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Arteriovenous access surgery : ensuring adequate vascular access for hemodialysis

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33946
Hans Scholz ; in collaboration with U. Krüger, K. Petzold, and W. Munsch ; with extra chapters by J. Janzen and U. Krüger. (English edition) --Heidelberg: Springer , c2015.
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Online
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Author
Scholz, Hans
Other Authors
Krüger, U.
Petzold, K.
Munsch, W.
Janzen, J.
Responsibility
Hans Scholz ; in collaboration with U. Krüger, K. Petzold, and W. Munsch ; with extra chapters by J. Janzen and U. Krüger
Edition
English edition
Place of Publication
Heidelberg
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2015
Physical Description
1 online resource (xvii, 250 pages)
ISBN
9783642411397 (electronic bk.)
9783642411380
Subjects (MeSH)
Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical
Renal Dialysis
Vascular Access Devices
Subjects (LCSH)
Blood-vessels - Surgery
Intravenous catheterization
Arterial catheterization
Hemodynamics
Hemodialysis
Notes
"Translated from the original German edition by M. Wunsch."
Contents
1. Introduction -- 2. Central Venous Catheters for Hemodialysis -- 3. AV Fistulas -- 4. AV Shunts -- 5. Arterioarterial Grafts -- 6. Redo Surgery with Prosthetic Grafts -- 7. Infections -- 8. Venous Congestion After the Creation of AV Accesses -- 9. Stenoses and Occlusions of the Central Veins -- 10. Leakage of ePTFE Grafts (Perigraft Seroma) -- 11. Insufficient Peripheral Perfusion and Cardiac Strain After AV Access Creation -- 12. Arterial Reconstructions of AV Accesses -- 13. Lymph Edema of the Arm After AV Access Surgery -- 14. Nerve Lesions After AV Access Surgery -- 15. Special Patient Groups -- 16. Anticoagulation with AV Accesses -- 17. Puncture Techniques -- 18. Monitoring of Vascular Accesses -- 19. Histopathology of AV Vascular Accesses -- 20. Short Introduction to Fluid Dynamics: Relevant Aspects for Hemodynamics -- 21. Our Methods -- Appendix -- Glossary.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Cardiovascular Hemodynamics : An Introductory Guide

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat44623
Arman T. Askari, Adrian W. Messerli, editors. (Second edition) --Cham: Humana Press , c2019.
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The second edition of this key resource provides a broad and fundamental overview of basic cardiovascular (CV) hemodynamic principles with a focus on clinical assessment of CV physiology. Extensively updated, the book includes new coverage on noninvasive hemodynamic assessment and the effects of selected interventions on CV hemodynamics. It provides an introduction to the basic concepts such as preload, afterload, myocardial contractility, and cardiac output. Subsequent chapters examine the eff…
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Other Authors
Askari, Arman T.
Messerli, Adrian W.
Responsibility
Arman T. Askari, Adrian W. Messerli, editors
Edition
Second edition
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Humana Press
Date of Publication
c2019
Physical Description
1 online resource (xlvi, 371 p.) : 158 illus., 116 illus. in color
Series Title
Contemporary cardiology
ISBN
9783030191313
9783030191306 (Print ed.)
9783030191320 (Print ed.)
9783030191337 (Print ed.)
ISSN
2196-8969
Subjects (MeSH)
Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena
Hemodynamics
Specialty
Cardiology
Physiology
Abstract
The second edition of this key resource provides a broad and fundamental overview of basic cardiovascular (CV) hemodynamic principles with a focus on clinical assessment of CV physiology. Extensively updated, the book includes new coverage on noninvasive hemodynamic assessment and the effects of selected interventions on CV hemodynamics. It provides an introduction to the basic concepts such as preload, afterload, myocardial contractility, and cardiac output. Subsequent chapters examine the effects of interventions such as vasodilators, beta blockers, pressor agents, inotropes, and different forms of invasive circulatory support. The book also focuses on various methods of hemodynamic evaluation including echocardiography, CT/MRI, noninvasive hemodynamic assessment, and cardiac catheterization. The book concludes with a discussion of proper diagnosis, evaluation, and management of patients using hemodynamic data on a variety of specific disease states. An invaluable contribution to the Contemporary Cardiology Series, the Second Edition of Cardiovascular Hemodynamics: An Introductory Guide is an essential resource for physicians, residents, fellows, medical students, and researchers in cardiology, emergency medicine, critical care, and internal medicine.
