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Advanced Techniques in Limb Reconstruction Surgery

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat39405
Mehmet Kocaoglu, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya, Levent Eralp, editors. --Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer , c2015.
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As a result of recent advances in surgical techniques and implant technology it is now possible to perform limb reconstruction in patients with a range of congenital, posttraumatic, and postinfection pathologies. This book is a clear, practical guide to the state-of-the-art surgical procedures employed in limb reconstruction for diverse conditions. It includes precise descriptions of the techniques themselves, accompanied by numerous helpful drawings and photographs. Pearls and pitfalls are hig…
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Other Authors
Kocaoglu, Mehmet
Tsuchiya, Hiroyuki
Eralp, Levent
Responsibility
Mehmet Kocaoglu, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya, Levent Eralp, editors
Place of Publication
Berlin, Heidelberg
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (viii, 471 p. : 409 illus., 249 illus. in color)
ISBN
9783642550263
9783642550256 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Limb Deformities, Congenital - surgery
Limb Salvage - methods
Orthopedic Procedures - methods
Abstract
As a result of recent advances in surgical techniques and implant technology it is now possible to perform limb reconstruction in patients with a range of congenital, posttraumatic, and postinfection pathologies. This book is a clear, practical guide to the state-of-the-art surgical procedures employed in limb reconstruction for diverse conditions. It includes precise descriptions of the techniques themselves, accompanied by numerous helpful drawings and photographs. Pearls and pitfalls are highlighted, and thorough advice is also provided on indications, preoperative planning, and postoperative follow-up. The editors have carefully selected the contributors based on their expertise, and many of the authors were themselves responsible for developing the techniques that they describe.
Contents
1 Lengthening over Nails (LON): Femur and Tibia -- 2 Combined Technique: Correction of Long Bone Deformities Using Fixator-Assisted Nailing -- 3 Femoral and Tibial Deformity Correction and Consecutive Lengthening over an Intramedullary Nail (FAN-LON) -- 4 Hybrid Lengthening Techniques: Lengthening and Then Nailing (LATN) and Lengthening and Then Plating (LAP) -- 5 Knee Arthrodesis with Monolateral External Fixator for the Treatment of Infected Knee Arthroplasty -- 6 Acute Temporary Malpositioning for Dealing with Extensive Tissue Loss After Severe High-Energy Trauma to Extremities -- 7 Salvage of Infected Periarticular Fractures -- 8 Reconstruction of Segmentary Defects in Chronic Osteomyelitis Using the Combined Technique -- 9 Reconstruction Techniques for Mega Bone Defects -- 10 Application of External Fixators for Reconstruction in Bone Tumor Surgery -- 11 Joint Contracture Management with External Fixators -- 12 Joint Distraction for Special Conditions -- 13 Lengthening Reconstruction Surgery for Congenital Femoral Deficiency -- 14 Congenital Pseudoarthrosis of the Tibia: Redefined (Congenital Crural Segmental Dysplasia) -- 15 Treatment of Tibial Hemimelia -- 16 Distraction Arthroplasty for Ankle Osteoarthritis -- 17 Hindfoot Reconstruction by the Combined Technique -- 18 Complex Foot Deformities: Correction with the Taylor Spatial Frame -- 19 Circular External Fixation of the Spine and Pelvis for Insoluble Spinal Deformities -- 20 Pelvic Inlet Reconstruction for Obstruction Associated with Lumbosacral Agenesis Utilizing Distraction Osteogenesis and Circular External Fixation -- 21 Pelvic Support Osteotomy (PSO): Indications, Limits and Complications.
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Basic Techniques for Extremity Reconstruction : External Fixator Applications According to Ilizarov Principles

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat42842
Mehmet Çakmak, Cengiz Sen, Levent Eralp, Halil Ibrahim Balci, Melih Civan, editors. --Cham: Springer , c2018.
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This book provides detailed descriptions of fundamental techniques that may be employed for extremity reconstruction and distraction osteogenesis in accordance with the principles established by Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov. Techniques of proven value for deformity correction, limb lengthening, reconstruction of post-traumatic and post-osteomyelitis bone defects, non-union surgery, and fracture fixation with external fixators are thoroughly described step by step with the aid of a wealth of illu…
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Çakmak, Mehmet
Sen, Cengiz
Eralp, Levent
Balci, Halil Ibrahim
Civan, Melih
Responsibility
Mehmet Çakmak, Cengiz Sen, Levent Eralp, Halil Ibrahim Balci, Melih Civan, editors
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
1 online resource (xvii, 732 p.) : 96 illus., 61 illus. in color
ISBN
9783319456751
9783319456737 (print ed.)
