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Crib death -- Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) : sudden infant and perinatal unexplained death : the pathologist's viewpoint

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33277
Giulia Ottaviani. (Second edition) --Cham, Switzerland: Springer , c2014.
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Author
Ottaviani, Giulia
Responsibility
Giulia Ottaviani
Edition
Second edition
Place of Publication
Cham, Switzerland
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxiii, 203 pages)
ISBN
9783319083476 (electronic bk.)
9783319083469
Subjects (MeSH)
Sudden Infant Death
Subjects (LCSH)
Sudden infant death syndrome
Pathology
Forensic Medicine
Pediatrics
Emergency medicine
Notes
Includes review question and answer keys.
Contents
1. Introduction to Sudden Infant and Perinatal Unexplained Death -- 1.1 Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) -- 1.2 Sudden Intrauterine Unexplained Death (SIUD) -- 1.3 Cardiac Conduction System (CCS) -- 1.4 Central, Peripheral and Autonomic Nervous Systems -- 2. Techniques and Criteria in Anatomic and Forensic Pathology of Sudden Infant and Perinatal Unexplained Death -- 2.1 Clinical and Pathological Information 2.2 Post Mortem Regulation on SIDS and Sudden Perinatal Unexplained Death -- 2.3 Necropsy Procedure -- 2.4 Cardiac Sampling and Study of the Conduction System -- 2.5 Brainstem Sampling -- 2.6 Cerebellum Sampling 2.7 Study of the Carotid Bifurcation, Ganglia and Paraganglia -- 2.8 Lung Evaluation of the Stage of Development -- 2.9 Immunohistochemistry and Other Techniques -- 2.10 Cases Analyzed -- 2.11 Statistical Analysis – 3. Pathological and Related Epidemiological Findings in Sudden Infant and Perinatal Unexplained Death -- 3.1 Epidemiological Results -- 3.2 Cardiac Conduction Findings -- 3.3 Central and Autonomic Nervous System Findings -- 3.4 Peripheral Autonomic Nervous System Findings -- 3.5 Cerebellar Findings – 4. Moving Forward the Discussion on Sudden Infant and Perinatal Unexplained Death -- 4.1 Advances in Cardiac Conduction Pathology -- 4.2 Advances in Neuropathology -- 4.3 “Grey Zone”/ Borderline SIDS and SPUD -- 4.4 Genetics of SIDS and SPUD – 5. Concluding Remarks on Sudden Infant and Perinatal Unexplained Death -- Acronyms and Abbreviations – Index.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Crib Death : Sudden Unexplained Death of Infants : The Pathologist's Viewpoint

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40594
Giulia Ottaviani. --Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg , c2007.
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Crib death (SIDS) is the most frequent cause of death for infants during the first year, striking 1 out of every 700-1,000. Scarce knowledge in the field of SIDS and its pathology has led to a continued and growing concern with finding an explanation, with the goal of being able to either predict or quickly diagnose the infant or term fetus. A systematic study of the autonomic nervous system and cardiac system has been performed on a large number of infants and fetuses who died suddenly and une…
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Author
Ottaviani, Giulia
Responsibility
Giulia Ottaviani
Place of Publication
Berlin, Heidelberg
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Date of Publication
c2007
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxi, 146 p.)
ISBN
9783540493716
9783540493709 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Sudden Infant Death - pathology
Abstract
Crib death (SIDS) is the most frequent cause of death for infants during the first year, striking 1 out of every 700-1,000. Scarce knowledge in the field of SIDS and its pathology has led to a continued and growing concern with finding an explanation, with the goal of being able to either predict or quickly diagnose the infant or term fetus. A systematic study of the autonomic nervous system and cardiac system has been performed on a large number of infants and fetuses who died suddenly and unexpectedly, as well as in age-matched control cases. The neurological and cardiac findings are described here, and the relationship between SIDS and unexplained fetal death is discussed. This book helps pathologists, forensic pathologists, pediatricians, obstetrics, and neonatologists in recognizing all potential morphological substrata and puts forward a well-researched postmortem study for use in a standardized autopsy protocol for use in all cases of sudden unexpected infant and fetal death.
