidemiology -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Cancers: main smoking-related cancers -- 4.3 Lung Cancer -- 4.4 Cancer of the Larynx -- 4.5 Cancer of the Esophagus -- 4.6 Lower urinary tract -- 4.7 Pancreatic Cancer -- 4.8 Stomach Cancer -- 4.9 Breast Cancer -- 5. Classical determinants of smoking initiation -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 The role of the family -- 5.3 The peer -- 5.3.1 Peer Socialization -- 5.3.2 Peer Selection -- 5.4 The society -- 5.5 Personal characteristics -- 6. Smoking prevention -- 6.1 Introduction: Smoking prevention at school -- 6.1.1.Data on incidence and prevalence among adolescents -- 6.1.2 Smoking prevention interventions at school -- 6.1.3 Community interventions -- 6.1.4 Evidence-based recommendations and guidelines -- 6.2 Smoking prevention in the workplace: Introduction -- 6.2.1 Data on incidence and prevalence among workers -- 6.2.2 Workplace interventions for smoking cessation -- 6.2.3 Smoking-free workplace legislation -- 6.3 Smoke free legislation -- 7. Smoking Prevention Through Mass Media Campaigns -- 7.1 Mass Media campaigns -- 7.1.1 Mass Media campaigns definition -- 7.1.2 The use of mass media campaigns in Public Health -- 7.1.3 Identifying the target audience -- 7.1.4 Characteristics of the message: design, contents, emotional appeal and source -- 7.1.5 Dissemination strategy and channelá characteristics -- 7.2 Mass Media campaigns in smoking prevention strategies -- 7.2.1 Formative research, theory and evaluation -- 7.2.2 Audience segmentation -- 7.2.3 Message appeal, contents, format and tone -- 7.2.4 Channel selection and message placement -- 7.3 Overview of the theoretical approaches of tobacco control mass media campaigns -- 7.3.1 Input-output persuasion model -- 7.3.2 Health beliefs model -- 7.3.3 Theory of reasoned action (Theory of planned behavior) -- 7.3.4 Integrative model of behavior change -- 7.3.5 Trans-theoretical model (or State of Changes) -- 7.3.6 Social learning (cognitive) theory (Bandura A. 1977) -- 7.4 Mass Media Campaigns: overview of scientific evidence -- 7.4.1 Overview of scientific literature -- 7.4.2 Effectiveness, opportunities and shortcomings of mass media campaigns in preventing smoking initiation -- 7.4.3 Characteristics of Effective Mass Media Campaigns -- 7.4.4 Expert conclusions on Mass Media Public Education Campaigns -- 7.4.5 Identified research gaps -- 7.5 Mass Media Campaigns: evidence into practice -- 7.5.1 Main umbrella organizations involved (e.g.WHO,EU. OECD) -- 7.5.2 The World Health Organization -- 7.5.3 The European community -- 7.5.4 Main National Public Health Agencies, including guidance/best practices delivery agencies -- 7.6 Smoking Prevention: Mass Media campaigns worldwide -- 7.6.1 Worldwide Mass Media campaigns targeted at general population and at specific demographic groups -- 8. How to tackle smoking at the population level -- 8.1 The Tobacco free Framework -- 8.2 EU legislation on tobacco -- 8.3 Package advertising -- 9. Smoking among health professionals -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Smoking among Medical doctors -- 9.3 Smoking Prevalence among Nurses -- 9.4 Public awareness about smoking habits among Health Professionals -- 9.5 Smoking among health profession students -- 10. Basic principles of smoking cessation techniques -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Transtheoretical approach Model (TTM) -- 10.2.1 Precontemplation -- 10.2.2 Contemplation.-10.2.3 Preparation -- 10.2.4 Action -- 10.2.5 Maintenance -- 10.3 What is counseling? -- 10.3.1 Counseling for Smoking Cessation -- 10.3.2 Administrative aspects of counseling -- 10.4 The 5 As and 3As approaches -- 10.4.1 5A's -- 10.4.2 3A's -- 10.5 The evidence of counseling -- 10.6 Medication for drug cessation -- 10.6.1 First-line medications -- 10.6.1.1 Nicotine Replacement Medications -- 10.6.1.2 Products not containing Nicotine -- 10.6.1.3 The evidence of efficacy of first-line medications -- 11. Smoking cessation among different settings -- 11.1 Smoking cessation in the general population -- 11.2 Smoking cessation in the clinical setting -- 11.3 Smoking cessation in the workplace -- 11.4 Smoking cessation among healthcare professionals -- 11.4.1 Introduction -- 11.4.2 The key role of health care providers in smoking cessation -- 11.4.3 Prevalence of tobacco consumption among health care professionals -- 11.4.4 Implementation of smoking cessation strategies: a review of current scientific literature -- 11.4.5 Compared efficacy of various smoking cessation interventions -- 11.4.6 Conclusions -- 12. Media and Smoking Cessation -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 The Allen Carr book on "How to quit smoking" -- 12.3 Information on the Web -- 12.4 Web-based courses -- 13. Ethical aspects of tobacco smoking -- 13.1 Tobacco- smoking and public awareness : What Are the Risks? -- 13.1.1 Tobacco is not just killing smokers -- 13.1.2 Do Smokers Voluntarily Accept the Risks? -- 13.2 Individual rights -- 13.2.1 Types and importance of individual rights: public health and other perspectives -- 13.2.2 Human Rights -- 13.2.3 Assumption: the Concept of "Public Health" -- 13.3 Bioethical basis for global tobacco control -- 13.3.2 Principles of bioethics -- 13.3.3 Political outcomes -- 13.3.4 Legal Paternalism, Nanny-statism, and the Defense of Public Health against Environmental Tobacco Smoke -- 13.3.5 Social action: Is there a 'right' to advertise? -- 13.3.6 Tobacco taxation and public health: ethical problems, policy responses -- 13.3.7 Restrictions on smoking in public places -- 13.3.8 Education, information and physician's responsibility in promoting the patient's health in the community, strongly supported by ethical arguments grounded in medical professionalism -- 13.4 Burden of disease attributable to tobacco use and Tobacco-related costs -- 14. Economic issues related to tobacco smoking -- 14.1 Production and supply of tobacco products -- 14.1.1 Growing and manufacturing tobacco -- 14.1.2 The costs of production -- 14.1.3 Tobacco growing and manufacturing external effects -- 14.1.4 Production policies -- 14.2 Selling strategies and demand of tobacco products -- 14.2.1 Models of demand for tobacco products -- 14.2.2 Imperfectly rational addiction models -- 14.2.3 Myopic rational addiction models -- 14.2.4 Rational addiction -- 14.2.5 Behavioral models -- 14.2.6 Policy issues: prices, taxation and incentives -- 14.2.7 Advertising -- 14.2.8 Market diversification and emerging markets -- 14.3 Caring for smoking related illnesses.
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