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Mortality Among Hispanic and African-American Players After Desegregation in Major League Baseball

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat44166
Jeffrey S. Markowitz. --Cham: Springer , 2019.
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This compelling book examines mortality risk among former Hispanic and African-American players in Major League Baseball (MLB) during the 40-year period following desegregation in the League. Analyzing a variety of biological, cultural, social, and environmental factors, the author illustrates the potential health effects of racial disparities on these elite athletes and fills a significant gap in the mortality literature. A unique perspective on a pressing public health issue, Mortality Among …
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Author
Markowitz, Jeffrey S.
Responsibility
Jeffrey S. Markowitz
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
2019
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxvi, 118 p.) : 2 illus., 1 illus. in color
Series
SpringerBriefs in Public Health
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783030172800
9783030172794 (Print ed.)
9783030172817 (Print ed.)
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
African Americans - statistics & numerical data
Athletes - statistics & numerical data
Hispanic Americans - statistics & numerical data
Mortality - trends
Race Factors
Specialty
Minority Health
Population Health
Abstract
This compelling book examines mortality risk among former Hispanic and African-American players in Major League Baseball (MLB) during the 40-year period following desegregation in the League. Analyzing a variety of biological, cultural, social, and environmental factors, the author illustrates the potential health effects of racial disparities on these elite athletes and fills a significant gap in the mortality literature. A unique perspective on a pressing public health issue, Mortality Among Hispanic and African-American Players After Desegregation in Major League Baseball is a salient read for public health professionals including epidemiologists, medical professionals, and social scientists, as well as athletes, historians, and those with broad interest in African American and Latino health.
Contents
Part I. The Backstory -- The Roots of Baseball in the US -- A Mini-history of Latin America and Professional Baseball -- Literature and Statistical Review of Race/Hispanic Origin and Mortality -- Part II. Empirical Study Description and Preliminary Results -- Study Methods -- Births and Deaths in the Study Cohort -- Preliminary Testing of Main Study Hypotheses -- Part III. Other Independent Variables and More Definitive Testing of Study Hypotheses -- The Role of Educational Attainment -- Examination of Other Independent Variables -- Final Multivariate Testing of Study Hypotheses -- Part IV - External Analysis and Discussion -- Comparison of Mortality Rates Between Major League Baseball Players and the General Population -- Summary, Conclusions, and Implications.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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The Palgrave Handbook of Global Health Data Methods for Policy and Practice

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat44225
Sarah B. Macfarlane, Carla AbouZahr, editors. --London: Palgrave Macmillan , 2019.
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This handbook compiles methods for gathering, organizing and disseminating data to inform policy and manage health systems worldwide. Contributing authors describe national and international structures for generating data and explain the relevance of ethics, policy, epidemiology, health economics, demography, statistics, geography and qualitative methods to describing population health. The reader, whether a student of global health, public health practitioner, programme manager, data analyst o…
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Other Authors
Macfarlane, Sarah B.
Abou Zahr, Carla
Responsibility
Sarah B. Macfarlane, Carla AbouZahr, editors
Place of Publication
London
Publisher
Palgrave Macmillan
Date of Publication
2019
Physical Description
1 online resource (xliv, 532 p.) : 41 illus., 39 illus. in color
Series Title
Palgrave handbooks
ISBN
9781137549846
9781137549839 (Print ed.)
9781349715312 (Print ed.)
9781349715305 (Print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Data Analysis
Data Collection - methods
Global Health - statistics & numerical data
Health Planning - methods
Health Policy
Public Health Informatics
Specialty
Data Science
Global Health
Policy
Abstract
This handbook compiles methods for gathering, organizing and disseminating data to inform policy and manage health systems worldwide. Contributing authors describe national and international structures for generating data and explain the relevance of ethics, policy, epidemiology, health economics, demography, statistics, geography and qualitative methods to describing population health. The reader, whether a student of global health, public health practitioner, programme manager, data analyst or policymaker, will appreciate the methods, context and importance of collecting and using global health data.
Contents
Part I. Global Health Data for Policy and Practice -- 1. National Health Systems for Generating and Managing Data for Health -- 2. Indicators for Monitoring Health Targets -- 3. Challenges in Shaping Health Policy with Data -- 4. Challenges in Shaping Health Programmes with Data -- 5. Measure, Inform, Build: Enabling Data-Driven Government Policymaking -- Part II. Major Sources of Global Health Data -- 6. The Population Census: Counting People because They Count -- 7. Civil Registration and Vital Statistics: A Unique Source of Data for Policy -- 8. National Household Surveys: Collecting Data Where People Live -- 9. Health Management Information Systems: Backbone of the Health System -- 10. Public Health Surveillance: A Vital Alert and Response Function -- Part III. Specialised Systems for Global Health Data -- 11. Tracking Health Resources Using National Health Accounts -- 12. Data to Monitor and Manage the Health Workforce -- 13. Mortality Data in Service of Conflict-Affected Populations -- 14. Climate Matters in Health Decision-Making -- 15. Advancing Health Policy Using a Geographic Approach -- Part IV. Methods for Collecting and Analyzing Global Health Data -- 16. Seeking Insight: Using Qualitative Data for Policymaking -- 17. Describing Dynamic Populations: Demographic Data Methods -- 18. Epidemiology for Policy and Programme Management -- 19. Health Economics: Tools to Measure and Maximize Programme Impact -- 20. Tracking Health Outcomes in Space and Time: Spatial and Spatio-Temporal Methods -- 21. Global Health Estimates: Modelling and Predicting Health Outcomes -- Part V Principles and Policies for Managing Global Health Data -- 22. A Matter of Trust: Data Quality and Information Integrity -- 23. Opening Data for Global Health -- 24. Principles and Ethics of Collecting and Managing Health Data -- 25. Global Health Data: An Unfinished Agenda.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Irreversible Electroporation in Clinical Practice

