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Blood pressure and arterial wall mechanics in cardiovascular diseases

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33886
Michel E. Safar, Michael F. O'Rourke, Edward D. Frohlich, editors. --London: Springer , c2014.
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In cardiovascular prevention, therehastraditionallybeena small number of cardiovascular risk factors to evaluate and manage, such as hypertension, diabetes,hyperlipidemiaand smoking. Recently, it has been recognized that new mechanical factors should be identified, andspecificallyinvolves pulsatile arterial hemodynamic parameters, such asarterial stiffness, pulse pressure and, to a lesser extent, augmentation index and pulse pressure amplification. Blood Pressure and Arterial Wall Mechanics in …
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Safar, Michel
O'Rourke, Michael F.
Frohlich, Edward D.
Responsibility
Michel E. Safar, Michael F. O'Rourke, Edward D. Frohlich, editors
Place of Publication
London
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (xx, 567 pages)
ISBN
9781447151982 (electronic bk.)
9781447151975
Subjects (MeSH)
Blood Pressure
Vascular Stiffness - physiology
Subjects (LCSH)
Cardiology
Cardiovascular system - Diseases
Blood pressure
Arteries - Physiology
Abstract
In cardiovascular prevention, therehastraditionallybeena small number of cardiovascular risk factors to evaluate and manage, such as hypertension, diabetes,hyperlipidemiaand smoking. Recently, it has been recognized that new mechanical factors should be identified, andspecificallyinvolves pulsatile arterial hemodynamic parameters, such asarterial stiffness, pulse pressure and, to a lesser extent, augmentation index and pulse pressure amplification. Blood Pressure and Arterial Wall Mechanics in Cardiovascular Diseaseshas been written to facilitate understanding of these new concepts regarding bleed pressure and cardiac risk, and prepare the reader for the considerable evolution of the topic in the years to come. Much has been learned already regarding the management of these patients, and this book presents extensive data on the techniques needed to maximize their outcomes.
Contents
Part I. Blood Pressure: Basic Concepts of Steady and Pulsatile Arterial Hemodynamics -- 1. Arterial Stiffness, Wave Reflection, Wave Amplification: Basic Concepts, Principles of Measurement and Analysis in Humans -- 2. Large Arteries, Microcirculation, and Mechanisms of Hypertension -- 3. Direct Measurement of Local Arterial Stiffness and Pulse Pressure -- 4. Ventricular-Arterial Coupling and Mechanism of Wave Reflections -- 5. Determination of Systemic and Regional Arterial Structure and Function -- 6. Animal Models for Studies of Arterial Stiffness -- 7. Elastin, Calcium and Age-Related Stiffening of the Arterial Wall -- 8. Genetic and Cellular Aspects of Arterial Stiffness -- Part II. Blood Pressure and Sodium Balance: Pathophysiological Mechanisms and Cardiovascular Risk -- 9. Mechanical Stress and the Arterial Wall -- 10. Pulsatile Stress, Arterial Stiffness, and Endothelial Function -- 11. Hypoxia, Arterial Blood Pressure, and Microcirculation -- 12. The Reality of Aging Viewed from the Arterial Wall -- 13. Emerging Aspects of Angiotensin Biology and Their Potential Role in the Vasculature -- 14. Arterial Stiffness and the Sympathetic Nervous System -- 15. Oxidative Stress and Hypertension -- 16. Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction -- 17. Structural Alterations in Arterial Stiffness: Role of Arterial Fibrosis -- 18. Salt and Multiorgan Damage in Hypertension: Vascular Stiffening and Cardiorenal Structural Dysfunction Responses -- 19. Preventive Lessons from Hypertension and Myocardial Infarction: Treating Asymptomatic Individuals to Lower the Risk for Subsequent Cardiovascular Events -- Part III. Hypertension: Evaluation of Cardiovascular Risk and Organ Damage -- 20. Value of Brachial and Central Blood Pressure for Predicting Cardiovascular Events -- 21. Predictive Value of Arterial Stiffness for Cardiovascular Events -- 22. Heart Rate, Synchrony and Arterial Hemodynamics -- 23. Pulse Pressure Amplification and Arterial Stiffness in Middle Age -- 24. Arterial Stiffness, Central Blood Pressure and Cardiac Remodelling: From Cardiac Hypertrophy to Heart Failure -- 25. The Relationship