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AIDS Activism, Science and Community Across Three Continents

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat41412
Robert Lorway. --Cham: Springer , 2017.
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This book critically examines the many complex entanglements between AIDS activism and HIV science. It takes readers on a medical anthropological expedition across time and space that highlights the stakes from the perspective of those most affected by the epidemic. Author Robert Lorway reveals how early in the HIV epidemic, amid inadequate government leadership, communities of people living with and directly affected by HIV and AIDS rose to become a vital force at the forefront of prevention r…
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Author
Lorway, Robert
Responsibility
Robert Lorway
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
2017
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxiv, 153 pages) : 14 illus.
Series Title
Social aspects of HIV
ISBN
9783319421995
9783319421971 (print ed.)
ISSN
2509-6559
Subjects (MeSH)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - psychology
Community Health Services
HIV infections - psychology
Patient Advocacy
Sociological Factors
Abstract
This book critically examines the many complex entanglements between AIDS activism and HIV science. It takes readers on a medical anthropological expedition across time and space that highlights the stakes from the perspective of those most affected by the epidemic. Author Robert Lorway reveals how early in the HIV epidemic, amid inadequate government leadership, communities of people living with and directly affected by HIV and AIDS rose to become a vital force at the forefront of prevention responses. Yet now, more than three decades later, HIV prevention and treatment is increasingly being placed under the jurisdiction of clinical, epidemiological, and management scientific expertise. In this kind of context, where does activism figure into the possibility of more democratized collaborations between affected communities, scientists, and policy makers? Coverage draws upon the findings from an array of community research projects conducted in Canada, India, and Kenya over a 22-year period. It weaves together rich, original data sources that range from in-depth qualitative interviews, field notes, and primary and secondary archival document retrievals in these three regions. Offering a rich diversity in perspectives, this book tackles the broader themes related to global health policy, science, and transnational activism at the same time as it highlights the experiences and local arenas where debates about activism and science play out. In the end, Lorway questions the growing expectation for affected communities themselves to produce sound evidence to legitimize their advocacy projects. He calls for the planners and implementers of biomedically oriented HIV research and interventions to more meaningfully engage with communities in ways that de-monopolize decision making as a matter of ethics and improved scientific practice.
Contents
Introduction -- Section I. Canada: Professionalization -- 1. A Vital Response -- 2. Treatment Rebellions -- Section II. India: Techno-Bureaucratization -- 3. Geographies of Intervention -- 4. Documenting Sovereignty -- III. Kenya: Bioexperimentalization -- 5. A South-to-South Collaboration -- 6. The Logic of Verification -- Conclusion.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Couples with Mixed HIV Status : Beyond Positive/Negative

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat41434
Asha Persson, Shana D. Hughes, editors. --Cham: Springer , 2017.
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This edited volume presents a detailed portrait of couples living with mixed HIV status, where one partner is HIV-positive and the other negative. Readers will come to understand the various and complex ways in which these mixed-status, or serodiscordant couples build a life together within the shadow of HIV-related stigma. Spanning the globe, coverage explores serodiscordance as a negotiated practice and process, inseparable from the social context in which it is situated. The book shows how c…
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Other Authors
Persson, Asha
Hughes, Shana D.
Responsibility
Asha Persson, Shana D. Hughes, editors
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
2017
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxv, 276 pages) : 7 illus.
Series Vol.
2
Series Title
Social aspects of HIV
ISBN
9783319427256
9783319427232 (print ed.)