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat42550
Martijn R. Meijerink, Hester J. Scheffer, Govindarajan Narayanan, editors. --Cham: Springer , c2018.
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the clinical use of irreversible electroporation (IRE)—better known by its commercial name, NanoKnife—which is one of the most exciting new needle-guided cancer treatments. The coverage includes the history of IRE, general technique, preclinical research, applications in clinical practice and early clinical results, and future perspectives. Contraindications, treatment planning, potential complications, follow-up imaging, and other practical aspect…
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Other Authors
Meijerink, Martijn R.
Scheffer, Hester J.
Narayanan, Govindarajan
Responsibility
Martijn R. Meijerink, Hester J. Scheffer, Govindarajan Narayanan, editors
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
1 online resource (vi, 285 p.) : 89 illus., 72 illus. in color
ISBN
9783319551135
9783319551128 (print ed.)
9783319551142 (print ed.)
9783319855714 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Ablation Techniques - methods
Electrochemotherapy - methods
Electroporation
Neoplasms - drug therapy
Specialty
Surgical Procedures, Operative
Abstract
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the clinical use of irreversible electroporation (IRE)—better known by its commercial name, NanoKnife—which is one of the most exciting new needle-guided cancer treatments. The coverage includes the history of IRE, general technique, preclinical research, applications in clinical practice and early clinical results, and future perspectives. Contraindications, treatment planning, potential complications, follow-up imaging, and other practical aspects are fully discussed, with highlighting of useful tips and tricks. Through the delivery of short but highly intense electrical pulses, IRE results in tumor cell membrane permeabilization, causing cells to go into apoptosis. The minimally invasive nature of IRE, combined with the prospect of completely eradicating tumors while preserving delicate structures in the ablation zone, makes IRE the object of worldwide clinical research. This book will be of value for practitioners and trainees in interventional and diagnostic radiology, surgery, medical oncology, HPB and gastroenterology, urology, and radiation oncology.
Contents
Part I. Introduction -- 1. History of Image-Guided Tumor Ablation -- 2. History of Electroporation -- Part II. Preclinical Research -- 3. Multi-scale Biophysical Principles in Clinical Irreversible Electroporation -- 4. Numerical Modelling for Prediction and Evaluation of Treatment Outcome -- 5. The Effect of Irreversible Electroporation on Blood Vessels, Bile Ducts, Urinary Tract, Intestines, and Nerves -- Part III. Technique, Tips and Tricks -- 6. Anesthetic Management During Irreversible Electroporation Procedures -- 7. Complications and Procedures to Enhance Safety -- 8. Treatment Planning, Needle Insertion, Image Guidance, and Endpoint Assessment -- 9. Thermal Effects of Irreversible Electroporation -- Part IV. Clinical Practice -- 10. Irreversible Electroporation of Liver Tumors -- 11. Irreversible Electroporation of Pancreatic Tumors -- 12. Irreversible Electroporation for Perihilar Cholangiocarcinoma (Klatskin Tumors) -- 13. Irreversible Electroporation of Kidney Tumours -- 14. Irreversible Electroporation of Prostate Tumors -- 15. Irreversible Electroporation of Tumors Within the Pelvic Cavity -- 16. Irreversible Electroporation of Lung Tumors -- Part V. Future Perspectives -- 17. From Local to Systemic Treatment: Leveraging Antitumor Immunity Following Irreversible Electroporation -- 18. Future Perspectives of IRE.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Technology and Adolescent Mental Health

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat43050
Megan A. Moreno, Ana Radovic, editors. --Cham: Springer , c2018.
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This comprehensive book provides a framework for healthcare providers working with the dual challenges and opportunities presented by the intersection of mental health and technology. Technology and Adolescent Mental Health provides recent, evidence-based approaches that are applicable to clinical practice and adolescent care, with each chapter including a patient case illustrating key components of the chapter contents. Early chapters address the epidemiology of mental health, while the second…
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Other Authors
Moreno, Megan A.
Radovic, Ana
Responsibility
Megan A. Moreno, Ana Radovic, editors
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
1 online resource (xi, 302 p.) : 51 illus., 44 illus. in color
ISBN
9783319696386
9783319696379 (print ed.)
9783319696393 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Adolescent Behavior - psychology
Adolescent
Health Behavior
Internet - statistics & numerical data
Mental Disorders - psychology
Mental Health
Psychology, Adolescent
Smartphone - statistics & numerical data
Telemedicine - methods
Specialty
Adolescent Health
Mental Health
Abstract
This comprehensive book provides a framework for healthcare providers working with the dual challenges and opportunities presented by the intersection of mental health and technology. Technology and Adolescent Mental Health provides recent, evidence-based approaches that are applicable to clinical practice and adolescent care, with each chapter including a patient case illustrating key components of the chapter contents. Early chapters address the epidemiology of mental health, while the second section of the book deals with how both offline and online worlds affect mental health, presenting both positive and negative outcomes, and focusing on special populations of at-risk adolescents. The third section of the book focuses on technology uses for observation, diagnosis or screening for mental health conditions. The final section highlights promising future approaches to technology, and tools for improving intervention and treatment for mental health concerns and illnesses. This book will be a key resource for pediatricians, family physicians, internal medicine providers, adolescent medicine and psychiatry specialists, psychologists, social workers, as well as any other healthcare providers working with adolescents and mental health care.
Contents
Part I. Epidemiology of Mental Health and Technology -- 1. An Overview of Adolescent Mental Health -- 2. Adolescents Seeking Online Health Information: Topics, Approaches, and Challenges -- 3. How Mental Health Conditions affect Online Use and Access -- 4. Technology Use Among Special Populations -- Part II. Associations Between Mental Health Symptoms and Technology Use -- 5. Positive and Negative Associations Between Adolescent Mental Health and Technology -- 6. Social Media Use and Display of Depressive Symptoms Online by Adolescents and Young Adults -- 7. Cyberbullying and mental health -- 8. Media Multitasking and Mental Health -- 9. Internet Gaming Disorder -- 10. When Does Internet and Smartphone Use Become a Problem? -- Part III. Use of Technology for Diagnosis, Intervention, and Treatment -- 11. Identifying Mental Health Symptoms Using Technology -- 12. Social Media Data for Online Adolescent Suicide Risk Identification: Considerations for Integration within Platforms, Clinics, and Schools -- 13. Telemental health -- 14. Social Media Interventions for Adolescents and Young People with Depression and Psychosis -- 15. The Role of Texting in Addressing Mental Health -- 16. Online Therapy for Adolescent Mental Health -- 17. Video Games and their Impact on Teens' Mental Health -- 18. Apps for Mental Health -- 19. Comprehensive Approaches Using Technology to Address Mental Health.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Intracranial Pressure & Neuromonitoring XVI