Contents
I. Introduction and Aims -- Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) -- Sudden Intrauterine Unexplained Death (SIUD) -- Cardiac Conduction System (CCS) -- Central, peripheral and autonomic nercous systems -- II. Material and Methods -- Clinical and Pathological Information Form -- Post Mortem Regulation on SIDS -- Necropsy Proedures -- Cardiac Sampling and Study of the Conduction System -- Brainstem Sampling and Inherent Techniques -- Study of the Carotid Bifurcation, Ganglia and Paraganglia -- Lung: Evaluation of the Development Stage -- Immunohistochemistry and Other Techniques -- Cases Analyzed -- Statistical Analysis -- III. Results -- Epidemiological Results -- Cardiac Conduction Findings -- Central Autonomic Nervous System Findings -- Peripheral Autonomic Nervous System Findings -- IV. Discussion -- Cardiac Conduction Pathology -- Neuropathology -- V. Concluding Remarks -- VI. Summary.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Sudden infant death syndrome : from pathophysiological prospects

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33676
Toshiko Sawaguchi, editor. --Tokyo: Springer , c2014.
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Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is characterised by the sudden death of an infant that is not predicted by prior medical history and it is still responsible for a large percentage of infant mortalities. The exact causes have long remained unknown, though some risk factors such as including exposure to tobacco smoke, no breast feeding, and prone sleeping position, have been identified. However an analysis linking neurophysiological and neuropathological aspects in a prospective study of SIDS…
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Other Authors
Sawaguchi, Toshiko
Responsibility
Toshiko Sawaguchi, editor
Place of Publication
Tokyo
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (xii, 128 pages)
ISBN
9784431543152 (electronic bk.)
9784431543145
Subjects (MeSH)
Risk Factors
Sudden Infant Death - etiology
Sudden Infant Death - pathology
Subjects (LCSH)
Sudden infant death syndrome - Pathophysiology
Sudden Infant Death - physiopathology
Pediatrics
Neurology
Forensic Medicine
Abstract
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is characterised by the sudden death of an infant that is not predicted by prior medical history and it is still responsible for a large percentage of infant mortalities. The exact causes have long remained unknown, though some risk factors such as including exposure to tobacco smoke, no breast feeding, and prone sleeping position, have been identified. However an analysis linking neurophysiological and neuropathological aspects in a prospective study of SIDS suggests that one of the causes of SIDS is arousal deficiency. This unique book provides the latest, comprehensive information on SIDS research from epidemiology to physiology.
Contents
Sudden infant death syndrome and the pedunculpontine tegmental nucleus -- Developmental alteration of hypocretins (orexins) in the brainstem in the sudden infant death syndrome -- Sudden infant death syndrome from epidemiology to pathophysiology: exploring the connections -- Sleep deprivation in infants, children and adolescents -- Sleep disturbance in children resulting from noises exposure -- Sudden infant death syndrome from the perspective of arousal deficiency -- Cerebral blood oxygenation changes over the occipital and frontal cortexes during sucking in infants: an optical topographic study -- Mismatch negativity in healthy neonates and premature babies.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Sudden infant death syndrome and the sleeping position

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat54493
[by] Aurore Cote. --Vancouver, BC: Canadian Institute of Child Health , 1993.
Call Number
WS 430 C694 1993
Location
IWK Health Sciences Library
Call Number
WS 430 C694 1993
Author
Cote, Aurore
Corporate Author
Canadian Institute of Child Health
Other Authors
Canadian Institute of Child Health. Workshop on Reducing the Risk of SIDS in Canada (June 26, 1993 : Vancouver, BC)
Responsibility
[by] Aurore Cote
Place of Publication
Vancouver, BC
Publisher
Canadian Institute of Child Health
Date of Publication
1993
Physical Description
48 p.