Contents
Part I. Components of Myocardial Performance -- 1. Preload -- 2. Afterload -- 3. Contractility -- 4. Cardiac Output -- Part II. Effects of Selected Interventions on CV Hemodynamics -- 5. Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Axis Modulators and Other Vasodilators -- 6. Beta Blockers and Calcium Channel Blockers -- 7. Pressor Agents, Pure Inotropes, Mixed Function Agents -- 8. Recently Approved Agents to Improve Outcomes in Heart Failure -- 9. Invasive Circulatory Support – IABP, IMPELLA, LVAD as Destination Therapy -- Part III. Methods of Hemodynamic Evaluation -- 10. Key Clinical Findings -- 11. Echocardiography -- 12. CT/MRI -- 13. Non-invasive Hemodynamic Assessment -- 14. Cardiac Catheterization – RHC/LHC -- Part IV. Specific Hemodynamically Compromised Situations -- 15. Tamponade -- 16. Constriction / Restriction -- 17. Valvular Heart Disease – Including Cases / Issues of TAVR, Mitral Clip -- 18. Pulmonary Hypertension -- 19. Acute Decompensated Heart Failure -- 20. Intracardiac Shunts -- 21. Shock -- 22. Intracoronary Hemodynamics.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Cardiovascular hemodynamics : an introductory guide

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat32440
Saif Anwaruddin, Joseph M. Martin, John C. Stephens ... [et al.], editors. --New York, NY: Humana Press , c2013.
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A basic understanding of cardiovascular physiology is essential for optimal patient care. This practical book provides a concise tutorial of all the essential aspects of cardiovascular hemodynamics and the techniques used to assess cardiovascular performance. A high-yield reference, this book is replete with figures, tracings, tables, and clinical pearls that reinforce the basic tenets of hemodynamics. From identifying key findings of the patient history and physical exam to correlating hemody…
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Other Authors
Anwaruddin, Saif
Responsibility
Saif Anwaruddin, Joseph M. Martin, John C. Stephens ... [et al.], editors
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Humana Press
Date of Publication
c2013
Physical Description
1 online resource (x, 340 p. : 93 ill., 62 ill. in color)
Series Title
Contemporary cardiology (Totowa, N.J. : Unnumbered)
ISBN
9781607611950
Subjects (MeSH)
Hemodynamics
Subjects (LCSH)
Emergency medicine
Internal medicine
Cardiology
Abstract
A basic understanding of cardiovascular physiology is essential for optimal patient care. This practical book provides a concise tutorial of all the essential aspects of cardiovascular hemodynamics and the techniques used to assess cardiovascular performance. A high-yield reference, this book is replete with figures, tracings, tables, and clinical pearls that reinforce the basic tenets of hemodynamics. From identifying key findings of the patient history and physical exam to correlating hemodynamic tracings with acute clinical presentations, this book arms the reader with the tools necessary to handle any hemodynamic-related situation.
Contents
Preload -- Afterload -- Contractility -- Cardiac Output -- Key clinical findings -- Echocardiography -- CT/MRI -- Cardiac Catheterization RHC/LHC -- Tamponade -- Constriction / Restriction.-Valvular Heart Disease -- Pulmonary Hypertension -- Acute Decompensated Heart Failure -- Intracardiac Shunts -- Shock -- Coronary Hemodynamics -- Index.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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The Heart and Circulation : An Integrative Model

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat45053
Branko Furst. (Second edition) --Cham: Springer , c2020.
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This extensively revised second edition traces the development of the basic concepts in cardiovascular physiology in light of the accumulated experimental and clinical evidence. It considers the early embryonic circulation, where blood circulation suggests the existence of a motive force, tightly coupled to the metabolic demands of the tissues. It proposes that rather than being an organ of propulsion, the heart, serves as an organ of control, generating pressure by rhythmically impeding blood …
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Author
Furst, Branko
Responsibility
Branko Furst
Edition
Second edition
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2020
Physical Description
1 online resource (xl, 376 p.) : 136 illus., 105 illus. in color
ISBN
9783030250621
9783030250614 (Print ed.)
9783030250638 (Print ed.)
