Skip header and navigation
Did you mean oddi?

Narrow By

14 records – page 1 of 1.

Atlas of Esophagus and Stomach Pathology

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat39596
Scott R. Owens, Henry D. Appelman. --New York, NY: Springer , c2014.
Available Online
View e-Book
Location
Online
Atlas of Esophagus and Stomach Pathology provides an image-based resource for those studying normal histology of the upper gastrointestinal tract, as well as the microscopic manifestations of developmental abnormalities, toxic insults, infectious diseases, inflammatory and autoimmune conditions, and neoplasia in the esophagus and stomach. Because modern gastrointestinal pathology practice centers on specimens obtained during endoscopic examination, the atlas focuses on biopsy pathology, providi…
Available Online
View e-Book
Author
Owens, Scott R
Other Authors
Appelman, Henry D
Responsibility
Scott R. Owens, Henry D. Appelman
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 195 p. : 373 illus. in color)
Series Title
Atlas of anatomic pathology
ISBN
9781461480846
9781461480839 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Esophageal Diseases - pathology
Esophagus - pathology
Stomach Diseases - pathology
Stomach - pathology
Abstract
Atlas of Esophagus and Stomach Pathology provides an image-based resource for those studying normal histology of the upper gastrointestinal tract, as well as the microscopic manifestations of developmental abnormalities, toxic insults, infectious diseases, inflammatory and autoimmune conditions, and neoplasia in the esophagus and stomach. Because modern gastrointestinal pathology practice centers on specimens obtained during endoscopic examination, the atlas focuses on biopsy pathology, providing "real-world" microscopic images and ancillary diagnostic studies for most commonly-encountered abnormalities and diseases affecting these two organs. The book is supplemented with endoscopic and special study images. Authored by nationally and internationally recognized pathologists, Atlas of Esophagus and Stomach Pathology is a valuable tool for both pathologists-in-training seeking to make "new acquaintances", and practicing surgical pathologists in need of a quick visual reference in recalling "old friends" in the world of diagnostic gastrointestinal pathology.
Contents
Part I. Esophagus -- Normal Histologic Anatomy and Common Variations -- General Microscopic Changes -- Noninfectious Inflammatory Conditions -- Infectious Esophagitis and Organisms -- Benign Squamous Proliferations -- Squamous Intraepithelial Neoplasia -- Invasive Squamous Cell Carcinoma -- Unusual Carcinomas, Including Squamous Variants -- Nonneoplastic Barrett's Mucosa -- Dysplasia and Dysplasia Mimics in Barrett's Mucosa -- Invasive Adenocarcinoma in Barrett's Mucosa -- Mesenchymal and Melanocytic Proliferations -- Esophageal Odds and Ends -- Gastric Cardiac Mucosa -- Part II. Stomach -- Normal Biopsy Anatomy/Histology and General Changes -- General Microscopic Changes and Findings to Ignore -- Structural Abnormalities/Heterotopias -- Vascular Abnormalities -- Toxic and Medication-Induced Conditions -- Noninfectious Inflammatory and Systemic Diseases Affecting the Stomach -- Infectious Diseases and Organisms -- Hyperplastic/Metaplastic Conditions -- Benign Tumors and Polyps -- Epithelial Dysplasia and Adenomas -- Carcinoma of the Stomach -- Carcinoid Tumor of the Stomach -- Mesenchymal Neoplasms -- Hematolymphoid Neoplasms -- Gastric Metastases.
Format
e-Book
Publication Type
Atlas
Location
Online
Less detail

Critical thinking in clinical practice : improving the quality of judgements and decisions

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat24295
Gambrill, Eileen. (2nd ed.) --Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons , 2005.
Call Number
WB 102 G192c 2005
Location
Halifax Infirmary
Call Number
WB 102 G192c 2005
Author
Gambrill, Eileen
Edition
2nd ed.
Place of Publication
Hoboken, NJ
Publisher
John Wiley & Sons
Date of Publication
2005
Physical Description
xv, 631 p. : ill.
ISBN
9780471471189
Subjects (MeSH)
Clinical Decision-Making
Contents
The need for critical thinking in clinical practice -- Sources of influence on decisions that clinicians make -- Reasons and reasoning: the heart of making decisions -- Different views of knowledge and how to get it: exploring your personal epistemology -- The influence of language and persuasion strategies -- Formal and informal fallacies: mistakes in thinking and how to avoid them -- Classification, pseudoauthority, and focusing on pathology -- Content and procedural knowledge -- Taking advantage of research on judgment, problem solving, and decision making -- Evidence-based practice: a philosophy and process for thinking ethically and critically about decisions -- Posing questions and searching for answers -- Critical appraisal of practice-related research: the need for skepticism -- Making decisions about data collection -- Discovering causes of clients' problems: common biases -- Predictions about clients and treatment effectiveness: improving the odds -- Enhancing the quality of case conferences, team meetings, and organizational culture -- Overcoming personal obstacles to critical thinking -- Maintaining critical thinking skills.
Format
Book
Location
Halifax Infirmary
Loan Period
3 weeks
Less detail

