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CT Scan in Abdominal Emergency Surgery

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat42662
Fausto Catena, Salomone Di Saverio, Luca Ansaloni, Federico Coccolini, Massimo Sartelli, editors. --Cham: Springer , c2018.
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This book focuses on the diagnostic impact of CT scans in severe abdominal trauma and in non-traumatic acute abdomen, the two clinical entities that constitute the main reasons for referrals for this imaging technique from the intensive care unit. The concept behind it is that emergency surgeons and physicians not only need the clinical knowledge to manage the different pathological conditions, but that they must also have a full understanding of diagnostic imaging modalities. To this end, each…
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Other Authors
Catena, Fausto
Di Saverio, Salomone
Ansaloni, Luca
Coccolini, Federico
Sartelli, Massimo
Responsibility
Fausto Catena, Salomone Di Saverio, Luca Ansaloni, Federico Coccolini, Massimo Sartelli, editors
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
1 online resource (xii, 206 p.) : 164 illus., 18 illus. in color
Series Title
Hot topics in acute care surgery and trauma
ISBN
9783319483474
9783319483467 (print ed.)
9783319483481 (print ed.)
ISSN
2520-8284
Subjects (MeSH)
Abdominal Injuries - diagnostic imaging
Abdominal Injuries - surgery
Emergencies
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Specialty
Diagnostic Imaging
Emergency Medicine
Gastroenterology
Abstract
This book focuses on the diagnostic impact of CT scans in severe abdominal trauma and in non-traumatic acute abdomen, the two clinical entities that constitute the main reasons for referrals for this imaging technique from the intensive care unit. The concept behind it is that emergency surgeons and physicians not only need the clinical knowledge to manage the different pathological conditions, but that they must also have a full understanding of diagnostic imaging modalities. To this end, each chapter includes a description of a specific acute abdominal disorder. In addition to the clinical presentation and the diagnosis and management guidelines, there is a special focus on imaging studies with clear and concise descriptions, high-quality images and the evolution grading scale to aid interpretation. This easy-to-read book is an ideal source of practical information for acute care surgeons, radiologists and for all the members of the emergency team.
Contents
1. Diagnostic Tools in ACS: CT Scan, Diagnostic Laparoscopy, and Exploratory Laparotomy -- 2. Hepatic Trauma -- 3. CT Imaging of the Injured Spleen -- 4. Computed Tomography in Pancreatic and Duodenal Injuries -- 5. CT Scan in Blunt Gastrointestinal Trauma -- 6. Computed Tomography (CT Scan) in the Management of Genitourinary Trauma -- 7. Acute Cholecystitis -- 8. CT Evaluation of Appendicitis -- 9. Acute Diverticulitis -- 10. Complicated Peptic Ulcer Findings on Abdominal CT Scan -- 11. Computed Tomography Evaluation of Small Bowel Ischemia -- 12. The Role of Computed Tomography in the Acute Presentation of Colorectal Cancer -- 13. Adhesive Small Bowel Obstruction (ASBO): Role of CT Scan in Guiding Choice and Timing for Treatment Options -- 14. Colonic Volvulus -- 15. Computerized Tomography in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Pancreatitis -- 16. AAA and Visceral Aneurysms -- 17. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Emergency Radiology of the Abdomen : Imaging Features and Differential Diagnosis for a Timely Management Approach

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat31250
Mariano Scaglione, Ulrich Linsenmaier, Gerd Schueller, editors ; ESER, European Society of Emergency Radiology. --Milan: Springer , c2012.
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This book comprehensively highlights modern emergency radiology diagnosis of the acute abdomen. In traumatic as well as non-traumatic emergencies, the clinical term "acute abdomen" refers to a variety of serious conditions in an often progressive clinical situation that call for an immediate diagnostic and therapeutic intervention. Today, thorough and rapid diagnostic radiological imaging is broadly available and the radiologist has gained a central role in patient handling in many emergency m…
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Corporate Author
European Society of Emergency Radiology
Other Authors
Scaglione, Mariano
Responsibility
Mariano Scaglione, Ulrich Linsenmaier, Gerd Schueller, editors ; ESER, European Society of Emergency Radiology.