9783319456744 (print ed.)
9783319833446 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
External Fixators
Extremities - surgery
Ilizarov Technique
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures - methods
Specialty
Orthopedic Procedures
Abstract
This book provides detailed descriptions of fundamental techniques that may be employed for extremity reconstruction and distraction osteogenesis in accordance with the principles established by Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov. Techniques of proven value for deformity correction, limb lengthening, reconstruction of post-traumatic and post-osteomyelitis bone defects, non-union surgery, and fracture fixation with external fixators are thoroughly described step by step with the aid of a wealth of illustrative material. In addition, indications and preoperative planning are clearly explained. Throughout, care is taken to highlight important technical tips and tricks as well as clinical pearls and pitfalls. Since the first description of distraction osteogenesis by Ilizarov in the 1950s, numerous technical improvements have been made and new devices, developed, even though the basic principles have remained the same. This new book will be of value for both novice and more experienced surgeons who use distraction osteogenesis for the purpose of extremity reconstruction.
Contents
Part I. External Fixator Applications for Complex Fractures -- 1. History and Phylosophy of Ilizarov’s Method -- 2. The Histology and Biology of Distraction Osteogenesis -- 3. Parts of Ilizarov-Type External Fixators -- 4. K-Wire and Schanz Screw Application Techniques -- 5. Hinge Types and Positioning -- 6. Techniques for Building the Frame -- 7. Ten Basic Rules for Ilizarov Applications -- 8. Hardware and Osteotomy Considerations -- 9. Definitive Surgery for Open Fractures of the Long Bones with External Fixation -- 10. Treatment of Intraarticular Joint Fractures of the Lower Extremity with External Fixators -- 11. External Fixation for Upper Extremity Trauma -- 12. Forearm Fractures -- 13. Treatment of Pediatric Fractures with Ilizarov’s Method -- 14. Role of External Fixators in Pelvic Fracture Treatment -- 15. External Fixator Use in Femur Diaphysis Fractures -- 16. Principles of Ilizarov Treatment in Fractures of Diaphyseal and Metaphyseal Tibia Fractures -- Part II. Ilizarov Approach in Deformity Surgery -- 17. Introduction to Deformity Analysis and Planning -- 18. Frontal Plane Deformities and Drawing Axes of the Long Bones -- 19. Malalignment Test -- 20. Sagittal Plane Deformities and Malorientation Test -- 21. Oblique Plane Deformities -- 22. Multiapical Deformities -- 23. Anatomic and Mechanical Planning and Finding the Cora -- 24. Translation and Angulation-Translation Deformities -- 25. Rotation and Rotation-Angulation Deformities -- 26. Osteotomy Rules and Types -- 27. Hip Deformities: Pelvic Support Osteotomy for Neglected High Hip Dislocation and Other Sequelae Around the Hip -- 28. Femur Deformities -- 29. Knee Deformities -- 30. Knee Arthrodesis -- 31. Diaphyseal Deformities of the Tibia -- 32. Ankle Deformities -- 33. Foot Deformities -- 34. Upper Limb Deformities -- 35. Congenital Lower Limb Deformities -- 36. Deformities of Metabolic Disorders -- 37. Computer-Assisted Fixators for Deformity Surgery -- Part III. Ilizarov Approach in Postraumatic Complications -- 38. Pseudoarthrosis -- 39. Chronic Osteomyelitis, Biofilm, and Local Antibiosis -- 40. External Fixator Applications in Warfare Surgery -- 41. Limb Lengthening -- 42. Joint Contractures -- 43. The Treatment of Complications in Ilizarov Technique -- 44. Postoperative Rehabilitation -- 45. Psychiatric Evaluation of Patients Using External Fixators.
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Pediatric Lower Limb Deformities : Principles and Techniques of Management

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat39779
Sanjeev Sabharwal, editor. (1st ed.) --Cham: Springer , c2016.
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Comprehensive and generously illustrated, this text highlights both general principles and specific strategies for managing the spectrum of pediatric lower limb deformities. It is divided thematically into five sections, though any chapter can stand on its own to guide the clinician in specific situations. Part I covers general principles and techniques, including etiology, clinical evaluation, imaging as well as different surgical methods. Part II, covering related concepts and management opti…
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Sabharwal, Sanjeev
Responsibility
Sanjeev Sabharwal, editor
Edition
1st ed.
