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Anti-Microbial Resistance in Global Perspective

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat45711
Louise Ackers, Gavin Ackers-Johnson, Joanne Welsh, Daniel Kibombo, Samuel Opio. --Cham: Palgrave Macmillan , c2020.
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‘The Maternal Sepsis Intervention has had a profound impact on maternal mortality and antibiotic use whilst also reducing hospital costs. The Ministry of Health is keen to explore opportunities to extending the lessons learnt and integrate them in national policy-making.' -Dr. Richard Mugahi, Ministry of Health, Uganda. This open access book provides an accessible introduction to the mechanics of international development and global health text for policy-makers and students across a wide range…
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Author
Ackers, Louise
Other Authors
Ackers-Johnson, Gavin
Welsh, Joanne
Kibombo, Daniel
Opio, Samuel
Responsibility
Louise Ackers, Gavin Ackers-Johnson, Joanne Welsh, Daniel Kibombo, Samuel Opio
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Palgrave Macmillan
Date of Publication
c2020
Physical Description
1 online resource (xx, 191 p.) : 18 illus., 14 illus. in color
ISBN
9783030626624
9783030626617 (Print ed.)
9783030626631 (Print ed.)
9783030626648 (Print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Antimicrobial Stewardship
Developing Countries
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious - drug therapy
Other Subjects
Africa South of the Sahara
Specialty
Infectious Disease Medicine
Pharmacy
Abstract
‘The Maternal Sepsis Intervention has had a profound impact on maternal mortality and antibiotic use whilst also reducing hospital costs. The Ministry of Health is keen to explore opportunities to extending the lessons learnt and integrate them in national policy-making.' -Dr. Richard Mugahi, Ministry of Health, Uganda. This open access book provides an accessible introduction to the mechanics of international development and global health text for policy-makers and students across a wide range of disciplines. Antimicrobial resistance is a major threat to the well-being of patients and health systems the world over. In fragile health systems so challenged, on a day-today basis, by the overwhelming burden of both infectious and non-communicable disease, it is easy to overlook the impacts of AMR. The Maternal Sepsis Intervention, focusing on a primary cause of maternal death in Uganda, demonstrates the systemic nature of AMR and the gains that can be made through improved Infection Prevention Control and direct engagement of laboratory testing in antibiotic prescribing. Louise Ackers holds a Chair in Global Social Justice at the University of Salford, UK, and has recently been appointed as a consultant for the World Health Organization. Gavin Ackers-Johnson is Researcher at the University of Salford, UK. Joanne Welsh is Researcher at the University of Salford, UK. Samuel Opio is Secretary General of the Pharmaceutical Society of Uganda. Daniel Kibombo is a Microbiologist at Fort Portal Regional Referral Hospital and the Infectious Disease Institute.
Contents
1. Introduction to Antimicrobial Resistance and the Maternal Sepsis Intervention -- 2. Autonomy, Evidence and Methods in Global Health -- 3. The Impact of the Maternal Sepsis Intervention -- 4. Infection Prevention Control (IPC) and Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) -- 5. The Role of Microbiology Testing in Controlling Infection and Promoting Antimicrobial Stewardship -- 6. Task Shifting, Midwifery Empowerment and the Nascence of Clinical Pharmacy -- 7. Change Processes: Multi-Disciplinary Teamwork -- 8. The Knowledge Creation and Transfer Mechanism -- 9. Conclusions: Capturing, Sustaining, Spreading and Researching Change -- Appendix: Microbiology Testing at FPRRH.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Intra-Operative Neuropathology for the Non-Neuropathologist : A Case-Based Approach

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat30841
Cynthia T. Welsh, editor. --New York, NY: Springer , c2012.