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat43190
Thomas Heldt, editor. --Cham: Springer , c2018.
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This book introduces the latest advances relating to the pathophysiology, biophysics, monitoring and treatment of traumatic brain injury, hydrocephalus, and stroke presented at the 16th International Conference on Intracranial Pressure and Neuromonitoring (the "ICP Conference"), held in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in June 2016 in conjunction with the 6th Annual Meeting of the Cerebral Autoregulation Research Network. Additionally, the conference held special sessions on neurocritical care informa…
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Other Authors
Heldt, Thomas
Responsibility
Thomas Heldt, editor
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
1 online resource (xii, 330 p.) : 124 illus., 52 illus. in color
Series Vol.
126
Series Title
Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement
ISBN
9783319657981
9783319657974 (print ed.)
9783319657998 (print ed.)
9783319881096 (print ed.)
ISSN
0065-1419
Subjects (MeSH)
Brain Injuries - physiopathology
Hydrocephalus - physiopathology
Intracranial Pressure
Monitoring, Physiologic - methods
Specialty
Cardiology
Monitoring, Physiologic
Neurology
Abstract
This book introduces the latest advances relating to the pathophysiology, biophysics, monitoring and treatment of traumatic brain injury, hydrocephalus, and stroke presented at the 16th International Conference on Intracranial Pressure and Neuromonitoring (the "ICP Conference"), held in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in June 2016 in conjunction with the 6th Annual Meeting of the Cerebral Autoregulation Research Network. Additionally, the conference held special sessions on neurocritical care informatics and cerebrovascular autoregulation. The peer-reviewed papers included were written by leading experts in neurosurgery, neurointensive care, anesthesiology, physiology, clinical engineering, clinical informatics and mathematics who have made important contributions in this translational area of research, and their focus ranges from the latest research findings and developments to clinical trials and experimental studies. The book continues the proud tradition of publishing key work from the ICP Conferences and is a must-read for anyone wishing to stay abreast of recent advances in the field.
Contents
[Part 1] Traumatic Brain Injury -- Cerebral perfusion pressure variability between patients and between centers -- Pre-hospital predictors of impaired ICP trends in continuous monitoring of paediatric traumatic brain injury patients -- Prognosis and outcomes of severe traumatic brain injury in children -- Do ICP - derived parameters help to differentiate Vegetative State (VS) from other outcome groups after traumatic brain injury? -- The Cerebral Arterial Compliance in Severe Head Injury -- The erebrovascular Resistance in Severe Polytraumazed Patients with Intracranial Hematomas -- Computed tomography indicators of deranged ICP-derived indices in paediatric traumatic brain injury -- Mean square deviation of ICP in prognosis of outcomes in severe TBI of children -- KidsBrainIT—A new Multi-centre, multi-disciplinary, and multi-national Paediatric Brain Monitoring Collaboration -- Cerebral haemodynamics during experimental increases in ICP -- What determines outcome in patients that suffer raised intracranial pressure after traumatic brain injury? -- Visualisation of the "Optimal Cerebral Perfusion" landscape in severe traumatic brain injury patients -- Is there a relationship between optimal cerebral perfusion pressure guided management and PaO2/FiO2 ratio after severe traumatic brain injury? -- [Part 2] Brain Monitoring Technology -- Non invasive intracranial pressure in brain injured patients: a comparison between three methods based on Duplex Color -- Analysis of a noninvasive intracranial pressure monitoring method in patients with traumatic brain injury -- Comparison of different calibration methods in a non-invasive ICP assessment model -- An Embedded Device for Real-Time Noninvasive ICP Estimation -- Transcranial Bioimpedance Measurement as a Non-Invasive Estimate of Intracranial Pressure -- Pulsed electromagnetic field -- Volumetric Ophthalmic Ultrasound for Inflight Monitoring of Visual Impairment and Intracranial Pressure -- Does the variability of evoked TMD data (Vm) increase as the magnitude of the pulse amplitude increases? -- Analysis of minimally invasive intracranial pressure signals during infusion in the subarachnoid spinal space of pigs -- A Wearable Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound Phased Array System -- Comparison of macro- and microcirculatory cerebral blood flow in healthy controls using contrast-enhanced ultrasound -- HDF5 based data format for archiving complex neuro-monitoring data in Traumatic Brain Injury patients -- [Part 3] Neurocritical Care Informatics -- Influence of general anaesthesia on slow vasogenic waves of intracranial pressure -- Critical closing pressure during controlled increase in intracranial pressure -- Effect of mild hypocapnia on critical closing pressure and other mechanoelstic parameters of cerebrospinal system -- Occurrence of CPPopt values in uncorrelated ICP an ABP time series -- Simultaneous transients of ICP and heart rate -- Increasing the Contrast-to-Noise Ratio of MRI Signals for the Regional Assessment of Dynamic Cerebral Autoregulation -- Linear and nonlinear SVM finite imputes response -- ICP and antihypertensive drugs -- ICP: From correlation to causation -- A waveform archiving agent for the GE Solar -- Deriving PRx and CPPopt from 0.2 Hz data: Establishing Generalizability to Bedmaster Users -- MFER Representation of Neurointensive Care Waveform Data -- Multi-Scale Peak and Trough Detection Optimised for Periodic and Quasi-Periodic Neuroscience Data -- Room air readings of brain oxygen probes -- What do we mean by cerebral perfusion pressure? -- Investigation of the relationship between the burden of raised ICP and the length of stay in a neuro-intensive care unit -- Optimal cerebral perfusion pressure in a prospective traumatic brain injury cohort -- [Part 4] Hydrocephalus and CSF Biophysics -- Visual Impairment Intracranial Pressure Syndrome-Related Globe Deformations in Astronauts are linked to CSF Volume Increase -- MRI criteria for diagnosis of communicating chronic hydrocephalus in adults -- Is there a link between ICP-derived infusion test parameters and outcome after shunting in NPH? -- Mathematical modelling of CSF stroke volume in aqueduct cerebri -- CSF and cerebral blood flows in idiopathic intracranial hypertension -- Significant Association of Slow Vasogenic ICP Waves with Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Diagnosis -- ICP monitoring and Phase contrast MRI to investigate intracranial compliance -- Numerical Cerebrospinal System Modeling in Fluid-Structure Interaction -- [Part 5] Cerebrovascular Autoregulation -- Differential systolic and diastolic regulation of the cerebral pressure-flow relationship during squat-stand manoeuvres -- Normative Ranges of Transcranial Doppler Metrics -- Autoregulation enhances collateral flow through the circle of Willis -- Simultaneous assessment of intracranial pressure and pressure reactivity index by ventricular catheter and ICP probe -- Comparison of intracranial pressure and pressure reactivity index obtained through pressure measurements in the ventricle and in the parenchyma during and outside cerebrospinal fluid drainage episodes in a manipulation free patient setting -- Visualizing autoregulation insults and their association with outcome in adult traumatic brain injury -- RAP as an Index of Cerebral Hemodynamic Stability after Brain Injury -- Systolic and diastolic regulation of the cerebral pressure-flow relationship differentially affected by acute sport-related concussion -- Induced Dynamic Intracranial Pressure (ICP) Reactivity (iPRx) and Cerebrovascular Reactivity (iCVRx) Assessment of Cerebrovascular Autoregulation after Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) with High Intracranial Pressure (ICP) in Rats -- Prediction of the time to syncope occurrence in patients diagnosed with vasovagal syncope -- Statistical signal properties of the pressure-reactivity index (PRx).
Format
e-Book
Publication Type
Congress
Location
Online
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Clinical Informatics Board Review and Self Assessment

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat43194
editor, Scott Mankowitz. --Cham: Springer , c2018.
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The book offers an introduction to all the informatics concepts that are represented on the Clinical Informatics Board Examination The core and direction of this book is to mirror the model of clinical informatics which is used by the American Board of Preventive Medicine to create their exam. Unlike any other text on the market, the book includes simulated exam questions, to help the reader asses his knowledge and focus his study. Clinical Informatics Board Review and Self Assessment is a thor…
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Other Authors
Mankowitz, Scott
Responsibility
editor, Scott Mankowitz
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
1 online resource (xii, 343 p.) : 99 illus., 81 illus. in color
ISBN
9783319637662
9783319637655 (print ed.)
9783319637679 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Medical Informatics - Examination Questions
Specialty
Medical Informatics
Abstract
The book offers an introduction to all the informatics concepts that are represented on the Clinical Informatics Board Examination The core and direction of this book is to mirror the model of clinical informatics which is used by the American Board of Preventive Medicine to create their exam. Unlike any other text on the market, the book includes simulated exam questions, to help the reader asses his knowledge and focus his study. Clinical Informatics Board Review and Self Assessment is a thorough practical assistant to refine the reader's knowledge regarding this youngest and possibly broadest fields of medicine.
Contents
Part I: Fundamentals -- 1.1 Clinical Informatics -- 1.2 The Health System -- Part II: Clinical Decision Making and Care Process Improvement -- 2.1 Clinical Decision Support -- 2.2 Evidence-Based Patient Care -- 2.3 Clinical Workflow Analysis, Process Redesign, and Quality Improvement -- Part III: Health Information Systems -- 3.1 Information Technology Systems -- 3.2 Human Factors Engineering -- 3.3 Health Information Systems and Applications -- 3.4 Clinical Data Standards -- 3.5 Information System Lifecycle -- Part IV: Leading and Managing Change -- 4.1 Leadership Models, Processes, and Practices -- 4.2 Effective Interdisciplinary Teams -- 4.3 Effective Communications -- 4.4 Project Management -- 4.5 Strategic and Financial Planning for Clinical Information Systems -- 4.6 Change Management -- Numerical Methods -- Questions -- Answers -- Index.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Mortality and Its Risk Factors Among Professional Athletes : A Comparison Between Former NBA and NFL Players