Place of Publication
Milan
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2012
Physical Description
1 online resource (xvii, 277 p. : 300 ill. in color)
Series
Medical radiology. Diagnostic imaging
Series Title
Medical radiology (Series)
ISBN
9788847025134
Subjects (MeSH)
Abdominal Injuries - diagnostic imaging
Diagnosis, Differential
Emergencies
Radiography, Abdominal
Subjects (LCSH)
Abdomen Surgery
Emergency medicine
Radiology, Medical
Abstract
This book comprehensively highlights modern emergency radiology diagnosis of the acute abdomen. In traumatic as well as non-traumatic emergencies, the clinical term "acute abdomen" refers to a variety of serious conditions in an often progressive clinical situation that call for an immediate diagnostic and therapeutic intervention. Today, thorough and rapid diagnostic radiological imaging is broadly available and the radiologist has gained a central role in patient handling in many emergency medicine departments. In addition to proficient radiological knowledge, communication and close co-operation among the various specialists involved are essential for successful patient management. Emergency radiologists must not only acquire a full understanding of the imaging modalities and technicalá requirements, but they should also have appropriate clinical knowledge of the various disorders in order to become valuable contributors to the therapy decision-making process. Emergency Radiology of the Abdomen provides a comprehensive review of the etiology, pathophysiology, and clinical presentation of acute abdominal conditions, both after traumatic events and in the non-traumatic setting. It focuses on imaging features and high-end emergency radiology that are indispensable for a timely management approach. Numerous high-quality images, diagrams, and easy-to-read tables are provided.
Contents
Acute Abdomen: Clinical Context and Indications to Imaging -- Acute Abdomen: Rational use of US, MDCT and MRI -- Liver and Bile Ducts -- Gallbladder -- Spleen -- Pancreas -- Kidney, Ureter, Adrenal Gland -- Gastrointestinal Tract -- The Pelvis -- Vascular Emergencies of the Retroperitoneum -- MRI of the Acute Abdomen and Pelvis -- Imaging the Acute Abdomen in the Pediatric Population -- The Role of Interventional Radiology.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Noninvasive ventilation in high-risk infections and mass casualty events

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33687
Antonio M. Esquinas, editor. --Wien: Springer , c2014.
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The past few decades have seen major impacts of different pandemics and mass casualty events on health resource use in terms of rising healthcare costs and increased mortality. In this context, the development of acute respiratory failure in patients requires the use of mechanical ventilation, either invasive or noninvasive. Recently, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has proved to be a valuable strategy to reduce mortality rates in patients. This is the first book to describe the clinical indicati…
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Other Authors
Esquinas, Antonio M
Responsibility
Antonio M. Esquinas, editor
Place of Publication
Wien
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (xix, 370 pages)
ISBN
9783709114964 (electronic bk.)
9783709114957
Subjects (MeSH)
Respiratory Tract Infections - therapy
Acute Disease - therapy
Mass Casualty Incidents
Noninvasive Ventilation
Subjects (LCSH)
Artificial respiration
Lungs - Diseases - Treatment
Emergency medicine
Respiratory Tract Infections - therapy
Acute Disease - therapy
Mass Casualty Incidents
Noninvasive Ventilation
Abstract
The past few decades have seen major impacts of different pandemics and mass casualty events on health resource use in terms of rising healthcare costs and increased mortality. In this context, the development of acute respiratory failure in patients requires the use of mechanical ventilation, either invasive or noninvasive. Recently, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has proved to be a valuable strategy to reduce mortality rates in patients. This is the first book to describe the clinical indications of NIV in patients who have been hospitalized with high-risk infections as well as in the prehospital management of mass casualty incidents, including chemical or biological disasters and pandemics. Compiled by internationally respected experts, it offers comprehensive coverage of all aspects of noninvasive mechanical ventilation in public health emergencies, such as equipment needs and guidelines for health organizations. Considering recent events (SARS, H1N1 influenza pandemic), the book concludes with a critical review of current studies and future prospects for the use of NIV, offering a valuable resource for all practitioners managing mass casualty incidents and disasters.