Deformable Meshes for Medical Image Segmentation : Accurate Automatic Segmentation of Anatomical Structures

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat39411
Dagmar Kainmueller. --Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden : Imprint: Springer Vieweg , c2015.
Available Online
View e-Book
Location
Online
Segmentation of anatomical structures in medical image data is an essential task in clinical practice. Dagmar Kainmueller introduces methods for accurate fully automatic segmentation of anatomical structures in 3D medical image data. The author's core methodological contribution is a novel deformation model that overcomes limitations of state-of-the-art Deformable Surface approaches, hence allowing for accurate segmentation of tip- and ridge-shaped features of anatomical structures. As for prac…
Available Online
View e-Book
Author
Kainmueller, Dagmar
Responsibility
Dagmar Kainmueller
Place of Publication
Wiesbaden
Publisher
Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden : Imprint: Springer Vieweg
Date of Publication
c2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (xviii, 180 p. : 52 illus., 30 illus. in color)
Series
Aktuelle Forschung Medizintechnik = Latest Research in Medical Engineering
Series Title
Aktuelle Forschung Medizintechnik
ISBN
9783658070151
9783658070144 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Artificial Intelligence
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Radiographic Image Enhancement - methods
Abstract
Segmentation of anatomical structures in medical image data is an essential task in clinical practice. Dagmar Kainmueller introduces methods for accurate fully automatic segmentation of anatomical structures in 3D medical image data. The author's core methodological contribution is a novel deformation model that overcomes limitations of state-of-the-art Deformable Surface approaches, hence allowing for accurate segmentation of tip- and ridge-shaped features of anatomical structures. As for practical contributions, she proposes application-specific segmentation pipelines for a range of anatomical structures, together with thorough evaluations of segmentation accuracy on clinical image data. As compared to related work, these fully automatic pipelines allow for highly accurate segmentation of benchmark image data. The author Dagmar Kainmueller works as a research scientist at the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics in Dresden, Germany, with a focus on bio image analysis.
Contents
1. Introduction -- Part I. The Segmentation Framework -- 2. Basic Terms and Notation -- 3. Deformable Meshes for Automatic Segmentation -- 4. Omnidirectional Displacements for Deformable Surfaces (ODDS) -- 5. From Surface Mesh Deformations to Volume Deformations -- Part II. Applications to Medical Image Data -- 6. Fundamentals of Quantitative Evaluation -- 7. Single-object Segmentation of Anatomical Structures -- 8. Multi-object Segmentation of Joints -- 9. ODDS for Segmentation of Highly Curved Structures -- 10. Extrapolation and Atlas-based Segmentation of Leg Muscles.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
Less detail