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat43199
Jeffrey S. Markowitz. --Cham: Springer , c2018.
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Location
Online
Available Online
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Author
Markowitz, Jeffrey S.
Responsibility
Jeffrey S. Markowitz
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
1 online resource (xvi, 133 p.) : 10 illus., 8 illus. in color
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in public health
ISBN
9783319772035
9783319772028 (print ed.)
9783319772042 (print ed.)
ISSN
2192-3698
Subjects (MeSH)
Athletes - statistics & numerical data
Basketball - injuries
Football - injuries
Models, Statistical
Mortality, Premature
Risk Factors
Specialty
Sports Medicine
Contents
1. Introduction -- 2. Methods -- 3. Life and Death Statistics -- Part I. Internal Risk Factor Analysis -- 4. Race -- 5. Body Mass Index (BMI) -- 6. Birthplace Region -- 7. Playing Experience -- 8. Multivariate Analysis -- 9. Player Position -- Part II. External Analysis -- 10. Mortality Comparisons Between NBA and NFL Players Versus the General Population -- 11. Conclusions, Implications, and Discussion.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Right-to-Work Laws and the Crumbling of American Public Health

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat43230
Deborah Wallace, Rodrick Wallace. --Cham: Springer , c2018.
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Online
This book discusses the socioeconomic effects of Right-to-Work (RTW) laws on state populations. RTW laws forbid requiring union membership even at union-represented worksites. The core of the 22 long-term RTW states was the Confederacy, cultural descendants of rigidly hierarchical agrarian feudal England. RTW laws buttress hierarchy and power imbalance which unions minimize at the worksite and by encouraging higher educational attainment, social mobility, and individual empowerment through grou…
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Author
Wallace, Deborah
Other Authors
Wallace, Rodrick
Responsibility
Deborah Wallace, Rodrick Wallace
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 160 p.) : 64 illus.
ISBN
9783319727844
9783319727837 (print ed.)
9783319727851 (print ed.)
9783319892078 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Employment - legislation & jurisprudence
Health Status Indicators
Labor Unions
Public Health - statistics & numerical data
Socioeconomic Factors
Other Subjects
United States
Specialty
Policy
Public Health
Sociology, Medical
Abstract
This book discusses the socioeconomic effects of Right-to-Work (RTW) laws on state populations. RTW laws forbid requiring union membership even at union-represented worksites. The core of the 22 long-term RTW states was the Confederacy, cultural descendants of rigidly hierarchical agrarian feudal England. RTW laws buttress hierarchy and power imbalance which unions minimize at the worksite and by encouraging higher educational attainment, social mobility, and individual empowerment through group validation. Contrary to claims of RTW proponents, RTW and non-RTW states do not differ significantly in unemployment rates. RTW states have higher poverty rates, lower median household incomes, and lower educational attainment on average and median than non-RTW states. RTW states on average and median have lower life expectancy, higher obesity prevalence, and higher rates of all-cause mortality, early mortality from chronic conditions, child mortality, and risk behaviors than non-RTW states. The higher mortality rates result in startlingly higher annual numbers of years of life lost before age 75. Stroke mortality at age 55-64 in RTW states results in nearly 10,000 years annually lost in excess of what it would be if the mortality rate were that of non-RTW states. A review of respected publications describes the physiological mechanisms and epidemiology of accelerated aging due to socioeconomic stress. Unions challenge hierarchy directly at work-sites and indirectly through encouraging college education, social mobility, and community and political engagement. How startling that feudal hierarchy lives in 21stácentury America, shaping vast differences between states in macro- and micro-economics, educational attainment, innovation, life expectancy, obesity prevalence, chronic disease mortality, infant and child mortality, risk behaviors, and other public health markers! Readers will gain insight about the coming clash between feudal individualism and adaptive collectivism, and, in the last chapter, on ways to win the clash by "missionary" work for collectivism.
Contents
The post-World War II America and the high point of union participation -- What unions do for workers -- Social and economic measures nationally and by RTW status -- Social economic differences: RTW and non-RTW states -- Measures of death -- Early mortality from Ischemic heart disease (Coronary Heart Disease) -- Premature unspecified stroke mortality -- Obesity and diabetes -- American child mortality, low-weight births -- Taking risks -- Resilience -- RTW laws and public health.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Visualizing Mortality Dynamics in the Lexis Diagram

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat43974
Roland Rau, Christina Bohk-Ewald, Magdalena M. Muszynska, James W. Vaupel. --Cham: SpringerOpen , c2018.
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Access
Open access
Location
Online
This book visualizes mortality dynamics in the Lexis diagram. While the standard approach of plotting death rates is also covered, the focus in this book is on the depiction of rates of mortality improvement over age and time. This rather novel approach offers a more intuitive understanding of the underlying dynamics, enabling readers to better understand whether period- or cohort-effects were instrumental for the development of mortality in a particular country. Besides maps for single countri…
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Author
Rau, Roland
Other Authors
Bohk-Ewald, Christina
Muszynska, Magdalena M.
Vaupel, James W.
Responsibility
Roland Rau, Christina Bohk-Ewald, Magdalena M. Muszynska, James W. Vaupel
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
SpringerOpen
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
1 online resource (xiii, 169 p. 114 illus.)
Series Vol.
44
Series Title
Springer series on demographic methods and population analysis
ISBN
9783319648200
9783319648187 (Print ed.)
9783319648194 (Print ed.)
9783319878805 (Print ed.)
ISSN
1389-6784
Subjects (MeSH)
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Data Visualization
Demography - methods
Mortality
Population Dynamics - statistics & numerical data
Population Health - statistics & numerical data
Specialty
Public Health
Abstract
This book visualizes mortality dynamics in the Lexis diagram. While the standard approach of plotting death rates is also covered, the focus in this book is on the depiction of rates of mortality improvement over age and time. This rather novel approach offers a more intuitive understanding of the underlying dynamics, enabling readers to better understand whether period- or cohort-effects were instrumental for the development of mortality in a particular country. Besides maps for single countries, the book includes maps on the dynamics of selected causes of death in the United States, such as cardiovascular diseases or lung cancer. The book also features maps for age-specific contributions to the change in life expectancy, for cancer survival and for seasonality in mortality for selected causes of death in the United States. The book is accompanied by instructions on how to use the freely available R Software to produce these types of surface maps. Readers are encouraged to use the presented tools to visualize other demographic data or any event that can be measured by age and calendar time, allowing them to adapt the methods to their respective research interests. The intended audience is anyone who is interested in visualizing data by age and calendar time; no specialist knowledge is required. This book is open access under a CC BY license. .
Contents
1: Introduction: Why Do We Visualize Data and What Is This Book About? -- 2: The Lexis Diagram -- 3: Data and Software -- 4: Surface Plots of Observed Death Rates -- 5: Surface Plots of Smoothed Mortality Data -- 6: Surface Plots of Rates of Mortality Improvement -- 7: Surface Plots of Rates of Mortality Improvement for Selected Causes of Death in the United States -- 8: Surface Plots of Age-specific Contributions to the Increase in Life Expectancy -- 9: Seasonality of Causes of Death -- 10: Surface Plots for Cancer Survival -- 11: Summary and Outlook -- Additional Figurees -- Software: R package ROMIplot.
Access
Open access
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Nutrition and Health in a Developing World