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2016
Physical Description
1 online resource (xx, 635 p. : 1163 illus., 765 illus. in color)
ISBN
9783319170978
9783319170961 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Bone Diseases, Developmental - surgery
Lower Extremity Deformities, Congenital - surgery
Orthopedic Procedures - methods
Abstract
Comprehensive and generously illustrated, this text highlights both general principles and specific strategies for managing the spectrum of pediatric lower limb deformities. It is divided thematically into five sections, though any chapter can stand on its own to guide the clinician in specific situations. Part I covers general principles and techniques, including etiology, clinical evaluation, imaging as well as different surgical methods. Part II, covering related concepts and management options, discusses soft tissue contractures, amputations and working in austere and resource-challenged settings. Underlying conditions comprise part III: specific metabolic, neuromuscular and tumor-related conditions, along with arthrogryposis, osteogenesis imperfecta and various skeletal dysplasias. Part IV presents congenital and developmental disorders, such as congenital femoral deficiency, hemimelias, tibial pseudoarthrosis and Blount disease, while part V rounds out the book with chapters on sequelae related to different etiologies and their treatment. Covering all aspects of the management of pediatric lower limb deformities and written by renowned experts in the field, this textbook will be an invaluable resource for orthopedic surgeons and trainees worldwide.
Contents
Part I. General Principles and Techniques -- Etiology of Lower Limb Deformity -- Clinical Evaluation Including Imaging -- Decision Making in Lower Extremity Deformity Correction -- Growth Modulation for Angular and Length Correction -- Physeal Bar Excision -- Acute Deformity Correction Using an Osteotomy -- Gradual Deformity Correction -- Hybrid Techniques for Limb Length and Deformity Correction -- Motorized Intramedullary Lengthening, an Emerging Technology for Limb Length and Deformity Correction -- Part II. Related Concepts and Management Options -- Biomechanically Based Clinical Decision Making in Pediatric Foot and Ankle Surgery -- Pediatric Joint Contractures -- Physical Therapy During Limb Lengthening and Deformity Correction: Principles and Techniques -- Amputation and Prosthetic Management: Amputation as a Reconstructive Option -- Working in Resource-Challenged Environments -- Part III. Underlying Conditions -- Metabolic Disorders -- Osteogenesis Imperfecta -- Lower Limb Deformity in Neuromuscular Disorders: Pathophysiology, Assessment, Goals and Principles of Management -- Arthrogryposis -- Limb Lengthening and Deformity Correction in Patients with Skeletal Dysplasias -- Lower Extremity Benign Bone Lesions and Related Conditions -- Management of Juxtaphyseal Malignant Bone Tumors Around the Knee Joint: New Concepts in Limb-Sparing Surgery -- Part IV. Congenital and Developmental Disorders -- Congenital Femoral Deficiency Reconstruction and Lengthening Surgery -- Fibular Hemimelia: Principles and Techniques of Management -- Tibial Hemimelia -- Congenital Pseudarthrosis of the Tibia -- Controversies in BlountÇÖs Disease -- Part V. Sequelae and Complications -- Methods to Enhance Bone Formation in Distraction Osteogenesis -- Residual Deformities of the Hip -- Post-traumatic Lower Limb Deformities in Children -- Postinfectious Deformities of the Lower Limb -- Iatrogenic Deformities.
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Pediatric orthopaedic secrets

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat31814
[edited by] Lynn T. Staheli, Kit M. Song. (3rd ed.) --Philadelphia, PA: Mosby Elsevier , c2007.
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This volume in The Secrets Series’ is back in an exciting, fully updated 3rd Edition! Over 90 contributing experts provide you with authoritative, up-to-date guidance on every aspect of orthopaedic disorders in children. From growth and development to integrating a child with a disability into society to physeal injuries to child abuse to youth sports and related injuries-this book presents all the key elements of orthopedics for clinical use, rounds, and board preparation. Provides well-round…
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Other Authors
Staheli, Lynn T
Song, Kit M
Responsibility
[edited by] Lynn T. Staheli, Kit M. Song
Edition
3rd ed.
Alternate Title
Paediatric orthopedic secrets
Place of Publication
Philadelphia, PA
Publisher
Mosby Elsevier
Date of Publication
c2007
Physical Description
1 online resource (xix, 606 p.)
