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Comparative Effectiveness Research in Health Services

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat39687
Adrian Levy, Boris Sobolev, editors. --New York: Springer Reference , c2016.
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The second volume in the Health Services Research series provides a series of perspectives on comparative effectiveness research. Motivated by concern from the general public, governments in virtually all countries with developed and rapidly developing economies have been actively seeking and promoting ways of improving the patient experience of health care, improving the health of populations, and reducing the per capita cost of health care. While comparing treatment outcomes is not a new conc…
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Other Authors
Levy, Adrian
Sobolev, Boris
Responsibility
Adrian Levy, Boris Sobolev, editors
Place of Publication
New York
Publisher
Springer Reference
Date of Publication
c2016
Physical Description
1 online resource (xix, 356 p. : 15 illus., 12 illus. in color).
Series Title
Health services research
ISBN
9781489976000
9781489975997 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Comparative Effectiveness Research
Health Policy
Quality Assurance, Health Care
Abstract
The second volume in the Health Services Research series provides a series of perspectives on comparative effectiveness research. Motivated by concern from the general public, governments in virtually all countries with developed and rapidly developing economies have been actively seeking and promoting ways of improving the patient experience of health care, improving the health of populations, and reducing the per capita cost of health care. While comparing treatment outcomes is not a new concept, appreciation of its potential application has grown in recent years. In addition to traditional health sciences methods, modern approaches to comparative effectiveness research now include greater emphasis on social sciences frameworks such as economics, ethics, and implementation science. Moreover, a key feature of the modern approach to comparing treatment outcomes is a focus on the individual patient through explicit consideration of inter-patient variability and patient-reported outcomes. Comparative Effectiveness Research presents a series of chapters of relevance including introductions to areas that are being incorporated when comparing treatments, country-specific applications, patient-centred approaches, and modern methods. Included are chapters on the following areas that are being considered in treatment comparisons: ethics, economics and costs, implementation science, modern payment schemes (coverage with evidence development), and priority setting. Country-specific examples include an overview chapter on national approaches from various countries in Europe, Australia, and Canada, as well as specific chapters on comparative effectiveness research in Brazil and in the United States. The focus on the individual patient is described through chapters on patient-centred comparative effectiveness research, individualized treatment, the link with personalized medicine, and incorporating patient and public input for treatment. Methodological chapters include overviews of data sources, study designs, new statistical methods of combining results, the link with evidence-based medicine, specific issues when comparing drug and non-drug technologies, and dissemination of results.
Contents
1. Comparative Effectiveness Research: Overview -- 2. Ethical Frameworks and Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 3. Comparative Effectiveness Research and Health Reform in the USA -- 4. Comparative Effectiveness Research in Health Technology Assessment -- 5. Comparative Effectiveness Research and Priority Setting -- 6. National Approaches to Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 7. Dissemination of Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 8. Promotion, Innovation, and Health: Personalized Medicine or Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 9. Comparative Effectiveness Research in Developing Countries: Example of Brazil -- 10. Patient-Centered Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 11. Implementation Science and Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 12. Costs in Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 13. Sources of Data for Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 14. Traditional and Innovative Study Designs in Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 15. Individualization of Treatment and Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 16. Comparing Drug and Nondrug Technologies in Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 17. Coverage with Evidence Development in Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 18. Incorporating Patient and Public Input for Treatment in Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 19. New Statistical Methods of Combining Results in Comparative Effectiveness Research -- 20. Evidence-Based Medicine and Comparative Effectiveness Research.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Critical issues in reproductive health

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40986
Andrzej Kulczycki, editor. --Dordrecht: Springer , c2014.
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Other Authors
Kulczycki, Andrzej
Responsibility
Andrzej Kulczycki, editor
Place of Publication
Dordrecht
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (ix, 351 pages)
Series Vol.
v. 33
Series Title
Springer series on demographic methods and population analysis
ISBN
9789400767225
9789400767218 (print ed.)