9783030250645 (Print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Blood Circulation - physiology
Cardiovascular System - embryology
Heart - physiology
Hemodynamics - physiology
Myocardium
Specialty
Cardiology
Abstract
This extensively revised second edition traces the development of the basic concepts in cardiovascular physiology in light of the accumulated experimental and clinical evidence. It considers the early embryonic circulation, where blood circulation suggests the existence of a motive force, tightly coupled to the metabolic demands of the tissues. It proposes that rather than being an organ of propulsion, the heart, serves as an organ of control, generating pressure by rhythmically impeding blood flow. New and expanded chapters cover the arterial pulse, circulation in the upright posture, microcirculation and functional heart morphology. Heart and Circulation offers a new perspective for deeper understanding of the human cardiovascular system. It is therefore a thought-provoking resource for cardiologists, cardiac surgeons and trainees interested in models of human circulation.
Contents
Part I. Embryonic Circulation -- 1. Early Embryo Circulation -- 2. The Onset of Circulation -- 3. Hemodynamics of the Early Embryo Circulation -- 4. Flow Patterns in the Early Embryo Circulation -- 5. Is There a Circulation Without a Heart? -- 6. The Embryo Heart is Not a Peristaltic Pump -- 7. Flow Perturbation Experiments -- 8. Heart Rate Perturbations -- 9. The Heart as a Generator of Pressure -- 10. Ventriculo–Vascular Interaction -- 11. A Brief Comparative Phylogeny -- 12. Evolutionary Aspect of the Rhythmical System -- Part II. Mature Circulation -- 13. Functional Morphology of the Heart -- 14. Regulation of Cardiac Output -- 15. Circulatory and Respiratory Functions of the Blood -- 16. Models of the Heart -- 17. Cardiovascular Response During Exercise -- 18. Hemodynamic Effects of Aortic Occlusion -- 19. Increased Pulmonary Flows -- 20. Single Ventricle Physiology -- 21. Microcirculation -- Part III. Human Circulation -- 22. Arterial Pulse -- 23. Heartbeat and Respiration: Toward a Functional Chronobiology -- 24. The Effect of Gravity and Upright Posture on Circulation -- 25. The Integrative Model of Circulation: A Synthesis.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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The heart and circulation : an integrative model

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33285
Branko Furst. --London: Springer , c2014.
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What drives the circulation? In this comprehensive review of existing circulation models, the conventional view that the heart is a pressure-propulsion pump is challenged. The existing models fail to explain an increasing number of observed circulatory phenomena. A unifying circulation model is proposed in which the blood, responding to metabolic demands of the tissues, is the primary regulator of cardiac output. This new model arises from accumulated clinical and experimental evidence. The hea…
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Author
Furst, Branko
Responsibility
Branko Furst
Place of Publication
London
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (xxix, 226 pages)
ISBN
9781447152774 (electronic bk.)
9781447152767
Subjects (MeSH)
Blood Circulation - physiology
Cardiovascular System - embryology
Heart - physiology
Hemodynamics - physiology
Myocardium
Subjects (LCSH)
Hemodynamics
Blood Circulation
Blood - Circulation
Cardiology
Abstract
What drives the circulation? In this comprehensive review of existing circulation models, the conventional view that the heart is a pressure-propulsion pump is challenged. The existing models fail to explain an increasing number of observed circulatory phenomena. A unifying circulation model is proposed in which the blood, responding to metabolic demands of the tissues, is the primary regulator of cardiac output. This new model arises from accumulated clinical and experimental evidence. The heart, rather than being an organ of blood propulsion, assumes a secondary role and generates pressure by impeding the flow of blood. This is supported by examples from the fields of early embryonic circulation, comparative phylogeny, functional morphology, exercise physiology and a range of clinical scenarios. The Heart and Circulation: An Integrative Model offers a paradigm shift in the understanding of circulatory phenomena. It will become a valuable resource for all those clinicians, researchers, educators and students who, having been confronted with the paradox of the circulation, are looking for a broader interpretation.
Contents
Part I. Embryonic Circulation -- Early Embryo Circulation -- The Onset of Circulation -- Hemodynamics of the Early Embryo Circulation -- Flow Patterns in the Early Embryo Circulation -- Is There a Circulation Without a Heart? -- Embryo Heart is not a Peristaltic Pump -- Flow Perturbation Experiments -- Heart Rate Perturbations -- The Heart as Generator of Pressure -- Ventriculo-Vascular Interaction -- A Brief Comparative Phylogeny -- Evolutionary Aspect of the Rhythmical System -- Part II. Mature Circulation -- Functional Morphology of the Heart -- Regulation of Cardiac Output -- Circulatory and Respiratory Functions of the Blood -- Models of the Heart -- Cardiovascular Response during Exercise -- Hemodynamic Effects of Aortic Occlusion -- Increased Pulmonary Flows -- Single Ventricle Physiology -- Blood as an Organ.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Hemodynamic rounds : interpretation of cardiac pathophysiology from pressure waveform analysis

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat24488
Morton J. Kern, Michael J. Lim, James A. Goldstein editors. (4th ed.) --Hoboken, NJ: Wiley , c2018.