Between Aortic Stiffness, Microvascular Disease in the Brain and Cognitive Decline: Insights into the Emerging Epidemic of Alzheimer’s Disease -- 26. Arterial Stiffness and Risk in Various Cardiovascular Diseases -- 27. Large Artery Remodeling and Chronic Kidney Disease -- 28. Arterial Changes in Renal Transplantation -- 29. Arterial Stiffness, Central Blood Pressure and Coronary Heart Disease -- Part IV. Clinical Involvement: Role of Age, Sex, Inflammatory and Metabolic Alterations -- 30. Modifications of Blood Pressure Profiles in the Very Old: Role of Frailty and Comorbidities -- 31. Arterial Stiffness and Amplification in the Very Old -- 32. Hypertension in Men and Women: Is It Different? -- 33. Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome, Diabetes and Smoking -- 34. Glucose, Insulin and Potential Strategies of Vascular Stiffening -- 35. Arterial Stiffness in Chronic Inflammation -- Part V. Stratifications of Cardiovascular Risk and Therapeutic Consequences on Arterial Stiffness and Wave Reflections -- 36. Outcome-Driven Thresholds for Pulse Pressure on Office and Out-of-the-Office Blood Pressure Measurement -- 37. Properties of Central Arteries in Populations of Different Ethnicity: Ethnicity and Central Arteries -- 38. Changing Concepts on the Role of Blood Pressure Reduction in Stroke Prevention with the Focus on ß-Blocking Agents -- 39. Decreasing Arterial Stiffness and/or Wave Reflections Independently of Mean Arterial Pressure: Effect of Antihypertensive Drugs (Part 1) -- 40. Decreasing Arterial Stiffness and/or Wave Reflections Independently of Mean Arterial Pressure: Effect of Non-antihypertensive Drugs (Part 2) -- 41. Blood Pressure Variability: Measurements, Influential Factors, Prognosis and Therapy -- 42. Nitrate: The Ideal Drug Action for Isolated Systolic Hypertension in Elderly? -- 43. De-stiffening Strategy, Sodium Balance, and Blockade of the Renin–Angiotensin System -- 44. Long-Term Effects of Calcium Channel Blockers on Central and Peripheral Arteries -- 45. Exercise Training for the Modification of Arterial Stiffness and Wave Reflections.
Format
e-Book
Location
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Cardio-renal clinical challenges

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33624
David Goldsmith, Adrian Covic, Jonas Spaak, editors. --Cham, Switzerland: Springer , c2015.
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the clinical challenges faced during the treatment of patients with cardiorenal syndrome (CRS). The bidirectional link that associates renal and cardiovascular diseases means that patients with CRS have an increased risk of hospital admission and mortality as a result of their coexistence yet, there are no agreed guidelines for their management. Cardio-Renal Clinical Challenges takes clinical presentations and clinical problems as its base, and the…
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Goldsmith, David
Covic, Adrian
Spaak, Jonas
Responsibility
David Goldsmith, Adrian Covic, Jonas Spaak, editors
Place of Publication
Cham, Switzerland
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (xiii, 234 pages)
ISBN
9783319091624 (electronic bk.)
9783319091617
Subjects (MeSH)
Cardiovascular Diseases - complications
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic - complications
Comorbidity
Subjects (LCSH)
Cardiovascular system - Diseases
Kidneys - Diseases
Heart - Diseases
Abstract
This book provides a comprehensive overview of the clinical challenges faced during the treatment of patients with cardiorenal syndrome (CRS). The bidirectional link that associates renal and cardiovascular diseases means that patients with CRS have an increased risk of hospital admission and mortality as a result of their coexistence yet, there are no agreed guidelines for their management. Cardio-Renal Clinical Challenges takes clinical presentations and clinical problems as its base, and then discusses the evidence for best management of common clinical problems and the reasons for the complex interplay between the cardiac and renal systems. In addition, the link between heart failure and chronic kidney disease (CKD) can impose a considerable epidemiological burden thus this text also aims to address the issue of organizing healthcare to maximize both the opportunities for prevention and best healthcare economic returns.