Series Title
Secrets series
ISBN
9781416029571 (electronic bk.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Orthopedic Procedures - Examination Questions
Subjects (LCSH)
Pediatric orthopedics - Examinations, questions, etc
Orthopedic Procedures - Examination Questions
Adolescent
Child
Infant
Kinderen
Orthopedie
Kind
Bewegungsapparat
Krankheit
Orthopédie pédiatrique - Examens, questions, etc
Abstract
This volume in The Secrets Series’ is back in an exciting, fully updated 3rd Edition! Over 90 contributing experts provide you with authoritative, up-to-date guidance on every aspect of orthopaedic disorders in children. From growth and development to integrating a child with a disability into society to physeal injuries to child abuse to youth sports and related injuries-this book presents all the key elements of orthopedics for clinical use, rounds, and board preparation. Provides well-rounded coverage of orthopedic issues, including growth and development integrating a child with a disability into society physeal injuries child abuse youth sports and related injuries and more. Expedites reference and review with a question-and-answer format, bulleted lists, mnemonics, and tips for the authors.
Contents
I. Introductory Principles -- 1. Growth and Development, Benjamin Alman, MD -- 2. Etiology of Orthopedic Disorders, James G. Gamble, MD, PhD -- II. Evaluation -- 3. The Sick Child, Ryan C. Goodwin, MD -- 4. Amplified Musculoskeletal Pain, David D. Sherry, MD -- 5. Diagnostic Imaging, Maya E. Pring, MD, and Dennis R. Wenger, MD -- 6. Gait Analysis, Lori Karol, MD -- III. Management -- 7. Philosophy of Care, James G. Wright, MD, MPH, FRCSC -- 8. Physician-Parent Relationship, James G. Wright, MD, MPH, FRCSC -- 9. Integrating the Child with a Disability into Society, Mary Williams Clark, MD -- 10. Anesthesia, Inge Falk van Rooyen, MBChB, FRCA -- 11. Postoperative Management, David D. Aronsson, MD, Nathan K. Endres, MD, and Ryan M. Putnam, MD -- 12. Casts, Alfred D. Grant, MD, and Amir M. Atif, MD -- 13. Orthoses (Braces and Splints), John R. Fisk, MD, and Terry J. Supan, CPO -- 14. Physical and Occupational Therapy, S. K. DeMuth, DPT, and Hugh G. Watts, MD -- 15. Shoes for Children, Lynn T. Staheli, MD -- 16. Joint Aspiration, Ken N. Kuo, MD -- 17. Prevention of Injury. Severino R. Bautista, Jr., MD, and John M. Flynn, MD -- IV. Acute Problems -- 18. Evaluation of the Injured Child, Severino R. Bautista, Jr., MD, and John M. Flynn, MD -- 19. Child versus Adult Trauma: Management Principles, R. Jay Cummings, MD, and Kevin M. Neal, MD -- 20. Physeal Injuries, Hamlet A. Peterson, MD -- 21. Pitfalls in Trauma, Randall T. Loder, MD -- 22. Child Abuse, William L. Oppenheim, MD, and Richard E. Bowen, MD -- 23. Polytrauma, David Skaggs, MD -- 24. Foot and Ankle Trauma in Children, William Puffinbarger, MD, and J. Andy Sullivan, MD -- 25. Knee Injuries, Kit M. Song, MD -- 26. Tibial Injuries, Kit M. Song, MD -- 27. Femur Fractures, Wesley Bevan, MBChB, FRACS, and Deborah Stanitski, MD -- 28. Hip and Pelvic Fractures, James H. Beaty, MD -- 29. Fractures of the Neck and Spine, Joseph G. Khoury, MD -- 30. Shoulder Injuries, Shyam Kishan, MD, and James O. Sanders, MD -- 31. Fractures in the Elbow Region, Kaye E. Wilkins, DVM, MD -- 32. Wrist and Forearm Fractures, J. Eric Gordon, MD -- 33. Hand Injuries, Donald S. Bae, MD, and Peter M. Waters, MD -- V. Sports-related Injuries -- 34. Youth Sports and Related Injuries, Kevin Shea, MD, and Kurt Nilsson, MD -- 35. Stress Fracture, Jeffrey S. Shilt, MD, and Neil E. Green, MD -- 36. Upper Extremity Sports Injuries, Christopher