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The accidental health sciences librarian

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33511
Lisa A. Ennis and Nicole Mitchell. --Medford, N.J.: Information Today, Inc , c2010.
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Sparked by an aging baby boomer population, the dizzying pace of breakthroughs in medical research, and an unprecedented proliferation of health information, you may soon discover a career opportunity in health sciences librarianship—if you aren’t already a part of this exciting field. In The Accidental Health Sciences Librarian, Lisa A. Ennis and Nicole Mitchell offer a thorough and up-to-date overview along with guidance on a range of critical resources, tools, and functions. Their coverage …
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Author
Ennis, Lisa A
Other Authors
Mitchell, Nicole
Responsibility
Lisa A. Ennis and Nicole Mitchell
Place of Publication
Medford, N.J.
Publisher
Information Today, Inc
Date of Publication
c2010
Physical Description
1 online resource (xvi, 213 p.)
ISBN
9781573879163
Subjects (MeSH)
Libraries, Medical - manpower - United States
Library Services - United States
Library Surveys - United States
Vocational Guidance - United States
Subjects (LCSH)
Medical librarianship - United States
Medical libraries - United States
Library surveys - United States
Libraries, Medical - manpower - United States
Library Services - United States
Library Surveys - United States
Vocational Guidance - United States
Abstract
Sparked by an aging baby boomer population, the dizzying pace of breakthroughs in medical research, and an unprecedented proliferation of health information, you may soon discover a career opportunity in health sciences librarianship—if you aren’t already a part of this exciting field. In The Accidental Health Sciences Librarian, Lisa A. Ennis and Nicole Mitchell offer a thorough and up-to-date overview along with guidance on a range of critical resources, tools, and functions. Their coverage of such essential topics as HIPAA and MeSH, along with a wealth of expert tips and advice, is a must for all new, prospective, and working health sciences librarians.
Contents
Contents: Health sciences librarianship -- Putting the medical in health sciences librarianship -- It's all about the people -- Technology -- Databases and resources -- Resources and networking.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Adherence in Dermatology

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40182
Scott A. Davis, editor. --Cham: Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Adis , c2016.
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An essential, comprehensive, and practical guide to understanding, measuring, and modifying patients' adherence behavior to optimize treatment outcomes, this book covers all major aspects of adherence in dermatology. The first section describes current knowledge on the magnitude and impact of nonadherence; the second outlines measuring adherence in the context of databases, trials and practice. The third section addresses adherence in key skin diseases and the fourth covers numerous strategies …
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Other Authors
Davis, Scott A
Responsibility
Scott A. Davis, editor
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Adis
Date of Publication
c2016
Physical Description
1 online resource (viii, 178 p. : 15 illus., 13 illus. in color)
ISBN
9783319309941
9783319309927 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Directly Observed Therapy - methods
Patient Compliance
Physician-Patient Relations
Skin Diseases - therapy
Abstract
An essential, comprehensive, and practical guide to understanding, measuring, and modifying patients' adherence behavior to optimize treatment outcomes, this book covers all major aspects of adherence in dermatology. The first section describes current knowledge on the magnitude and impact of nonadherence; the second outlines measuring adherence in the context of databases, trials and practice. The third section addresses adherence in key skin diseases and the fourth covers numerous strategies to improve adherence by mitigating specific patient barriers. All sections emphasize ways to optimize communication with patients: the foundation for producing successful health behavior change. Low adherence helps explain why, despite effective treatments existing for all major dermatologic conditions, many patients still fail to improve. When clinicians endeavour to maximize adherence, with the aid of evidence-based strategies, these drugs will often realise their potential. This book devotes special attention to understanding why individuals may be nonadherent, so that each patient can receive a suitable treatment regimen, with a personalized plan of action. This book is designed for clinicians at all levels, serving as both introductory training for medical students and residents, and an update on the field for experienced practitioners. Researchers and policymakers will also benefit from its coverage of research methods and the impact of nonadherence in specific diseases. Adherence in Dermatology bridges the gap between outcomes researchers and clinicians by explaining the latest findings in plain language, with examples from everyday dermatologic practice.
Contents
Part I. What is known about adherence behavior -- 1. Impact of Non-Adherence in Dermatology -- 2. Models of Adherence -- 3. Impact of demographic and treatment-related factors -- 4. Non-attendance, predictors and interventions -- Part II. Methods of measuring adherence -- 5. Using Retrospective Databases to Study Adherence -- 6. Measuring Adherence in Clinical Trials -- 7. How providers can assess their patients' adherence in clinical settings -- Part III. Adherence in specific diseases -- 8. Topical application and variability of the de facto applied dose: technical aspects -- 9. Adherence in Acne -- 10. Psoriasis and adherence to therapy: individual, treatment-related and general factors -- 11. Adherence in atopic dermatitis -- 12. Adherence in Other Dermatologic Conditions -- Part IV. Strategies to improve adherence -- 13. Optimizing the Physician-Patient Relationship and Educating the Patient about Adherence -- 14. Choosing the treatment the patient is most likely to use -- 15. Dealing with forgetfulness -- 16. Building Motivation and Self-Efficacy.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Applying Comparative Effectiveness Data to Medical Decision Making : A Practical Guide

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat39912
Carl Asche, editor. --Cham: Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Adis , c2016.
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This textbook introduces students to the basic concepts and methods used to measure and compare the expected benefits, risks and cost of preventive and therapeutic medical interventions. It provides an easily accessible overview of comparative effectiveness and its practical applications to daily medical decisions. The book includes learning objectives for each topic, definitions of key terms and topic summaries. Each chapter is written by a highly regarded academic and extensive reference is m…
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Other Authors
Asche, Carl
Responsibility
Carl Asche, editor
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Adis
Date of Publication
c2016
Physical Description
1 online resource (viii, 113 p. : 16 illus., 12 illus. in color)
ISBN
9783319233291
9783319220642 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Clinical Decision-Making
Comparative Effectiveness Research
Decision Support Techniques
Evidence-Based Medicine
Abstract
This textbook introduces students to the basic concepts and methods used to measure and compare the expected benefits, risks and cost of preventive and therapeutic medical interventions. It provides an easily accessible overview of comparative effectiveness and its practical applications to daily medical decisions. The book includes learning objectives for each topic, definitions of key terms and topic summaries. Each chapter is written by a highly regarded academic and extensive reference is made throughout to other sources of literature where the interested reader can find further details. The book considers, among other topics, evidence based medicine and the role of comparative effectiveness research in the development of medical guidelines, bias and confounding, quality of life, randomized controlled trials, analyses of retrospective databases, screening and economic evaluation. The book is intended to serve as a "what is it?", "why do we need it?" and "how does it or could it effect positive change in health care?"" rather than just a "how to" technical overview. As such, it provides an essential resource for both under- and post-graduate students in health sciences.
Contents
1. Introduction to Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 2. Randomized Controlled Trials -- 3. Observational Studies -- 4. Evaluating Published CER Evidence -- 5. Epidemiological Principles Applied to CER -- 6. The Question of Value -- 7. Medical Decision Making: When Evidence and Medical Culture Clash -- 8. The Value of Prevention.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Big Data-Enabled Nursing : Education, Research and Practice