Subjects (MeSH)
Sudden Infant Death
Death, Sudden
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Infant
Format
Book
Publication Type
Statistics
Location
IWK Health Sciences Library
Copies
1
Loan Period
In library use
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Safe Sleep for Your Baby

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/chpams38101
IWK. Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Halifax, NS: IWK Health Centre , 2022.
Pamphlet Number
PL-1284
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Tips for keeping baby's sleep environment safe; non-smoking home; sleep position and SIDS prevention; home temperature, etc.
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Corporate Author
IWK. Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
Alternate Title
Safe Sleep Practices and Harm Reduction Strategies
Place of Publication
Halifax, NS
Publisher
IWK Health Centre
Date of Publication
2022
Format
Pamphlet
Language
English
Physical Description
1 electronic document : digital, PDF file
Subjects (MeSH)
Infant Health
Safety
Subjects (LCSH)
Safety
Safety measures
Infants--Health and hygiene
Abstract
Tips for keeping baby's sleep environment safe; non-smoking home; sleep position and SIDS prevention; home temperature, etc.
Responsibility
IWK Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Halifax, NS
Pamphlet Number
PL-1284
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Infant Safe Sleep : A Pocket Guide for Clinicians

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat45207
Rachel Y. Moon, editor. --Cham: Springer , c2020.
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This book is a practical, comprehensive look at safe sleep for infants, including safe sleep for infants with co-occurring medical conditions. Currently there is a dearth of resources on this topic for general pediatricians and other clinicians who provide health care to infants. The only evidence-based information about sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and other sleep-related infant deaths is published in policy statements and technical reports published by the American Academy of Paediatri…
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Other Authors
Moon, Rachel Y.
Responsibility
Rachel Y. Moon, editor
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2020
Physical Description
1 online resource (xiv, 265 p.) : 28 illus., 24 illus. in color
ISBN
9783030475420
9783030475413 (Print ed.)
9783030475437 (Print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Infant
Sleep Hygiene
Sudden Infant Death - prevention & control
Specialty
Pediatrics
Sleep Medicine Specialty
Abstract
This book is a practical, comprehensive look at safe sleep for infants, including safe sleep for infants with co-occurring medical conditions. Currently there is a dearth of resources on this topic for general pediatricians and other clinicians who provide health care to infants. The only evidence-based information about sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and other sleep-related infant deaths is published in policy statements and technical reports published by the American Academy of Paediatrics. However pediatricians, public health professionals, and others who provide health care, anticipatory guidance, and/or health education to parents often have difficulty translating the policy recommendations to practice. This book gives guidance and suggestions for clinicians for counseling parents and other caretakers of infants. It discusses common barriers to adherence, as well as approaches that are evidence-based or use behavior change theory. Chapters focus on important aspects of the sleep environment, evaluating commonly sold sleep products, and common sleep practices, including roomsharing and bedsharing. There is also a thorough discussion of SIDS pathophysiology, and a closing chapter on grief and counselling families after a loss. Each chapter follows an organizational structure, to promote consistency and ensure this remains a practical, easy-to-use tool. Chapters open with a clinical vignette and close with a discussion of frequently encountered questions, and clinical pearls and pitfalls. Infant Safe Sleep is a valuable resource for pediatricians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants as well as social workers, allied health professionals, public health practitioners, health educators, WIC nutritionists and child care providers. .
Contents
1. Why this book is important -- 2. How pathophysiology explains risk and protective factors -- 3. Safe sleep recommendations -- 4. Parent decision-making and how to influence decisions -- 5. Supine (back) sleep position -- 6. Room-sharing without bed-sharing -- 7. Breastfeeding without bedsharing -- 8. Use of soft bedding and other soft surfaces -- 9. Baby products: how to evaluate them for potential safety -- 10. Special situations: co-occurring health conditions -- 11. If the unthinkable happens: families after SUID -- 12. Advocating for safe sleep.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Vaccinophobia and Vaccine Controversies of the 21st Century

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40749
Archana Chatterjee, editor. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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Once hailed as a medical miracle, vaccination has come under attack from multiple fronts, including occasionally from within medicine. And while the rates of adverse reactions remain low, suggestions that vaccines can cause serious illness (and even death) are inspiring parents to refuse routine immunizations for their children--ironically, exposing them and others to potentially serious illness. Vaccinophobia and Vaccine Controversies of the 21st Century explains clearly how this state of affa…
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Other Authors
Chatterjee, Archana
Responsibility
Archana Chatterjee, editor
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (xv, 497 p. : ill.)