R. Kim, MD, and Henry G. Chambers, MD -- 37. Lower Extremity Sports Injuries, Michael T. Busch, MD -- VI. Lower Limb Problems -- 38. Leg Length Discrepancy, Colin F. Moseley, MD, CM, Noelle Cassidy, MB, and Robert M. Bernstein, MD -- 39. Leg Aches, Richard E. McCarthy, MD -- 40. Limping, Jon R. Davids, MD -- 41. Intoeing and Out-toeing, Lynn T. Staheli, MD -- 42. Bowleg and Knock-knees, Peter M. Stevens, MD -- VII. Foot and Ankle Problems -- 43. Foot Pain, Matthew B. Dobbs, MD -- 44. Bunions, Matthew B. Dobbs, MD -- 45. Toe Deformities, David A. Spiegel, MD, and Peter L .Meehan, MD -- 46. Nail Puncture -- David A. Spiegel, MD -- 47. Metatarsus Adductus, Frederick R. Dietz, MD -- 48. Clubfoot, Frederick R. Dietz, MD -- 49. Flatfoot, Vincent S. Mosca, MD -- 50. Cavus Foot, Vincent S. Mosca, MD -- 51. Toe Walking, Jose Fernando De La Garza, MD -- VIII. Knee and Tibia Problems -- 52. Knee Pain, Carl L. Stanitski, MD -- 53. Patellofemoral Disorders, Robert E. Eilert, MD -- 54. Congenital Hyperextension of the Knee, N. M. P. Clarke, ChM, FRCS -- 55. Tibial Bowing, Edilson Forlin, MD, MSc, PhD -- 56. Congenital Pseudoarthrosis of the Tibia, Edilson Forlin, MD, MSc, PhD -- IX. Hip Problems -- 57. Hip Pain, John Charles Hyndman, MD -- 58. Transient Synovitis, John Charles Hyndman, MD -- 59. Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip, Blaise A. Nemeth, MD, and Kenneth Noonan, MD -- 60. Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease, J. A. Herring, MD -- 61. Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis, Randall T. Loder, MD -- X. Spine and Neck Problems -- 62. Back Pain, B. Stephens Richards, MD -- 63. Idiopathic Scoliosis, Kit M. Song, MD -- 64. Kyphosis and Lordosis, Paul Connolly, MD, and Stuart L. Weinstein, MD -- XI. Shoulder Problems -- 65. Torticollis, Peter Pizzutillo, MD -- 66. Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy, Marybeth Ezaki, MD -- 67. Neck and Shoulder Deformities, Stephen Treadwell, MD -- XII. Upper Limb Problems -- 68. Upper Limb Pain, Charles Douglas Wallace, MD -- 69. Congenital Hand Deformities, Peter M. Waters, MD, and Donald Bae, MD -- -- 70. Acquired Hand Problems, Terri Birdwell, MD, FRACS, and Marybeth Ezaki, MD -- 71. Hand Infections, Charles Douglas Wallace, MD -- XIII. Arthritis -- 72. Arthritis, David D. Sherry, MD -- XIV. Tumors -- 73. Initial Evaluation of Musculoskeletal Tumors in Children, Ernest U. Conrad III, MD -- 74. Bone Tumors, John P. Dormans, MD -- 75. Soft Tissue Tumors, Mark C. Gebhardt, MD -- XV. Infections -- 76. Osteomyelitis, Walter B. Greene, MD -- 77. Septic Arthritis, Scott J. Luhmann, MD, and Perry L. Schoenecker, MD -- 78. Atypical Infections, Dalia Sepulveda, MD -- XVI. Neuromuscular Disorders -- 79. Cerebal Pasly, H. Kerr Graham MD, FRCS (Ed), FRACS -- 80. Spina Bifida, Selim Yalyn, MD, and Nadire Berker, MD -- 81. Muscular Dystrophy, Michael Sussman, MD -- 82. Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita, George H. Thompson, MD -- 83. Poliomyelitis, Hugh G. Watts, MD -- XVII. Limb Deficiency -- 84. Limb Deficiency, John E. Herzenberg, MD, FRCSC, and Dror Paley, MD, FRCSC -- XVIII. Miscellaneous Disorders -- 85. Syndrome Evaluation, William G. Mackenzie, MD -- 86. Short Stature Evaluation, Michael J. Goldberg, MD -- 87. Osteochondrodysplasia, Mohammad Diab, MD -- 88. Neurofibromatosis -- Alvin H. Crawford , MD, FACS, and Elizabeth K. Schorry, MD -- 89. Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Paul O. Sponseller, MD -- 90. Rickets and Metabolic Disorder, James Aronson, MD, and Elizabeth A. Aronson, APN, MNSc -- 91. Hematologic Disorders, Ryan Goodwin, MD.