Handbook of Global Tuberculosis Control : Practices and Challenges

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat41231
Yichen Lu, Lixia Wang, Hongjin Duanmu, Chris Chanyasulkit, Amie J. Strong, Hui Zhang, editors. --Boston, MA: Springer , 2017.
Available Online
View e-Book
Location
Online
This ambitious reference surveys worldwide efforts at controlling the spread of tuberculosis, with special emphasis on the developing world. Case studies from China, Pakistan, Nigeria, Indonesia, and other frontline countries demonstrate a wealth of information on clinical, cultural, socioeconomic, and other relevant factors. This compilation provides a valuable resource for creating successful intervention and prevention strategies. State-of-the-science snapshots pinpoint where short- and long…
Available Online
View e-Book
Other Authors
Lu, Yichen
Wang, Lixia
Duanmu, Hongjin
Chanyasulkit, Chris
Strong, Amie J
Zhang, Hui
Responsibility
Yichen Lu, Lixia Wang, Hongjin Duanmu, Chris Chanyasulkit, Amie J. Strong, Hui Zhang, editors
Place of Publication
Boston, MA
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
2017
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxii, 558 pages) : 46 illus., 28 illus. in color
ISBN
9781493966677
9781493966653 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Communicable Disease Control
Developing Countries
Global Health
Tuberculosis - prevention & control
Abstract
This ambitious reference surveys worldwide efforts at controlling the spread of tuberculosis, with special emphasis on the developing world. Case studies from China, Pakistan, Nigeria, Indonesia, and other frontline countries demonstrate a wealth of information on clinical, cultural, socioeconomic, and other relevant factors. This compilation provides a valuable resource for creating successful intervention and prevention strategies. State-of-the-science snapshots pinpoint where short- and long-term initiatives stand today, from early detection and vaccination programs to new genetic technologies and drug therapies. This diverse group of perspectives and approaches offers innovative paths toward control and realistic odds for containing the threat, especially in the face of current co-epidemics and new drug-resistant strains. Among the topics in the Handbook: Diagnosis of tuberculosis: current pipeline, unmet needs, and new developments Concurrence of tuberculosis and other major diseases The tuberculosis outbreak response, investigation, and control The promise of new TB vaccines DNA fingerprinting of Mycobacterium tuberculosis: a rich source of fundamental and daily applicable knowledge Global tuberculosis surveillance The Handbook of Global Tuberculosis Control is urgent reading for leadership and staff of non-governmental organizations, government agencies, academic institutions, research centers, hospitals, and potentially businesses with interests in tuberculosis control. Additionally, the book's focus on TB in developing countries will attract a wider audience of practitioners, particularly those working in the broader fields of global public health, epidemiology, international development, and the socioeconomics of infectious diseases.
Contents
1. Modern History of Tuberculosis Control in China -- 2. TB Control in Pakistan -- 3. TB Control in South Africa -- 4. Tuberculosis Control in Hong Kong -- 5. Breakthrough Strategy for TB Control in Indonesia -- 6. TB Control in Nigeria -- 7. Diagnosis of Tuberculosis: Current Pipeline, Unmet Needs, and New Developments -- 8. Current Options in Treatment and Issues in Tuberculosis Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries -- 9. DOT Status and Development in China -- 10. Drug-Resistant TB -- 11. The MDR-TB Epidemic in China: The Changing Landscape, Cause Analysis, Government Response, Current Status, and Future Aspects -- 12. Treatment of TB and HIV Coinfection -- 13. Concurrence of Tuberculosis and Other Major Diseases -- 14. Surgery for Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Its Indications -- 15. Diagnosis and Interventional Therapy by Bronchoscopy -- 16. Intensive Care Treatment of Critical Tuberculosis -- 17. New Diagnostic Tools for Early Detection of TB -- 18. TB Clinical Trials Conducted in China: The History and Future of the Beijing Tuberculosis and Thoracic Tumor Research Institute -- 19. Adapting DOTS for Application in Rural China -- 20. BCG Immunization: Efficacy, Limitations, and Future Needs -- 21. Latent Infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis -- 22. The Tuberculosis Outbreak Response, Investigation, and Control -- 23. Preventive Therapy Against Tuberculosis -- 24. Case Study: The Strategy and Implementation of Preventive Treatment for TB Infected College Students in Beijing -- 25. Case Study Pakistan: Society Awareness and Media Coverage for TB Prevention and Treatment -- 26. The Role of Directly Observed Treatment in the Tuberculosis Epidemic in Beijing -- 27. The Promise of New TB Vaccines -- 28. Global Tuberculosis Surveillance -- 29. Factors Affecting the Incidence of Tuberculosis and Measures for Control and Prevention -- 30. DNA Fingerprinting of Mycobacterium TB: A Rich Source of Fundamental and Daily Applicable Knowledge -- 31. A Case Study: China—Implementation of Nationwide TB Epidemiology Surveys and Estimation of TB Incidence -- 32. A Case Study: Japan—Evolution of Tuberculosis Surveillance in an Intermediate-Burden Nation.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
Less detail

Hypertension : from basic research to clinical practice, volume 2

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat41517
Md. Shahidul Islam, editor. --Cham: Springer , 2017.
Available Online
View e-Book
Holdings
Halifax Infirmary: v. 15, 1990 - v. 24, 1994.
Location
Online
Hypertension: from basic research to clinical practice contains a unique collection of selected chapters written by experts and enthusiasts engaged in research and treatment of hypertension, a condition that affects around a billion people in the world. The chapters describe fundamental researches at cellular and molecular levels to the science, and art of treatment of the condition in clinical practice. The topics included ranges from pathophysiology of hypertension, through monitoring of hype…
Available Online
View e-Book
Other Authors
Islam, Md. Shahidul
Responsibility
Md. Shahidul Islam, editor
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
2017
Holdings
Halifax Infirmary: v. 15, 1990 - v. 24, 1994.
Physical Description
1 online resource (ix, 631 pages) : 67 illus.
Series Vol.
956
Series Title
Advances in experimental medicine and biology
Advances in internal medicine
ISBN
9783319442518
9783319442501 (print ed.)
ISSN
0194-911X
Subjects (MeSH)
Hypertension
Abstract
Hypertension: from basic research to clinical practice contains a unique collection of selected chapters written by experts and enthusiasts engaged in research and treatment of hypertension, a condition that affects around a billion people in the world. The chapters describe fundamental researches at cellular and molecular levels to the science, and art of treatment of the condition in clinical practice. The topics included ranges from pathophysiology of hypertension, through monitoring of hypertension, to the treatment of hypertension in different patient categories. It contains essential background information as well as cutting edge research, and state of the art treatment alternatives in this broad field. From the beginners, and research students to the expert clinicians, and established scientists, everybody has something to learn from this book.
Contents
Hypertension: From Basic Research to Clinical Practice -- Understanding Blood Pressure Variation and Variability: Biological Importance and Clinical Significance -- Novel Pathophysiological Mechanisms in Hypertension -- Pathophysiological Mechanisms and Correlates of Therapeutic Pharmacological Interventions in Essential Arterial Hypertension -- Impact of Salt Intake on the Pathogenesis and Treatment of Hypertension -- Principles of Blood Pressure Measurement – Current Techniques, Office vs Ambulatory Blood Pressure Measurement -- Blood Pressure Self-Measurement -- Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Hypertension -- Treatment of Hypertension: Which Goal for Which Patient? -- Adherence to Treatment in Hypertension -- The Role of Beta-Blockers in the Treatment of Hypertension -- Challenges in the Management of Hypertension in Older Populations -- Resistant Hypertension -- Renal Ultrasound (and Doppler Sonography) in Hypertension: An Update -- Atherosclerotic Renal Artery Stenosis -- Endocrine Hypertension: A Practical Approach -- Phaeochromocytoma and Paraganglioma -- Renal Denervation -- Subclinical Kidney Damage in Hypertensive Patients: A Renal Window Opened on the Cardiovascular System. Focus on Microalbuminuria -- Hypertension in Chronic Kidney Disease -- Hypertension in the Hemodialysis Patient -- Unique Considerations When Managing Hypertension in the Transplant Patient -- Evidence-Based Revised View of the Pathophysiology of Preeclampsia -- Hypertension in Pregnancy -- Chronic Hypertension and Pregnancy -- Superimposed Preeclampsia -- Hypertension Is a Risk Factor for Several Types of Heart Disease: Review of Prospective Studies -- The Relationship Between Aortic Root Size and Hypertension: An Unsolved Conundrum -- Treating Hypertension to Prevent Cognitive Decline and Dementia: Re-Opening the Debate -- Measurement of Arterial Stiffness: A Novel Tool of Risk Stratification in Hypertension -- Primordial Prevention of Cardiometabolic Risk in Childhood -- Emotional Stress as a Risk for Hypertension in Sub-Saharan Africans: Are We Ignoring the Odds? -- Endothelial Dysfunction and Hypertension -- Cerebellar Adrenomedullinergic System. Role in Cardiovascular Regulation -- Recent Advances in the Genetics of Hypertension -- The Role of DNA Methylation in Hypertension -- Metabolomics, Lipidomics and Pharmacometabolomics of Human Hypertension.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
Less detail