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat41716
Connie W. Delaney, Charlotte A. Weaver, Judith J. Warren, Thomas R. Clancy, Roy L. Simpson, editors. --Cham: Springer , 2017.
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This text reflects how the learning health system infrastructure is maturing and being advanced by health information exchanges (HIEs) with multiple organizations blending their data or enabling distributed computing. It educates the readers on the evolution of knowledge discovery methods that span qualitative as well as quantitative data mining, including the expanse of data visualization capacities, are enabling sophisticated discovery. Historically, nursing, in all of its missions of researc…
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Other Authors
Delaney, Connie W
Weaver, Charlotte A
Warren, Judith J
Clancy, Thomas R
Simpson, Roy L
Responsibility
Connie W. Delaney, Charlotte A. Weaver, Judith J. Warren, Thomas R. Clancy, Roy L. Simpson, editors
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
2017
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxxv, 488 pages) : 61 illus., 48 illus. in color
Series Title
Health informatics
ISBN
9783319533001
9783319532998 (print ed.)
ISSN
1431-1917
Subjects (MeSH)
Data Mining
Nursing Informatics - trends
Abstract
This text reflects how the learning health system infrastructure is maturing and being advanced by health information exchanges (HIEs) with multiple organizations blending their data or enabling distributed computing. It educates the readers on the evolution of knowledge discovery methods that span qualitative as well as quantitative data mining, including the expanse of data visualization capacities, are enabling sophisticated discovery. Historically, nursing, in all of its missions of research/scholarship, education and practice, has not had access to large patient databases. Nursing has consequently adopted qualitative methodologies with small sample sizes, clinical trials and lab research. In the United States, large payer data has been amassed and structures/organizations have been created to welcome scientists to explore these large data to advance knowledge discovery. Big Data-Enabled Nursing reflects on how health systems have developed and how electronic health records (EHRs) have now matured to generate massive databases with longitudinal trending. It provides instruction on the new opportunities for nursing and educates readers on the new skills in research methodologies that are being further enabled by new partnerships spanning all sectors.
Contents
Part I. The New and Exciting World of “Big Data” -- 1. Why Big Data?: Why Nursing? -- 2. Big Data in Healthcare: A Wide Look at a Broad Subject -- 3. A Big Data Primer -- Part II. Technologies and Science of Big Data -- 4. A Closer Look at Enabling Technologies and Knowledge Value -- 5. Big Data in Healthcare: New Methods of Analysis -- 6. Generating the Data for Analyzing the Effects of Interprofessional Teams for Improving Triple Aim Outcomes -- 7. Wrestling with Big Data: How Nurse Leaders Can Engage -- 8. Inclusion of Flowsheets from Electronic Health Records to Extend Data for Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) Research -- 9. Working in the New Big Data World: Academic/Corporate Partnership Model -- Part III. Revolution of Knowledge Discovery, Dissemination, Translation Through Data Science -- 10. Data Science: Transformation of Research and Scholarship -- 11. Answering Research Questions with National Clinical Research Networks -- 12. Enhancing Data Access and Utilization: Federal Big Data Initiative and Relevance to Health Disparities Research -- 13. Big Data Impact on Transformation of Healthcare Systems -- 14. State of the Science in Big Data Analytics -- Part IV. Looking at Today and the Near Future -- 15. Big Data Analytics Using the VA’s ‘VINCI’ Database to Look at Delirium -- 16. Leveraging the Power of Interprofessional EHR Data to Prevent Delirium: The Kaiser Permanente Story -- 17. Mobilizing the Nursing Workforce with Data and Analytics at the Point of Care -- 18. The Power of Disparate Data Sources for Answering Thorny Questions in Healthcare: Four Case Studies -- Part V. A Call for Readiness -- 19. What Big Data and Data Science Mean for Schools of Nursing and Academia -- 20. Quality Outcomes and Credentialing: Implication for Informatics and Big Data Science -- 21. Big Data Science and Doctoral Education in Nursing -- 22. Global Society & Big Data: Here’s the Future We Can Get Ready For -- 23. Big-Data Enabled Nursing: Future Possibilities.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Biomarkers in Neoplastic Neuropathology

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat39834
Fausto Rodriguez, Cheng-Ying Ho. --Cham: Springer , c2016.
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This book is a rich source of information on biomarkers applicable to the pathology of neoplastic disorders of the brain. Thorough descriptions are provided of the techniques currently available for clinical and experimental evaluation of biomarkers in brain neoplasms, including in situ hybridization, array-based methods, methylation profiling, next-generation sequencing, and practical gene panels. Incorporation of multiple biomarkers in the development of molecular subgroups with biologic and …
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Author
Rodriguez, Fausto
Other Authors
Ho, Cheng-Ying
Responsibility
Fausto Rodriguez, Cheng-Ying Ho
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2016
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 98 p. : 31 illus., 1 illus. in color)
ISBN
9783319209319
9783319209302 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Biomarkers, Tumor
Nervous System Neoplasms - physiopathology
Abstract
This book is a rich source of information on biomarkers applicable to the pathology of neoplastic disorders of the brain. Thorough descriptions are provided of the techniques currently available for clinical and experimental evaluation of biomarkers in brain neoplasms, including in situ hybridization, array-based methods, methylation profiling, next-generation sequencing, and practical gene panels. Incorporation of multiple biomarkers in the development of molecular subgroups with biologic and therapeutic relevance is also discussed. A section on biobanking covers the equally important topic of optimal preservation of tissue and includes consideration of ethical considerations raised by the use of tissue obtained in clinical settings. The closing section discusses the major categories of neoplastic disorders involving the nervous system, with emphasis on diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive biomarkers used in the pathologic evaluation of different types of brain tumor.
Contents
Introduction -- Special Techniques -- Biobanking and Regulations -- Public Databases -- Biomarkers applied to specific tumor types.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Canadian Institute for Health Information databases

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat34590
Canadian Institute for Health Information. Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI)
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Location
Online
Available Online
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Corporate Author
Canadian Institute for Health Information
Alternate Title
CIHI
Publisher
Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI)
Format
Database
Location
Online
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Cardiac Surgery : Operations on the Heart and Great Vessels in Adults and Children