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Online
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Other Authors
Kern, Morton J.
Lim, Michael J.
Goldstein, James A.
Responsibility
Morton J. Kern, Michael J. Lim, James A. Goldstein editors
Edition
4th ed.
Alternate Title
Haemodynamic rounds
Place of Publication
Hoboken, NJ
Publisher
Wiley
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
442 p.
ISBN
9781119095644 (ebook)
Subjects (MeSH)
Coronary Circulation - physiology
Coronary Disease - physiopathology
Hemodynamics - physiology
Specialty
Cardiology
Monitoring, Physiologic
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Hemodynamics and cardiology : neonatology questions and controversies

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat32204
[edited by] Istvan Seri, Martin Kluckow ; consulting editor, Richard A. Polin. (3rd ed.) --Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier , c2019.
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Dr. Richard Polin’s Neonatology Questions and Controversies series highlights the most challenging aspects of neonatal care, offering trustworthy guidance on up-to-date diagnostic and treatment options in the field. In each volume, renowned experts address the clinical problems of greatest concern to today’s practitioners, helping you handle difficult practice issues and provide optimal, evidence-based care to every patient.
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Other Authors
Seri, Istvan
Kluckow, Martin
Responsibility
[edited by] Istvan Seri, Martin Kluckow ; consulting editor, Richard A. Polin.
Edition
3rd ed.
Alternate Title
Hemodynamics & cardiology
Place of Publication
Philadelphia, PA
Publisher
Elsevier
Date of Publication
c2019
Physical Description
1 online resource, 576 p.
Series Title
Neonatology questions and controversies
ISBN
9780323533669
Subjects (MeSH)
Hemodynamics
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Infant, Newborn
Neonatology - methods
Subjects (LCSH)
Hemodynamics
Pediatric cardiology
Newborn infants - Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Infant, Newborn
Neonatology - methods
Specialty
Cardiology
Neonatology
Physiology
Abstract
Dr. Richard Polin’s Neonatology Questions and Controversies series highlights the most challenging aspects of neonatal care, offering trustworthy guidance on up-to-date diagnostic and treatment options in the field. In each volume, renowned experts address the clinical problems of greatest concern to today’s practitioners, helping you handle difficult practice issues and provide optimal, evidence-based care to every patient.
Access
Registration required for PDF access.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Monitoring Tissue Perfusion in Shock : From Physiology to the Bedside

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat42961
edited by Alexandre Augusto Pinto Lima, Eleizer Silva. --Cham: Springer , c2018.
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This book describes various aspects of the basic physiological processes critical to tissue perfusion and cellular oxygenation, including the roles of the circulatory system, respiratory system, blood flow distribution and microcirculation. In the context of monitoring critically ill patients in the early hours of circulatory shock, it is essential to recognize changes in traditional parameters such as mean arterial pressure and cardiac output, and to assess the need for active intervention. Ho…
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Other Authors
Pinto Lima, Alexandre Augusto
Silva, Eliezer
Responsibility
edited by Alexandre Augusto Pinto Lima, Eleizer Silva
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
1 online resource (viii, 206 p.) : 34 illus., 17 illus. in color
ISBN
9783319431307
9783319431284 (print ed.)
9783319431291 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Cardiac Output
Hemodynamics
Monitoring, Physiologic
Shock - therapy
Specialty
Monitoring, Physiologic
Abstract
This book describes various aspects of the basic physiological processes critical to tissue perfusion and cellular oxygenation, including the roles of the circulatory system, respiratory system, blood flow distribution and microcirculation. In the context of monitoring critically ill patients in the early hours of circulatory shock, it is essential to recognize changes in traditional parameters such as mean arterial pressure and cardiac output, and to assess the need for active intervention. However, even if global macrocirculatory variables are restored, abnormalities in tissue oxygenation may persist. Tissue hypoperfusion is connected to the development of organ failure and, if it goes unrecognized, may worsen the prognosis. As a result, there is a growing interest in methods for monitoring regional perfusion in peripheral tissues to predict or diagnose ongoing hypoperfusion. In this work, eminent experts from a range of disciplines convey a working knowledge of how regional monitoring in shock can complement the conventional global parameters of oxygen transport, and demonstrate that real-time bedside assessment of tissue oxygenation is readily achievable using noninvasive monitoring techniques. Accordingly, the book offers a valuable, easy-to-use guide for the entire ICU team and other clinicians.