Manual of Screeners for Dementia : Pragmatic Test Accuracy Studies

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat45244
A. J. Larner. --Cham: Springer , c2020.
Available Online
View e-Book
Location
Online
This book draws on the author’s experience in conducting pragmatic test accuracy studies on screening instruments for dementia/mild cognitive impairment. To facilitate comprehension and assimilation, all data is presented in an easily accessible, succinct and user-friendly way by means of a structured tabular format that allows tests to be easily compared. The pragmatic design of studies ensures high external validity and generalizability for the test results. The book includes a wealth of data…
Available Online
View e-Book
Author
Larner, A.J.
Responsibility
A. J. Larner
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2020
Physical Description
1 online resource (xiii, 172 p.) : 14 illus., 1 illus. in color
ISBN
9783030416362
9783030416355 (Print ed.)
9783030416379 (Print ed.)
9783030416386 (Print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Dementia - diagnosis
Disability Evaluation
Geriatric Assessment
Neuropsychological Tests
Specialty
Geriatrics
Psychiatry
Abstract
This book draws on the author’s experience in conducting pragmatic test accuracy studies on screening instruments for dementia/mild cognitive impairment. To facilitate comprehension and assimilation, all data is presented in an easily accessible, succinct and user-friendly way by means of a structured tabular format that allows tests to be easily compared. The pragmatic design of studies ensures high external validity and generalizability for the test results. The book includes a wealth of data on previously presented studies, as well as hitherto unreported test measures (“Number needed” metrics). It presents recently described and new diagnostic metrics (Likelihood to be diagnosed or misdiagnosed; Summary utility index; Number needed for screening utility); data from new studies on screeners (Attended with sign; Free-Cog; Two question depression screener; Jenkins Sleep Questionnaire; Triple test); and previously unpublished data (combination of SMC Likert and MACE; IADL Scale and MMSE). Given its scope, the book will be of interest to all professionals, beginners and seasoned experts alike, whose work involves the assessment of individuals with cognitive (memory) complaints.
Contents
1. Introduction -- 1.1 Screening for dementia -- 1.2 Pragmatic diagnostic test accuracy studies -- 1.3 Data presentation -- 1.3.1 “Number needed” metrics -- 1.3.2 Likelihood to be diagnosed or misdiagnosed (LDM) -- 1.3.3 Summary utility index (SUI) and its reciprocal (NNSU) -- 2. Single-item cognitive screening questions -- 2.1 Dementia CQUIN question -- 2.2 Subjective Memory Complaint (SMC) Likert scale -- 3. Neurological signs -- 3.1 Attended alone sign -- 3.2 Attended with sign -- 3.3 Head turning sign -- 3.4 Applause sign -- 3.5 La maladie du petit papier -- 4. Cognitive screeners (1): Brief patient-performance scales -- 4.1 Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) -- 4.2 Mini-Mental Parkinson (MMP) -- 4.3 Codex -- 4.4 Free-Cog -- 4.5 Mini-Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Examination (MACE) -- 4.6 Short Montreal Cognitive Assessment (s-MoCA) -- 4.7 Six-Item Cognitive Impairment Test (6CIT) -- 4.8 Test Your Memory (TYM) test -- 4.9 Hard-TYM (TYM-MCI) -- 4.10 DemTect -- 5. Cognitive screeners (2): Longer patient-performance scales -- 5.1 Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Examination (ACE) -- 5.2 Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Examination-Revised (ACE-R) -- 5.3 Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) -- 6. Cognitive screeners (3): Informant scales -- 6.1 AD8 -- 6.2 Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE) -- 6.3 Cambridge Behavioural Inventory (CBI) -- 7. Depression screeners -- 7.1 Two question depression screener -- 7.2 Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) -- 7.3 Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD) -- 8. Functional screeners -- 8.1 Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) Scale -- 8.2 Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) -- 9. Sleep disorder screeners -- 9.1 Jenkins Sleep Questionnaire (JSQ) -- 9.2 Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) -- 10. Combining screeners (1): cognitive screeners -- 10.1 MMSE and MoCA -- 10.2 MMSE and IQCODE -- 10.3 MMSE and AD8 -- 10.4 ACE-R and IQCODE -- 10.5 AD8 and 6CIT -- 10.6 AD8 and MoCA -- 10.7 AD8 and MACE -- 11. Combining screeners (2): other combinations -- 11.1 Single-item and cognitive screener: SMC Likert scale and MACE -- 11.2 Neurological signs: Triple -- 11.3 Functional and cognitive screener: IADL Scale and MMSE -- 11.4 Functional and cognitive screener: IADL Scale and ACE-R -- 12. Combining Screeners (2): Other Combinations -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 Single-Item and Cognitive Screener: SMC Likert Scale and MACE -- 12.3 Neurological Signs: Triple Test -- 12.4 Functional and Cognitive Screener: IADL Scale and MMSE -- 12.5 Functional and Cognitive Screener: IADL Scale and ACE-R -- 13. Converting Screeners -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 Linear Regression Equations -- 14. Conclusions -- 14.1 Introduction -- 14.2 Existing Global and Unitary Metrics -- 14.2.1 Accuracy and Net Reclassification Improvement -- 14.2.2 Youden Index and Predictive Summary Index -- 14.2.3 Diagnostic Odds Ratio -- 14.2.4 Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve -- 14.2.5 Other Metrics -- 14.3 Novel Unitary Metrics -- 14.3.1 Likelihood to be Diagnosed or Misdiagnosed (LDM -- 14.3.2 Summary Utility Index (SUI) and its Reciprocal (NNSU) -- 14.4 Summary.
Format
e-Book
Publication Type
Evaluation Study
Location
Online
Less detail