ISSN
2509-6559
Subjects (MeSH)
Cross-Cultural Comparison
HIV Seronegativity
HIV Seropositivity - ethnology
HIV Seropositivity - psychology
Spouses - ethnology
Other Subjects
United States - ethnology
Abstract
This edited volume presents a detailed portrait of couples living with mixed HIV status, where one partner is HIV-positive and the other negative. Readers will come to understand the various and complex ways in which these mixed-status, or serodiscordant couples build a life together within the shadow of HIV-related stigma. Spanning the globe, coverage explores serodiscordance as a negotiated practice and process, inseparable from the social context in which it is situated. The book shows how couples draw on diverse and sometimes contradictory cultural discourses of medicine, romance, and "normality" to make sense of and manage their mixed HIV status and any perceived risks, not uncommonly in ways that depart from prevailing HIV prevention messages. Throughout, compelling personal stories accompany the empirical research, sharing the firsthand experiences of men and women in serodiscordant relationships. Bringing together research from diverse disciplines and geographical regions, this book contributes important insights for future HIV health promotion as well as offers new knowledge to scholarship on the cultural intersections of illness and intimacy. It will appeal to a broad audience working across the fields of HIV, health, gender, sexuality, development, and human rights.
Contents
Foreword: Emeritus Professor Susan Kippax -- Preface and Acknowledgments -- Contributors -- Abbreviations -- Introduction: Making "Difference": New Perspectives on HIV Serodiscordance / Asha Persson & Shana D. Hughes -- PART I. Biomedicine, Change & Diversity: Conceptualising Serodiscordance : The Science Made Me Do it! A Journey toward Reimagining Myself as Non-infectious: Serodiscordant Sexuality in the Age of TasP / Pluto Savage -- "PrEP Makes My Relationship Even More Normal": The Discursive Production of Hope in the Context of HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis among Young Adults with Partners Living with HIV Infection in California / Kimberley Koester, Xavier A Erguera & Janet Myers -- Seeking Sero-harmony: Changing Conceptualisations of Sero-difference and Sero-status in Australia / John Rule & Sean Slavin -- Situating Serodiscordance: Living in Relationships with Mixed HIV Status in Different Local, Historical and Biomedical Realities / Angela Kelly-Hanku -- HIV Serodiscordant Couples and the Discourse of Normality: Reconciling Biomedical and Social Meanings in Porto Alegre, Brazil / Shana D. Hughes -- Exploring the Relational Complexity of Serodiscordance: Negotiating Violence, Temporality and Diaspora / Annette-Carina van der Zaag & Ulla McKnight -- PART II. Stigma, Culture & Gender: Contextualising Serodiscordance: Conversations with two African American and Indian Women: Sunshine after the Rain & Red Reminds Me / Stacy Jennings, USA -- Be the Change You Want to See / Jyoti Dhawale-Surve, Mumbai -- Intimacy, Support and Social Connectivity: Experiences of HIV Serodiscordant Relationships among Black African People Living in England / Adam Bourne, John Owuor & Catherine Dodds -- Stigma, Sex and Family Life: Serodiscordance in Henan Province, China / Kumi Smith, Huixin Liu, Junjue Wang, Wensheng He, Gail E. Henderson, William C. Miller & Ning Wang -- Reconciling Serodiscordance: Lived Experiences of Mixed HIV Status Relationships in Ethiopia / Yordanos M. Tiruneh, Yemane Berhane & Ira B. Wilson -- Dialectics of Gender and Health: The Case of HIV Serodiscordance in Uganda / Robert Wyrod -- Planning to be a Parent in HIV Sero-Different Relationships in Ireland: A Critical Gender Analysis / Carmel Kelly & Maria Lohan -- Serodiscordance and Gender Dynamics in Indian Culture / Sangeeta Sharma Dhaor -- PART III. Love, Risk & Relationships: Negotiating Serodiscordance: Treatment as Prevention: A Love Story / Caroline Watson -- Relationships between Serodiscordant Gay Male Couples in Lima, Peru: Sero-Disclosure and Living with Serodiscordance / Kelika Konda, Clara Sandoval & Lizzete Najarro -- "HIV-Positivity and HIV-Negativity; Two Sides of the Same Coin": Narratives of Greek HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative Gay Men on HIV and Intimate Relationships / Valantis Papathanasiou -- "Because we're so in Love": The Experiences of HIV-negative and HIV-positive Partners in Serodiscordant Relationships in Vietnam / Khuat Thi Hai Oanh, Sally Cameron, & Lan Nguyen -- Negotiating 'Sero-Imbalances" within HIV Serodiscordant Relationships in Canada: A Pilot Inquiry / Amrita Daftary, Joshua Mendelsohn & Liviana Calzavara -- Pills, Providers and Partners: Exploring Trust among Serodiscordant Couples in Australia / Christy Newman, Asha Persson & Jeanne Ellard.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Structural Dynamics of HIV : Risk, Resilience and Response

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat43207
Deanna Kerrigan, Clare Barrington, editors. --Cham: Springer , c2018.