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This volume acquaints the non-neuropathologist with the advantages of clinical-radiologic-pathologic correlation in neuropathology specimens, particularly in the intra-operative environment. This volume covers the enormous and sometimes insurmountable artifacts involed with freezing tissue, especially central nervous system tissue and how a good cytology preparation can add to, or even supply in isolation, a diagnosis. The text presents how to perform, and stain the cytologic preparations, and …
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Other Authors
Welsh, Cynthia T
Responsibility
Cynthia T. Welsh, editor
Place of Publication
New York, NY
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2012
Physical Description
1 online resource (ix, 170 p. : 400 ill., 119 ill. in color)
ISBN
9781441911674
Subjects (MeSH)
Cytological Techniques - Case Reports
Nervous System Diseases - diagnosis - Case Reports
Nervous System Diseases - pathology - Case Reports
Subjects (LCSH)
Cytology
Neurology
Pathology
Oncology
Abstract
This volume acquaints the non-neuropathologist with the advantages of clinical-radiologic-pathologic correlation in neuropathology specimens, particularly in the intra-operative environment. This volume covers the enormous and sometimes insurmountable artifacts involed with freezing tissue, especially central nervous system tissue and how a good cytology preparation can add to, or even supply in isolation, a diagnosis. The text presents how to perform, and stain the cytologic preparations, and how to interpret them. The advantages and disadvantages of both frozen sections and cytologic preparations of various kinds are discussed. The presentation and format is very visual with diagrams, tables (including pearls and pitfalls), and many figures (therefore easy reading). An introductory chapter presents the pros and cons of supplemental cytology, the advantages and disadvantages of frozen sections, and the artifacts in both. Also included is an argument for knowing what the scans reveal and the impact of relevant patient history. The volume uses a case-based approach to show correlation between scan, history, frozen section and cytologic preparations. With the combination of extensive correlation of scans, cytology and frozen section with differential diagnosis, and analysis of the information crucial to the neurosurgeon in a case-based approach and with a special chapter written by a neuroradiologist, this volume is unique in presentation and utility and will be of great value to the trainee in pathology (residents/fellows), and practicing pathologists who include neuropathology in their practice, but do not have formal fellowship training in neuropathology.
Contents
1 The Role of Clinical-Pathologic Correlation and Use of Cytologic Preparations in Intraoperative Neuropathology Consultation -- 2. Neuroradiology as a Tool in Neuropathologic Diagnosis of Intracranial Masses -- 3. The Supratentorial Mass in an Adult -- 4. The Infratentorial Intra-axial Tumor -- 5. The Base of Skull (Including Pineal and Sella Turcica Regions) Lesion -- 6. The Spinal Neoplasm in an Adult.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Treating Adolescent Substance Use : A Clinician's Guide

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat44116
Justine W. Welsh, Scott E. Hadland, editors. --Cham: Springer , 2019.
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Clinicians are now facing new substance use-related challenges such as the opioid crisis, a changing political landscape regarding marijuana, and the emergence of new delivery devices such as e-cigarettes. Unfortunately, it is more critical than ever that clinicians caring for adolescents have a proficiency in treating substance use. This book is a comprehensive clinical guide that discusses the prevalence of substance use among adolescents and young adults, as well as prevention strategies, av…
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Other Authors
Welsh, Justine W.
Hadland, Scott E.
Responsibility
Justine W. Welsh, Scott E. Hadland, editors
Place of Publication
Cham
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
2019
Physical Description
1 online resource (xi, 173 p.) : 12 illus., 8 illus. in color
ISBN
9783030018931
9783030018924 (Print ed.)
9783030018948 (Print ed.)
Subjects (MeSH)
Adolescent
Substance-Related Disorders - therapy
Specialty
Adolescent Health
Addiction Medicine
Abstract
Clinicians are now facing new substance use-related challenges such as the opioid crisis, a changing political landscape regarding marijuana, and the emergence of new delivery devices such as e-cigarettes. Unfortunately, it is more critical than ever that clinicians caring for adolescents have a proficiency in treating substance use. This book is a comprehensive clinical guide that discusses the prevalence of substance use among adolescents and young adults, as well as prevention strategies, available screening methods, practical treatment applications and their outcomes. Using a multidisciplinary approach with inclusion of authors from diverse clinical backgrounds, this definitive guide provides the best practices for treating adolescent substance use disorders from medical, behavioral, and social standpoints. Supplemented with case examples and written by experts in the field, Treating Adolescent Substance Use appeals to all clinicians that treat adolescent patients.