Modern Bayesian Statistics in Clinical Research

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat42615
Ton J. Cleophas, Aeilko H. Zwinderman. --Cham: Springer , c2018.
Available Online
View e-Book
Location
Online
The current textbook has been written as a help to medical/health professionals and students for the study of modern Bayesian statistics, where posterior and prior odds have been replaced with posterior and prior likelihood distributions. Why may likelihood distributions better than normal distributions estimate uncertainties of statistical test results? Nobody knows for sure, and the use of likelihood distributions instead of normal distributions for the purpose has only just begun, but alread…
Available Online
View e-Book
Author
Cleophas, Ton J.
Other Authors
Zwinderman, Aeilko H.
Responsibility
Ton J. Cleophas, Aeilko H. Zwinderman
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 188 p.) : 84 illus., 38 illus. in color
ISBN
9783319927473
9783319927466 (print ed.)
9783319927480 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Bayes Theorem
Biomedical Research - methods
Data Interpretation, Statistical - methods
Statistics as Topic
Specialty
Data Science
Research
Abstract
The current textbook has been written as a help to medical/health professionals and students for the study of modern Bayesian statistics, where posterior and prior odds have been replaced with posterior and prior likelihood distributions. Why may likelihood distributions better than normal distributions estimate uncertainties of statistical test results? Nobody knows for sure, and the use of likelihood distributions instead of normal distributions for the purpose has only just begun, but already everybody is trying and using them. SPSS statistical software version 25 (2017) has started to provide a combined module entitled Bayesian Statistics including almost all of the modern Bayesian tests (Bayesian t-tests, analysis of variance (anova), linear regression, crosstabs etc.). Modern Bayesian statistics is based on biological likelihoods, and may better fit clinical data than traditional tests based normal distributions do. This is the first edition to systematically imply modern Bayesian statistics in traditional clinical data analysis. This edition also demonstrates that Markov Chain Monte Carlo procedures laid out as Bayesian tests provide more robust correlation coefficients than traditional tests do. It also shows that traditional path statistics are both textually and conceptionally like Bayes theorems, and that structural equations models computed from them are the basis of multistep regressions, as used with causal Bayesian networks. .
Contents
General Introduction to Modern Bayesian Statistics -- Traditional Bayes: Diagnostic Tests, Genetic Research, Bayes and Drug Trials -- Bayesian Tests for One Sample Continuous Data -- Bayesian Tests for One Sample Binary Data -- Bayesian Paired T-Tests -- Bayesian Unpaired T-Tests -- Bayesian Regressions -- Bayesian Analysis of Variance (Anova) -- Bayesian Loglinear Regression -- Bayesian Poisson Rate Analysis -- Bayesian Pearson Correlations -- Bayesian Statistics: Markov Chain Monte Carlo Sampling -- Bayes and Causal Relationships -- Bayesian Network.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
Less detail