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat41882
Gerhard Ziemer, Axel Haverich, editors. --Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer , 2017.
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This text describes and illustrates with some 700 detailed anatomic and surgical drawings the whole spectrum of surgical procedures employed to treat acquired and congenital diseases of the heart and great vessels in adults and children. A rather traditional chapter on history of cardiac surgery precedes chapters dedicated to quality improvement, followed by ICU management in adult and pediatric cardiac surgery, and techniques of extracorporeal circulation in both age groups. Further special to…
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Other Authors
Ziemer, Gerhard
Haverich, Axel
Responsibility
Gerhard Ziemer, Axel Haverich, editors
Place of Publication
Berlin, Heidelberg
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
2017
Physical Description
1 online resource (xiv, 1158 pages) : 498 illus., 44 illus. in color
ISBN
9783662526729
9783662526705 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures - methods
Abstract
This text describes and illustrates with some 700 detailed anatomic and surgical drawings the whole spectrum of surgical procedures employed to treat acquired and congenital diseases of the heart and great vessels in adults and children. A rather traditional chapter on history of cardiac surgery precedes chapters dedicated to quality improvement, followed by ICU management in adult and pediatric cardiac surgery, and techniques of extracorporeal circulation in both age groups. Further special topics are cardiovascular tissue engineering, minimally invasive cardiac surgery, endovascular treatment of aortic diseases, and cardiac assist devices, including total artificial heart. Written by 71 internationally recognized experts from 40 cardiac units in Central Europe and North America, this book will be invaluable not only for both novice and experienced surgeons, but also for all physicians, nurses, and technicians caring for patients with heart disease of any type, at any age.
Contents
I. Introduction -- 1. The History of Cardiac Surgery -- 2. Risk Scores in Cardiac Surgery -- 3. Principles of Quality Assurance and Risk Management Risk -- 4. Quality Control in Cardiac Surgery in the United States -- 5. Databases in Cardiac Surgery -- II. Technical Prerequisites -- 6. Extracorporeal Circulation and Myocardial Protection in Adult Cardiac Surgery -- 7. Advances in Cardiopulmonary Bypass for the Neonate and Infant -- 8. Cardiovascular Tissue Engineering -- 9. Cardiac Surgical Intensive Care -- 10. Critical Care in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery -- III. Congenital Anomalies of the Heart and Great Vessels -- 11. Surgery for Congenital Heart Defects: A Historical Perspective -- 12. Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connections and Congenital Defects of the Atria, the Atrioventricular Septum, and the Atrioventricular Valves -- 13. Definite Palliation of Functional Single Ventricle -- 14. Ventricular Septal Defects -- 15. Congenital Heart Disease with Anomalies of the Right Ventricular Outflow Tract -- 16. Anomalies of the Left Ventricular Outflow Tract -- 17. Surgery for Aortic Atresia, Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome, and Hypoplastic Left Heart Complex -- 18. Common Arterial Trunk -- 19. Congenitally Corrected Transposition and D-Transposition of the Great Arteries -- 20. Congenital Anomalies of the Coronary Arteries and Coronary Diseases of Children and Adolescents -- 21. Congenital Anomalies of the Great Vessels -- IV. Acquired Diseases of the Heart and Great Vessels -- 22. Coronary Artery Disease -- 23. Left Ventricular Reconstruction and Conventional Surgery for Cardiac Failure -- 24. Acquired Lesions of the Aortic Valve -- 25. Surgery for Acquired AV-Valve Diseases -- 26. Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery -- 27. Aneurysm and Dissection of the Thoracic and Thoracoabdominal Aorta -- 28. Endovascular Surgical Therapy of Thoracic and Thoracoabdominal Disease of the Aorta -- 29. Surgical Therapy of Atrial Fibrillation -- 30. Device Therapy of Rhythm Disorders -- 31. Cardiac Tumors and Pericardial Diseases -- 32. Cardiac Injury -- 33. Combined Procedures in Cardiac and Vascular Surgery -- 34. Combined Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery -- 35. Pulmonary Embolectomy and Pulmonary Thromboendarterectomy -- 36. Lung Transplantation -- 37. Heart and Heart–Lung Transplantation -- 38. Cardiac Assist Devices and Total Artificial Heart -- 39. Postoperative Sternal Complications.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Cardiovascular Genetics and Genomics : Principles and Clinical Practice

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat42927
edited by Dhavendra Kumar, Perry Elliott. --Cham: Springer , c2018.
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This title reflects the exponential growth in the knowledge and information on this subject and defines the extensive clinical translation of cardiovascular genetics and genomics in clinical practice. This concise, clinically oriented text is targeted at a broad range of clinicians who manage patients and families with a wide range of heterogeneous inherited cardiovascular conditions. Cardiovascular Genetics and Genomics: Principles and Clinical Practiceáincludes a concise and clear account on …
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Other Authors
Kumar, Dhavendra
Elliott, Perry
Responsibility
edited by Dhavendra Kumar, Perry Elliott
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
1 online resource (xix, 920 p.) : 164 illus., 110 illus. in color
ISBN
9783319661148
9783319661124 (print ed.)
9783319661131 (print ed.)
9783319881799 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Cardiovascular Diseases - genetics
Genomics - methods
Specialty
Cardiology
Genetics, Medical
Abstract
This title reflects the exponential growth in the knowledge and information on this subject and defines the extensive clinical translation of cardiovascular genetics and genomics in clinical practice. This concise, clinically oriented text is targeted at a broad range of clinicians who manage patients and families with a wide range of heterogeneous inherited cardiovascular conditions. Cardiovascular Genetics and Genomics: Principles and Clinical Practiceáincludes a concise and clear account on selected topics written by a team of leading experts on clinical cardiovascular genetics. Each chapter include key information to assist the clinician and case histories have been incorporated to reflect contemporary practice in clinical cardiovascular genetics and genomics. Therefore this will be of key importance to all professionals working in the discipline, from clinicians and trainees in cardiology, cardiac surgery, electrophysiology, immunology through geneticists, nursing staff and those involved in precision medicine.
Contents
Introduction to Genes, Genome and Inheritance -- Elements of Clinical Cardiovascular Genetics: Spectrum and Classification -- Principles and Practice of Genetic Counselling for Inherited Cardiac Conditions -- Genetic and Genomic Technologies: Next Generation Sequencing for Inherited Cardiovascular Conditions -- Pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics in cardiovascular medicine and surgery -- Congenital Cardiovascular Disorders including Adult Congenital Heart Disease -- Inherited cardiovascular metabolic disorders -- Mitochondrial cardiovascular diseases -- Inherited Cardiac Muscle Disorders: Hypertrophic and Restrictive Cardiomyopathies -- Inherited Cardiac Muscle Disorders: Dilated Cardiomyopathy -- Inherited Cardiac Muscle Disorders: Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy -- Inherited Cardiac Muscle Disorders: Left Ventricular Noncompaction -- Inherited arrhythmias: LQTS/SQTS/CPVT -- Inherited arrhythmias: Brugada syndrome and early repolarisation syndrome -- Inherited Conduction Disease and Atrial Fibrillation -- Cardiovascular manifestations in Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy and other primary myopathies -- Inherited cardiac amyloidosis -- Cardiovascular manifestations of inherited myotonias -- Marfan syndrome and related inherited aortopathies -- Cardiovascular manifestations in inherited connective tissue disorders -- Thoracic aortic dilatation, aneurysm and dissection -- Genetics and genomics of coronary artery disease -- Cardiovascular manifestations of immune-mediated inflammatory Disorders -- Genetics and Genomics of Stroke -- Genetics and genomics of systemic hypertension -- Inherited pulmonary arterial hypertension -- Genetics and Genomics of Sudden Unexplained Cardiac Death -- Specific issues in clinical genetics and genetic counselling practices related to inherited cardiovascular conditions -- Multidisciplinary management for inherited cardiovascular conditions -- Internal devices and interventions for inherited cardiac conditions -- Inherited cardiovascular conditions: phenotype-genotype data mining and sharing; databases.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Clinical Research Informatics