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat41491
Saskia de Pee, Douglas Taren, Martin W. Bloem, editors. (Third edition) --Cham: Humana Press , 2017.
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Location
Online
This third edition reviews the epidemiology, policies, programs and outcome indicators that are important and should go together to improve nutrition and health in low-middle income settings (i.e. a developing world). This greatly expanded third edition provides policy makers, program managers, students and scientists in the area of public health and nutrition with the most recent and up-to-date knowledge regarding major health and nutritional problems in low-middle income settings. Experience …
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Other Authors
de Pee, Saskia
Taren, Douglas
Bloem, Martin W
Responsibility
Saskia de Pee, Douglas Taren, Martin W. Bloem, editors
Edition
Third edition
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Humana Press
Date of Publication
2017
Physical Description
1 online resource (xliv, 827 pages) : 105 illus., 51 illus. in color
Series
Nutrition and Health
Series Title
Nutrition and health (Totowa, N.J.)
ISBN
9783319437392
9783319437378 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Developing Countries - statistics & numerical data
Nutrition Disorders - complications
Nutrition Disorders - epidemiology
Nutrition Policy
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Public Health - trends
Abstract
This third edition reviews the epidemiology, policies, programs and outcome indicators that are important and should go together to improve nutrition and health in low-middle income settings (i.e. a developing world). This greatly expanded third edition provides policy makers, program managers, students and scientists in the area of public health and nutrition with the most recent and up-to-date knowledge regarding major health and nutritional problems in low-middle income settings. Experience with policies and programs that address both the biomedical as well as the social and economic determinants of nutrition and health as a way to improve the health and nutrition situation, and hence the development, of the most vulnerable people in the world, is increasing. This volume provides the most current overview of research and strategies so that policy makers, program managers, academics and students have knowledge and resources that they can use to advance the publicÇÖs health and the development of nations to meet the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The third edition of Nutrition and Health in a Developing World takes on a new context where the word "developing" is now a verb and not an adjective.
Contents
Section I. History of Nutrition -- Nutrition and Development: Historical Perspective -- Section II. Contextualizing International Nutrition: Considering Benefit Cost, Evidence Base and Capacity -- Nutrition Evidence in Context -- Growing Capacity to Deliver Nutrition in Post 2015 World -- Section III. Malnutrition, Nutrients and (Breast) Milk Explained -- Malnutrition Spectrum -- Child Growth and Development -- Overweight and Obesity -- Nutrient Needs and Approaches to Meeting Them -- Vitamin A -- Iron -- Zinc -- Iodine -- Vitamin D -- Essential Fatty Acids -- Role or Milk in Nutrition -- The Role of Breastfeeding Protection, Promotion, and Support in a Developing World -- Section IV. Tuberculosis, HIV, and the Role of Nutrition -- Tuberculosis -- HIV -- Tuberculosis in Relation to Nutrition -- HIV and HIV/TB Co-infection in Relation to Nutrition -- Section V. Nutrition and Health in Different Phases of the Life Cycle -- Reproductive Health -- Maternal Nutrition and Birth Outcomes -- Small for Gestational Age: Scale and Consequences for Mortality, Morbidity, and Development -- Development Disabilities -- Adolescent Health and Nutrition -- Nutrition in the Elderly from Low and Middle Income Countries -- Section VI. Tackling Health and Nutrition Issues in an Integrated Way in the Era of the SDGS -- Evaluation of Nutrition Sensitive Interventions -- Integrated Approaches to Health and Nutrition: Role of Communities -- Nutrition in Emergencies -- Ending AIDS by 2030: Partnerships and Linkages with SDG 2 -- Section VII. Trends in Urbanization and Development, Impacts on Food Value Chains and Consumers, and Private Sector Roles -- Urbanization Patterns and Strategies for Ensuring Adequate Nutrition -- Urbanization, Food, Security and Nutrition -- The Impact of Supermarkets on Nutrition and Nutritional Knowledge: A Food Policy Perspective -- Value Chain Focus on Food and Nutrition Security -- Role of Foundations and Initiatives by the Private Sector for Improving Health and Nutrition -- Section VIII. Ethics: Critical to Making Progress in Public Health -- Ethics in Public Health Research.
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e-Book
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Online
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An Investigation Report on Large Public Hospital Reforms in China

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40449
Lulu Zhang, Meina Li, Feng Ye, Tao Ding, Peng Kang. (1st ed.) --Singapore: Springer , c2016.
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This book provides a comprehensive understanding of public hospital reform in China, which is a hot topic for China's new round of health sector reform. The authors use rich data from both health provider side and service user side and conduct a cross-sectional study in China with some comparative analysis between different locations. It provides the audience with a big picture of China's public hospital and other components of health system as well. The book reviews the main policy measurement…
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Author
Zhang, Lulu
Other Authors
Li, Meina
Ye, Feng
Ding, Tao
Kang, Peng
Responsibility
Lulu Zhang, Meina Li, Feng Ye, Tao Ding, Peng Kang
Edition
1st ed.
Place of Publication
Singapore
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2016
Physical Description
1 online resource (xv, 188 p. : 23 illus., 18 illus. in color)
Series Title
Current Chinese Economic Report Series
ISBN
9789811000393
9789811000379 (print ed.)
ISSN
2194-7937
Subjects (MeSH)
Health Care Reform - statistics & numerical data
Health Care Surveys
Health Personnel - statistics & numerical data
Hospitals, Public - organization & administration
Patient Care - statistics & numerical data
Other Subjects
China
Abstract
This book provides a comprehensive understanding of public hospital reform in China, which is a hot topic for China's new round of health sector reform. The authors use rich data from both health provider side and service user side and conduct a cross-sectional study in China with some comparative analysis between different locations. It provides the audience with a big picture of China's public hospital and other components of health system as well. The book reviews the main policy measurements in the public hospital reforms and evaluates how these policies influence public hospitals' practices, especially on hospital governance and internal management.
Contents
Part I. Pandect -- Background -- Chinese Public Hospital Reform Investigation -- Basic Information of the Survey of Large Public Hospital Reform -- Part II. Series Survey Reports of Large Public Hospital Reform -- Investigation on Public Welfare of Public Hospital -- Satisfaction Survey of Outpatients in Large Public Hospital -- Investigation of Health Seeking in Large Public Hospital Patients -- Research on Welfare of Doctors in Large Public Hospitals -- Study of Two-way referral of large public hospital -- The Survey of Multi-sited License in Major Public Hospitals -- Part III. Comparative Analysis of Basic Situation of Large Public Hospital Reform -- Comparative Analysis of Basic Situation of Large Public Hospital between Beijing and Shanghai -- Comparative Analysis of Personnel Situation of Large Public Hospital between Beijing and Shanghai -- Comparative Analysis of Medical Business Volume of Large Public Hospital between Beijing and Shanghai -- Comparative Analysis of Service Efficiency of Large Public Hospital between Beijing and Shanghai -- Comparative Analysis of Medical Quality of Large Public Hospital between Beijing and Shanghai -- Comparative Analysis of Talents of Large Public Hospital between Beijing and Shanghai -- Comparative Analysis of Research Situation of Large Public Hospital between Beijing and Shanghai -- Comparative Analysis of Research Situation of Large Public Hospital between Beijing and Shanghai -- Comparative Analysis of Research Result with "the Fourth National Health Service Survey Report" -- Part IV. Conclusions -- Overall Assessment and Policy Recommendations.
Format
e-Book
Publication Type
Statistics
Location
Online
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Cognitive Supervision for Robot-Assisted Minimally Invasive Laser Surgery