Contents
Part I. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): Same or Different? -- 1. Epicardial Coronary Heart Disease in CKD: Diagnosis and Management -- 2. Small Vessel Disease in CKD, Diabetes, Obesity and Hypertension -- 3. Sudden Cardiac Death and Arrhythmia in CKD -- 4. Anticoagulation in CKD -- 5. MRA Inhibition in CKD: More Than Salt and Water -- 6. Vascular Effects of Infl ammation and Oxidative Stress in CKD -- 7. Uric Acid, Allopurinol: The Cardio- Renal Silver Bullet? -- 8. FGF23 and Phosphate: Two Cardiovascular Toxins with Distinct Toxicity Profiles? -- 9. Renal Congestion in Heart Failure -- 10. Effect of Vitamin D on Endothelial Function and Blood Pressure -- 11. Vitamin D and Its Effects on the Heart -- Part II. CKD Complicating Cardiovascular Presentations, Treatment and Outcome -- 12. Volume Overload in CKD: Pathophysiology, Assessment Techniques, Consequences and Treatment -- 13. Reversing Arterial Stiffening and Calcifi cation: A Pipe Dream? -- 14. Pulmonary Hypertension in CKD: A New Problem Child -- 15. How to Use Inhibitors of the Renin-Angiotensin- Aldosterone System in Patients with CKD and Heart Failure -- 16. Erectile and Sex Hormone Dysfunction and Cardiovascular Consequences in CKD -- 17. Renal Sympathetic Denervation in the Management of Treatment- Resistant Hypertension -- Part III. New Ways of Working for the Twenty-first Century: Rising to the Challenge of Comorbid Patients -- 18. Future Therapeutic Prospects for Treatment of Cardiorenal Syndromes -- 19. Novel Combination Therapy to Target Heart and Kidney -- 20. Challenging Complex Diseases -- 21. Is “Me, Me, Me” the New “We, We, We”?: Can We Afford (Not) to Take the Plunge into the Personalised, Stratified Medicine Era? -- 22. Psychological Distress in Physical Long-Term Conditions.
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e-Book
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Cardiovascular OCT Imaging

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33952
Ik-Kyung Jang, editor. --Cham, Switzerland: Springer , c2015.
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Other Authors
Jang, Ik-Kyung
Responsibility
Ik-Kyung Jang, editor
Alternate Title
Cardiovascular Optical Coherence Tomography Imaging
Place of Publication
Cham, Switzerland
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (xi, 222 pages)
ISBN
9783319108018 (electronic bk.)
9783319108001
Subjects (MeSH)
Acute Coronary Syndrome - diagnosis
Coronary Artery Disease - diagnosis
Endovascular Procedures
Tomography, Optical Coherence
Subjects (LCSH)
Cardiovascular system - Tomography
Cardiovascular system - Diseases - Tomography
Optical coherence tomography
Contents
1. The Development of OCT -- 2. Physics of Cardiovascular OCT -- 3. Histology Validation of OCT Images -- 4. Basic Interpretation Skills -- 5. Intravascular OCT Imaging Artifacts -- 6. Clinical Presentations and Coronary Plaque Characteristics -- 7. Insight into Pathogenesis of Acute Coronary Syndrome -- 8. Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection -- 9. Early Stent Evaluation -- 10. Late Stent Change -- 11. Stent Thrombosis -- 12. Neoatherosclerosis -- 13. Bioabsorbable Stent -- 14. Consensus Documents -- 15. Future Development.
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e-Book
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Diabetes in cardiovascular disease : a companion to Braunwald's heart disease

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33228
[edited by] Darren K. McGuire, Nikolaus Marx. --Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders , c2015.
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Diabetes in Cardiovascular Disease is a current, expert resource focusing on the complex challenges of providing cardiovascular care to patients with diabetes. Designed as a companion to Braunwald’s Heart Disease, this interdisciplinary medical reference book bridges the gap between the cardiology and endocrinology communities of scientists and care providers, and highlights the emerging scientific and clinical topics that are relevant for cardiologists, diabetologists/endocrinologists, and th…
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Other Authors
McGuire, Darren K
Marx, Nikolaus
Responsibility
[edited by] Darren K. McGuire, Nikolaus Marx
Place of Publication
Philadelphia, PA
Publisher
Elsevier Saunders
Date of Publication
c2015
Physical Description
1 online resource, 416 p.
ISBN
9780323315661
Subjects (MeSH)
Cardiovascular Diseases - complications
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus - physiopathology
Diabetes Mellitus - therapy
Risk Factors
Subjects (LCSH)
Cardiovascular system - Diseases
Diabetes - Complications
Cardiovascular Diseases - complications
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus - physiopathology
Diabetes Mellitus - therapy
Risk Factors
Notes
Complemented by: Braunwald's heart disease / edited by Robert O. Bonow ... [et al.]. 9th ed. 2012
Abstract
Diabetes in Cardiovascular Disease is a current, expert resource focusing on the complex challenges of providing cardiovascular care to patients with diabetes. Designed as a companion to Braunwald’s Heart Disease, this interdisciplinary medical reference book bridges the gap between the cardiology and endocrinology communities of scientists and care providers, and highlights the emerging scientific and clinical topics that are relevant for cardiologists, diabetologists/endocrinologists, and the extended diabetes care team.
