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Noninvasive ventilation in high-risk infections and mass casualty events

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33687
Antonio M. Esquinas, editor. --Wien: Springer , c2014.
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The past few decades have seen major impacts of different pandemics and mass casualty events on health resource use in terms of rising healthcare costs and increased mortality. In this context, the development of acute respiratory failure in patients requires the use of mechanical ventilation, either invasive or noninvasive. Recently, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has proved to be a valuable strategy to reduce mortality rates in patients. This is the first book to describe the clinical indicati…
Available Online
View e-Book
Other Authors
Esquinas, Antonio M
Responsibility
Antonio M. Esquinas, editor
Place of Publication
Wien
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (xix, 370 pages)
ISBN
9783709114964 (electronic bk.)
9783709114957
Subjects (MeSH)
Respiratory Tract Infections - therapy
Acute Disease - therapy
Mass Casualty Incidents
Noninvasive Ventilation
Subjects (LCSH)
Artificial respiration
Lungs - Diseases - Treatment
Emergency medicine
Respiratory Tract Infections - therapy
Acute Disease - therapy
Mass Casualty Incidents
Noninvasive Ventilation
Abstract
The past few decades have seen major impacts of different pandemics and mass casualty events on health resource use in terms of rising healthcare costs and increased mortality. In this context, the development of acute respiratory failure in patients requires the use of mechanical ventilation, either invasive or noninvasive. Recently, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has proved to be a valuable strategy to reduce mortality rates in patients. This is the first book to describe the clinical indications of NIV in patients who have been hospitalized with high-risk infections as well as in the prehospital management of mass casualty incidents, including chemical or biological disasters and pandemics. Compiled by internationally respected experts, it offers comprehensive coverage of all aspects of noninvasive mechanical ventilation in public health emergencies, such as equipment needs and guidelines for health organizations. Considering recent events (SARS, H1N1 influenza pandemic), the book concludes with a critical review of current studies and future prospects for the use of NIV, offering a valuable resource for all practitioners managing mass casualty incidents and disasters.
Contents
Part I. Rationale and Equipment -- 1. High-Risk Infections: Infl uence of Down-Regulation and Up-Regulation of Cough Using Airway Reflexes and Breathing Maneuvers -- 2. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation: Models to Assess Air and Particle Dispersion -- 3. Interfaces for Noninvasive Ventilation: General Elements and Options -- 4. Noninvasive Ventilation Interfaces for High-Risk Infections: Implications for Health Care Workers -- 5. Heated Humidifier -- 6. Preventing the Spread of Aerosol Infection During Application of High- Frequency Jet Ventilation by Mask -- Part II. Clinical Indications in Adults -- 7. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation for Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure-Related Infectious Diseases -- 8. Noninvasive Ventilation in the Polytraumatized Patient -- 9. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with Severe Pneumonia -- 10. Noninvasive Positive-Pressure Ventilation in Patients with Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure and HIV/AIDS -- 11. Noninvasive Ventilation for Severe Legionella Pneumonia -- 12. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Lung Injury Secondary to Malaria -- 13. Noninvasive Ventilation in Patients with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome -- 14. Noninvasive Ventilation in Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure Due to Infl uenza A(H1N1) Virus Infection -- 15. Ventilatory Strategy Used for Management of Acute Respiratory Failure Due to Novel Infl uenza A(H1N1) Infection -- 16. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure Due to Pandemic Infl uenza A(H1N1) Virus -- 17. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with Tuberculosis: Exhaled Breath-Generated Aerosols of Mycobacterium tuberculosis -- 18. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation After Chemical Disasters -- 19. Inhalational Anthrax and Bioterrorism: Key Recommendations for Acute Respiratory Failure -- 20 Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with Hematological Diseases -- 21. Noninvasive Ventilation in Patients with Solid Tumors -- 22. Noninvasive Ventilation in Patients with Infectious Lung Disease After Solid Organ Transplant -- 23. Use of Bronchoscopy in Patients with Pulmonary Infections During Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation -- 24. Noninvasive Ventilation in Patients with Major Burn Injuries -- Part III. Clinical Indications in Pediatrics -- 25. Infant Nasal Bubble Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Resource-Limited Settings -- 26. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation During Neonatal Transport -- 27. Pathophysiology of Acute Respiratory Failure in Children with Bronchiolitis and Effect of CPAP -- 28. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Pediatric Practice -- 29. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with High-Risk Infections and Mass Casualties in Acute Respiratory Failure: Pediatric Perspective -- Part IV. Prognosis and Risk Factors -- 30. Factors Involved in Aerosol Transmission of Infection and Control of Ventilation in Healthcare -- 31. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation to Prevent Intensive Care Unit-Acquired Infection -- Part V. Hospital Organization: Room Organization, Health Professionals, and Prevention -- 32. Negative-Pressure and Well-Ventilated Rooms; Bacterial and Viral Filters to the Expiratory Circuit; Personal Protective Equipment for Health Care Workers -- 33. Noninvasive Ventilation and Droplet Dispersion: Health Professional Protocols from a Nursing Perspective -- 34. Preventing Airborne Disease Transmission: Implications for Patients During Mechanical Ventilation -- 35. Contolling Spread of Viruses and High- Risk Infections to Hospital Health Care Workers from NIV -- Part VI. Hospital Organization: Department Organizations -- 36. Noninvasive Ventilation in Patients with Infectious Diseases in the Emergency Room -- 37. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with High-Risk Infections in Intermediate Respiratory Care Units and on the Pneumology Ward -- 38. Organization of a Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation Unit for Immunocompromised Patients -- 39. Pandemic Influenza Management and Control Policies: Hospital Coordination During an Influenza Pandemic -- Part VII. Guidelines and Protocols -- 40. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation Guidelines and Standard Protocols for Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with High-Risk Infections -- 41. Guidelines for Health Organizations: European Perspectives and Experience in Pandemics -- 42. Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation in Patients with High-Risk Infections: Current and Future Perspectives.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Substance Use and the Acute Psychiatric Patient : Emergency Management

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat44629
Abigail L. Donovan, Suzanne A. Bird, editors. --Cham: Humana Press , c2019.