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat44133
Rachel L. Richesson, James E. Andrews, editors. (Second edition) --Cham: Springer , 2019.
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This extensively revised new edition comprehensively reviews the rise of clinical research informatics (CRI). It enables the reader to develop a thorough understanding of how CRI has developed and the evolving challenges facing the biomedical informatician in the modern clinical research environment. Emphasis is placed on the changing role of the consumer, and the need to merge clinical care delivery and research as part of a changing paradigm in global healthcare delivery. Clinical Research In…
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Other Authors
Richesson, Rachel L.
Andrews, James E.
Responsibility
Rachel L. Richesson, James E. Andrews, editors
Edition
Second edition
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
2019
Physical Description
1 online resource (vi, 504 p.) : 29 illus., 18 illus. in color
Series
Health Informatics
Series Title
Health informatics
ISBN
9783319987798
9783319987781 (Print ed.)
9783319987804 (Print ed.)
ISSN
1431-1917
Subjects (MeSH)
Biomedical Research
Medical Informatics
Specialty
Medical Informatics
Abstract
This extensively revised new edition comprehensively reviews the rise of clinical research informatics (CRI). It enables the reader to develop a thorough understanding of how CRI has developed and the evolving challenges facing the biomedical informatician in the modern clinical research environment. Emphasis is placed on the changing role of the consumer, and the need to merge clinical care delivery and research as part of a changing paradigm in global healthcare delivery. Clinical Research Informatics presents a detailed review of using informatics in the continually evolving clinical research environment. It represents a valuable textbook reference for all students and practising healthcare informaticians looking to learn and expand their understanding of this fast-moving and increasingly important discipline.
Contents
Part I. Foundations of Clinical Research Informatics -- 1. Introduction to Clinical Research Informatics -- 2. From Notations to Data: The Digital Transformation of Clinical Research -- 3. The Clinical Research Environment -- 4. Methodological Foundations of Clinical Research -- 5. Public Policy Issues in Clinical Research Informatics -- 6. Informatics Approaches to Participant Recruitment -- 7. The Evolving Role of Consumers -- 8. Clinical Research in the Postgenomic Era -- Part II. Data and Information Systems Central to Clinical Research -- 9. Clinical Research Information Systems -- 10. Study Protocol Representation -- 11. Data Quality in Clinical Research -- 12. Patient-Reported Outcome Data -- 13. Patient Registries for Clinical Research -- 14. Research Data Governance, Roles, and Infrastructure -- Part III. Knowledge Representation and Discovery: New Challenges and Emerging Models -- 15. Knowledge Representation and Ontologies -- 16. Nonhypothesis-Driven Research: Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery -- 17. Advancing Clinical Research Through Natural Language Processing on Electronic Health Records: Traditional Machine Learning Meets Deep Learning -- 18. Data Sharing and Reuse of Health Data for Research -- 19. Developing and Promoting Data Standards for Clinical Research -- 20. Back to the Future: The Evolution of Pharmacovigilance in the Age of Digital Healthcare -- 21. Clinical Trial Registries, Results Databases, and Research Data Repositories -- 22. Future Directions in Clinical Research Informatics.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Clinical Research Informatics

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat31039
Rachel L. Richesson, James E. Andrews, editors. --London: Springer , c2012.
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Clinical research informatics (CRI) is the application of informatics principles and techniques to support the spectrum of activities and business processes that instantiate clinical research. Informatics, defined generally as the intersection of information and computer science with a health-related discipline, has a foundation drawn from many well-established, theory-based disciplines, including computer science, library and information science, cognitive science, psychology, and sociology. T…
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Other Authors
Richesson, Rachel L
Andrews, James E
Responsibility
Rachel L. Richesson, James E. Andrews, editors
Place of Publication
London
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2012
Physical Description
1 online resource (ix, 419 p. : 29 ill., 15 ill. in color)
Series Title
Health informatics
ISBN
9781848824485
Subjects (MeSH)
Biomedical Research - methods
Informatics
Subjects (LCSH)
Medical laboratories
Medical records - Data processing
Abstract
Clinical research informatics (CRI) is the application of informatics principles and techniques to support the spectrum of activities and business processes that instantiate clinical research. Informatics, defined generally as the intersection of information and computer science with a health-related discipline, has a foundation drawn from many well-established, theory-based disciplines, including computer science, library and information science, cognitive science, psychology, and sociology. The newly articulated yet fundamental theorem of informatics states that information technology should be used to enable humans to function and perform better together than humans alone, and so informatics is a source for supportive technologies and tools that enhance--but not replace--unreservedly human processes. Clinical Research Informatics contributes to the ongoing dialogues among researchers and practitioners in CRI as they continue to rise to the challenges of a dynamic and evolving clinical research environment. The development of CRI as a sub-discipline of informatics, and as an independent/maturing professional practice area in its own right, drives a growing pool of scientific literature based on original CRI research, and high-impact tools and systems will be developed. CRI leaders and stakeholder groups will continue to support and create communities of discourse that will address much needed practice standards in CRI, improved safety and efficiencies in clinical research, data standards in clinical research, policy issues, educational standards and instructional resources. The Editors and contributors to this book are among the most active and engaged in the CRI domain and provide an excellent primer for deeper explorations into this emerging discipline. Certain themes are highlighted, including the changing role of the consumer, movement toward transparency, growing needs for global coordination and cooperation on many levels, and the merging together of clinical care delivery and research as part of a changing paradigm in global healthcare delivery--all in the context of rapid innovations in technology and explosions of data sources, types, and volume. This book is therefore of considerable interest to all students of biomedical informatics, from the newcomer to the professional informatician.
Contents
Section I: Contexts of Clinical Research Informatics -- Introduction to Clinical Research Informatics -- From Notations to Data: The Digital Transformation of Clinical Research -- Clinical Research Environment. - Statistical and Study Design Foundations of Clinical Research -- Informatics Approaches to Participant Recruitment -- The Evolving Role of Consumers -- Clinical Research in the Post-Genomic Era -- Section II: Data Management and Systems in Clinical Research -- Clinical Research Information Systems -- Study Protocol Representation -- Data Quality in Clinical Research -- Patient-Reported Outcome Data -- Biobanking Challenges and Informatics Opportunities -- Patient Registries -- Section III: Knowledge Representation and Discovery -- Knowledge Representation and Ontologies -- Non-hypothesis Driven Research: Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery -- Natural Language Processing, Electronic Health Records, and Clinical Research -- Section IV: The Future of Clinical Research, Health, and Clinical Research Informatics -- Data Sharing: Electronic Health Records and Research Interoperability -- Standards Development and the Future of Research Data Sources, Interoperability, and Exchange -- Pharmacovigilance -- Clinical Trials Registries and Results Databases -- Future Directions in Clinical Research Informatics -- Index.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Computer Medical Databases : The First Six Decades (1950-2010)