Contents
Definition and epidemiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus -- Insulin resistance : pathophysiology, molecular mechanisms, genetic insights -- Type 1 diabetes : pathophysiology, molecular mechanisms, genetic insights -- The metabolic syndrome : prevalence and controversies in clinical context -- Lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus -- Pharmacologic and surgical interventions that prevent or worsen type 2 diabetes -- Epidemiology of coronary and peripheral atherosclerosis in diabetes -- Pathology of diabetic atherosclerosis : composition, characteristics, and distribution -- Vascular biology of atherosclerosis in patients with diabetes : hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, and hyperinsulinemia -- Vascular biology of atherosclerosis in patients with diabetes : dyslipidemia, hypercoagulability, endothelial dysfunction, and inflammation -- Type 1 diabetes and associated cardiovascular risk and disease -- Effect of lifestyle interventions on coronary heart disease risk in patients with diabetes -- Effect of glucose management on coronary heart disease risk in patients with diabetes -- Effect of blood pressure management on coronary heart disease risk in patients with type 2 diabetes -- Effect of lipid management on coronary heart disease risk in patients with diabetes -- Effect of antiplatelet therapy on coronary heart disease risk in patients with diabetes mellitus -- Role of percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with diabetes -- Role of coronary artery bypass surgery in diabetes and perioperative glucose management -- Epidemiology of acute coronary syndromes in patients with diabetes -- Hyperglycemia and acute coronary syndromes : association with outcomes and management -- Antiplatelet and antithrombotic therapy in diabetic patients with acute coronary syndrome -- Role of primary invasive strategy and revascularization in diabetic patients with acute coronary syndromes -- Epidemiology of heart failure in diabetes -- Diabetic cardiomyopathy : mediators and mechanisms -- Prevention of heart failure in patients with diabetes -- Treatment of heart failure in diabetes : systolic dysfunction, diastolic dysfunction, and post-acute coronary syndrome -- Peripheral artery disease in diabetes -- Cerebrovascular disease in patients with diabetes -- Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy -- Disparities in diabetes risk, cardiovascular consequences, and care : women, ethnic minorities, and the elderly -- The quality chasm : diabetes mellitus.
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Netter's cardiology

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat31563
edited by George A. Stouffer, Marschall S. Runge ; illustrations by Frank H. Netter ; contributing illustrator, Carlos A.G. Machado ... [et al.]. (3rd ed.) --Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier , c2019.
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Perfect for residents, generalists, anesthesiologists, emergency department physicians, medical students, nurses, and other healthcare professionals who need a practical, working knowledge of cardiology, Netter's Cardiology, 3rd Edition, provides a concise overview of cardiovascular disease highlighted by unique, memorable Netter illustrations. This superb visual resource showcases the well-known work of Frank H. Netter, MD, and his successor, Carlos Machado, MD, a cardiologist who has created…
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Other Authors
Stouffer, George A.
Runge, Marschall Stevens
Patterson, Cam
Netter, Frank H.
Responsibility
edited by George A. Stouffer, Marschall S. Runge ; illustrations by Frank H. Netter ; contributing illustrator, Carlos A.G. Machado ... [et al.]
Edition
3rd ed.
Alternate Title
Cardiology
Place of Publication
Philadelphia, PA
Publisher
Elsevier
Date of Publication
c2019
Physical Description
1 online resource, 576 p.
Series Title
Netter clinical science
ISBN
9780323547260
Subjects (MeSH)
Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
Subjects (LCSH)
Cardiology
Cardiovascular system - Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
Specialty
Cardiology
Abstract
Perfect for residents, generalists, anesthesiologists, emergency department physicians, medical students, nurses, and other healthcare professionals who need a practical, working knowledge of cardiology, Netter's Cardiology, 3rd Edition, provides a concise overview of cardiovascular disease highlighted by unique, memorable Netter illustrations. This superb visual resource showcases the well-known work of Frank H. Netter, MD, and his successor, Carlos Machado, MD, a cardiologist who has created clear, full-color illustrations in the Netter tradition. New features and all-new chapters keep you up to date with the latest information in the field.
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