ISBN
9781461474388
9781461474371 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Dissent and Disputes
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Vaccination - adverse effects
Vaccination Refusal
Vaccines
Abstract
Once hailed as a medical miracle, vaccination has come under attack from multiple fronts, including occasionally from within medicine. And while the rates of adverse reactions remain low, suggestions that vaccines can cause serious illness (and even death) are inspiring parents to refuse routine immunizations for their children--ironically, exposing them and others to potentially serious illness. Vaccinophobia and Vaccine Controversies of the 21st Century explains clearly how this state of affairs came into being, why it persists, and how healthcare professionals can best respond. Current findings review answers to bedrock questions about known adverse events, what vaccine additives are used for, and real and perceived risks involved in immunization. Perspectives representing pediatricians, family practitioners, nurses, parents, pharmacy professionals, the CDC, and the public health community help the reader sort out legitimate from irrational concerns. In-depth analyses discuss the possibility of links with asthma, cancer, Guillain-Barre syndrome, SIDS, and, of course, autism. Included in the coverage: Communicating vaccine risks and benefits; The vaccine misinformation landscape in family medicine; Perceived risks from live viral vaccines; The media's role in vaccine misinformation; Autoimmunity, allergies, asthma, and a relationship to vaccines; Vaccines and autism: the controversy that won't go away. The conundrums described here are pertinent to practitioners in pediatrics, family medicine, primary care, and nursing to help families with informed decision making. In addition, Vaccinophobia and Vaccine Controversies of the 21st Century should be read by trainees and researchers in child development and maternal and child health as the book's issues will have an impact on future generations of children and their families.
Contents
1. The History of Vaccine Challenges: Conquering Diseases, Plagued by Controversy -- 2. Vaccine Development and Safety -- 3. Known Vaccine-Associated Adverse Events -- 4. Communicating Vaccine Risks and Benefits -- 5. Vaccine Refusal- Perspectives from Pediatrics -- 6. The Anti-vaccine Movement: A Pharmacist's View -- 7. Antivaccinationism: Parental viewpoint -- 8. The Vaccine Misinformation Landscape in Family Medicine -- 9. Vaccines: Boon or Bane--a Nurse's Outlook -- 10. The Controversy That Will Not Go Away: Vaccines and Autism -- 11. Thimerosal and other Vaccine Additives -- 12. Perceived risks from live viral vaccines -- 13. Can Vaccines Cause Cancer? -- 14. Autoimmunity, Allergies, and Asthma: A Relationship to Vaccines -- 15. The Role of Public Heath Ethics in Vaccine Decision Making: Insights from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention -- 16. Alternative Schedules: Why not? -- 17. Influenza Vaccines and Guillain Barré Syndrome -- 18. Can Vaccines Cause Chronic Diseases? -- 19. Kawasaki Disease and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome: Any Connection to Vaccination? -- 20. Political and Legal Issues in Vaccination -- 21. The Media's Role in Vaccine Misinformation -- 22. Vaccines and The Internet -- 23. An International Perspective on Vaccine Safety -- 24. An Infection Prevention Perspective on Immunizations -- 25. Insights from Public Health: A Framework for Understanding and Fostering Vaccine Acceptance.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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The Clinician's Vaccine Safety Resource Guide : Optimizing Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases Across the Lifespan

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat42718
Matthew Z. Dudley, Daniel A. Salmon, Neal A. Halsey, Walter A. Orenstein, Rupali J. Limaye, Sean T. O'Leary, Saad B. Omer. --Cham: Springer , c2018.