ISSN
1389-6784
2215-1990 (e)
Subjects (MeSH)
Health Policy
Reproductive Health Services
Reproductive Health
Contents
1. Introduction and Overview -- Part I. Expanding the Research Base -- 2. The Vocabulary of Reproductive Health -- 3. Prevalence, Attitudes, Risk factors, and Selected Health-Related Outcomes Associated with Spousal Physical Violence During Pregnancy in Egypt -- 4. Addressing Men’s Concerns About Reproductive Health Services and Fertility Regulation in a Rural Sahelian Setting of Northern Ghana: The “Zurugelu Approach” -- 5. Social Class and Sexual Stigma: Local Interpretations of Emergency Contraception in Egypt -- 6. Using New Data and Improved Study Designs to Examine Infertility-Service Seeking and Adverse Maternal and Perinatal Outcomes in the South-Central United States -- Part II. Advancing Policy -- 7. The Evolution of Consensus on Population and Development: Prospects for Resurgent Policy and Program Action -- 8. How Problematic Will Liberal Abortion Policies Be for Pronatalist Countries? -- 9. Climate Change Science, Policy and Programming: Where Are Population and Reproductive Health? -- 10. Reproductive Health Aid: A Delicate Balancing Act -- 11. Looking Back and Looking Ahead to Where Are We Going: A Round-Table Symposium on the Past, Present, and Future of Reproductive Health -- Part III. Strengthening Service and Program Capacity -- 12. Fostering Change in Medical Settings: A Holistic Programming Approach to “Revitalizing” IUD Use in Kenya -- 13. Radical Common Sense: Community Provision of Injectable Contraception in Africa -- 14. Global Introduction of a Low-Cost Contraceptive Implant -- 15. An Integrated Approach to Targeted, Evidence-Based Livelihood and Sexual and Reproductive Health Programs for Vulnerable Young People in Fragile States: The Case of Liberia.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Health Justice in India : Citizenship, Power and Health Care Jurisprudence

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat46473
Edward Premdas Pinto. --Singapore: Springer , c2021.
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NEW Springer 2021
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This book presents important fields of research in public healthcare in India from an interdisciplinary and health systems perspectives. Discussing how the exchange of power between the health justice triad, viz., the State (judiciary as the arm of the State), legal and medical professions, and civil society, cumulatively shapes the outcomes of health justice for citizens, it provides insights into India’s juridico-legal processes and of seeking justice in healthcare. It critically assesses civ…
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Author
Pinto, Edward Premdas
Responsibility
Edward Premdas Pinto
Place of Publication
Singapore
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2021
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxv, 295 p.) : 11 illus., 4 illus. in color
ISBN
9789811581434
9789811581427 (Print ed.)
9789811581441 (Print ed.)
9789811581458 (Print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Delivery of Health Care - legislation & jurisprudence
Health Policy
Social Justice
Other Subjects
India
Specialty
Policy
Public Health
Sociology, Medical
Abstract
This book presents important fields of research in public healthcare in India from an interdisciplinary and health systems perspectives. Discussing how the exchange of power between the health justice triad, viz., the State (judiciary as the arm of the State), legal and medical professions, and civil society, cumulatively shapes the outcomes of health justice for citizens, it provides insights into India’s juridico-legal processes and of seeking justice in healthcare. It critically assesses civil society’s counter-hegemonic role in bolstering justice in health care and examines the potential of transforming health care jurisprudence into health justice. Repositioning the social right to healthcare as integral to social citizenship and social justice, and opening avenues for inter-professional and interdisciplinary power discourse in public health policy research, the book is of interest to academics, practitioners, students, researchers, and the wide academic community working in public health care issues broadly.
Contents
1. Introduction -- 2. Citizenship, Pursuit of Health Justice and Health Care Jurisprudence -- 3. An Overview of Health Care jurisprudence in India -- 4. Health Care Jurisprudence and Health Justice: Procedural and Substantive Justice Dimensions -- 5. Health Justice and the Dialectics of Power: State, Medical Profession and Civil Society -- 6. Conclusion.
Access
NEW Springer 2021
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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The Palgrave Handbook of Global Health Data Methods for Policy and Practice

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat44225
Sarah B. Macfarlane, Carla AbouZahr, editors. --London: Palgrave Macmillan , 2019.