Modern Meta-Analysis : Review and Update of Methodologies

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat41784
Ton J. Cleophas, Aeilko H. Zwinderman. --Cham: Springer , 2017.
Available Online
View e-Book
Location
Online
Modern meta-analyses do more than combine the effect sizes of a series of similar studies. Meta-analyses are currently increasingly applied for any analysis beyond the primary analysis of studies, and for the analysis of big data. This 26-chapter book was written for nonmathematical professionals of medical and health care, in the first place, but, in addition, for anyone involved in any field involving scientific research. The authors have published over twenty innovative meta-analyses from th…
Available Online
View e-Book
Author
Cleophas, Ton J
Other Authors
Zwinderman, Aeilko H
Responsibility
Ton J. Cleophas, Aeilko H. Zwinderman
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
2017
Physical Description
1 online resource (xvi, 314 pages) : 246 illus., 63 illus. in color
ISBN
9783319558950
9783319558943 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Data Interpretation, Statistical - methods
Meta-Analysis as Topic
Abstract
Modern meta-analyses do more than combine the effect sizes of a series of similar studies. Meta-analyses are currently increasingly applied for any analysis beyond the primary analysis of studies, and for the analysis of big data. This 26-chapter book was written for nonmathematical professionals of medical and health care, in the first place, but, in addition, for anyone involved in any field involving scientific research. The authors have published over twenty innovative meta-analyses from the turn of the century till now. This edition will review the current state of the art, and will use for that purpose the methodological aspects of the authors' own publications, in addition to other relevant methodological issues from the literature. Are there alternative works in the field? Yes, there are, particularly in the field of psychology. Psychologists have invented meta-analyses in 1970, and have continuously updated methodologies. Although very interesting, their work, just like the whole discipline of psychology, is rather explorative in nature, and so is their focus to meta-analysis. Then, there is the field of epidemiologists. Many of them are from the school of angry young men, who publish shocking news all the time, and JAMA and other publishers are happy to publish it. The reality is, of course, that things are usually not as bad as they seem. Finally, some textbooks, written by professional statisticians, tend to use software programs with miserable menu programs and requiring lots of syntax to be learnt. This is prohibitive to clinical and other health professionals. The current edition is the first textbook in the field of meta-analysis entirely written by two clinical scientists, and it consists of many data examples and step by step analyses, mostly from the authors' own clinical research.
Contents
1. Meta-analysis in a Nutshell -- 2. Mathematical Framework -- 3. Meta-analysis and the Scientific Method -- 4. Meta-analysis and Random Effect Analysis -- 5. Meta-analysis with Statistical Software -- 6. Meta-analyses of Randomized Controlled Trials -- 7. Meta-analysis of Observational Plus Randomized Studies -- 8. Meta-analysis of Observational Studies -- 9. Meta-regression -- 10. Meta-analysis of Diagnostic Studies -- 11. Meta-Meta-analysis -- 12. Network Meta-analysis -- 13. Random Intercepts Meta-analysis -- 14. Probit Meta-regression -- 15. Meta-analysis with General Loglinear Models -- 16. Meta-analysis with Variance Components -- 17. Ensembled Correlation Coefficients -- 18. Ensembled Accuracies -- 19. Multivariate Meta-analysis -- 20. Transforming Odds Ratios into Correlation Coefficients -- 21. Meta-analyses with Direct and Indirect Comparisons -- 22. Contrast Coefficients Meta-analysis -- 23. Meta-analysis with Evolutionary Operations (EVOPs) -- 24. Meta-analysis with Heterogeneity as Null-Hypothesis -- 25. Meta-analytic Thinking and Other Spin-Offs of Meta-analysis -- 26. Novel Developments.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
Less detail

Nursing against the odds : how health care cost cutting, media stereotypes, and medical hubris undermine nurses and patient care

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat53926
Gordon, Suzanne. --New York, NY: ILR Press , 2005.
Call Number
WY 16 G67 2005
Location
IWK Health Sciences Library
Call Number
WY 16 G67 2005
Author
Gordon, Suzanne
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
ILR Press
Date of Publication
2005
Physical Description
489 p.
Series Title
The Culture and politics of health care work
ISBN
9.78E+12
Subjects (MeSH)
Nursing - trends
Interprofessional Relations
United States
Format
Book
Location
IWK Health Sciences Library
Copies
1
Loan Period
2 weeks
Less detail

Physical activities in the wheelchair and out : an illustrated guide to personalizing participation