Contents
Part I. Introduction -- Chapter 1. Holistic Monitoring and Treatment of Septic Shock -- Part II. Principles of Oxygen Transport and Consumption -- Chapter 2. Oxygen Transport and Tissue Utilization -- Chapter 3. Guyton at the Bedside -- Chapter 4. Tissue Response to Hypoxia and its Clinical Relevance: Hypoxic Hypoxia, Circulatory Hypoxia, Anemic Hypoxia, Cytopathic Hypoxia -- Part III. Measuring Tissue perfusion: Systemic Assessment of Tissue Perfusion -- Chapter 5. Cardiac Function (Cardiac Output and its Determinants) -- Chapter 6. Oxygen Transport Assessment -- Chapter 7. Central and Mixed Venous O2 Saturation: A Physiological Appraisal -- Chapter 8. Central Venous-to-Arterial Carbon dioxide Partial Pressure Difference -- Chapter 9. Lactate -- Part IV. Measuring Tissue perfusion: Regional Assessment of Tissue Perfusion -- Chapter 10. Clinical Assessment -- Chapter 11. Optical Monitoring -- Chapter 12. Trans cutaneous O2 and CO2 Monitoring -- Chapter 13. Regional Capnography -- Chapter 14. Clinical Implications of Monitoring Tissue Perfusion in Cardiogenic Shock.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Neurosonological evaluation of cerebral venous outflow : an ultrasound atlas

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33321
Giovanni Malferrari, Marialuisa Zedde, Patrizio Prati. --Milan: Springer , c2014.
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Online
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Author
Malferrari, Giovanni
Other Authors
Prati, Patrizio
Zedde, Marialuisa
Responsibility
Giovanni Malferrari, Marialuisa Zedde, Patrizio Prati
Place of Publication
Milan
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (ix, 139 pages)
ISBN
9788847054653 (electronic bk.)
9788847054646
Subjects (MeSH)
Brain - blood supply
Cerebral Veins - diagnostic imaging
Hemodynamics
Ultrasonography
Subjects (LCSH)
Angiography
Neurology
Radiology, Medical
Contents
Part I. Extracranial Veins -- 1. Ultrasound Machine: The Significance of Venous Preset -- 2. Ultrasound Anatomy and How to do the Examination -- 3. Postural Changes and Activation Tests -- 4. Main Pathological Pictures with Ultrasound -- Part II. Intracranial Veins -- 5. Ultrasound Machine: The Significance of Venous Preset -- 6. Ultrasound Anatomy and How to do the Examination -- 7. Main Pathological Pictures with Ultrasound -- 8. Global Hemodynamic Evaluation and Outflow Variability -- 9. Imaging Fusion Technology for Evaluating Intracranial Veins.
Format
e-Book
Publication Type
Atlas
Location
Online
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Pulse Waves : How Vascular Hemodynamics Affects Blood Pressure

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat41368
Paolo Salvi. (Second edition) --Cham: Springer , 2017.
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This new, revised and updated edition takes into account the most recent advances in the understanding of human pathophysiology. The book presents the complex basic principles of vascular hemodynamics and its pathophysiologie in a direct and effective way, stressing the importance of the mechanical properties of large arteries in the origin of blood pressure. The readily understandable text, supported by helpful images, describes the elements that define blood pressure and explains such importa…
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Author
Salvi, Paolo
Responsibility
Paolo Salvi
Edition
Second edition
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
2017
Physical Description
1 online resource (xv, 217 pages) : 200 illus., 103 illus. in color
ISBN
9783319405018
9783319404998 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Blood Pressure - physiology
Blood Pressure Determination
Hemodynamics
Hypertension - etiology
Hypertension - physiopathology
Abstract
This new, revised and updated edition takes into account the most recent advances in the understanding of human pathophysiology. The book presents the complex basic principles of vascular hemodynamics and its pathophysiologie in a direct and effective way, stressing the importance of the mechanical properties of large arteries in the origin of blood pressure. The readily understandable text, supported by helpful images, describes the elements that define blood pressure and explains such important concepts as pulse wave velocity, central blood pressure, reflected waves, and pulse pressure amplification. Entirely new chapters are included on the sympathetic nervous system and arterial stiffness and on the role played by arterial stiffness in influencing blood pressure variability. The book will enable the physician to answer some of the key questions encountered when addressing the problem of arterial hypertension in everyday clinical practice: How is blood pressure generated? How should blood pressure values be interpreted? Is systolic blood pressure of greater importance than diastolic blood pressure?