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat43952
by Loris Fichera. --Cham: SpringerOpen , c2016.
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Open access
Location
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This thesis lays the groundwork for the automatic supervision of the laser incision process, which aims to complement surgeons’ perception of the state of tissues and enhance their control over laser incisions. The research problem is formulated as the estimation of variables that are representative of the state of tissues during laser cutting. Prior research in this area leveraged numerical computation methods that bear a high computational cost and are not straightforward to use in a surgical…
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Author
Fichera, Loris
Responsibility
by Loris Fichera
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
SpringerOpen
Date of Publication
c2016
Physical Description
1 online resource (xix, 99 p.) : 62 illus., 38 illus. in color
Series
Springer Theses, Recognizing Outstanding Ph.D. Research
Series Title
Springer theses
ISBN
9783319303307
9783319303291 (Print ed.)
9783319303314 (Print ed.)
9783319807812 (Print ed.)
ISSN
2190-5053
Subjects (MeSH)
Laser Therapy
Surgery, Computer-Assisted
Specialty
Laser Therapy
Robotic Surgical Procedures
Notes
Doctoral Thesis accepted by the University of Genoa, Italy.
Abstract
This thesis lays the groundwork for the automatic supervision of the laser incision process, which aims to complement surgeons’ perception of the state of tissues and enhance their control over laser incisions. The research problem is formulated as the estimation of variables that are representative of the state of tissues during laser cutting. Prior research in this area leveraged numerical computation methods that bear a high computational cost and are not straightforward to use in a surgical setting. This book proposes a novel solution to this problem, using models inspired by the ability of experienced surgeons to perform precise and clean laser cutting. It shows that these new models, which were extracted from experimental data using statistical learning techniques, are straightforward to use in a surgical setup, allowing greater precision in laser-based surgical procedures.
Contents
1. Introduction -- 2. Background: Laser Technology and Applications to Clinical Surgery -- 3. Cognitive Supervision for Transoral Laser Microsurgery -- 4. Learning the Temperature Dynamics During Thermal Laser Ablation -- 5. Modeling the Laser Ablation Process -- 6. Realization of a Cognitive Supervisory System for Laser Microsurgery -- 7. Conclusions and Future Research Directions -- Appendix A: Requirements Questionnaire -- Appendix B: Solution to the Homogeneous Heat Conduction Equation -- Appendix C: Gaussian Ablation Shape.
Access
Open access
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Uncemented Femoral Stems for Revision Surgery : The Press-fit Concept - Planning - Surgical Technique - Evaluation

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat39049
Pierre Le Béguec, François Canovas, Olivier Roche, Mathias Goldschild, Julien Batard. --Cham: Springer , c2015.
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Choosing an uncemented femoral prosthesis means first choosing a concept and, to be effective, an operator has to have access to all the information that will allow them to reach the desired goals. This is the first step to be made. The quality of a surgical procedure does not depend on the manual skills of the surgeon performing it, but on how he has prepared and performed the operation "virtually" before actually performing it. This is the second step. An operating technique must be adapted t…
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Author
Le B©guec, Pierre
Other Authors
Canovas, Fran©ois
Roche, Olivier
Goldschild, Mathias
Batard, Julien
Responsibility
Pierre Le Béguec, François Canovas, Olivier Roche, Mathias Goldschild, Julien Batard
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (xv, 136 p. : 151 illus., 85 illus. in color)
ISBN
9783319036144
9783319036137 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Femur - surgery
Prosthesis Implantation - methods
Reoperation - methods
Abstract
Choosing an uncemented femoral prosthesis means first choosing a concept and, to be effective, an operator has to have access to all the information that will allow them to reach the desired goals. This is the first step to be made. The quality of a surgical procedure does not depend on the manual skills of the surgeon performing it, but on how he has prepared and performed the operation "virtually" before actually performing it. This is the second step. An operating technique must be adapted to the chosen concept and the purpose of every surgical procedure must be clearly formulated and understood by the operator. This is the third step. Every surgeon has to have a reliable and rigorous radiological method of analysis for evaluating overall results and which suggests ways of improving results.
Contents
[publisher supplied] Part I: Press-Fit Concept -- The Uncemented Concepts: Parameters to Make a Choice -- The Press-Fit Concept: Principles and Press-Fittable Zones -- The Press-Fit Concept: Practical Application -- The Press-Fit Concept: Implants And Instruments -- Part II: Preoperative Planning -- Radiographic Analysis Of The Femur -- Selection of a Strategy -- Making a Preoperative Template -- Part III: Surgical Technique -- Trochantero-Diaphyseal Femoral Flap -- Femoral Flap and Diaphyseal Primary Fixation -- Endofemoral Approach and Proximal Primary Stability -- Part IV: Evaluation of Radiographic Results-How? -- Evaluation of Initial and Secondary Bone Stock -- Evaluation of Osseointegration and Secondary Stability -- Global Radiographic Score -- Comparative Elements with the Engh Score -- Part V: Evaluation of the Radiographic Results-Why? -- The Learning Curve and its Teachings -- Different Types of Primary Stability: Their Impact on the Radiographic Results -- Degree of Osteoporosis: Its Impact on the Radiographic Results -- Affected Initial Bone Stock: Its Impact on the Radiographic Results -- Parameters to Improve Radiographic Results -- Complications and Contraindications -- Numerical Evaluation and Comparative Analysis of Results -- General Conclusions: What You Should and What You Should not Do.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Chromosomal Instability in Cancer Cells

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat39360
B. Michael Ghadimi, Thomas Ried, editors. (1st ed.) --Cham: Springer , c2015.
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This issue of Recent Results in Cancer Research presents a comprehensive review of current understanding of chromosomal instability in cancer and of strategies to use this information for better treatment of patients with cancer. Cancer is a disease of the chromosomes, and chromosomal instability in cancer disrupts gene function by either inactivating tumor suppressor genes or activating growth-promoting oncogenes. The chromosomal basis for these aberrations is either translocations, which chan…
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Other Authors
Ghadimi, B. Michael
Ried, Thomas
Responsibility
B. Michael Ghadimi, Thomas Ried, editors
Edition
1st ed.
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (vii, 224 p. : 39 illus. in color)
Series Vol.
200
Series Title
Recent results in cancer research
ISBN
9783319202914
9783319202907 (print ed.)
ISSN
0080-0015
Subjects (MeSH)
Aneuploidy
Chromosomal Instability - genetics
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic - genetics
Neoplasms - genetics
Translocation, Genetic
Abstract
This issue of Recent Results in Cancer Research presents a comprehensive review of current understanding of chromosomal instability in cancer and of strategies to use this information for better treatment of patients with cancer. Cancer is a disease of the chromosomes, and chromosomal instability in cancer disrupts gene function by either inactivating tumor suppressor genes or activating growth-promoting oncogenes. The chromosomal basis for these aberrations is either translocations, which change the integrity of genes, or abnormal numbers of chromosomes, a condition referred to as aneuploidy, which results in abnormal gene expression levels. Such structural or numerical chromosomal aberrations are specific for distinct tumor entities. The degree of chromosomal instability and the degree of intratumor heterogeneity have profound consequences for disease outcome and for therapeutic stratification.
Contents
DNA Repair and Chromosomal Translocations -- CINcere modelling: What have mouse models for chromosome instability taught us? -- Telomere Dysfunction, Chromosomal Instability and Cancer -- Genetic Instability and Disease Prognostication -- Causes of Chromosomal Instability -- Patterns of Chromosomal Aberrations in Solid Tumors -- Yeast as Models of Mitotic Fidelity -- The Diverse Effects of Complex Chromosome Rearrangements and Chromothripsis in Cancer Development. -- Consequences of Aneuploidy in Cancer: Transcriptome and Beyond.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Medical illuminations : using evidence, visualization and statistical thinking to improve healthcare

