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Microcirculation in Fractal Branching Networks

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat39658
Tatsuhisa Takahashi. --Tokyo: Springer Japan , c2014.
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Location
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This book presents a new method for analyzing the structure and function of the biological branching systems of fractal trees, with a focus on microcirculation. Branching systems in humans (vascular and bronchial trees) and those in the natural world (plants, trees, and rivers) are characterized by a fractal nature. To date, fractal studies have tended to concentrate on fractal dimensions, which quantify the complexity of objects, but the applications for practical use have remained largely une…
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Author
Takahashi, Tatsuhisa
Responsibility
Tatsuhisa Takahashi
Place of Publication
Tokyo
Publisher
Springer Japan
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (xiii, 138 p. : 43 illus.0
ISBN
9784431545088
9784431545071 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Fractals
Microcirculation - physiology
Models, Cardiovascular
Abstract
This book presents a new method for analyzing the structure and function of the biological branching systems of fractal trees, with a focus on microcirculation. Branching systems in humans (vascular and bronchial trees) and those in the natural world (plants, trees, and rivers) are characterized by a fractal nature. To date, fractal studies have tended to concentrate on fractal dimensions, which quantify the complexity of objects, but the applications for practical use have remained largely unexplored. This book breaks new ground with topics that include the human retinal microcirculatory network, oxygen consumption by vascular walls, the Fahraeus–Lindqvist effect, the bifurcation exponent, and the asymmetrical microvascular network. Readers are provided with simple formulas to express functions and a simulation graph with in vivo data. The book also discusses the mechanisms regulating blood flow and pressure and how they are related to pathological changes in the human body. Researchers and clinicians alike will find valuable new insights in these pioneering studies.
Contents
1. Branching Systems of Fractal Vascular Trees -- 2. A Theoretical Model for the Microcirculatory Network -- 3. Oxygen Consumption by Vascular Walls in the Retinal Vasculature -- 4. The Fahraeus–Lindqvist Effect on the Retinal Microcirculation -- 5. Effects of a Reduction in the Bifurcation Exponent from 3.00 to 2.85 on Microcirculation -- 6. Asymmetrically Branching Microvascular Networks.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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