Contents
1. Vascular Hemodynamics and Blood Pressure -- 2. Pulse Wave Velocity and Arterial Stiffness Assessment -- 3. Arterial Stiffness and Blood Pressure Variability -- 4 Central Blood Pressure: Part 1, pathophysiology -- 5. Central Blood Pressure: Part 2, Pulse Wave Analysis -- 6. Aortic Stiffness and Myocardial Ischemia -- 7. Arterial Stiffness in Chronic Kidney Disease -- 8. Pulse Wave Velocity and Pulse Wave Analysis in Experimental Animals.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Snapshots of Hemodynamics : An Aid for Clinical Research and Graduate Education

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat30275
Nicolaas Westerhof, Nikos Stergiopulos, Mark I.M. Noble. (2nd ed.) --Boston, MA: Springer Science+Business Media , c2010.
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Online
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Author
Westerhof, Nicolaas
Other Authors
Stergiopulos, Nikos
Noble, Mark I.M
Responsibility
Nicolaas Westerhof, Nikos Stergiopulos, Mark I.M. Noble
Edition
2nd ed.
Place of Publication
Boston, MA
Publisher
Springer Science+Business Media
Date of Publication
c2010
Physical Description
1 online resource (xiii, 271 p.)
ISBN
9781441963635
9781441963628 (print)
Subjects (MeSH)
Hemodynamics
Hemodynamic Monitoring
Subjects (LCSH)
Cardiology
Physiology
Contents
Part A. Basics of Hemodynamics -- 1. Viscosity -- 2. Law of Poiseuille -- 3. Bernoulli’s Equation -- 4 Turbulence -- 5. Arterial Stenosis -- 6. Resistance -- 7. Inertance -- 8. Oscillatory Flow Theory -- 9. Law of Laplace -- 10. Elasticity -- 11. Compliance -- Part B. Cardiac Hemodynamics -- 12. Cardiac Muscle Mechanics -- 13. The Pressure-Volume Relation -- 14. The Pump Function Graph -- 15. Cardiac Work, Energy and Power -- 16. Cardiac Oxygen Consumption and Hemodynamics -- 17. Cardiac Power and Ventriculo-Arterial Coupling -- 18. The Coronary Circulation -- 19. Assessing Ventricular Function -- Part C. Arterial Hemodynamics -- 20. Wave Travel and Velocity -- 21. Wave Travel and Reflection -- 22. Waveform Analysis -- 23. Arterial Input Impedance -- 24. The Arterial Windkessel -- 25. Distributed Models and Tube Models -- 26. Transfer of Pressure -- 27. Mechanotransduction and Vascular Remodeling -- 28. Blood Flow and Arterial Disease -- Part D. Integration -- 29. Determinants of Pressure and Flow -- 30. Comparative Physiology -- Part E. Appendices -- Appendix 1. Times and Sines: Fourier Analysis -- Appendix 2. Basic Hemodynamic Elements -- Appendix 3. Vessel Segment -- Appendix 4. Wave Speed and Characteristic Impedance -- Appendix 5. Basic Aspects -- Appendix 6. Books for Reference -- Appendix 7. Symbols -- Appendix 8. Units and Conversion Factors.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Ultrasonography in Vascular Diagnosis : A Therapy-Oriented Textbook and Atlas

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat42654
Wilhelm Schäberle. (Third edition) --Cham: Springer , c2018.
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This book, now in its revised and updated third edition, is designed to meet the needs of both novice and experienced sonographers by offering a superbly illustrated, wide-ranging account of the use of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of vascular diseases. Each of the main chapters is subdivided into text and atlas sections. The text part documents the relevant ultrasound anatomy, explains the examination procedure, specifies the indications for diagnostic ultrasound, describes normal and patho…
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Author
Schäberle, Wilhelm
Responsibility
Wilhelm Schäberle
Edition
Third edition
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2018
Physical Description
1 online resource (xix, 550 p.) : 481 illus., 391 illus. in color
ISBN
9783319649979
9783319649962 (print ed.)