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This handbook compiles methods for gathering, organizing and disseminating data to inform policy and manage health systems worldwide. Contributing authors describe national and international structures for generating data and explain the relevance of ethics, policy, epidemiology, health economics, demography, statistics, geography and qualitative methods to describing population health. The reader, whether a student of global health, public health practitioner, programme manager, data analyst o…
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Other Authors
Macfarlane, Sarah B.
Abou Zahr, Carla
Responsibility
Sarah B. Macfarlane, Carla AbouZahr, editors
Place of Publication
London
Publisher
Palgrave Macmillan
Date of Publication
2019
Physical Description
1 online resource (xliv, 532 p.) : 41 illus., 39 illus. in color
Series Title
Palgrave handbooks
ISBN
9781137549846
9781137549839 (Print ed.)
9781349715312 (Print ed.)
9781349715305 (Print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Data Analysis
Data Collection - methods
Global Health - statistics & numerical data
Health Planning - methods
Health Policy
Public Health Informatics
Specialty
Data Science
Global Health
Policy
Abstract
This handbook compiles methods for gathering, organizing and disseminating data to inform policy and manage health systems worldwide. Contributing authors describe national and international structures for generating data and explain the relevance of ethics, policy, epidemiology, health economics, demography, statistics, geography and qualitative methods to describing population health. The reader, whether a student of global health, public health practitioner, programme manager, data analyst or policymaker, will appreciate the methods, context and importance of collecting and using global health data.
Contents
Part I. Global Health Data for Policy and Practice -- 1. National Health Systems for Generating and Managing Data for Health -- 2. Indicators for Monitoring Health Targets -- 3. Challenges in Shaping Health Policy with Data -- 4. Challenges in Shaping Health Programmes with Data -- 5. Measure, Inform, Build: Enabling Data-Driven Government Policymaking -- Part II. Major Sources of Global Health Data -- 6. The Population Census: Counting People because They Count -- 7. Civil Registration and Vital Statistics: A Unique Source of Data for Policy -- 8. National Household Surveys: Collecting Data Where People Live -- 9. Health Management Information Systems: Backbone of the Health System -- 10. Public Health Surveillance: A Vital Alert and Response Function -- Part III. Specialised Systems for Global Health Data -- 11. Tracking Health Resources Using National Health Accounts -- 12. Data to Monitor and Manage the Health Workforce -- 13. Mortality Data in Service of Conflict-Affected Populations -- 14. Climate Matters in Health Decision-Making -- 15. Advancing Health Policy Using a Geographic Approach -- Part IV. Methods for Collecting and Analyzing Global Health Data -- 16. Seeking Insight: Using Qualitative Data for Policymaking -- 17. Describing Dynamic Populations: Demographic Data Methods -- 18. Epidemiology for Policy and Programme Management -- 19. Health Economics: Tools to Measure and Maximize Programme Impact -- 20. Tracking Health Outcomes in Space and Time: Spatial and Spatio-Temporal Methods -- 21. Global Health Estimates: Modelling and Predicting Health Outcomes -- Part V Principles and Policies for Managing Global Health Data -- 22. A Matter of Trust: Data Quality and Information Integrity -- 23. Opening Data for Global Health -- 24. Principles and Ethics of Collecting and Managing Health Data -- 25. Global Health Data: An Unfinished Agenda.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Transforming Global Health : Interdisciplinary Challenges, Perspectives, and Strategies

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat44910
Korydon H. Smith, Pavani Kalluri Ram, editors. --Cham: Springer , c2020.
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This contributed volume motivates and educates across fields about the major challenges in global health and the interdisciplinary strategies for solving them. Once the purview of public health, medicine, and nursing, global health is now an interdisciplinary endeavor that relies on expertise from anthropology to urban planning, economics to political science, geography to engineering. Scholars and practitioners in the health sciences are seeking knowledge from a wider array of fields while, si…
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Other Authors
Smith, Korydon H.
Ram, Pavani Kalluri
Responsibility
Korydon H. Smith, Pavani Kalluri Ram, editors
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2020
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxv, 327 p.) : 73 illus., 64 illus. in color
ISBN
9783030321123
9783030321116 (Print ed.)