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat30835
Morris F. Collen. --London: Springer , c2012.
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We have witnessed the evolution of medical informatics over the past six decades as we have moved into the new information era. It is clear that computers have had and continue to have a major influence on all of medicine. Computer Medical Databases: The First Six Decades (1950-2010) has been created by Dr Collen, the "Father of Medical Informatics", to detail the journey from the very basic medical informatics databases to the hugely complex information systems that are now commonplace in cli…
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Author
Collen, Morris F
Responsibility
Morris F. Collen
Place of Publication
London
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2012
Physical Description
1 online resource (xix, 288 p.)
Series Title
Health informatics
ISBN
9780857299628
Subjects (MeSH)
Databases as Topic - history
Medical Informatics Applications
Medical Informatics - history
Subjects (LCSH)
Telecommunication in medicine
Medical records - Data processing
Abstract
We have witnessed the evolution of medical informatics over the past six decades as we have moved into the new information era. It is clear that computers have had and continue to have a major influence on all of medicine. Computer Medical Databases: The First Six Decades (1950-2010) has been created by Dr Collen, the "Father of Medical Informatics", to detail the journey from the very basic medical informatics databases to the hugely complex information systems that are now commonplace in clinics and large hospital groups globally. The medical informatics literature for the last six decades has been so voluminous that it is unfeasible for any review to be completely comprehensive, but the historical material presented is representative of the vast changes that have been observed, and will serve as a useful bridge between medical informatics from the past into the future. The emphasis is on the development of medical informatics in the United States, but concurrent developments in Canada, Europe, and Japan have certainly influenced this field in the United States. As such, this book will be a superb addition to the library of health informaticians in the U.S. and around the world.
Contents
Chapter 1 Prologue: The Evolution of Computer Databases -- Chapter 2 The Development of Medical Databases -- Chapter 3 Processing Text in Medical Databases -- Chapter 4 Primary Medical Record Databases -- Chapter 5 Specialized Medical Databases -- Chapter 6 Secondary Medical Research Databases -- Chapter 7 Bio-Surveillance & Claims Databases -- Chapter 8 Medical Knowledge Databases -- Chapter 9 Medical Bibliographic Databases -- Chapter 10 Epilogue.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Contact Dermatitis

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat44581
edited by Jeanne Duus Johansen, Vera Mahler, Jean-Pierre Lepoittevin, Peter J. Frosch. (Sixth edition) --Cham: Springer , c2020.
Available Online
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Location
Online
The sixth edition of Contact Dermatitis covers in detail every conceivable aspect of irritant and allergic contact dermatitis and its modern-day management. The 1st edition of this book was published in 1992 and has served as the main reference book of contact dermatitis. In this new edition special emphasis is given to immunological mechanisms, molecular aspects of sensitizers, atypical clinical forms, patch test methodology, reactions to medicaments, and occupational and environmental factors…
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Other Authors
Johansen, Jeanne Duus
Mahler, Vera
Lepoittevin, Jean-Pierre
Frosch, Peter J.
Responsibility
edited by Jeanne Duus Johansen, Vera Mahler, Jean-Pierre Lepoittevin, Peter J. Frosch
Edition
Sixth edition
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2020
Physical Description
1 online resource
Series Title
Springer reference
ISBN
9783319724515
Subjects (MeSH)
Dermatitis, Contact
Specialty
Dermatology
Environmental Health
Notes
"Living reference work."
Abstract
The sixth edition of Contact Dermatitis covers in detail every conceivable aspect of irritant and allergic contact dermatitis and its modern-day management. The 1st edition of this book was published in 1992 and has served as the main reference book of contact dermatitis. In this new edition special emphasis is given to immunological mechanisms, molecular aspects of sensitizers, atypical clinical forms, patch test methodology, reactions to medicaments, and occupational and environmental factors. In order to optimize the diagnostic approach, a wide range of information is provided, including a dictionary of contact allergens and detailed information on exposure assessment. Retained chapters from the previous edition have been thoroughly revised to reflect the latest knowledge. Furthermore, completely new chapters have been added on a variety of topics, including contact allergy to medical implants, relevant allergens in gloves and immediate reactions to occupational materials. The editors and authors are all leading practitioners in the field. The comprehensive but approachable text is supplemented by a large number of full colour illustrations and tables. Core messages highlight the most important information and will help the reader to gain a better understanding of the subject and greater competence in everyday practice.
Contents
Allergic Contact Dermatitis in Humans: Experimental and Quantitative Aspects -- Atopy Patch Testing with Aeroallergens and Food Proteins -- Clinical Aspects of Irritant Contact Dermatitis -- Comments on Various Baseline Series -- Contact Allergy in Children -- Contact Dermatitis Research Groups -- Databases and Networks: The Benefit for Research and Quality Assurance in Patch Testing -- Dental Materials and Implants -- Dictionary of Contact Allergens: Chemical Structures, Sources, and References -- Epidemiology -- Gloves -- Hair Dyes -- Histopathological and Immunohistopathological Features of Irritant and Allergic Contact Dermatitis -- Identification of Allergens in Complex Mixtures and Products -- Immediate-Type Hypersensitivity by Occupational Materials -- Legislation -- Mechanisms of Irritant and Allergic Contact Dermatitis -- Metalworking Fluids -- Noneczematous Contact Reactions -- Noninvasive Techniques for Quantification of Contact Dermatitis -- Occupational Contact Dermatitis: Hairdressers -- Occupational Contact Dermatitis: Health Personnel -- Patch Testing with the Patients’ Own Products -- Photopatch Testing -- Plastic Materials and Glues -- Predictive Tests for Irritants and Allergens: Human, Animal, and In Vitro Tests -- Preservatives -- Prevention of Allergic Contact Dermatitis: Safe Exposure Levels of Sensitizers -- Protein Contact Dermatitis -- Respiratory Symptoms from Fragrances and the Link with Dermatitis -- Shoes -- Systemic Contact Dermatitis -- Textiles -- The Chinese Baseline Series -- The European Baseline Series -- The North American Baseline Series.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Databases for Pharmacoepidemiological Research

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat46593
Miriam Sturkenboom, Tania Schink. Springer , 2021.
Available Online
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Location
Online
Available Online
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Responsibility
Miriam Sturkenboom, Tania Schink
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
2021
Physical Description
1 online resource (ix, 280 pages) : illustrations
Series Title
Springer series on epidemiology and public health
ISBN
9783030514556
Specialty
Pharmacology
Drug effects
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Decision tools for radiation oncology : prognosis, treatment response and toxicity