9783319649986 (print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Blood Vessels - pathology
Hemodynamics - physiology
Vascular Diseases - diagnostic imaging
Ultrasonography - methods
Specialty
Cardiology
Ultrasonography
Abstract
This book, now in its revised and updated third edition, is designed to meet the needs of both novice and experienced sonographers by offering a superbly illustrated, wide-ranging account of the use of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of vascular diseases. Each of the main chapters is subdivided into text and atlas sections. The text part documents the relevant ultrasound anatomy, explains the examination procedure, specifies the indications for diagnostic ultrasound, describes normal and pathological findings, and considers the clinical impact of the examination. The atlas part presents a rich compilation of case material illustrating the typical ultrasound findings for both common vascular diseases and rarer conditions that are nevertheless significant for the vascular surgeon and angiologist. The new edition places special emphasis on the role of hemodynamics in clinical symptomatology, and the use of spectral analysis techniques is fully explained. Particular attention is also drawn to the sources of potential discrepancies between investigative methods, including different ultrasound studies, the role of contrast-enhanced studies, and the therapeutic consequences of pathological findings. Helpful algorithms are included to illustrate how targeted ultrasound diagnosis often permits therapeutic planning without the need for further imaging techniques.
Contents
Fundamental Principles -- Peripheral Arteries -- Peripheral Veins -- Shunts -- Extracranial Cerebral Arteries -- Visceral and Retroperitoneal Vessels -- Penile and Scrotal Vessels.
Format
e-Book
Publication Type
Atlas
Location
Online
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Vortex Formation in the Cardiovascular System

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat30879
Arash Kheradvar, Gianni Pedrizzetti. --London: Springer , c2012.
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Vortex formation has received much attention over the past few years. Vortices occur in nature wherever propulsive flow exists; from erupting volcanoes to the ones generated by squid and jellyfish to propel them. There has been particular interest in the wide variety of vortices that develop in the cardiovascular system, particularly in the cardiac chambers and in large arteries. These vortices play fundamental roles in the normal physiology and provide proper balance between blood motion and s…
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Author
Kheradvar, Arash
Other Authors
Pedrizzetti, Gianni
Responsibility
Arash Kheradvar, Gianni Pedrizzetti
Place of Publication
London
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2012
Physical Description
1 online resource (xiii, 164 p. : 75 ill., 42 ill. in color)
ISBN
9781447122883
Subjects (MeSH)
Blood Circulation - physiology
Hemodynamics - physiology
Subjects (LCSH)
Cardiology
Abstract
Vortex formation has received much attention over the past few years. Vortices occur in nature wherever propulsive flow exists; from erupting volcanoes to the ones generated by squid and jellyfish to propel them. There has been particular interest in the wide variety of vortices that develop in the cardiovascular system, particularly in the cardiac chambers and in large arteries. These vortices play fundamental roles in the normal physiology and provide proper balance between blood motion and stresses on the surrounding tissues. In contrast, formation of unnatural vortices may alter the momentum transfer in the blood flow and increase energy dissipation. Vortex Formation in the Cardiovascular System reviews the current knowledge of vortex formation, from the basic physics to cardiac physiology. There is a particular focus on the formation of vortices at different locations inside the heart, the effect of cardiac devices and surgery on vortex formation, fluid dynamics of the artificial heart valves and ventricular assist devices. The Authors have translated physical, mathematical and engineering concepts related to vortex formation into a clinical perspective with the objective to advance cardiovascular patient care. This book therefore represents a comprehensive and valuable resource for those involved in the field of cardiology and cardiovascular physiology, cardiovascular surgeons, interventional cardiologists, medical bioengineers and researchers in fluid mechanics.
