1. Dietary Protein and Bone Mass Accrual -- 2. Protein Effects on Bone and Muscle in Elderly Women -- 3. Dietary Protein and Bone Health: The Urgent Need for Large-Scale Supplementation Studies -- 4. Protein Intake During Weight Loss: Effects on Bone -- 5. A Comparison of Asian Asian and American Asian populations: Calcium and Bone Accretion During Formation of Peak Bone Mass -- 6. Estimating Calcium Requirements -- 7. Independent and Combined Effects of Exercise and Calcium on Bone Structural and Material Properties in Older Adults -- 8. The Bone Benefits of Calcium and Exercise in Children -- 9. Calcium Supplementation Plays a Positive Role in Bone and Body Composition in Chinese Adolescents -- 10. Effects of High Calcium and Vitamin D Diets on Changes in Body Fat, Lean Mass, and Bone Mineral Density by Self-Controlled Dieting for 4 Months in Young Asian Women -- 11. Trace Elements and Bone -- 12. Phosphorus and Bone -- 13. Seasonal Differences in Mineral Homeostasis and Bone Metabolism in Response to Oral Phosphate Loading in Older Northern Chinese Adults -- 14. Diabetes Mellitus and Osteoporosis -- 15. Vitamin D and Muscle -- 16. Vitamin D and Bone Health -- 17. Effects of Vitamin D on Bone Health in Healthy Young Adults -- 18. Vitamin D Effects on Bone Structure in Childhood and Aging -- 19. Dietary Patterns and Bone Health -- 20. Nutritional Factors that Influence Change in Bone Density and Stress Fracture Risk Among Young Female Cross-County Runners -- 21. A Dietary Pattern That Predicts Physical Performance in an Elderly Population -- 22. Citrus Hesperidin and Bone Health: From Preclinical Studies to Nutritional Intervention Trials -- 23. Acidosis and Bone -- 24. Acid–Base Homeostasis and the Skeleton: An Update on Current Thinking -- 25. Acid–Base Balance, Bone, and Muscle -- 26. The Effect of Mineral Waters on Bone Metabolism: Alkalinity Over Calcium? -- 27. Bone-Anabolic Impact of Dietary High Protein Intake Compared with the Effects of Low Potential Renal Acid Load, Endogenous Steroid Hormones, and Muscularity in Children -- 28. Salt Sensitivity, Metabolic Acidosis, and Bone Health -- Index.