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This book provides clinicians and their staff with essential information on the vaccines that are recommended and not recommended for their patients, the diseases these vaccines prevent, and a broad range of potential vaccine safety issues that may be brought up by their patients. Each topic, from specific vaccines to safety concerns, is covered succinctly, based upon systematic reviews of the scientific literature, with talking points to be used with patients. The organization of the informati…
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Author
Dudley, Matthew Z.
Other Authors
Salmon, Daniel A.
Halsey, Neal A.
Orenstein, Walter A.
Limaye, Rupali J.
O'Leary, Sean T.
Omer, Saad B.
Responsibility
Matthew Z. Dudley, Daniel A. Salmon, Neal A. Halsey, Walter A. Orenstein, Rupali J. Limaye, Sean T. O'Leary, Saad B. Omer
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxvi, 392 p.) : 13 illus. in color
ISBN
9783319946948
9783319946931 (print ed.)
9783319946955 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Vaccination
Vaccines - adverse effects
Vaccines - therapeutic use
Specialty
Vaccinology
Abstract
This book provides clinicians and their staff with essential information on the vaccines that are recommended and not recommended for their patients, the diseases these vaccines prevent, and a broad range of potential vaccine safety issues that may be brought up by their patients. Each topic, from specific vaccines to safety concerns, is covered succinctly, based upon systematic reviews of the scientific literature, with talking points to be used with patients. The organization of the information makes it easy to reference specific topics and quickly find pertinent information, with the most practical details (such as recommendations and causality conclusions) highlighted at the very beginning of the respective sections. There are also sections outlining the vaccine safety system and evidence-based strategies for how to talk with patients about vaccines. This book aims to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of clinical vaccine discussions with patients, leading to more informed patients and timely vaccination. This is an ideal resource for all clinicians administering vaccines and their healthcare teams.
Contents
Part I: Introduction -- Introduction -- How to Talk with Patients About Vaccines -- Monitoring Vaccine Safety -- Vaccines and Pregnancy -- Vaccines and Breastfeeding -- Part II: Vaccine and Vaccine-Preventable Disease Information Summaries -- Vaccine and Vaccine-Preventable Disease Information Summaries -- Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) -- Hepatitis A -- Hepatitis B -- Human Papillomavirus (HPV) -- Influenza -- Measles, Mumps and Rubella -- Meningococcal -- Pneumococcal -- Polio -- Rotavirus -- Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis -- Varicella and Herpes Zoster -- Part III: Potential Adverse Events Following Immunization -- Potential Adverse Events Following Immunization: Summaries of the Evidence -- Do Combination Vaccines or Simultaneous Vaccination Increase the Risk of Adverse Events? -- Do Vaccine Ingredients Cause Adverse Events? -- Do Vaccines Cause Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM)? -- Do Vaccines Cause Arthralgia or Arthritis? -- Do Vaccines Cause Asthma? -- Do Vaccines Cause Ataxia? -- Do Vaccines Cause Autism? -- Do Vaccines Cause Bell's Palsy? -- Do Vaccines Cause Brachial Neuritis? -- Do Vaccines Cause Chronic Inflammatory Disseminated Polyneuropathy? -- Do Vaccines Cause Complex Regional Pain Syndrome? -- Do Vaccines Cause Deltoid Bursitis? -- Do Vaccines Cause Diabetes? -- Do Vaccines Cause Disseminated Varicella Infection? -- Do Vaccines Cause Erythema Nodosum? -- Do Vaccines Cause Fibromyalgia or Chronic Fatigue Syndrome? -- Do Vaccines Cause Guillain-Barré Syndrome? -- Do Vaccines Cause Hearing Loss? -- Do Vaccines Cause Hepatitis? -- Do Vaccines Cause Herpes Zoster? -- Do Vaccines Cause Hypersensitivity Reactions (e.g. anaphylaxis, hives)? -- Do Vaccines Cause Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura? -- Do Vaccines Cause Meningitis or Encephalitis/Encephalopathy? -- Do Vaccines Cause Multiple Sclerosis? -- Do Vaccines Cause Myocardial Infarction or Stroke? -- Do Vaccines Cause Myocarditis or Myocardopathy/Cardiomyopathy? -- Do Vaccines Cause Narcolepsy? -- Do Vaccines Cause Oculorespiratory Syndrome? -- Do Vaccines Cause Opsoclonus Myoclonus Syndrome? -- Do Vaccines Cause Optic Neuritis or Neuromyelitis Optica? -- Do Vaccines Cause Primary Ovarian Insufficiency? -- Do Vaccines Cause Seizures? -- Do Vaccines Cause Serum Sickness? -- Do Vaccines Cause Small Fiber Neuropathy? -- Do Vaccines Cause Spontaneous Abortion? -- Do Vaccines Cause Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)? -- Do Vaccines Cause Syncope? -- Do Vaccines Cause Systemic Lupus Erythematosus? -- Do Vaccines Cause Transverse Myelitis? -- Do Vaccines Cause Vasculitis or Polyarteritis Nodosa?