Contents
[Machine generated contents note] 1. Fundamental Fluid Mechanics -- 1.1. Fluids and Solids, Blood and Tissues -- 1.2. Conservation of Mass -- 1.3. Conservation of Momentum and Bernoulli Theorem -- 1.4. Conservation of Momentum and Viscosity -- 1.5. Boundary Layer and Wall Shear Stress -- 1.6. Simple Flows and Concepts of Cardiovascular Interest -- References -- 2. Vortex Dynamics -- 2.1. Definitions -- 2.2. Dynamics of Vorticity -- 2.3. Boundary Layer Separation -- 2.4. Vortex Formation -- 2.5. Three-Dimensional Vortex Formation -- 2.6. Energy Loss and Force of Vortex Formation -- 2.7. Vortex Interactions -- 2.8. Mention to Turbulence -- References -- 3. Vortex Formation in the Heart -- 3.1. Mitral Valve and Transmitral Flow -- 3.1.1. Mitral Valve Functional Anatomy -- 3.1.2. Transmitral Flow -- 3.1.3. Transmitral Vortex Formation -- 3.1.4. Transmitral Vortex Formation Time Index: A Parameter to Couple Diastole and Systole -- 3.1.5. Mitral Annulus Recoil -- 3.1.6. Grading Diastolic Dysfunction -- 3.1.7. Outcome Planning for Diastolic Dysfunction -- 3.2. Aortic Valve and Sinuses of Valsalva -- 3.2.1. Functional Anatomy -- 3.2.2. Vortex Formation in Aortic Sinus -- 3.3. Vortex Formation in the Right Heart -- 3.4. Vortex Formation in the Embryonic Heart -- 3.5. Linking Cardiac Muscle Function to Vortex Formation -- 3.5.1. Preejection -- 3.5.2. Ejection -- 3.5.3. Isovolumic Relaxation -- 3.5.4. Early and Late Diastole -- 3.6. Effect of Left Ventricular Diseases on Vortex Formation -- 3.6.1. Vortex Formation in LV Systolic Dysfunction -- 3.6.2. Vortex Formation in LV Regional Myocardial Dysfunction -- 3.6.3. Hypertrophic Left Ventricle and Diastolic Dysfunction -- 3.6.4. Vortex Formation in Mitral Stenosis -- 3.6.5. Vortex Formation Time Index and Percutaneous Balloon Mitral Valvotomy -- References -- 4. Effect of Cardiac Devices and Surgery on Vortex Formation -- 4.1. Vortex Formation in Presence of Bioprosthetic Heart Valves -- 4.1.1. Mitral Bioprosthetic Valves -- 4.1.2. Aortic Bioprosthetic Valves -- 4.2. Vortex Formation in Presence of Mechanical Heart Valves (MHVs) -- 4.2.1. Study of MHVs’ Hemodynamics -- 4.2.2. Types of MHVs -- 4.2.3. Flow Across Mono-leaflet MHVs (MMHVs) -- 4.2.4. Orientation of MMHVs -- 4.2.5. Flow Across Bileaflet MHV (BMHV) -- 4.2.6. Consequence of Fluid Dynamics Experiments on Design of BMHVs -- 4.2.7. BMHVs at Aortic Position -- 4.2.8. BMHVs at Mitral Position -- 4.3. Vortical Flow Structures in Ventricular Assist Devices (VADs) -- 4.3.1. Classification of VADs -- 4.3.2. Pulsatile VAD Hemodynamics -- 4.3.3. Valves in the VAD -- 4.3.4. VAD Chamber -- 4.3.5. Continuous Flow VADs (CF VADs) -- 4.3.6. Hemodynamics of VADs Cannulation -- 4.4. Vortex Formation due to Arterial Surgery and Anastomosis -- 4.4.1. Fontan Procedure -- 4.4.2. Anastomoses -- References -- 5. Diagnostic Vortex Imaging -- 5.1. Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- 5.1.1. Velocity Measurements Using MRI -- 5.1.2. Visualization and Quantification -- 5.1.3. Future Developments -- 5.2. Echocardiography -- 5.2.1. Blood Flow Visualization Using Echocardiography -- 5.2.2. Color Doppler -- 5.2.3. Contrast Enhanced Imaging and Echo-PIV -- 5.2.4. Future Developments -- 5.3. In Vitro Experiments -- 5.3.1. Particle Image Velocimetry -- 5.3.2. Heart-Flow Simulator and Reproduction of Cardiac Cycles -- 5.3.3. Experimental Characterization of the Vortex Formation -- 5.3.4. Influence of Transmitral Vortex Formation on Mitral Annulus Dynamics -- 5.3.5. Conclusive Remarks -- 5.4. Numerical Simulation -- 5.4.1. Fundamentals Elements of Numerical Simulations -- 5.4.2. Fluid-Structure Interaction -- 5.5. Conclusion -- References.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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