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Spine Surgery Basics

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat39628
Vikas V. Patel, Alpesh Patel, James S. Harrop, Evalina Burger, editors. --Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer , c2014.
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Spine surgery has increasingly become a surgical field of its own, with a distinct body of knowledge. While available textbooks cover the intricacies of spine surgery and provide extensive information on each pathology, these books are not geared towards the requirements of the novice and are insufficiently portable for the busy resident to carry while on rounds or on call. This easy-to-use book, written by acknowledged experts, is designed to meet such needs by providing essential information …
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Patel, Vikas V
Patel, Alpesh
Harrop, James S
Burger, Evalina
Responsibility
Vikas V. Patel, Alpesh Patel, James S. Harrop, Evalina Burger, editors
Place of Publication
Berlin, Heidelberg
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (xi, 577 p. : 277 illus., 74 illus. in color)
ISBN
9783642341267
9783642341250 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Orthopedic Procedures - methods
Spinal Diseases - surgery
Spine - surgery
Abstract
Spine surgery has increasingly become a surgical field of its own, with a distinct body of knowledge. While available textbooks cover the intricacies of spine surgery and provide extensive information on each pathology, these books are not geared towards the requirements of the novice and are insufficiently portable for the busy resident to carry while on rounds or on call. This easy-to-use book, written by acknowledged experts, is designed to meet such needs by providing essential information on spine pathology, diagnostic evaluation, surgical procedures, and other treatments. After an opening general section, degenerative spinal disease, pediatric spine conditions, spine trauma, spine tumors, infections, inflammatory disorders, and metabolic conditions are all discussed in more depth. Alongside description and evaluation of surgical options, important background information is included on pathology, presentation, diagnosis, and nonsurgical treatments. Potential complications of surgery are also carefully considered. Spine Surgery Basics will be an invaluable practical aid for all who are embarking on a career in spinal surgery or require a ready reference that can be consulted during everyday clinical practice.
Contents
Part I. General -- 1. Anatomy -- 2. Physical Examination of the Cervical Spine -- 3. Examination of Back Pain -- 4. Radiologic Imaging of the Spine -- 5. Diagnostic Evaluations -- 6. General Considerations for Spine Surgery Including Consent and Preparation. General Surgical Principles, Guidelines for Informed Consent, Patient Positioning for Surgery, Equipment Needed, and Postoperative Considerations -- 7. Surgical Approaches -- 8. Cervical and Cervicothoracic Instrumentation -- 9. Lumbosacral Instrumentation -- 10. Bone Graft and Bone Substitute Biology -- 11. Neurological Monitoring in Orthopedic Spine Surgery -- Part II. Degenerative Spine -- 12. Cervical Disk Herniation and Radiculopathy -- 13. Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy (CSM) -- 14. Thoracic Disc Herniation -- 15. Lumbar Disc Herniation -- 16. Lumbar Stenosis -- 17. Lumbar Degenerative Spondylolisthesis -- 18. Adult Spondylolysis and Isthmic Spondylolisthesis -- 19. Degenerative Disk Disease with and Without Facet Arthritis -- 20. Adult Degenerative Scoliosis -- Part III. Pediatric Spine -- 21. Scoliosis -- 22. Pediatric Kyphosis -- 23. Congenital -- 24. Spondylolysis and Isthmic Spondylolisthesis -- 25. Spine Trauma: Occipital and Upper Cervical Spine -- 26. Spine Trauma: Subaxial Cervical Spine (C3–C7) -- 27. Thoracolumbar Spine (T1–L2) -- 28. Spine Trauma: Low Lumbar Spine (L3–5) -- 29. Sacral Spine, Pelvis, and Pelvic Ring -- 30. Acute Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury: Epidemiology, Evaluation, and Management -- Part IV. Tumor, Infection, Inflammatory and Metabolic Conditions -- 31. Primary Spine Tumors -- 32. Metastatic Spine Tumors -- 33. Primary Spinal Infections -- 34. Intradural Spinal Cord Tumors -- 35. Rheumatoid Arthritis -- 36. Ankylosing Spondylitis and Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis -- 37. Osteoporosis and the Aging Spine -- 38. Postoperative Spinal Infections -- 39. Management of Dural Tears in Spinal Surgery -- 40. Complications: Neurological Injury -- 41. Complications: Pseudoarthrosis/Nonunion -- 42. Medical Complications.
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