Available Online
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Location
Online
This book fills a gap in the existing medical literature by providing a best-practice approach to the evaluation and acute treatment of patients presenting for emergency care with identifiable substance use and/or co-occurring psychiatric disorders. As the first interdisciplinary book to integrate psychiatric and emergency care, the text uniquely covers a myriad of serious medical conditions, acute mental status and dangerous behavioral abnormalities. The book focuses on guidelines that support…
Available Online
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Other Authors
Donovan, Abigail L.
Bird, Suzanne A.
Responsibility
Abigail L. Donovan, Suzanne A. Bird, editors
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Humana Press
Date of Publication
c2019
Physical Description
1 online resource (xv, 235 p.) : 7 illus. in color
Series Title
Current clinical psychiatry
ISBN
9783319239613
9783319239606 (Print ed.)
9783319239620 (Print ed.)
ISSN
2626-241X
Subjects (MeSH)
Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry)
Emergencies
Emergency Treatment - methods
Mentally Ill Persons
Substance-Related Disorders
Specialty
Addiction Medicine
Emergency Medicine
Psychiatry
Abstract
This book fills a gap in the existing medical literature by providing a best-practice approach to the evaluation and acute treatment of patients presenting for emergency care with identifiable substance use and/or co-occurring psychiatric disorders. As the first interdisciplinary book to integrate psychiatric and emergency care, the text uniquely covers a myriad of serious medical conditions, acute mental status and dangerous behavioral abnormalities. The book focuses on guidelines that support emergency room physicians with little formal medical training in addiction medicine. The first section focuses on the diagnosis and management of substance-specific intoxication and withdrawal states, as well as common medical co-morbidities and disposition considerations. The book lends particular attention to the identification and stabilization of high risk medical conditions associated with each substance of abuse. The second section is psychiatrically focused, addressing the most common psychiatric symptoms and syndromes, their association with SUDs, an approach to differential diagnosis, and discussion of crucial treatment considerations for both safe ED management and post-ED disposition. A final section includes other pertinent topics, for example, the assessment of patient safety, responding to the medication-seeking patient, assessment and treatment of pregnant patients and working with adolescents and their families around substance use. Substance Use and The Acute Patient is a unique and valuable contribution to the literature for both consulting psychiatrists, emergency medicine specialists, addiction medicine specialists, and all other medical professionals who provide care for these most complex and underserved patients.
Contents
Part I. Management of Acute Substance Use Disorders -- Opioid Use Disorders and Related Emergencies -- Alcohol and Sedative Use Disorders and Related Emergencies -- Stimulant Use Disorders and Related Emergencies -- Cannabis Use Disorders and Related Emergencies -- Management of Acute Substance Use Disorders: Hallucinogens and Associated Compounds -- Part II. Management of Substance-Induced and Co-occurring Disorders -- Substance/Medication-Induced Mood Disorders and Co-Occurring Mood and Substance Use Disorders: Evaluation and Management in Emergency Department and Psychiatric Emergency Service Settings -- Substance-Induced Psychosis and Co-Occurring Psychotic Disorders -- Substance-Induced Anxiety and Co-Occurring Anxiety Disorders -- Patients with Co-Occurring Substance Use and Personality Disorders -- Preventing and Managing Risk of Violence and Suicide in Substance Abusing Patients in the Emergency Department -- Part III. Special Topics -- Responding to the Medication-Seeking Patient -- Substance Use in Children and Adolescents -- Emergency Management of Substance Use in Pregnant Patients.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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