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Smoking Prevention and Cessation

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat40742
Giuseppe La Torre. --New York, NY: Springer , c2013.
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The cravings, the compulsive behaviors, the potential fatal health consequences--once considered relatively harmless, tobacco use is now understood to have addictive properties similar to those of hard drugs. Dependence on tobacco and nicotine from smoking, chewing, or other means affects millions around the world, and for countless people it remains resistant to efforts to quit despite the level of intervention or number of attempts. Smoking Prevention and Cessation addresses this longstanding…
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Author
La Torre, Giuseppe
Responsibility
Giuseppe La Torre
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (viii, 478 p. : ill.)
ISBN
9781461470465
9781461470458 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Smoking Cessation
Smoking Prevention
Tobacco Smoking - adverse effects
Tobacco Use Disorder - therapy
Abstract
The cravings, the compulsive behaviors, the potential fatal health consequences--once considered relatively harmless, tobacco use is now understood to have addictive properties similar to those of hard drugs. Dependence on tobacco and nicotine from smoking, chewing, or other means affects millions around the world, and for countless people it remains resistant to efforts to quit despite the level of intervention or number of attempts. Smoking Prevention and Cessation addresses this longstanding problem on various biological, societal, and psychological fronts. This extensively researched volume traces the mechanics of smoking initiation, nicotine dependence and withdrawal, and motivation to quit. Chapters analyze smoking as a global public health issue, review the epidemiology of smoking-related disease, and evaluate prevention and cessation interventions (pharmacology included) as applied to different settings and populations. The detailed, data-rich presentation gives readers a rounded, realistic understanding of smoking on a worldwide level as the book: Introduces measurement tools for gauging nicotine dependence; Examines the media in tobacco advertising and smoking prevention messages; Analyzes "what works" in prevention approaches; Compares the efficacy of cessation interventions; Pinpoints issues specific to smoking among health professionals and youth; Reviews economic, bioethics, and policy issues related to smoking. Researchers and graduate students in public health, health promotion, behavioral medicine, and smoking cessation will find Smoking Prevention and Cessation a unique reference packed with evidence-based insights and practical, workable ideas.
