Karl A. Illig, Robert W. Thompson, Julie Ann Freischlag, Dean M. Donahue, Sheldon E. Jordan, Peter I. Edgelow, editors.
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Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a condition estimated to affect as many as 80 of every 1000 patients in the US alone. While estimates vary widely based in part on lack of consensus as to the definition of the syndrome, as many as 3000 first rib resections are performed annually in the US. TOS comprises at least three separate conditions. The most common, neurogenic TOS, refers to the condition where the brachial plexus is compressed at the scalene triangle or retropectoral space, and is manif…