Contents
Part I. Rationale and Equipment -- 1. High-Risk Infections: Infl uence of Down-Regulation and Up-Regulation of Cough Using Airway Reflexes and Breathing Maneuvers -- 2. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation: Models to Assess Air and Particle Dispersion -- 3. Interfaces for Noninvasive Ventilation: General Elements and Options -- 4. Noninvasive Ventilation Interfaces for High-Risk Infections: Implications for Health Care Workers -- 5. Heated Humidifier -- 6. Preventing the Spread of Aerosol Infection During Application of High- Frequency Jet Ventilation by Mask -- Part II. Clinical Indications in Adults -- 7. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation for Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure-Related Infectious Diseases -- 8. Noninvasive Ventilation in the Polytraumatized Patient -- 9. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with Severe Pneumonia -- 10. Noninvasive Positive-Pressure Ventilation in Patients with Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure and HIV/AIDS -- 11. Noninvasive Ventilation for Severe Legionella Pneumonia -- 12. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Lung Injury Secondary to Malaria -- 13. Noninvasive Ventilation in Patients with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome -- 14. Noninvasive Ventilation in Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure Due to Infl uenza A(H1N1) Virus Infection -- 15. Ventilatory Strategy Used for Management of Acute Respiratory Failure Due to Novel Infl uenza A(H1N1) Infection -- 16. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure Due to Pandemic Infl uenza A(H1N1) Virus -- 17. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with Tuberculosis: Exhaled Breath-Generated Aerosols of Mycobacterium tuberculosis -- 18. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation After Chemical Disasters -- 19. Inhalational Anthrax and Bioterrorism: Key Recommendations for Acute Respiratory Failure -- 20 Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with Hematological Diseases -- 21. Noninvasive Ventilation in Patients with Solid Tumors -- 22. Noninvasive Ventilation in Patients with Infectious Lung Disease After Solid Organ Transplant -- 23. Use of Bronchoscopy in Patients with Pulmonary Infections During Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation -- 24. Noninvasive Ventilation in Patients with Major Burn Injuries -- Part III. Clinical Indications in Pediatrics -- 25. Infant Nasal Bubble Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Resource-Limited Settings -- 26. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation During Neonatal Transport -- 27. Pathophysiology of Acute Respiratory Failure in Children with Bronchiolitis and Effect of CPAP -- 28. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Pediatric Practice -- 29. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with High-Risk Infections and Mass Casualties in Acute Respiratory Failure: Pediatric Perspective -- Part IV. Prognosis and Risk Factors -- 30. Factors Involved in Aerosol Transmission of Infection and Control of Ventilation in Healthcare -- 31. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation to Prevent Intensive Care Unit-Acquired Infection -- Part V. Hospital Organization: Room Organization, Health Professionals, and Prevention -- 32. Negative-Pressure and Well-Ventilated Rooms; Bacterial and Viral Filters to the Expiratory Circuit; Personal Protective Equipment for Health Care Workers -- 33. Noninvasive Ventilation and Droplet Dispersion: Health Professional Protocols from a Nursing Perspective -- 34. Preventing Airborne Disease Transmission: Implications for Patients During Mechanical Ventilation -- 35. Contolling Spread of Viruses and High- Risk Infections to Hospital Health Care Workers from NIV -- Part VI. Hospital Organization: Department Organizations -- 36. Noninvasive Ventilation in Patients with Infectious Diseases in the Emergency Room -- 37. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with High-Risk Infections in Intermediate Respiratory Care Units and on the Pneumology Ward -- 38. Organization of a Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation Unit for Immunocompromised Patients -- 39. Pandemic Influenza Management and Control Policies: Hospital Coordination During an Influenza Pandemic -- Part VII. Guidelines and Protocols -- 40. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation Guidelines and Standard Protocols for Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with High-Risk Infections -- 41. Guidelines for Health Organizations: European Perspectives and Experience in Pandemics -- 42. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with High-Risk Infections: Current and Future Perspectives.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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