Contents
1. From nicotine dependence to motivation to stop smoking -- 1.1 Introduction: Denial and Delay -- 1.2 Tobacco and nicotine -- 1.2.1 What is Nicotine? -- 1.3 Addiction and Nicotine addiction -- 1.4 Nicotine withdrawal -- 1.5 How to measure nicotine dependence -- 1.5.1 Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire -- 1.5.2 Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence -- 1.6 Motivation to stop smoking -- 2. State of the art of smoking habits in the world -- 2.1 Introduction: the tobacco epidemic -- 2.2 Data on incidence, prevalence, by gender, age-groups, ethnic groups -- 2.2.1 Tobacco consumption by gender and adults in the six major regions of the world -- 2.2.2 Tobacco consumption by adolescents in the six major regions of the world -- 2.2.3 Ethnic groups -- 2.3 Passive smoking -- 2.3.1 Secondhand smoking -- 2.3.2 Thirdhand smoking -- 3. Smoking-related diseases epidemiology -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Cardiovascular diseases -- 3.2.1 Coronary Heart Disease -- 3.2.2 Hypertension -- 3.2.3 Cerebro-Vascular Disease -- 3.2.4 Aortic Aneurism -- 3.3 Respiratory diseases -- 3.3.1 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) -- 3.3.2 Chronic Bronchitis -- 3.3.3 Emphysema -- 3.3.4 Asthma -- 3.4 Cancers: main smoking-related cancers -- 3.4.1 Lung Cancer -- 3.4.2 Cancer of the Larynx -- 3.4.3 Cancer of the Oesophagus -- 3.4.4 Lower urinary tract -- 3.4.5 Pancreatic Cancer -- 3.4.6 Stomach Cancer -- 3.4.7 Breast Cancer -- 3.4 Other diseases -- 3.4.1 Acne -- 3.4.2 Low Birth Weight -- 3.4.3 Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) -- 3.4.4. Maculophaty -- 3.4.5 Smoking related allergy -- 3.4.6 Early Menopause -- 4. Smoking-related cancer epidemiology -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Cancers: main smoking-related cancers -- 4.3 Lung Cancer -- 4.4 Cancer of the Larynx -- 4.5 Cancer of the Esophagus -- 4.6 Lower urinary tract -- 4.7 Pancreatic Cancer -- 4.8 Stomach Cancer -- 4.9 Breast Cancer -- 5. Classical determinants of smoking initiation -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 The role of the family -- 5.3 The peer -- 5.3.1 Peer Socialization -- 5.3.2 Peer Selection -- 5.4 The society -- 5.5 Personal characteristics -- 6. Smoking prevention -- 6.1 Introduction: Smoking prevention at school -- 6.1.1.Data on incidence and prevalence among adolescents -- 6.1.2 Smoking prevention interventions at school -- 6.1.3 Community interventions -- 6.1.4 Evidence-based recommendations and guidelines -- 6.2 Smoking prevention in the workplace: Introduction -- 6.2.1 Data on incidence and prevalence among workers -- 6.2.2 Workplace interventions for smoking cessation -- 6.2.3 Smoking-free workplace legislation -- 6.3 Smoke free legislation -- 7. Smoking Prevention Through Mass Media Campaigns -- 7.1 Mass Media campaigns -- 7.1.1 Mass Media campaigns definition -- 7.1.2 The use of mass media campaigns in Public Health -- 7.1.3 Identifying the target audience -- 7.1.4 Characteristics of the message: design, contents, emotional appeal and source -- 7.1.5 Dissemination strategy and channelá characteristics -- 7.2 Mass Media campaigns in smoking prevention strategies -- 7.2.1 Formative research, theory and evaluation -- 7.2.2 Audience segmentation -- 7.2.3 Message appeal, contents, format and tone -- 7.2.4 Channel selection and message placement -- 7.3 Overview of the theoretical approaches of tobacco control mass media campaigns -- 7.3.1 Input-output persuasion model -- 7.3.2 Health beliefs model -- 7.3.3 Theory of reasoned action (Theory of planned behavior) -- 7.3.4 Integrative model of behavior change -- 7.3.5 Trans-theoretical model (or State of Changes) -- 7.3.6 Social learning (cognitive) theory (Bandura A. 1977) -- 7.4 Mass Media Campaigns: overview of scientific evidence -- 7.4.1 Overview of scientific literature -- 7.4.2 Effectiveness, opportunities and shortcomings of mass media campaigns in preventing smoking initiation -- 7.4.3 Characteristics of Effective Mass Media Campaigns -- 7.4.4 Expert conclusions on Mass Media Public Education Campaigns -- 7.4.5 Identified research gaps -- 7.5 Mass Media Campaigns: evidence