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33150
E. Ann Davis. --Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics , c2012.
Available Online
View e-Book
Location
Online
"Physical Activities In the Wheelchair and Out" is an illustrated book of games, skills, and activities for individuals with severe or multiple disabilities who may or may not use wheelchairs. The book can also be used with students who have normal developmental skills. By suggesting ways that many familiar skills, games, and activities might be performed, Physical Activities In the Wheelchair and Out offers opportunities for those with mobility challenges and disabilities to participate on the…
Available Online
View e-Book
Author
Davis, E. Ann
Responsibility
E. Ann Davis
Place of Publication
Champaign, IL
Publisher
Human Kinetics
Date of Publication
c2012
Physical Description
1 online resource (xi, 123 p.)
ISBN
9781450401999
9781450488600 (electronic bk.)
9781450434775 (electronic bk.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Wheelchairs
Sports for Persons with Disabilities
Physical Education and Training
Subjects (LCSH)
Students with disabilities - Education - United States - Handbooks, manuals, etc
Chlidren with disabilities - Orientation and mobility - United States - Handbooks, manuals, etc
Teaching - United States - Aids and devices - Handbooks, manuals, etc
Activity programs in education - United States - Handbooks, manuals, etc
Wheelchairs
Notes
"Featuring 453 skills and activities"--Cover.
Abstract
"Physical Activities In the Wheelchair and Out" is an illustrated book of games, skills, and activities for individuals with severe or multiple disabilities who may or may not use wheelchairs. The book can also be used with students who have normal developmental skills. By suggesting ways that many familiar skills, games, and activities might be performed, Physical Activities In the Wheelchair and Out offers opportunities for those with mobility challenges and disabilities to participate on their own terms." -- from publisher's website.
Contents
Body awareness -- Drop -- Push -- Toss -- Throw -- Kick -- Catch -- Strike -- Odds and ends -- Games.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
Less detail

Quality in Obesity Treatment

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat44773
John M. Morton, Stacy A. Brethauer, Eric J. DeMaria, Scott Kahan, Matthew M. Hutter, editors. --Cham: Springer , c2019.
Available Online
View e-Book
Location
Online
This book reviews quality definition, measurement, improvement, value, and accountability for obesity management. The interplay between quality, cost, access and satisfaction is fully depicted with a goal toward not only fulfilling current standards but also anticipating future needs. A thorough inventory of current best practices in all aspects of obesity care is cataloged with a gap analysis also employed for potential areas of improvement to be road mapped. All chapters are written by expert…
Available Online
View e-Book
Other Authors
Morton, John M. (John Magaña)
Brethauer, Stacy A.
DeMaria, Eric J., 1959-
Kahan, Scott
Hutter, Matthew M.
Responsibility
John M. Morton, Stacy A. Brethauer, Eric J. DeMaria, Scott Kahan, Matthew M. Hutter, editors
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2019
Physical Description
1 online resource (xv, 419 p.) : 55 illus., 35 illus. in color
ISBN
9783030251734
9783030251727 (Print ed.)
9783030251741 (Print ed.)
9783030251758 (Print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Obesity Management - standards
Obesity - therapy
Quality Improvement
Quality Indicators, Health Care
Specialty
Bariatric Medicine
Abstract
This book reviews quality definition, measurement, improvement, value, and accountability for obesity management. The interplay between quality, cost, access and satisfaction is fully depicted with a goal toward not only fulfilling current standards but also anticipating future needs. A thorough inventory of current best practices in all aspects of obesity care is cataloged with a gap analysis also employed for potential areas of improvement to be road mapped. All chapters are written by experts in their fields and include the most up-to-date scientific and clinical information, take home messages, and questions towards following the requirements of quality certification in obesity management. Quality in Obesity Treatment provides a comprehensive, contemporary review of this field and serves as a valuable resource for Bariatric Surgeons, Primary Care Physicians, Policy Makers, Insurance Administrators, Bariatricians, and any medical specialty interested in obesity quality management with likely candidates coming from GI, endocrinology, cardiology, sleep medicine and orthopedics.
Contents
Part I. National Definitions, Goals, Initiatives -- Defining and Measuring Quality -- Building a Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Data Registry: Quality Improvement through Measurement -- Lessons Learned from NSQIP -- The Institute of Medicine and the Pursuit of Quality -- Private Payer Initiatives for Quality Improvement -- The Value Proposition and Proven Care® -- Patient Satisfaction, Patient Reported Outcomes and Quality -- Understanding Risk and Reliability Adjustment in Metabolic and Bariatric Surgical Quality Profiling -- Part II. Clinical Care Objectives -- Iatrogenic Obesity -- Evidence for Nutrition Counseling in the Care of Patients with Obesity -- Endoscopic Best Practices -- Surgical Best Practices: Clinical Care Pathways and Checklists -- Scaling Science-Based Approaches Beyond the Clinic -- Lifestyle Modification for the Treatment of Obesity -- Obesity Prevention -- Empathy and Ethics -- Shared Decision Making in Obesity Treatment -- Clinical Research Improves Patient Care -- Part III. Quality Incentives, Initiatives, Penalties and Regulation -- Bundled Payments for Bariatric Surgery -- Accountable Care Organizations: A Primer -- Managing Change -- Accreditation in Obesity Medicine -- Optimizing Outcomes in Outpatient Obesity Management -- Part IV. Quality Structures, Processes and Outcomes -- History of Metabolic/Bariatric Surgery and Evolution of Evidence -- Failure to Rescue in Bariatric Accreditation: Ideal Marker for Quality Improvement -- Evolution of Bariatric Quality Initiatives -- Process Measures in Quality: MBSAQIP -- Implementing a Quality Improvement Project -- A Taxonomy of Errors: Adverse Events and Near Miss Analysis in Bariatric Surgery -- Utilization of the Electronic Medical Record to Enhance Value in Bariatric Care -- Creating Effective Communication and Teamwork for Patient Safety -- Disclosure of Medical Errors and Complications -- Morbidity and Mortality Conference -- Standardizing Surgical Education: Implications for Quality of Care -- Training Standards: ASMBS and Fellowship Council -- Board Certification for Bariatric Surgeons and Physicians: The Future? -- Teleproctoring in Surgery Training to Avoid Technical Misadventures and Video Recording: Responsibility and Liability -- Informed Consent -- The Triple Aim and Obesity — Are They At Odds? -- FDA Approval and Surveillance Process for Anti-obesity Drugs and Devices -- Minimizing Medical Malpractice Risks -- The Expert Witness and Tort Reform -- Complete, Partial and Lack of Response to Intervention: Bariatric Revisional Procedures.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
Less detail