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33587
Carsten Nieder, Laurie E. Gasper, editors. --Heidelberg: Springer , c2014.
Available Online
View e-Book
Location
Online
A look at the recent oncology literature or a search of one of the common databases reveals a steadily increasing number of nomograms and other prognostic models, some of which are also available in the form of web-based tools. These models may predict the risk of relapse, lymphatic spread of a given malignancy, toxicity, survival, et cetera Pathology information, gene signatures, and clinical data may all be used to compute the models. This trend reflects increasingly individualized treatment …
Available Online
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Other Authors
Nieder, C
Gasper, Laurie E
Responsibility
Carsten Nieder, Laurie E. Gasper, editors
Place of Publication
Heidelberg
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (xiii, 305 pages)
Series
Medical radiology. Radiation oncology
Series Title
Medical radiology (Series)
ISBN
9783642371028 (electronic bk.)
9783642371011
Subjects (MeSH)
Clinical Decision-Making
Decision Support Techniques
Individualized Medicine
Nomograms
Radiotherapy - methods
Treatment Outcome
Abstract
A look at the recent oncology literature or a search of one of the common databases reveals a steadily increasing number of nomograms and other prognostic models, some of which are also available in the form of web-based tools. These models may predict the risk of relapse, lymphatic spread of a given malignancy, toxicity, survival, et cetera Pathology information, gene signatures, and clinical data may all be used to compute the models. This trend reflects increasingly individualized treatment concepts and also the need for approaches that achieve a favorable balance between effectiveness and side-effects. Moreover, optimal resource utilization requires prognostic knowledge, for example to avoid lengthy and aggressive treatment courses in patients with a short survival expectation. In order to avoid misuse, it is important to understand the limits and caveats of prognostic and predictive models. This book provides a comprehensive overview of such decision tools for radiation oncology, stratified by disease site, which will enable readers to make informed choices in daily clinical practice and to critically follow the future development of new tools in the field.
Contents
Prognosis and predictive factors for tumours and organs at risk: background and purpose -- Specific issues for prognostic factors related to radiotherapy -- Role of ICT in decision models -- Statistics of prediction of survival and toxicity and nomogram development -- Treatment decisions based on gene signatures: methods and caveats -- Brain tumors -- Head and neck cancer -- Breast cancer -- Lung cancer -- Esophageal cancer -- Gastric cancer -- Pancreas and biliary tract cancer -- Liver cancer and metastases -- Rectal and anal cancer -- Cervix and corpus uteri, vulva and vaginal cancers -- Bladder cancer -- Prostate cancer -- Sarcomas -- Lymphomas -- Brain metastases -- Bone metastases.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Endovascular Aortic Repair : Current Techniques with Fenestrated, Branched and Parallel Stent-Grafts

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat41256
Gustavo S. Oderich, editor. --Cham: Springer , 2017.
Available Online
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Location
Online
This text provides a comprehensive, state-of-the art review of complex endovascular aortic techniques. It will serve as a valuable resource for vascular and cardiovascular surgeons, interventionalists, cardiologists, clinicians, bioengineers and researchers with an interest in complex aortic diseases. The book reviews imaging modalities, diagnostic work up and novel endovascular approaches. Technical aspects are provided by experts in the field, with over 600 illustrations and photographs of ke…
Available Online
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Other Authors
Oderich, Gustavo S
Responsibility
Gustavo S. Oderich, editor
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
2017
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxvi, 757 pages) : 626 illus., 588 illus. in color
ISBN
9783319151922
9783319151915 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Aortic Diseases - surgery
Endovascular Procedures - methods
Stents
Abstract
This text provides a comprehensive, state-of-the art review of complex endovascular aortic techniques. It will serve as a valuable resource for vascular and cardiovascular surgeons, interventionalists, cardiologists, clinicians, bioengineers and researchers with an interest in complex aortic diseases. The book reviews imaging modalities, diagnostic work up and novel endovascular approaches. Technical aspects are provided by experts in the field, with over 600 illustrations and photographs of key steps for each type of procedure. Results of epidemiologic studies and national databases are summarized, as well as large institutional experiences. An evidence-based approach is used for recommendations regarding best therapies. Other highlights of this unique text include: A new, state-of-the-art review on fenestrated, branched and parallel stent-graft techniques from procedure planning to stent design and implantation. A text dedicated to a topic that has been increasingly recognized by vascular specialists as a priority area in aortic management. An updated overview of current designs and future developments. Special attention to technical details of the procedures with use of illustrations. Technical tips on how to get out of problems during these challenging procedures.Endovascular Aortic Repair: Current Techniques with Fenestrated, Branched and Parallel Stent-Grafts will serve as a very useful resource for physicians and researchers dealing with and interested in complex aortic diseases. It will provide a concise yet comprehensive summary of the current status of the field that will help guide patient management and stimulate investigative efforts. All chapters are written by experts in their fields and include the most up to date scientific and clinical information.
Contents
Part I: Basic Concepts, Mechanisms of Disease and Pre-Operative Planning -- 1. Historical Aspects of Evolution of Fenestrated and Branched Technology -- 2. Mechanisms of Disease and Natural History -- 3. Genetic Considerations in Patients with Aortic Disease -- 4. Normal Aortic Anatomy and Variations of Its Branches -- 5. Classification Systems Relevant to Complex Endovascular Aortic Repair -- 6. Intravascular Ultrasound to Guide Complex Endovascular Aortic Repair -- 7. The Spinal Cord Collateral Network: Implications for Endovascular Aortic Repair -- 8. Role of Fusion Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Imaging During Complex Aortic Procedures -- 9. 3D Printing to Create Templates for Patient-Specific Fenestrated Stent Grafts -- 10. Preoperative Evaluation and Clinical Risk Assessment -- 11. Computed Tomography/Computed Tomography Angiography -- 12. Duplex Ultrasound for Evaluation and Surveillence of Fenestrated, Branched, and Parallel Stent-Grafts -- 13. Magnetic Resonance Angiography for the Initial Assessment and Follow-Up of Acute Aortic Syndromes -- Part II: Building Advanced Endovascular Aortic Programs -- 14. Managing Endovascular Inventory -- 15. Integration of Clinical Practice, Research, Innovation, and Education -- 16. Endovascular Training and Learning Curve for Complex Endovascular Procedures -- 17. Regulatory Pathway for Physician-Sponsored Studies -- 18. Developing Physician-Sponsored Investigational Device Exemption Protocols -- Part III: Techniques of Implantation and Adjunctive Procedures to Minimize Complications -- 19. Principles of Side Branch Incorporation and "Bail Out" Maneuvers -- 20. Strategies to Minimize Risk of Spinal Cord Injury During Complex Endovascular Aortic Repair -- 21. Strategies to Minimize Risk to Acute Kidney Injury During Complex Endovascular Aortic Repair -- 22. Anesthetic Considerations for Complex Endovascular Aortic Repair -- 23. Techniques of Illiogrmotsl Conduit for Endovascular Repair -- Part IV: Visceral Artery Incorporation -- 24. Current Device Designs to Incorporate Visceral Arteries -- 25. Selection of Optimal Bridging Stents for Fenestrations and Branches -- 26. Size and Planning Fenestrated and Multibranched -- 27. Limitations for Branch Incorporation and Implications on Off-the-Shelf Designs -- 28. Techniques of Implantation of Fenestrated and Multibranched Stent Grafts for Visceral Artery Incorporation -- 29. Results of Fenestrated, Branched, and Parallel Stent Grafts for Pararenal and Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysms -- 30. Parallel Graft Techniques to Treat Complex Aortic Aneurysms Involving the Renal and Mesenteric Arteries -- 31. Hybrid Repair Using Visceral Debranching and Aortic Stent Grafts to Treat Complex Aortic Aneurysms -- Part V: Arch Branch Incorporation -- 32. Current Device Deisgns to Incorporate Supra-aortic Arch Trunks for Endovascular Repair -- 33. Technical Aspects and Results of Branched Endografts for Repair of Aortic Arch Aneurysms -- 34. Techniques and Results of Endovascular in Situ Arch Fenestrations -- 35. Parallel Stent Graft Techniques to Facilitate Endovascular Repair in the Aortic Arch -- 36. Techniques and Results of Aortic Arch Hybrid Repair -- 37. Techniques and Results of Hybrid Arch Replacement -- Part VI: Internal Iliac Artery Branch Stent-Grafts -- 38. Iliac Branch Device Designs -- 39. Preoperative Planning and Sizing for Hiac Branch Devides -- 40. Techniques of Endovascular Repair of Aorto-Iliac Aneurysms Using Iliac Branch Devices -- 41. Results of Iliac Branch Stent-Grafts -- 42. Technical Aspects and Results of Hybrid Iliac Revascularization -- 43. Off-Label Use of Aortic Devices and Parallel Stent Grafts for Iliac Revascularization -- Part VII: Physician-Modified Endovascular Stent-Grafts -- 44. Clinical Applications and Regulatory Issues for Physician-Modified Endovascular Grafts (PMEGs) -- 45. Techniques of Physician-Modified Endovascular Grafts (PMEGs) for Incorporation of Renal Mesenteric Arteries -- Part VIII: Complications of Complex Endovascular Aortic Repair -- 46. Thromboembolic Complications During Endovascular Repair of Complex Aortic Aneurysms -- 47. Spinal Cord Injury Prevention and Management -- 48. Renal Function Deterioration in Complex Aortic Repair -- 49. Late Branch-Related Complications and Management.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Ethical issues of human genetic databases : a challenge to classical health research ethics?