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This book examines the structural dynamics of HIV among populations at heightened vulnerability to infection as the result of stigma, discrimination and marginalization. It first examines how the socio-structural context shapes HIV risk and how affected populations and national governments and programs have responded to these structural constraints. Chapters focus on structural determinants of HIV risk among transgender women in Guatemala, migrant workers in Mexico, Nigeria and Vietnam, and peo…
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Other Authors
Kerrigan, Deanna
Barrington, Clare
Responsibility
Deanna Kerrigan, Clare Barrington, editors
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxx, 211 p.) : 14 illus
Series Vol.
v. 4
Series Title
Social aspects of HIV
ISBN
9783319635224
9783319635217 (print ed.)
9783319635231 (print ed.)
9783319875774 (print ed.)
ISSN
2509-6559
Subjects (MeSH)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome - prevention & control
HIV Infections - prevention & control
Internationality
Social Determinants of Health
Specialty
Epidemiology
Infectious Disease Medicine
Public Health
Abstract
This book examines the structural dynamics of HIV among populations at heightened vulnerability to infection as the result of stigma, discrimination and marginalization. It first examines how the socio-structural context shapes HIV risk and how affected populations and national governments and programs have responded to these structural constraints. Chapters focus on structural determinants of HIV risk among transgender women in Guatemala, migrant workers in Mexico, Nigeria and Vietnam, and people who inject drugs in Tanzania. Next, the book examines resilience and community empowerment and mobilization among key populations such as female sex workers in the Dominican Republic and India, and young women and girls in Botswana, Malawi and Mozambique. A third set of chapters explores how national responses to HIV have addressed the role of structural factors in diverse political, geographic and epidemic settings including: Brazil, South Africa, Ukraine and the USA. Ultimately, effective and sustainable responses to HIV among marginalized groups must be grounded in an in-depth understanding of the factors that create vulnerability and risk and impede access to services. Throughout, this book brings together a rigorous social science research perspective with a strong rights-based approach to inform improvements in HIV programs and policies. It offers new insights into how to better address HIV and the health and human rights of historically excluded communities and groups.
Contents
Part I. Risk -- 1. Understanding HIV Disparities Among Transgender Women in Guatemala: Linking Social and Structural Factors to HIV Vulnerability -- 2. From Structural Analysis to Pragmatic Action: The Meso-level Modifiable Social Determinants of HIV Vulnerability for Labor Migrants -- 3. Addressing the Micro- and Macro-Environmental Vulnerabilities to HIV of People Who Inject Drugs in Tanzania: A Case Study of the Muhimbili Medication-Assisted Treatment Clinic -- Part II. Resilience -- 4. No-One-Size-Fits-All: Addressing the Social and Structural Dimensions of Sex Worker Vulnerability to HIV Through Community Mobilization in Avahan -- 5. Abriendo Puertas: A Multi-level Intervention to Improve HIV Outcomes by Addressing Stigma and Discrimination Among Female Sex Workers in the Dominican Republic -- 6. Multi-level Responses to Multi-level Vulnerabilities: Creating an Enabling Environment for HIV Prevention for Girls in Botswana, Malawi, and Mozambique -- Part III. Response -- 7. Sustaining a Rights-Based Response to HIV in Brazil -- 8. Structural Approaches Are Building Power: South Africa’s National HIV Response Among Female Sex Workers (1990–2016) -- 9. Structural Factors and the National HIV/AIDS Strategy of the USA -- 10. Finding and Reforming the (In)visible State: Nongovernmental Organizations and the Response to HIV in Ukraine.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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