9783030321130 (Print ed.)
9783030321147 (Print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Global Health
Health Policy
Health Planning
Interdisciplinary Communication
Public Health
Specialty
Global Health
Health Planning
Policy
Abstract
This contributed volume motivates and educates across fields about the major challenges in global health and the interdisciplinary strategies for solving them. Once the purview of public health, medicine, and nursing, global health is now an interdisciplinary endeavor that relies on expertise from anthropology to urban planning, economics to political science, geography to engineering. Scholars and practitioners in the health sciences are seeking knowledge from a wider array of fields while, simultaneously, students across majors have a growing interest in humanitarian issues and are pursuing knowledge and skills for impacting well-being across geographic and disciplinary borders. Using a highly practical approach and illustrative case studies, each chapter of this edited volume frames a particular problem and illustrates how interdisciplinary problem-solving can address the greatest challenges in global health today. In doing so, each chapter spurs critical and creative thinking about emergent and future problems. Topics explored among the chapters include: Transforming health and well-being for refugees and their communities; Governing to deliver safe and affordable water; The global crisis of antimicrobial resistance; Low-tech, high-impact interventions to prevent neonatal mortality; Communicating taboo health subjects; Alternative housing delivery for slum upgrades. Transforming Global Health: Interdisciplinary Challenges, Perspectives, and Strategies is a vital and timely compendium for any reader invested in improving global health equity. It will find an audience with researchers, practitioners, policymakers, and program implementers, as well as undergraduate and graduate students and faculty in the fields of global health, public health, and the health sciences.
Contents
1. Governing to Deliver Safe and Affordable Water: Perspectives from Urban Planning and Public Policy -- 2. Measuring the Lifetime Environment in LMICs: Perspectives from Epidemiology, Environmental Health, Nutrition, and Anthropology -- 3. Transforming Well-being for Refugees and Their Communities: Perspectives from Medicine, Nursing, Education, and Social Work -- 4. Interactive Systems in Nutrition: Perspectives from Epidemiology, Veterinary Science, Nutrition, Anthropology, and Community Health -- 5. Integrating Traditional and Modern Medical Practices: Perspectives from the History of Science and Medicine -- 6. Combatting Gender-based Violence: Perspectives from Social Work, Education, Interdisciplinary Studies, and Medical Anthropology -- 7. Gender, Disability, and Access to Health Care in Indonesia: Perspectives from Global Disability Studies -- 8. Low-Tech Innovations to Prevent Neonatal Mortality: Perspectives from Public Health, Neonatology, and Biomedical Engineering -- 9. The Global Crisis of Antimicrobial Resistance: Perspectives from Medicine, Geography, Food Science, and Chemistry -- 10. The Importance and Challenge of Oral Health in LMICs: Perspectives from Dental Medicine, Library Sciences, and Dental Administration -- 11. The Hidden Risks of E-Waste: Perspectives from Environmental Engineering, Epidemiology, Environmental Health, and Human-Computer Interaction -- 12. Overcoming Shortages of Essential Medicines: Perspectives from Industrial and Systems Engineering and Public Health Practice -- 13. Communicating Taboo Health Subjects: Perspectives from Organizational Leadership, Clinical Psychology, and Social Work -- 14. Interpreting the Meaning in Our Genomes: Perspectives from Biochemistry, Genetics, Infectious Disease, and Dance -- 15. Understanding Violence Against Civilians by Government and Rebel Forces: Perspectives from Political Science and Health Behavior -- 16. Uneven Geographies and Treatment Challenges of People Living with HIV and AIDS: Perspectives from Geography -- 17. Building Policies, Plans, and Cities to Manage Extreme Weather Events: Perspectives from Urban Planning and Landscape Architecture -- 18. Alternative Housing Delivery for Slum Upgrades: Perspectives from Architecture, Engineering, and Non-governmental Organizations -- 19. Integrating Traditional and Modern Medicine: Perspectives from Ethnobotany, Medical Anthropology, Microbiology, and Pharmacy.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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