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat50681
Elger, Bernice. --[New York, NY]: Routledge , 2010.
Available Online
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Location
Online
Available Online
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Author
Elger, Bernice
Other Authors
McLean, Sheila
Place of Publication
[New York, NY]
Publisher
Routledge
Date of Publication
2010
Series Title
Medical law and ethics
ISBN
9781409404996
Subjects (MeSH)
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Ethics, Medical
Medical Records Systems, Computerized - ethics
Notes
Access to this online resource is restricted to IWK Health Centre employees working from inside the hospital network.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Evidence-based anaesthesia and intensive care

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat27275
edited by Ann Møller and Tom Pedersen ; project co-ordinator, Jane Cracknell. --Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press , 2006.
Available Online
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Location
Online
Available Online
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Author
Møller, Ann
Other Authors
Pedersen, Tom
Responsibility
edited by Ann Møller and Tom Pedersen ; project co-ordinator, Jane Cracknell
Alternate Title
Evidence-based anesthesia and intensive care
Place of Publication
Cambridge, UK
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Date of Publication
2006
Physical Description
xii, 399 p.
ISBN
6610702837 (electronic bk.)
9786610702831 (electronic bk.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Anesthesia
Evidence-Based Medicine
Contents
Cover -- Half-title -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Foreword -- Contributors -- 1 Introducing evidence-based anaesthesia -- 2 How to define the questions -- Introduction -- Formulating the question -- The patient/population/problem -- The interventions/exposures considered -- The relevant outcomes -- Conclusion -- SUGGESTED READING -- 3 Developing a search strategy, locating studies and electronic databases -- Introduction -- How do you find studies that meet your review's inclusion criteria? -- Search strategy for the identification of studies -- How to develop a search strategy? -- Boolean operators: "OR" and "AND" -- Search strategies in the Cochrane Anaesthesia Review Group for the identification of studies -- Locating studies -- Electronic databases -- Where to look for studies? -- CENTRAL -- MEDLINE and EMBASE -- Should we continue to handsearch? -- Personal communication -- Document your search -- Keeping it under control -- Conclusion -- REFERENCES -- 4 Retrieving the data -- Introduction -- Stop -- Before you "start" -- Recording retrieved data -- Why extract data? -- Why record extracted data electronically? -- What data? -- Recording retrieved data electronically -- Size -- Backup -- Program -- Manipulating retrieved electronic records -- Counting -- Calculations -- Annotating and linking -- Filter and PivotTable -- Other factors that affect the validity of your answer -- Duplication -- Author networks and hubs or nodes -- Getting the data wrong -- Difficult data -- Outcome summaries but no details -- Percentages -- Solutions -- RESOURCES -- REFERENCE -- 5 Critical appraisal and presentation of study details -- Introduction -- Critical appraisal -- Study selection -- Quality assessment -- Internal and external validity -- Conflicts of interest and fraud -- Reporting standards -- Clinical trial registration -- Presentation of study details -- Summary -- REFERENCES -- 6 Outcomes -- Introduction -- Clinically relevant outcomes -- Patient satisfaction -- Other considerations -- Outcomes exemplified -- Mortality -- Morbidity -- Other anaesthesia related clinical outcomes -- Other relevant outcomes -- POEMs -- Types of trials -- The randomised controlled trial -- The cohort study (epidemiological research/regression analysis) -- Qualitative research -- Outcome related bias -- Surrogate outcome -- Conclusions -- REFERENCES -- 7 The meta-analysis of a systematic review -- Introduction -- SR data: study characteristics -- SR data: observed study outcomes -- Effect measures -- Summary effect measures and heterogeneity -- Managing heterogeneity -- Graphical tools -- Resources, problems, and promises -- Summary -- REFERENCES -- 8 Bias in systematic reviews: considerations when updating your knowledge -- Introduction -- Within-study biases/trial quality -- Bias and quality assessment in randomised controlled trials -- Selection bias: biased allocation to intervention or control group -- Performance bias: unequal care for the intervention and control group -- Information (Detection) bias: different outcome
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Forensic Genetics in the Governance of Crime

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat44708
Helena Machado, Rafaela Granja. --Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan , 2020.
Available Online
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Access
Open access
Location
Online
This open access book uses a critical sociological perspective to explore contemporary ways of reformulating the governance of crime through genetics. Through the lens of scientific knowledge and genetic technology, Machado and Granja offer a unique perspective on current trends in crime governance. They explore the place and role of genetics in criminal justice systems, and show how classical and contemporary social theory can help address challenges posed by social processes and interactions …
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Author
Machado, Helena
Other Authors
Granja, Rafaela
Responsibility
Helena Machado, Rafaela Granja
Place of Publication
Singapore
Publisher
Palgrave Macmillan
Date of Publication
2020
Physical Description
1 online resource (ix, 114 p.) : 1 illus.
ISBN
9789811524295
9789811524288 (Print ed.)
9789811524301 (Print ed.)
9789811524318 (Print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
DNA Fingerprinting
Forensic Genetics
Subjects (LCSH)
Technology—Sociological aspects
Criminology
Specialty
Forensic Sciences
Genetics
Abstract
This open access book uses a critical sociological perspective to explore contemporary ways of reformulating the governance of crime through genetics. Through the lens of scientific knowledge and genetic technology, Machado and Granja offer a unique perspective on current trends in crime governance. They explore the place and role of genetics in criminal justice systems, and show how classical and contemporary social theory can help address challenges posed by social processes and interactions generated by the uses, meanings, and expectations attributed to genetics in the governance of crime. Cutting-edge methods and research techniques are also integrated to address crucial aspects of this social reality. Finally, the authors examine new challenges emerging from recent paradigm shifts within forensic genetics, moving away from the construction of evidence as presented in court to the production of intelligence guiding criminal investigations.
Contents
1. Introduction -- 2. The Sociological Gaze -- 3. Biological Explanations of Criminal Behaviour -- 4. DNA Technologies in Criminal Investigation and Courts -- 5. DNA Databases and Big Data -- 6. Forensic Genetics and Governance of Transnational Criminality -- 7. Emerging DNA Technologies and Stigmatization -- 8. Conclusion.
Access
Open access
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Health Services Research