Statistics for nursing : a practical approach

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat13920
Elizabeth Heavey. Jones and Bartlett , 2010.
Call Number
RT 68 H43 2011
Location
Yarmouth Regional Hospital
Call Number
RT 68 H43 2011
Responsibility
Elizabeth Heavey
Publisher
Jones and Bartlett
Date of Publication
2010
Physical Description
xvi, 240 p. : ill.
Subjects (MeSH)
Nursing Research
Statistics as Topic
Contents
Introduction to statistics and levels of measurement -- Presenting the data -- Descriptive statistics, probability, and measure of central tendency : what does this data tell me about my sample population? -- Evaluating your measurement tool -- Sampling methods -- Generating the research idea : hypothesis testing 101 -- So how many subjects do I need? : sample size, effect size, and power -- Chi square -- Student T-test -- Analysis of variance (ANOVA) -- Correlation coefficients -- Relative risk, odds ration, and attributable risk.
Format
Book
Publication Type
Nurses' Instruction
Location
Yarmouth Regional Hospital
Loan Period
3 weeks use
Less detail

Statistics for nursing : a practical approach

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat13921
Elizabeth Heavey. (2nd edition) Nelson Education , 2015.
Call Number
RT 68 H43 2015
Location
Yarmouth Regional Hospital
Sub-Location
RESERVE
Call Number
RT 68 H43 2015
Responsibility
Elizabeth Heavey
Edition
2nd edition
Publisher
Nelson Education
Date of Publication
2015
Physical Description
xii, 255 pages : illustrations
Subjects (MeSH)
Nursing Research
Statistics as Topic
Contents
Introduction to statistics and levels of measurement -- Presenting data -- Descriptive statistics, probability, and measures of central tendency -- Evaluating your measurement tool -- Sampling methods -- Generating the research idea -- Sample size, effect size, and power -- Chi-square -- Student t-test -- Analysis of variance (ANOVA) -- Correlation coefficients -- Regression analysis -- Relative risk, odds ratio, and attributable risk.
Format
Book
Publication Type
Nurses' Instruction
Location
Yarmouth Regional Hospital
Sub-Location
RESERVE
Loan Period
24 hour loan
Less detail

Understanding clinical papers

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat32707
David Bowers, Allan House, David Owens ... [et al.]. (3rd ed.) --Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley Blackwell , c2014.
Available Online
View e-Book
Location
Online
Understanding Clinical Papers is a popular and well established introduction to reading clinical papers. It unravels the process of evidence-based practice, using real papers to illustrate how to understand and evaluate published research, and provides clear explanations of important research-related topics.
Available Online
View e-Book
Author
Bowers, David
Responsibility
David Bowers, Allan House, David Owens ... [et al.]
Edition
3rd ed.
Place of Publication
Chichester, West Sussex, UK
Publisher
Wiley Blackwell
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
257 p.
ISBN
9781118232828
Subjects (MeSH)
Journalism, Medical
Reading
Writing
Abstract
Understanding Clinical Papers is a popular and well established introduction to reading clinical papers. It unravels the process of evidence-based practice, using real papers to illustrate how to understand and evaluate published research, and provides clear explanations of important research-related topics.
Contents
The abstract and introduction -- The aims and objectives -- Descriptive studies : qualitative -- Descriptive studies : quantitative -- Analytic studies -- Intervention studies -- Mixed methods studies -- The research setting -- Populations and samples in quantitative research -- The sample in qualitative research -- Identifying and defining cases -- Controls and comparisons -- Identifying the characteristics of quantitative data -- Summarising the characteristics of quantitative data -- Identifying and summarising the characteristics of qualitative data -- Measuring the characteristics of participants : quantitative -- Measuring the characteristics of participants : qualitative -- Measuring the characteristics of measures -- Measurement scales -- Exploring and explaining topic guides -- Fractions, proportions and rates -- Risk and odds -- Ratios of risks and odds -- Confidence intervals for means, proportions, and medians -- Confidence intervals for ratios -- Hypothesis testing -- Measuring association -- Measuring agreement -- Linear regression -- Logistic regression -- Measuring survival -- Systematic review -- Analysing qualitative data -- Results in text and tables -- Results in pictures -- The discussion and conclusions -- References -- Index.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
Less detail

14 records – page 1 of 1.