Contents
Part I. Introduction -- Epidemiology and Historical Drug Use Patterns -- Developmental Perspectives and Risk Factors for Substance Use -- Screening for Substance Use and Associated Medical Conditions -- Part II. Treatment -- How to Navigate Different Levels of Care -- Co-occurring Mental Health Disorders -- Behavioral Interventions for Substance Use and Relapse Prevention -- Medications for Substance Use and Relapse Prevention -- Part III. Prevention and Recovery -- Prevention -- Addressing Substance Use in Childhood, Adolescence, and Young Adulthood -- Role of Families, Schools, and Communities in Treatment and Recovery: From First Responders to Sustained Support -- Special Populations and Topics in Adolescent Substance Use -- Part IV. Clinical Vignettes -- Case Study 1: Screening -- Case Study 2: Navigating Treatment Settings -- Case 3: Confidentiality and Parental Involvement -- Case Study 4: Buprenorphine Induction -- Case Study 5: Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach: Functional Analysis -- Case Study 6: Treatments for Alcohol Use Disorder -- Case Study 7: Relapse Prevention.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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Viruses and the lung : infections and non-infectious viral-linked lung disorders

https://libcat.nshealth.ca/en/permalink/provcat33323
Armando E. Fraire, Bruce A. Woda, Raymond M. Welsh, Richard L. Kradin, editors. --Heidelberg: Springer , c2014.
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Online
Worldwide, infectious disease remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In developing countries, infection accounts for a substantial proportion of all recorded deaths. Likewise, in developed countries, pneumonia alone results in a large number of deaths. Along with bacteria, parasites and rickettsial organisms, viruses are responsible for many of the infections afflicting the human host. In the past decade alone, viruses that primarily target the lung have caused major respiratory illn…
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Other Authors
Fraire, Armando E
Responsibility
Armando E. Fraire, Bruce A. Woda, Raymond M. Welsh, Richard L. Kradin, editors
Place of Publication
Heidelberg
Publisher
Springer
Date of Publication
c2014
Physical Description
1 online resource (xiv, 243 pages)
ISBN
9783642406058 (electronic bk.)
9783642406041
Subjects (MeSH)
Lung Diseases - virology
Subjects (LCSH)
Lungs - Infections
Lungs - Diseases
Pathology
Virology
Abstract
Worldwide, infectious disease remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In developing countries, infection accounts for a substantial proportion of all recorded deaths. Likewise, in developed countries, pneumonia alone results in a large number of deaths. Along with bacteria, parasites and rickettsial organisms, viruses are responsible for many of the infections afflicting the human host. In the past decade alone, viruses that primarily target the lung have caused major respiratory illnesses including outbreaks of severe adult respiratory distress syndrome (SARS) and H1N1 influenza. This book is distinctive in that the entire spectrum of viral disease of the lung is conveniently compiled within a single volume. The epidemiologic, ultrastructural, immunologic, clinical and histopathologic features of well-known viral pathogens and newer emergent infectious agents are discussed. The book is organized in a classic fashion, starting with introductory material and sections on lung defenses and the taxonomic classification of pneumotropic viruses. The various acute viral pneumonias are then considered in a standard format in the main body of the book. Subsequent sections are devoted to the human immunodeficiency virus, viral lung disease in children and other viral-linked tumoral and nontumoral lung conditions. A chapter is also included on animal lung diseases caused by viruses. The text is supplemented by numerous color images.
Contents
Part I. Lung Defenses and Taxonomy -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Lung Defenses -- 3. Taxonomy -- Part II. Major Febrile Illnesses -- 4. Adenovirus -- 5. Cytomegalovirus -- 6. Herpesvirus -- 7. Varicella Zoster Virus -- 8. Measles Virus -- 9. Influenza Virus -- 10. Parainfluenza Virus -- 11. Respiratory Syncytial Virus -- 12. Human Metapneumovirus -- 13. Coronavirus -- 14. Henipah Viruses -- 15. Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers -- 16. Parvovirus -- Part III. Infantile Viral Illnesses -- 17. Infantile Viral Illnesses -- Part IV Virus Related Neoplasia -- 18. Tumors of the Lung Associated with HIV Infection -- 19. Human Papillomavirus-Related Pulmonary Neoplasia -- 20. HHV-8-Related Lung Neoplastic and Nonneoplastic Diseases -- 21. Herpesvirus-4/Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) -- 22. SV40 and the Lung -- Part V. Lung Disorders of Uncertain Viral Etiology -- 23. Lung Disorders of Uncertain Viral Etiology -- Part VI. Viral Illnesses in Animals -- 24. Viral Pulmonary Disorders in Animals: Neoplastic and Nonneoplastic.
Format
e-Book
Location
Online
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