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat44875
Justin B. Dimick, Carrie C. Lubitz, editors. (Second edition) --Cham: Springer , c2020.
Available Online
View e-Book
Holdings
Cape Breton Regional: 2002 - 2007.
Location
Online
This updated volume provides insight into health services research, as well as the emerging areas of research and the tools required to perform scientific work. The book covers topics related to performance assessment, quality improvement, health care policy, and career development. New chapters on the evaluation of non-technical skills in surgery, methods of enhancing causal inference in observational studies, and writing scientific manuscripts are also included. Health Services Research aims …
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Other Authors
Dimick, Justin B.
Lubitz, Carrie C.
Responsibility
Justin B. Dimick, Carrie C. Lubitz, editors
Edition
Second edition
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2020
Holdings
Cape Breton Regional: 2002 - 2007.
Physical Description
1 online resource (vii, 376 p.) : 55 illus., 38 illus. in color
Series Title
Success in academic surgery
ISBN
9783030283575
9783030283568 (Print ed.)
9783030283582 (Print ed.)
ISSN
0017-9124
Subjects (MeSH)
Health Services Research - methods
Specialty
Health Services Administration
Research
Abstract
This updated volume provides insight into health services research, as well as the emerging areas of research and the tools required to perform scientific work. The book covers topics related to performance assessment, quality improvement, health care policy, and career development. New chapters on the evaluation of non-technical skills in surgery, methods of enhancing causal inference in observational studies, and writing scientific manuscripts are also included. Health Services Research aims to give advice on how to obtain National Institutes of Health funding and other grants, as well as breaking through the barriers to developing a career in academic surgery. This book is relevant to surgical residents and young surgical faculty, as well as anyone undertaking a career in academic surgery.
Contents
Part I. Main Research Areas -- 1. An Introduction to Health Services Research -- 2. Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 3. Understanding Variations in the Use of Surgery -- 4. Health Policy Research in Surgery -- 5. Surgical Disparities: Beyond Non-Modifiable Patient Factors -- 6. Measuring Surgical Quality -- 7. Using Data for Local Quality Improvement -- Part II. Emerging Areas of Research -- 8. Dissemination and Implementation Science -- 9. Studying Organizational Culture in Surgery -- 10. Patient Reported Outcomes in Surgical Research -- 11. Studying What Happens in the Operating Room -- 12. Evaluating Non-Technical Skills in Surgery -- 13. Collaborative Quality Improvement -- 14. Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence -- Part III. Tools of the Trade -- 15. Large Databases Used for Outcomes Research -- 16. Methods for Enhancing Causal Inference in Observational Studies -- 17. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis: A Clinical Exercise -- 18. Medical Decision-Making Research in Surgery -- 19. Decision Analysis and Cost-Effectiveness Research -- 20. Survey Research -- 21. Qualitative Research Methods -- Part IV Career Development -- 22. Writing Scientific Manuscripts -- 23. Disseminating Research and #VisualAbstracts -- 24. Engaging Policymakers to Disseminate Research -- 25. Being a Good Mentee in Outcomes Research -- 26. Finding a Mentor -- 27. What Every Outcomes Research Fellow Should Learn -- 28. Funding Opportunities for Outcomes Research -- 29. Principles of Writing K and R Grants -- 30. Choosing Your First Job as a Surgeon and Health Services Researcher -- 31. Building a Health Services Research Program.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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The History of Medical Informatics in the United States

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat38913
Morris F. Collen, Marion J. Ball, editors. (Second edition) --London: Springer , c2015.
Available Online
View e-Book
Location
Online
This is a meticulously detailed chronological record of significant events in the history of medical informatics and their impact on direct patient care and clinical research, offering a representative sampling of published contributions to the field. The History of Medical Informatics in the United States has been restructured within this new edition, reflecting the transformation medical informatics has undergone in the years since 1990. The systems that were once exclusively institutionally …
Available Online
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Other Authors
Collen, Morris F
Ball, Marion J
Responsibility
Morris F. Collen, Marion J. Ball, editors
Edition
Second edition
Place of Publication
London
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxii, 755 p.)
Series Title
Health informatics
ISBN
9781447167327
9781447167310 (print ed.)
ISSN
1431-1917
Subjects (MeSH)
Informatics - history
Medical Informatics - history
Other Subjects
United States
Abstract
This is a meticulously detailed chronological record of significant events in the history of medical informatics and their impact on direct patient care and clinical research, offering a representative sampling of published contributions to the field. The History of Medical Informatics in the United States has been restructured within this new edition, reflecting the transformation medical informatics has undergone in the years since 1990. The systems that were once exclusively institutionally driven--hospital, multihospital, and outpatient information systems--are today joined by systems that are driven by clinical subspecialties, nursing, pathology, clinical laboratory, pharmacy, imaging, and more. At the core is the person--not the clinician, not the institution--whose health all these systems are designed to serve. A group of world-renowned authors have joined forces with Dr Marion Ball to bring Dr Collen's work to press. These recognized leaders in medical informatics, many of whom are recipients of the Morris F. Collen Award in Medical Informatics and were friends of or mentored by Dr Collen, carefully reviewed, editing and updating his draft chapters. This has resulted in the most thorough history of the subject, and also provides readers with a roadmap for the subject well into later in the century.
Contents
The Development of Digital Computers -- The Creation of a New Discipline -- evelopment of Medical Information Systems (MISs) -- Medical Databases and Patient Record Systems -- Outpatient Information Systems (OISs) for Ambulatory Care -- The Early History of Hospital Information Systems -- Nursing Informatics: Past, Present, and Future -- Specialized High-Intensity Clinical Settings: A Brief Review -- Information Systems for Clinical Subspecialties -- Multi-Hospital Information Systems (MHISs) -- Clinical Support Information Systems (CSISs) -- Clinical Laboratory (LAB) Information Systems -- Anatomic Pathology Information Laboratory Information Systems and Natural Language Processing: Early History -- Pharmacy Information (PHARM) Systems -- Imaging Information Systems -- Public and Personal Health Testing Systems -- Decision Support Systems -- Medical Informatics: Past and Future.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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