Pneumonia is inflammation or infection in one or both of the lungs (sometimes called a chest infection). We have listed the signs and symptoms of pneumonia, risk factors, and the care you need at home. The pamphlet explains how you should feel in 3-5 days and 5-7 days. Symptoms that need further medical attention are listed.
During this special X-ray test, a colourless dye is injected into your blood vessels so that they can be seen on X-ray. An angiogram can be used to X-ray blood vessels in various parts of the body. This pamphlet describes getting ready for the test, how the test is done, and care after the test.
This pamphlet describes the use of hormone therapy for the treatment of prostate cancer. The growth of prostate cancer cells depends on the horomone testosterone. Hormone therapy works by lowering the amount of testosterone in your body either by removing the testicles or by using medications. These medications stop the production of testosterone or block its action. This pamphlet describes what prostate cancer is, what hormones are, how hormone therapy works, the types of hormone therapies ava…
Telemetry is a way of recording your heart’s rate and rhythm. A transmitter is used to send this information to a monitor at the nurses’ station. The recording happens while you are awake as well as while you are asleep. This pamphlet answers questions such as why telemetry is done, how it is done, and what to do if any problems arise. The French version of this pamphlet 1893, "Télésurveillance", is also available.
The Vascular Lab has special testing equipment. Through certain tests, a technologist is able to get information about the pressure and the amount of blood flowing through the arteries and veins. Tests described in this pamphlet include: doppler pressures and waveforms, treadmill exercise testing, carotid doppler/duplex evaluation, venous doppler/duplex ultrasound, venous reflex testing, and vasospastic/digit vessel evaluation.
This test is sometimes called a spinal tap. A small amount of fluid is taken out from the space around your spinal cord that is fluid-filled. The cells in the fluid are studied under a microscope in a lab to check for any problems.This pamphlet explains how the test is done, how long it takes and follow-up care.
We have listed some of the reasons why you should eat foods high in fibre. Drinking plenty of fluids helps your body use fibre. Different foods have different kinds of fibre, so eat a variety of fibres every day. A recipe for blueberry flax muffins is provided.
People who have diabetes should test their blood sugars. Good blood glucose levels help to reduce the risk of diabetes complications. We have provided information on why one should test, testing tips, and alternate site testing.
An IUD is a form of birth control where a small piece of plastic with copper is placed inside the uterus by a doctor. We have described the advantages and disadvantages of an IUD, how to check for the proper positioning of an IUD, and the symptoms that should be reported to a doctor.
A pacemaker is used to prevent the heart from beating too slowly. It can also be used to increase your heart rate to suit your activity. A pacemaker battery will usually last 7-10 years. When the battery runs low, you will need a new device. Precautions that need to be followed at home are outlined. The best actions to take for certain complications are given.
Your eyes are filled with a fluid made by the ciliary body. This fluid flows through the pupil, in front of the lens, and then out through a drain called the trabecular meshwork. In glaucoma, the drain does not work well and fluid does not leave the eye as it should. Optic nerve damage causes pressure to increase in the eye, which can damage the optic nerve. This damage may lead to side vision loss. If not treated, it may also lead to straight ahead vision loss. Acute and chronic glaucoma are d…
Ophthalmic photography is used to record eye conditions for diagnosis and record keeping. The pamphlet describes getting ready for the test, what happens during the test, and what to expect after the camera is attached to a special microscope that allows the photographer to view and photograph the various parts of the eye. The photographer will explain the procedure before he/she starts to take the pictures.
We have described what to expect before, during, and after the test. It is very important to follow the instructions you are given to prepare for this X-ray. The test is like an enema except barium is used to show the bowel under X-ray. The radiologist controls the barium. The patient is asked to turn from side to side as films are taken.
A gastroscopy is an exam of the esophagus (throat), stomach, and duodenum (the first part of the small bowel). We have described getting ready for the test, how it is done, care after the test, and possible complications. If sedation is given, you must not do certain activities for 24 hours after the test. The French version of this pamphlet 1504, "Gastroscopie", is also available. The Arabic version of this pamphlet, 1477, is also available.
A small tube (catheter) is passed through the urethra into the bladder to drain the urine. You may need to learn how to catheterize yourself to keep dry, prevent infection, and keep you kidneys and bladder healthy. Detailed instructions are listed for the procedure. Care of the catheter is noted. Symptoms that need immediate medical attention are given.
We have described getting ready for this test and what happens during the test. The radiologist will watch your esophagus (the tube connecting the mouth to the stomach), the stomach and the first part of the small bowel on a TV monitor and take some images. This X-ray is also sometimes referred to as barium meal or barium swallow.
This pamphlet provides information about your care at home after abdominal surgery. Topics include controlling pain and soreness, meals and snacks, activity, care of your incision, going back to work, and follow-up care. Symptoms requiring immediate medical attention are listed.
An ERCP is an examination of the common bile duct, gallbladder and the duct of the pancreas. The doctor will do this test with a flexible tube with a light at the tip. We have described getting ready for the test, how it is done, care after the test, and possible complications. As you will be given sedation, you must not do certain activities for 24 hours after the test. The French version of this pamphlet 1503, "CPRE (Cholangiopancréatographie rétrograde endoscopique)", is also available. The …
Thyroplasty involves moving the paralyzed vocal cord into a midline position. This will usually be done under local sedation so the patient is able to speak on request. Topics covered are: safety, food and drink, care of the incision, activity, managing discomfort, and follow up care. Symptoms that require medical attention are noted.
Sterotactic surgery is used to diagnose or treat several types of brain-related conditions, such as movement disorders, pain syndromes, and brain tumours/tumors. A biopsy is when a small sample of tissue is taken. A pathologist (a doctor who diagnoses changes in body tissues or fluids) will look at the tissue sample and make a diagnosis. What to expect before, during, and after surgery are stated.