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33055
Howard Wainer. --New York, NY: Oxford University Press , 2014.
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Location
Online
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Author
Wainer, Howard
Responsibility
Howard Wainer
Alternate Title
Using evidence, visualization & statistical thinking to improve healthcare
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Date of Publication
2014
Physical Description
1 online resource, 175 p.
ISBN
9780191646034
Subjects (MeSH)
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Evidence-Based Medicine
Statistics as Topic
Subjects (LCSH)
Medical statistics
Evidence-based medicine
Delivery of Health Care - statistics & numerical data
Contents
New York's cancer maps : what we don't know won't hurt us, it's what we do know that ain't -- A centenary celebration for Will Burtin : a pioneer of scientific visualization -- That's funny ... -- Commentary on some graphs in the 2008 National Healthcare Quality Report -- Improving graphic displays by controlling creativity -- Diabetes and the obesity : taking a better look at blood sugar as a start -- A second look at second opinions, with hip fractures as an example -- False positives, or, Is a pound of prevention worth an ounce of cure -- Assessing long-term risk with shorter-term data -- A remarkable horse : an inquiry into the accuracy of medical predictions -- On the role of replication in the advance of science : the survival of the fittist -- What does it take to change practice? -- Why is a raven like a writing desk? Musing on the power of convention.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Medical radiation dosimetry : theory of charged particle collision energy loss

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33298
Brian J. McParland. --London: Springer , c2014.
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Medical Radiation Dosimetry: Theory of Charged Particle Collision Energy Loss provides a uniquely required advanced, comprehensive and definitive theoretical description of the physics of charged particle collision energy loss and the role that it plays in the clinical radiation dosimetry resulting from exposure to ionising radiation. Medical Radiation Dosimetry: Theory of Charged Particle Collision Energy Loss is both an advanced mathematical and physics treatise and an essential reference vol…
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Author
McParland, Brian James
Responsibility
Brian J. McParland
Place of Publication
London
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxxvi, 622 pages)
ISBN
9781447154037 (electronic bk.)
9781447154020
Subjects (MeSH)
Radiation Dosage
Radiometry
Subjects (LCSH)
Radiometry
Radiography
Health Physics
Medical physics
Radiation dosimetry
Radiology, Medical
Abstract
Medical Radiation Dosimetry: Theory of Charged Particle Collision Energy Loss provides a uniquely required advanced, comprehensive and definitive theoretical description of the physics of charged particle collision energy loss and the role that it plays in the clinical radiation dosimetry resulting from exposure to ionising radiation. Medical Radiation Dosimetry: Theory of Charged Particle Collision Energy Loss is both an advanced mathematical and physics treatise and an essential reference volume for the medical physics graduate student and the medical radiation physicist working in the field of clinical and research radiation dosimetry. It will assist both audiences in both the understanding of the genesis of the numerical data provided in multiple technical reports and publications, and of the limitations of these data.
Contents
Part I. Introduction to Charged Particles -- 2. Elements of Quantum Scattering Theory -- Part II. Elastic Coulomb Scatter -- 3. Introduction to Part II -- 4. Elastic Coulomb Scatter from an Unscreened Point Charge -- 5. Elastic Coulomb Scatter from Distributed and Screened Charges -- 6. Multiple Elastic Coulomb Scatter -- Part III. Collision Energy Loss -- 7. Introduction to Part III -- 8. Soft Collisions -- 9. Hard Collisions -- 10. Total and Restricted Collision Stopping Powers and Theory of the Mean Energy Expended to Create an Ion Pair -- 11. Mean Excitation Energy -- 12. Higher-Order Corrections to the Collision Stopping Power -- 13. Charged Particle Range -- 14. Collision Energy Loss in Compound Media -- Part IV. Stochastic Collision Energy Loss -- 15. Introduction to Part IV -- 16. Collision Statistics -- 17. The Chapman–Kolmogorov and Bothe–Landau Equations -- 18. Probability Distribution Functions for Collision Energy Loss -- Appendices -- A. Integration of Complex Variables -- B. Mathematical Transforms -- C. Relevant Functions and Polynomials -- D. Binary Elastic Collision Kinematics -- E. Dirac Bra and Ket Notation -- F. Dirac’s Equation -- G. The Harmonic Oscillator: A Review -- H. Plasma Frequency.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Understanding military workforce productivity : effects of substance abuse, health, and mental health

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33334
Robert M. Bray, Laurel L. Hourani, Jason Williams, Marian E. Lane, Mary Ellen Marsden. --New York: Springer , c2014.
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From the stresses of repeated deployments to the difficulties of re-entry into civilian life, we are just beginning to understand how protracted conflicts, such as those in Iraq and Afghanistan, are affecting service members. Issues such as risky health behaviors and chemical dependence raise productivity concerns as they do with all organizations, but they also have a profound impact on the safety and readiness of troops--and by extension, the military as a whole--in life-or-death situations. …
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Other Authors
Bray, Robert M
Responsibility
Robert M. Bray, Laurel L. Hourani, Jason Williams, Marian E. Lane, Mary Ellen Marsden
Place of Publication
New York
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (xvi, 188 pages)
ISBN
9780387783031 (electronic bk.)
9780387783024
Subjects (MeSH)
Efficiency
Health Impact Assessment
Health Status
Health Surveys - statistics & numerical data
Military Personnel - psychology
Stress Disorders, Traumatic - complications
Substance-Related Disorders
Subjects (LCSH)
Military hygiene
Labor productivity
Medicine, Military
Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
Other Subjects
United States
Abstract
From the stresses of repeated deployments to the difficulties of re-entry into civilian life, we are just beginning to understand how protracted conflicts, such as those in Iraq and Afghanistan, are affecting service members. Issues such as risky health behaviors and chemical dependence raise productivity concerns as they do with all organizations, but they also have a profound impact on the safety and readiness of troops--and by extension, the military as a whole--in life-or-death situations. Understanding Military Workforce Productivity cuts through the myths and misconceptions about the health and resilience of today's active-duty armed forces. This first-of-its-kind volume presents up-to-date findings across service branches in core health areas including illness and injury, alcohol and drug abuse, tobacco use, obesity, and mental health. The short- and long-term implications discussed relate to the quality of the lives of service members and their families, the quality and preparedness of the military as a workforce, and prevention and intervention efforts.
Contents
1. Health and Behavioral Health in the Military -- 2. Methodology -- 3. Substance Abuse -- 4. Health Behaviors and Health Status -- 5. Stress and Mental Health -- 6. Productivity Loss Associated with Substance Use, Physical Health, and Mental Health -- 7. Summary and Implications of Findings.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Dierck Hillmann ; with a foreword by Gereon Hüttmann. --Wiesbaden: Springer Vieweg , c2014.
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Online
Holoscopy is a new tomographic imaging modality that combines techniques of digital holography with Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT). Dierck Hillmann gives a theoretical introduction to the mathematics and physics of holoscopy and develops an efficient numerical reconstruction procedure. Compared to FD-OCT, holoscopy provides unique advantages by enabling tomographic imaging without a limited depth of focus, but results in an increased numerical cost for reconstruction. In f…
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Author
Hillmann, Dierck
Responsibility
Dierck Hillmann ; with a foreword by Gereon Hüttmann
Place of Publication
Wiesbaden
Publisher
Springer Vieweg
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (xvii, 206 pages)
Series Title
Aktuelle Forschung Medizintechnik = Latest Research in Medical Engineering
ISBN
9783658064792 (electronic bk.)
9783658064785
Subjects (MeSH)
Tomography, Optical Coherence
Subjects (LCSH)
Optical coherence tomography
Notes
Originally presented as author's dissertation, University of Lübeck, 2013.
Abstract
Holoscopy is a new tomographic imaging modality that combines techniques of digital holography with Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT). Dierck Hillmann gives a theoretical introduction to the mathematics and physics of holoscopy and develops an efficient numerical reconstruction procedure. Compared to FD-OCT, holoscopy provides unique advantages by enabling tomographic imaging without a limited depth of focus, but results in an increased numerical cost for reconstruction. In further chapters, the author introduces techniques for FD-OCT that are relevant to holoscopy as well. He demonstrates and compares numerical reconstruction methods for FD-OCT and shows how motion and dispersion artifacts in FD-OCT can be numerically compensated.
Contents
Introduction -- Theory -- FD-OCT signal processing using the NFFT [non-equispaced fast Fourier transform] -- Motion and dispersion correction in FD-OCT -- Holoscopy -- Conclusion -- Appendix A. Mathematical supplements -- Appendix B. Resolution in signal processing and optics -- Appendix C. Discretization of the reconstruction.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Transparent Communication of Health Risks : Overcoming Cultural Differences