into practice -- 7.5.1 Main umbrella organizations involved (e.g.WHO,EU. OECD) -- 7.5.2 The World Health Organization -- 7.5.3 The European community -- 7.5.4 Main National Public Health Agencies, including guidance/best practices delivery agencies -- 7.6 Smoking Prevention: Mass Media campaigns worldwide -- 7.6.1 Worldwide Mass Media campaigns targeted at general population and at specific demographic groups -- 8. How to tackle smoking at the population level -- 8.1 The Tobacco free Framework -- 8.2 EU legislation on tobacco -- 8.3 Package advertising -- 9. Smoking among health professionals -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Smoking among Medical doctors -- 9.3 Smoking Prevalence among Nurses -- 9.4 Public awareness about smoking habits among Health Professionals -- 9.5 Smoking among health profession students -- 10. Basic principles of smoking cessation techniques -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Transtheoretical approach Model (TTM) -- 10.2.1 Precontemplation -- 10.2.2 Contemplation.-10.2.3 Preparation -- 10.2.4 Action -- 10.2.5 Maintenance -- 10.3 What is counseling? -- 10.3.1 Counseling for Smoking Cessation -- 10.3.2 Administrative aspects of counseling -- 10.4 The 5 As and 3As approaches -- 10.4.1 5A's -- 10.4.2 3A's -- 10.5 The evidence of counseling -- 10.6 Medication for drug cessation -- 10.6.1 First-line medications -- 10.6.1.1 Nicotine Replacement Medications -- 10.6.1.2 Products not containing Nicotine -- 10.6.1.3 The evidence of efficacy of first-line medications -- 11. Smoking cessation among different settings -- 11.1 Smoking cessation in the general population -- 11.2 Smoking cessation in the clinical setting -- 11.3 Smoking cessation in the workplace -- 11.4 Smoking cessation among healthcare professionals -- 11.4.1 Introduction -- 11.4.2 The key role of health care providers in smoking cessation -- 11.4.3 Prevalence of tobacco consumption among health care professionals -- 11.4.4 Implementation of smoking cessation strategies: a review of current scientific literature -- 11.4.5 Compared efficacy of various smoking cessation interventions -- 11.4.6 Conclusions -- 12. Media and Smoking Cessation -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 The Allen Carr book on "How to quit smoking" -- 12.3 Information on the Web -- 12.4 Web-based courses -- 13. Ethical aspects of tobacco smoking -- 13.1 Tobacco- smoking and public awareness : What Are the Risks? -- 13.1.1 Tobacco is not just killing smokers -- 13.1.2 Do Smokers Voluntarily Accept the Risks? -- 13.2 Individual rights -- 13.2.1 Types and importance of individual rights: public health and other perspectives -- 13.2.2 Human Rights -- 13.2.3 Assumption: the Concept of "Public Health" -- 13.3 Bioethical basis for global tobacco control -- 13.3.2 Principles of bioethics -- 13.3.3 Political outcomes -- 13.3.4 Legal Paternalism, Nanny-statism, and the Defense of Public Health against Environmental Tobacco Smoke -- 13.3.5 Social action: Is there a 'right' to advertise? -- 13.3.6 Tobacco taxation and public health: ethical problems, policy responses -- 13.3.7 Restrictions on smoking in public places -- 13.3.8 Education, information and physician's responsibility in promoting the patient's health in the community, strongly supported by ethical arguments grounded in medical professionalism -- 13.4 Burden of disease attributable to tobacco use and Tobacco-related costs -- 14. Economic issues related to tobacco smoking -- 14.1 Production and supply of tobacco products -- 14.1.1 Growing and manufacturing tobacco -- 14.1.2 The costs of production -- 14.1.3 Tobacco growing and manufacturing external effects -- 14.1.4 Production policies -- 14.2 Selling strategies and demand of tobacco products -- 14.2.1 Models of demand for tobacco products -- 14.2.2 Imperfectly rational addiction models -- 14.2.3 Myopic rational addiction models -- 14.2.4 Rational addiction -- 14.2.5 Behavioral models -- 14.2.6 Policy issues: prices, taxation and incentives -- 14.2.7 Advertising -- 14.2.8 Market diversification and emerging markets -- 14.3 Caring for smoking related illnesses.
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