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat32385
Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Mirta Galesic, editors. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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Location
Online
Recent research in health decision making has shown that many patients, even those with a college education, have difficulties grasping a host of numerical concepts, including percentages and probabilities. Yet, basic numeracy and graph literacy are essential for understanding information relevant to making decisions about health, such as the incidence and prevalence of different diseases, risk reductions from medical screenings and treatments, and risk increases from side effects of treatments…
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Other Authors
Garcia-Retamero, Rocio
Galesic, Mirta
Responsibility
Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Mirta Galesic, editors
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xii, 269 p. : 55 ill.)
ISBN
9781461443582
Subjects (MeSH)
Communication
Cultural Diversity
Decision Making
Health Literacy
Patient Education as Topic
Professional-Patient Relations
Risk Factors
Subjects (LCSH)
Practice of medicine
Public health
Abstract
Recent research in health decision making has shown that many patients, even those with a college education, have difficulties grasping a host of numerical concepts, including percentages and probabilities. Yet, basic numeracy and graph literacy are essential for understanding information relevant to making decisions about health, such as the incidence and prevalence of different diseases, risk reductions from medical screenings and treatments, and risk increases from side effects of treatments and unhealthy behaviors. Patients who have problems understanding such numerical concepts are often prone to errors in risk perception and medical choices. Importantly, informed medical decision making, heavily reinforced these days by the legal requirement for informed consent, depends critically on communication of quantitative medical information. Meeting the challenge of effectively communicating medical information to patients with different levels of numeracy and graph literacy has become more important than ever. Transparent Communication of Health Risks describes a series of cross-cultural studies investigating how people in countries with different medical and educational systems understand numerical and graphical information, what they know about existing medical treatments and screenings, which presentation formats help them better understand the relevant information, and how they use the data to make medical decisions. Focusing on the careful measurement of necessary knowledge and skills, the book also includes validated numeracy and graph literacy scales in English, Spanish, and German. Some of the topics covered in the book are: numeracy and graph literacy for health; measuring risk comprehension in educated samples; communicating information about medical treatment and screening; reducing the effect of framed messages about health; the effect of individual differences on shared decision making; and transparent health information in the media. Transparent Communication of Health Risks emphasizes the importance and value of working toward the development of tailored risk communication interventions and clarifies the tasks ahead for health psychologists, public health professionals, pharmaceutical and medical education companies, medical physicists, and nurses.
Contents
1. Introduction: Transparent Communication in a Globalized World -- Part I: Cultural Differences in the Understanding of Health-Related Risks -- 2. Statistical Numeracy for Health -- 3. How to Measure Risk Comprehension in Educated Samples -- 4. Graph Literacy for Health -- 5. Public Knowledge of Benefits of Breast and Prostate Cancer Screening -- 6. Symptom Recognition of Heart Attack and Stroke -- Part II: Transparent Communication of Health-Related Risks Across Cultures -- 7. Communicating Information About Preventive Medical Treatments and Screenings -- 8. Helping People Memorize Consequences of Risky Behaviors -- 9. Improving the Understanding of Treatment Risk Reduction -- 10. Reducing Denominator Neglect -- 11. Reducing the Effect of Framed Messages About Health -- Part III: Overcoming Cultural Differences in Decision Making About Health -- 12. Transparent Health Information in the Media -- 13. On the Effect of Individual Differences on Shared Decision Making -- Part IV: Conclusions and Appendix -- 14. Guidelines for Transparent Communication in a Globalized World -- 15. Appendix: Numeracy and Graph Literacy Scales.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Choosing the correct radiologic test : case-based teaching files

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat32487
Susanna I. Lee, James H. Thrall, authors. --Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer , c2013.
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Location
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With the rapid growth in the cost of imaging and political and market pressures to contain health care costs, physicians are being encouraged to order only appropriate radiologic exams and to rationalize their choices. The American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria have emerged as a widely accepted standard by which the appropriate use of radiologic exams is judged. This book is designed to enable physicians and trainees to learn the ACR recommendations in a clinically relevan…
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Author
Lee, Susanna I
Other Authors
Thrall, James H
Responsibility
Susanna I. Lee, James H. Thrall, authors
Place of Publication
Berlin, Heidelberg
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 592 p. : 246 ill., 10 ill. in color)
ISBN
9783642157721
Subjects (MeSH)
Technology, Radiologic - methods - Case Reports
Subjects (LCSH)
Emergency medicine
Obstetrics
Radiology, Medical
Internal medicine
Pediatrics
Abstract
With the rapid growth in the cost of imaging and political and market pressures to contain health care costs, physicians are being encouraged to order only appropriate radiologic exams and to rationalize their choices. The American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria have emerged as a widely accepted standard by which the appropriate use of radiologic exams is judged. This book is designed to enable physicians and trainees to learn the ACR recommendations in a clinically relevant and intellectually stimulating way. More than 400 clinical scenarios are organized into ten modules based on organ systems. Each scenario is addressed by means of an interactive quiz in which the reader is invited to select the best option from a number of imaging modalities. Each choice is given a numerical rating of appropriateness, with accompanying comments when necessary. Correlative images of pathologies are included to enhance the reader's appreciation of the diagnostic power of the modality in question. This book is ideal as a tool both for self-study and for quantitative evaluation of students' knowledge.
Contents
Choosing the appropriate radiologic exam: Plain film. Fluoroscopy. Ultrasound. Computed tomography. Magnetic resonance imaging. Nuclear medicine -- Breast imaging -- Cardiac imaging -- Gastrointestinal imaging -- Musculoskeletal imaging -- Neurologic imaging -- Pediatric Imaging -- Thoracic imaging -- Urologic imaging -- Vascular imaging -- Women's imaging -- Index.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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